complexity of reality

Wonder Woman + Blame

Wonder Woman is the story of a demigoddess who wants to save the world coming to terms with why it should be saved. In hero stories, the default is always that these are innocent people and therefore they deserve to live. 

But what if they’re not innocent? What if no one is.

That’s the complicating factor that Wonder Woman presents. It’s a beautiful, tragic/hopeful nod to the complex reality of war and peace. This is a long one but bear with me. I promise it goes someplace interesting.

Diana: Once I find and destroy Ares, the German armies will be freed from his influence, and they will be good men again, and the world will be better.

This is Diana’s mission statement. She believes the stories her mother told her about men’s innocent nature whole-heartedly and will do anything to return them to that state.

Diana: Who took this from your people?
Chief: [Guestures to Steve] His people.

Steve introduces himself to Diana as “one of the good guys.” But, as much as she comes to know his goodness and integrity, she also comes to know him as a liar, a killer, and a smuggler. Now he’s implicated in genocide. He’s the one of the bad guys in someone else’s story.

Luddendorf: Peace is just an armistice in an endless war.

The writers took some artistic license with this so-called quote from Thucydides, but it accomplishes two things. One, it shows that Diana has been well-tutored in ancient philosophies of war. Two, it sets up the idea of an armistice as a negative outcome of war. Since we have the benefit of history, as viewers we know the WWI Armistice is a direct cause of WWII. 

Diana: They don’t deserve our help, Steve!
Steve: It’s not about deserve! Maybe we don’t! But it’s not about that, it’s about what you believe. You don’t think I get it after what I’ve seen out there? You don’t think I wish I could tell you it was one bad guy to blame? It’s not! We’re all to blame.
Diana: I am not.
Steve: But maybe I am. Please. If you believe that this war should stop, if you want to stop it, help me stop it. Right now.

This is Steve Trevor’s mission statement. He understands that people can be evil, but he still doesn’t want thousands more to die. As a soldier, he has done horrible things in this war and others. He has perpetuated the endless fighting — an inch gained in WWI is two inches that have to be reclaimed. And yet. This war has to stop, and Steve will do anything in his limited power to stop it.

Chief: [Looking at the aircraft] What is it?
Steve: The future.

Steve looks at the plane full of explosive chemicals and describes it as, “The future.” The future holds more horrors than even The War to End all Wars imagined. He knows this. But he still believes in sacrificing his life to save today. To save the very people who will use these kinds of weapons in the future. That is goddamn tragic and beautiful and unsettling.

Ares: They start these wars on their own. All I do is orchestrate an armistice that I know they cannot keep in the hopes that they will destroy themselves. But it has never been enough. Until you.

Ares is not responsible for WWI. I don’t understand the confusion around this because the screenwriters say it blatantly. Diana is right that Ares is involved, but he is “not who [she] thought [he] was.” He isn’t to blame. He isn’t a mind-controller; he’s a whisperer. He hasn’t infiltrated human society to become an emperor, only an advisor. Humans are to blame, and humans will be their own undoing. Ares is trying to prove himself right, so, of course, he wouldn’t directly intervene whether or not he could.

Ares: Yes, Diana! Take them all! Finally, you see. Look at this world. Mankind did this. Not me! They are ugly, filled with hatred. Weak! Just like your Captain Trevor, gone and left you nothing. Pathetic He deserved to burn. 

Diana suffers loss, and she strikes out — a vengeful god. Ares is gleeful. He has to undermine what Steve means to her so that she will complete her transformation into Destroyer God, Hater of Humans. That, of course, pisses her off. So he tries another tact. Nevermind Steve, what about the worse possible vision of humanity? 

Ares: Look at her [Maru] and tell me I’m wrong! She is the perfect example of these humans and unworthy of your sympathy in every way. You know that she deserves it. They all do. Do it! 

A woman who kills in horrific ways for pleasure. Someone who poisoned herself, mind, body, and soul. She does deserve to die. She’s a psychopath with no redeeming qualities (props to the actress, though, for her epic villain laugh). And yet Diana chooses not to destroy her. 

Now, Diana does kill. It’s part of her character. But she does not kill when she doesn’t have to. If she were in a dire situation where Maru has to be killed to save others, you betcha she’s going down. But Ares is asking Diana to be judge, jury, and executioner. The thing is, she can be. She is not to blame. But she won’t. Because Steve, her representative of humanity, loves her and believes she can save the world. It’s a promise between them. And a promise is unbreakable.

Diana: You’re wrong about them. They’re everything you say but so much more. 
Ares: Lies! They do not deserve your protection!
Diana: It’s not about deserve. It’s about what you believe. And I believe in love.

Let’s talk about the elephant in the room here. This screenplay has taken Greek mythology and twisted it into a Christian parable. Turn the other cheek. Love thine enemy. All that jazz. But separate from that, Diana’s choice to love is the right one because of what it represents about our own history.

At the end of WWI, the Allies win. They believe with everything they have that the people of the Central powers deserve to pay for the carnage and destruction. Despite people like Vera Britton advocating for both sides to realize that war itself is the evil and an armistice at such a steep cost cannot possibly lead to lasting peace, the Allies take their pound of flesh. And so the German people let a genocidal maniac take over their country. That’s a bit of simplification, but do some Googling and the gist is there.

Now, what happened after WWII? The Allies rebuilt East/West Germany. The Allies rebuilt Japan. WWII was objectively more horrible and deadly than WWII, but, afterward, there was no armistice. (There wasn’t peace, either. The deconstruction of colonialism in the midst of the Cold War saw to that.) But WWIII hasn’t happened yet. Nuclear weapons haven’t been used again. Chemical weapons use is treated as a horrific act, not an everyday incident. That’s huge

War is perpetual as long as we perpetuate it. Everyone has a justification. And, yes, no justice, no peace. Sometimes you have to go to war to make things right. But at some point, the passing along of blame has to stop or there will never be peace. The hardest thing in the world is to love your enemy if they have wronged you. The hardest thing on this earth is convincing people to love each other enough to share their wealth, their privilege, their protection, their lives. It seems impossible to teach people who hate to love. But, in the end, that’s only thing that will save us.

Ares represents hate. He hates humans for reasons even Diana acknowledges as valid. But Diana can know and understand that hatred without giving into it. She has a complex view of human nature that allows her to retain her idealism. Hate doesn’t have the power here. Love does. That’s why she can destroy Ares. That’s why the German soldiers can breathe fresh air and hug strangers from the other side. In that moment and for a time after, love wins. 

As for the rest of this “century of horrors”? That’s “a different story altogether.”

Diana: I used to want to save the world. To end war and bring peace to mankind. But then I glimpsed a darkness that lives within their light, and learned that within every one of them there will always be both. A choice each much make for themselves. Something no hero will ever defeat. And now I know that only love can truly save the world.

The thesis of this film is that war makes everyone complicit. Everyone is to blame. There are no innocents for a divine hero like Diana to save. But she does what she can because she believes in us and our better angels. Yeah, this is just a superhero movie. But that is an important message, and, sadly, an all-too-rare one.

i love mccree so much

i love canon mccree so fucking much

i dont know what blizzard ever did to the overwatch fans for them to turn mccree into what they did

fanon mccree is fucking bullshit

Bakugou’s internship with Best Jeanist; manga vs anime

It’s been a week since the beginning of Bakugou’s intership with Best Jeanist has been aired now, and I took my time to do a short analysis on their first meeting because the anime staff did change the scene and it kinda bugged me since. I’m being really picky here so it’s alright if you didn’t think anything about this scene and don’t agree with me, feel free to ignore everything I’m about to say. I’m not writing that in any attempt to defuse Bakugou’s responsibilites and the issues he still needs to address; I already wrote about that on multiple post such as this one.

In the manga, Bakugou is clearly shown being surprised the first time he and Best Jeanist talked. He didn’t expect Best Jeanist would have sent an invitation for him so he could ‘reform him’, and what I liked about this scene was that Bakugou was pretty cautious around Best Jeanist, and didn’t actually talk back to him. 

There’s one thing about Bakugou that’s interesting to notice; as aggressive as he can be, he respects pro-heroes and behaves correctly with them (unless they’re trying to enter his personal space like All Might did when he tried to comfort him). Here for example, at the beginning with Aizawa.

It’s a trait of him I appreciate and that helps understanding his character. He’s not only an arrogant kid who thinks nothing of others and is convinced they’re all trash no matter what they do. Bakugou admitted after their first exercise with All Might that Todoroki was strong, that Yaoyorozu’s analysis were on point, was wary of Uraraka during the sports festival, and later told Kirishima he was strong as well. Bakugou is knowledgeable and smart, he realizes others’ good and weak points and acknowledge they can be strong. He begins to act violently when he feels weak because of his inferiority complex, and it happens most of the time with Izuku, who was supposed to be the weakest- if he’s stronger than him, then what does that make him? Bakugou is strong, but because of his complexes and anxiety, misreads reality and accumulates strong negative emotions that make him flares up. During his internship, he didn’t felt that way in front of Best Jeanist. Bakugou respects Best Jeanist and holds him in high regards, that’s why he went there. Best Jeanist assumed Bakugou went to his agency because he was popular but, Best Jeanist is popular because he’s strong, and Bakugou must know that. In the manga, Bakugou took the comment and didn’t say a thing in return. His stance shows he’s being careful, even though he’d probably want to say something back, and he’s being driven into a corner, as Best Jeanist exposes what he’d need to change about his attitude and he knows that he’s ultimately right. Though combing hair and changing clothes didn’t really do the thing after all, did it.

Now in the anime, something completely different was shown and I’m kinda disappointed with the way it was handled. Unlike the subtlety of the manga, in the anime Bakugou flares up and has an aggressive stance as he scoots closer, like he’s ready to fight Best Jeanist, which is on total contrast with how it was pictured in the manga. 

Bakugou appears irremediably violent and ferocious, just as Best Jeanist said, proving his point where it wasn’t the case in the manga where Bakugou behaved. Even though he was more on the defensive side in the manga, here Bakugou’s trying to be intimidating towards Best Jeanist, and as a result, Best Jeanist uses his powers on him to… Tie him up and restrain him, once more. 

There’s really less subtlety than in the manga where Best Jeanist didn’t use force against Bakugou and was trying to ‘reform him’ elegantly, according to his ideals. Best Jeanist is right when he tells Bakugou he needs to be careful of appearances, they are in a society were how you appear in mass media is crucial and can determine your fate (the system Stain militates again coincidentally), and more importantly he wanted Bakugou to be more careful with people. His intentions were correctly oriented, but his methods were already useless even in the manga, and became ultimately wrong in the anime where it was some kind of an uncomfortable struggle for authority. Best Jeanist is a cool and strong hero, I liked the tension that was in the manga, and I find damageable for both him and Bakugou how that interaction was changed in the anime.

If you idolise 13 reasons why. Unfollow me. Bye. That show romanticises and lives on the stereotype of teenagers with mental health issues. As if we are depressed fucks, and our suicides are a cry of revenge. The main character herself Hannah fucking makes tapes to make the people who once hurt her practically regret their existence. In reality people who hurt you, unless they were complete psychopaths would have remorse or regrets of their actions, even if you don’t think so, or know it. Hannah doesn’t understand the extent of making her suicide as an act of revenge and those stupid tapes she made, blaming people for her death. This could lead to the ‘bad characters’ of the show themselves to develop or worsen their mental health issues, maybe they would attempt suicide; affecting their immediate and wider communal institutions such as their school. In reality people who commit suicide feel completely isolated, and they take on everyone’s problems. Not blame people for their problems. Mental health issues are far more complex than the show portrays. And hello? It’s a show??? It’s obviously never going to be a reflection of true reality. There’s profiting and a fan base based on a show about a girl who plots revenge through her suicide and tapes. There are memes popping up?!
If you sit down and thought about somebody you knew who committed suicide, and imagine their suicide was an act of revenge, and they made tapes to everyone who hurt them; you would fucking realise it’s fucked up and unrealistic. Also the show makes out as if romance solves everything? It alludes to if Clay ever loved Hannah she would have never killed herself. Romance is never a solution. Romance is an addition to life. Romance does not just solve suicide quick and easy?
Stay fucking woke my friends. Realise this show does not ‘show the reality of mental health
issues’, it only profits off the stereotypes.

Mental health is far more complex than we think, and what we are presented. Edit; it’s just important to me people understand why this show is terrible, in my opinion. I have been through stuff. I have friends who have, and continue to go through issues. I’ve seen the consequences of mental health issues, and experienced some. I want people to know this show is unrealistic, and things are definitely far more complex in reality. I come from an Asian culture that doesn’t really acknowledge mental health issues, and treats it as almost an abnormality. But I’m born and raised in Australia where mental health awareness though quite strong, can still be improved upon. I don’t want fellow millennials to believe this show is a realistic depiction, I want them to realise when things get tough, and when they go through issues or if they ‘relate too much’ to the show; there is help that is accessible and should be seeked. Taking your life is your own choice, nobody forces you to do so, and it never should be an act of revenge.
I’ve noticed that sometimes people hold a grudge just to hold something. Because to not hold something would mean to be empty handed. And sometimes being empty handed feels so much worse
—  WritingsbyAN

NY Times video about racism against Asian Americans is facing a backlash from the Asian community

On Thursday, the New York Times published a video about the racism that Asian-Americans face every day, a compilation of stories gathered from the hashtag #ThisIs2016. But because the video erases the complex reality of being Asian American, two marginalized groups are not on board.

follow @the-movemnt


An intangible quality I cannot place
A complex reality I cannot face,
It’s been thirty years since I’ve seen your face
We meet again in this imaginary place
Ethereal unreal with no room to conceal,
Our imperfections.

Time stands still as the world moves on
Lost in the melody of the same ol’ song.
Change ages but some things stay the same
Age changes but we still play the game,
Dance the same dance
Romance, true romance.


Why doesn’t capitalist domination create a society only made up of bourgeois and proletarians? Why doesn’t it eliminate every non-merchant tie and ideal? Not because that system has not (yet) conquered the whole planet. Exact opposite. It’s for two reasons that result from a conquest which started in the 16th century and was completed in the 20th. First, capital never arrives on tatabula rasa. It does not produce itself: it uses human resources laden with history. Even in North America where it made a clean sweep through genocide, it imported complex and strife-ridden European realities.
Secondly, even the country that goes the furthest in turning everything into commodity and wage labour, in reducing family, school, feeling, sex, ideas, art and politics to money relations, and which likes to think of itself as liberated from archaic constraints and tensions, periodically goes back to supposedly outmoded practices: it restricts free competition, infringes on parliamentary and civil rights, puts a clampdown on strikes and collective bargaining, and reinvents protectionism. These backlashes are a modern effect of the reality that’s come to be central to our societies: the labour-capital connection, and the necessity for capital to master labour, in forms that are never definitive.
—  Troploin, In for a Storm
Break Part Three

Lance Tucker

Break Part Three

Warnings: sex, unprotected sex, oral, swearing, dry humping

Tags:  @littlevelvethearts@hoepalace@anitavalija@jesslovesfandom@dokuroskull23@angelsdeadromance@potterhead7656@breakingsupernaturlbad101@sebastian-stans-thighs@buckysteetime@sexyvixen7​​ @thatbandchick39@insickopedia@carabarnes13@petals-overdaisies@canadiancoven​ @laurenxyz @hoopluh@cassandralallorona@spiritassassins@kinqshley@lol-you-thought@6ftunderdoublechins​ 

Part One

Part Two

Part Four

Keep reading

Art is always difficult, but it is especially difficult when it comes to telling other people’s stories. And it is ferociously difficult when those others are tangled up in your history and you are tangled up in theirs. What honors those we look at, those whose stories we try to tell, is work that acknowledges their complex sense of their own reality. Good photography, regardless of its style, is always emotionally generous in this way. For this reason, it outlives the moment that occasions it. Weaker photography delivers a quick message — sweetness, pathos, humor — but fails to do more. But more is what we are.
—  Teju Cole, A Too-Perfect Picture (2016) dans The New York Times Magazine


so do i have this correct

the alternate night vale actually exists in the same universe as our night vale, except they’re just the tiny city in the desert flower bowling alley and arcade fun complex?

OR does the tiny city that exists under the desert flower bowling alley and arcade fun complex exist in a reality of its own?


anonymous asked:

Why exactly does dissociation happen? I had a moment yesterday where I was pretty sure I was dissociating but I had no idea why. And when I got home I just went to sleep to a specific playlist, (the one I usually listen to when I dissociate) and when I woke up everything was fine.

That’s a good question- dissociation (or intense breaks from reality) can happen for a lot of different reasons. If you’re sure it’s not a physical issue (like seizures, drugs, etc), then it’s tied to how your brain functions. A lot of chronically dissociated people have a disconnect in the cortico-limbic system (amygdala, ACC, prefrontal structures). Many of those with dissociative disorders (trauma linked the vast majority of the time) show diminished activity in the occipito-temporal cortex and insula, as well as a smaller amygdala and hippocampus (emotional engagement and memory). 

So put simply, dissociation happens most commonly when your brain rewires itself to not engage with reality as much (to protect the self from trauma). PTSD is a trained overreaction to reality to protect the self, and cPTSD (and dissociation) is a complex disconnect from reality to protect the self from repeated trauma. 

We don’t know everything about dissociation and what causes it to spike- obviously, triggering events can do that, but sometimes dissociative spikes seem random. If sleeping it off helps to clear it up, that’s good! Grounding can help too, it’s just a matter of finding methods that work for you. 

ensom-heks-deactivated20170316  asked:

Dear Fjorn, I don't know if you have some information about witchcraft but do you have a prayer to the Gods for cleansing a room? if so I'm thrilled to hear about that. Sincerely, Ensome heks

Velkominn (eða velkomin), vinur,
(Welcome, friend,)

I see that you are a wanderer like me, perhaps, because you are a newcomer in a complex world with much to explore. I am by no means familiar with Wiccan ways, so I am not a preferable source to ask when it comes to spiritual concerns. Though, I never turn away a guest, and so I will at least bring you into my hall and offer you a gift of knowledge.

I want to begin with mentioning that I am far better as an academic than as a spiritual guide. That being said, I hope to not mislead you with any of the information I provide below. Others will surly chime in if I have said something terribly misleading, though, since plenty of people knowledgable in this subject tend to at least track the tags that I have used. Still, I believe you should always do what you personally find suitable and comfortable. History provides a basis to work from, but don’t let it bind you down. 

I do not have an exact prayer, unfortunately. Though, I don’t see why you couldn’t be a bit creative on making one yourself, perhaps. From my knowledge on the subject, or at least the advice that I can offer from my perspective (Norse), I would recommend speaking to spirits rather than to gods. Although there are a few gods that could help you with certain aspects of a ritual I know of, such as (but not limited to) Óðinn or Freyja, spirits tend to be the ones that more directly govern regional or local matters. Below is a list of relevant terms and mythological figures that could be of use to you:

  • Vættur (Nature Spirit):
    • This includes a wide variety of spirit types, such as the álfar (elves) and landvættir (land nature spirits). The latter, for example, were very important, and the people of the country depended on them for welfare and support (Hreisson, 413).
  • Dísir (Disir):
    • These are high-ranking females guardian spirits that “watched over farms, families, and occasionally individuals” (Hreinsson, 407). They are like minor, local deities. A sacrifice is made to them every year during Veturnætur (mid-October).
  • Fylgja (Fetch):
    • These are similar to the Dísir, but are personal spirits “which were closely attached to families and individuals, and often symbolized the fate that people were born with” (Hreisson, 408). Once they appear to an individual, it usually means certain doom. They also can often appear in various forms, such as animals.
  • Draugar, Afturgöngur, Haugbúar (Ghosts/Spirits):
    • Although ghostly, these were considered corporeal, meaning they had physical bodies and could thus integrate physically with the world. This is what fueled the traditions of equipping a dead body with grave goods, for the body would live again and need those items. Various measures were taken to make sure these spirits were kept happy so that they would not do any harm to the living (Hreinsson, 409).
  • Seiður (Magic Rite):
    • The exact nature of this is obscure, but we know that it had two main purposes: to influence people or the elements, or to find out about the future. It was also mostly practiced by women, though men, including Óðinn, did as well (but it would have been considered ‘effeminate’) (Hreinsson, 412).
  • Seiðmaður (Magician):
    • Literally means “a man who practices seiður” (Hreinsson, 413). Of course, the word maður does not only apply to men.
  • Völva (Seeress):
    • These were essentially the female equivalents of seiðmaður, although it should be the other way around, since seiður (the activity) was originally a female one. These women typically gained knowledge of the future and could gather information from sitting outside through the night on graves, crossroads, or other powerful natural sites (Hreisson, 415).

You can find a bit more information from the following post, but it is not nearly as cohesive as it needs to be. Still, I shall be updating that post over time, so keep your eye out.

Víkingabók Database Project: A Short Jól-and-Related Reading List.

Now that you know what all of that is, I want to bring up an example of a seiður that I know of, which is from chapter 4 of Eiríks saga rauða (Erik the Red’s Saga). Although we do not know much about this particular practice, this should give you a basis to work off of, because I do not see any reason to restrict your personal, spiritual practices to some historical code or standard (because this is but a sliver of a complex reality that we hardly have any resources for). (Any […] just means I skipped a few sentences):

In the district there lived a woman name Thorbjorg, a völva who was called the “little prophetess.” She was one of ten sisters, all of whom had the gift of prophecy, and was the only one pf them still alive.


When she arrived one evening, along with the man who had been sent to fetch her, she was wearing a black mantle with a strap, which was adorned with precious stones right down to the hem. About her neck she wore a string of glass beads and on her head a hood of black lambskin lined with white catkin. She bore a staff with a knob at the top, adorned with brass set with stones on top. About her she had a linked charm belt with a large purse. In it she kept the chairs which she needed for he predictions. She wore calfskin boots lined with fur with long, sturdy laces and large pewter knobs on the ends. On her hands she wore gloves of catkin, white and line with fur.

When she entered, everyone was supposed to offer her respectful greetings, and she responded according to how the person appealed to her.


Late the following day she was provided with the things she required to carry out her seiður. She asked for a woman who knew the chants required for carrying out seiður, which are called varðlokkur (ward songs). But such women were not to be found. Then the people of the household were asked if there was anyone with such knowledge.

Gudrid answered, “I have neither magical powers nor the gift of prophecy, but in Iceland my foster-mother Halides taught me chants she called varðlokkur.”


Thorkel then urged Gudrid, who said she would do as he wished. The women formed a warding ring around the platform raised for sorcery, with Thorbjorg perched atop it. Gudrid spoke the chant so well and so beautifully that people there said they had never heard anyone recite in a fairer voice.

The völva thanked her for her chant. She said many spirits had been attracted who thought the chant fair to hear – “though earlier they wished to turn their backs on us and refused to do our bidding. Many things are now clear to me which were earlier concealed from both me and others.” (2.)

I have given you the information that I know, which, I am sad to say, is not very much in this case. I have merely provided you some raw material, but it is up to you, and perhaps to those who see this and reach out to you, to bring it all together in a way that is appropriate for your needs. Once more, I dod not think you need to bind yourself too this information, rather you can choose to use it as a base for construction your own rituals. I do hope that I have done a fair job at passing on some advice, and I truly hope that I have not presented any material that would mislead you (or worse, misrepresent any of the things mentioned above).

Anyway, I wish you the best of luck on the rest of your wandering, my friend. I am sure that you will find your way to a hall you may call home eventually, perhaps after a few more stops and with the advice of a few more gracious hosts.

Vera vitur og reika langt.
(Be wise and wander far.)


1. Viðar Hreinsson, Robert Cook, Terry Gunnell, Keneva Kunz, and Bernard Scudder ed., The Complete Sagas of Icelanders, vol. 5. (Reykjavík: Leifur Eiríksson Publishing, 1997), 407-417.

2. Keneva Kunz trans., Eiríks saga rauða, in The Complete Sagas of Icelanders, vol. 1., Viðar Hreinsson, Robert Cook, Terry Gunnell, Keneva Kunz, and Bernard Scudder ed. (Reykjavík: Leifur Eiríksson Publishing, 1997), 5-6. You can also read this saga for free on the Icelandic Saga Database.