complex organism

Handwritten Note-Taking Methods

The appearance and organization of my notes plays a huge role in the amount of time that I dedicate to studying and my overall performance on tests.  Therefore, I’ve spent the past several years experimenting with various methods, and these are a few of the techniques that I’ve found to be most beneficial.

Cornell Method

The Cornell Method emphasizes identifying the key points of a textbook passage or lecture and consolidating information as much as possible.  

I’ve found that this style works best for literature and science courses that require extensive, dense reading and note-taking.  It allows me to easily and quickly identify what I understand versus what I still need to work on.

Adapted Cornell Method

I’ve created my own adaptation of the Cornell Method by eliminating the summary section at the bottom of the page and incorporating Post-It notes throughout the body of the page to highlight lists and key points.  And, of course, I had to add some color!


This is, by far, my favorite method due to its flexibility and clean, minimalist appearance.  While the image above doesn’t depict a true series of bullets at varying levels of indentation, you can experiment with different types of bullet points as well as varying spacing.  

I prefer using this method for maths because it allows sufficient space for me to draw graphs, record examples, and solve problems.  


Mind-maps are extremely helpful for organizing complex or extremely confusing topics.  There’s no right or wrong way to go about drawing one, and much of the final appearance will be related to the material that you’re diagramming.  Keep in mind that certain topics and information will more readily lend itself to this sort of portrayal.

For those of us who aren’t artistically talented 🙋🏼, these can be rather challenging to construct, especially when working with unfamiliar material.  In the past, I’ve used mind-maps for history when looking at isolated events or individuals.


“It’s the parts I get. A human being is a complex organism, there’s no reason a movie character who is a human being should be different. I am very blessed. Because those are the parts that are interesting to work on. I spend a good portion of my life with these characters. If they were flat and one-dimensional, I would have a very boring life.”

— Christoph Waltz

During hypnotic regression, Suzy Hansen recalls, in 1962 at the age of 8, being in a room with other human children and alien children playing a game. According to Suzy, “We are playing my favorite game, learning to use the mind to create activities and challenges, and holograms hang in the air above our heads, vibrantly colourful and radiant. We see them not only through our physical eyes, but at the same time, we view them from within the mind or consciousness, mentally and energetically constructing and manifesting the shapes. Our thought forms can be projected to others in the group who can continue to develop them in complexity, transforming them into whatever we wish, and we can expand or reduce the size and dimension of each others creations as desired. Each child adds to it in some way, continuing the process, forming spectacular conjoint designs, shapes or images floating in the air. They are intricately beautiful and complex: crystalline, geometric, organic, with intense colours, interlocking, flowing, and transforming.”

Source: ‘The Dual Soul Connection: The Alien Agenda for Human Advancement,’ by Suzy Hansen. p. 89-90


Hitchhiker’s songs are often highly criticized and he has the most dislikes on a YouTube video on the SMTOWN page, most likely because people aren’t that accepting of his complex and crazy music organization. The fact that Taeyong decided to become involved in Hitchhiker’s SM Station shows that he is not afraid to try newer concepts as well as concepts that are not conventionally accepted. 


Introverted Thinking (Ti):

  • Views reality as a complex system
  • Adept at organizing their understanding into structured thought
  • Can organize cognition into categories, diagrams, formulaic descriptions, or complex step by step instructions
  • Easily understands, constructs, and deconstructs the abstract and delicate internal workings of abstract systems (computers, natural phenomena, gadgets, mathematical equations)
  • Precise in their understanding
  • Strives for highly detailed realizations
  • Skilled at synthesizing new information
  • And incorporating it into established categories
  • Often attracted to mathematical fields, physics, chemistry, etc
  • Highly attuned to the premises of logical consistency
  • Adheres to predefined principles
  • Uses these principles as a basis on which to make judgments
  • Prides themselves on rationality
  • Can be quite proactive
  • May live highly structured or regimented lifestyles

Extroverted Intuition (Ne):

  • Greatly in tune with novel connections and possibilities
  • Desires to apply their systems and analysis to these possibilities
  • Able to see many concepts
  • Strives to cover new fields untouched by their former logical analysis
  • Inclined to expand theoretical concepts, by moving to new possibilities
  • Believes restricting their logical scope hinders true understanding
  • Believes developing new ideas requires categorizing, systematizing, and promoting understanding about them
  • Tends to see novel ideas (without implications or relevance to a larger framework) as uninteresting or pointless
  • Sometimes minimally interested in real-world application for their ideas, preferring abstract or theoretical speculation
  • Tend toward contemplative academic fields allowing abstract speculation to lead to concrete conclusions
  • Typically tolerant of unusual lifestyles and differing viewpoints

Introverted Sensing (Si):

  • Not naturally adapt at understanding their internal physical needs
  • May neglect their physical health
  • Prone to routine in certain areas of life
  • Often dislikes unnecessary sensory changes
  • Can be detailed and precise in gathering knowledge
  • May need to present themselves as physically competent
  • Can be insulted if directly criticized about their lack of environment or bodily awareness
  • Appreciates others whose natural focus lies in attending others’ needs
  • Under-emphasizes the importance of physical well being to mental health

Extroverted Feeling (Fe):

  • Usually lacking in outward emotional energy
  • May seem stiff, cold, rational, or unresponsive to emotional concerns
  • Often overly formal in social situations
  • Appreciates it when others make them feel comfortable or part of the group
  • Tends to live up in convivial or amusing situations
  • Can engage in silliness and comedy around trusted friends
  • May be highly sensitive to others’ emotional approval
  • Often appreciative of others’ emotional warmth and friendliness
  • Tends to be noncritical of others’ actions, to avoid emotional reprisals
  • May be susceptible to acting in accordance to others’ moods
  • May undervalue the importance of avoiding arguments on their mental well being

Drawn from MBTI / Socionics descriptions. Compiled by Charity.


Cristoforo Sergio Bertuglia and Franco Vaio, What is complexity?, in Nonlinearity, Chaos, and Complexity. The Dynamics of Natural and Social Systems, Chapter 28, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005, pp. 275-290  


How to build a human cell atlas

Aviv Regev likes to work at the edge of what is possible. In 2011, the computational biologist was collaborating with molecular geneticist Joshua Levin to test a handful of methods for sequencing RNA. The scientists were aiming to push the technologies to the brink of failure and see which performed the best. They processed samples with degraded RNA or vanishingly small amounts of the molecule. Eventually, Levin pointed out that they were sequencing less RNA than appears in a single cell.

To Regev, that sounded like an opportunity. The cell is the basic unit of life and she had long been looking for ways to explore how complex networks of genes operate in individual cells, how those networks can differ and, ultimately, how diverse cell populations work together. The answers to such questions would reveal, in essence, how complex organisms such as humans are built. “So, we’re like, ‘OK, time to give it a try’,” she says. Regev and Levin, who both work at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard in Cambridge, Massachusetts, sequenced the RNA of 18 seemingly identical immune cells from mouse bone marrow, and found that some produced starkly different patterns of gene expression from the rest1. They were acting like two different cell subtypes.

That made Regev want to push even further: to use single-cell sequencing to understand how many different cell types there are in the human body, where they reside and what they do. Her lab has gone from looking at 18 cells at a time to sequencing RNA from hundreds of thousands — and combining single-cell analyses with genome editing to see what happens when key regulatory genes are shut down.

The results are already widening the spectrum of known cell types — identifying, for example, two new forms of retinal neuron2 — and Regev is eager to find more. In late 2016, she helped to launch the International Human Cell Atlas, an ambitious effort to classify and map all of the estimated 37 trillion cells in the human body (see ’To build an atlas’). It is part of a growing interest in characterizing individual cells in many different ways, says Mathias Uhlén, a microbiologist at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm: “I actually think it’s one of the most important life-science projects in history, probably more important than the human genome.”

Nature 547, 24–26 (06 July 2017) doi:10.1038/547024a

This is a picture of a human brain that is entirely smooth – free of the ridges and folds so characteristic of our species’ most complex organ. The patient had a rare condition called agyria; a lack of gyri and sulci, the ridges and folds formed by the normally wrinkled cerebral cortex. This disorder often leads to death before the age of ten, and can cause muscle spasms, seizures and a range of learning difficulties due to the considerably reduced surface area of the brain.

I’ve re-watched Storm In The Room a bunch of times already and I will probably do so a lot more for the rest of my existence but I just wanted to write down my feelings on how it highlights once again one of my favorite things in Steven Universe’s storytelling: patience. 

As creators, it’s always difficult to regulate how you show information to your audience. You know a lot more than they do about your story and you’re most likely eager to tell them everything, so choosing how to present it and when is very important for the flow of the narrative as well as to generate whatever effects you’re looking for in your audience. I always looked up to Steven Universe because it’s one of the most patient shows I’ve ever seen, when it comes to exposition and narrative flow, especially for a kids’ show. It’s not slow, because the plot moves perfectly and information is released at all times, but it’s done in such small amounts that, when you reach an important point, you realize how much you needed to know to get there and how much you’ve already learned without even noticing. That shows great respect to an audience, from those who create, and great trust in the show, from those who distribute; especially when we live surrounded by content that is incredibly fast-paced and immediate, and even more so in kids’ shows (this is why I’m upset by irregular releases and how in some countries it’s aired out of order, that’s disrespectful toward the show and the audience, but that’s another matter). 

Steven Universe uses this patience with clear narrative intentions. For example, I’ve always found brilliant how Garnet was introduced as an individual character first (and for 51 episodes, at that) and an experience of Ruby’s and Sapphire’s love second, so people (especially kids, the true audience of this) get to know their love before they know them individually, before any sort of prejudice they might be carrying could influence their perspective. And by the time that arrives, denying their love would be denying Garnet’s existence, and who would dare do that? 

But the reason why I end up praising this again now is because this show is, ultimately, a coming of age story. It’s Steven’s story. That’s why the balance between human issues and gem issues is so important, that’s why every episode adds something. One of the issues I come across in storytelling (especially for kids) when a parent figure is missing is the simplification of the relationship that character has with the idea of the parent, especially when the parent/s are regarded as heroes by whoever is around the character. Steven’s relationship with Rose is never simplified and it’s detailed in breadcrumbs of information throughout the show, since the very beginning. When I imagined an episode like this back in season 1, I would have never known it would advance to such emotional complexity and moral dilemmas, but it all resulted from the sum of parts that where carefully placed in our way. I saw from afar the fandom itself going from seeing Rose as a distant and mysterious figure to intense moral arguments on what she had done and what point in the good/evil spectrum she was on. Because not only we learn things at Steven’s pace, we see how things affect him directly, not in a detached manner but in a close perspective. This is also influenced by the fact that Steven is a main character which people really like in general, which is something that doesn’t happen as often as it should. A lot of writers struggle when creating lead characters, they tend to end up with bland or simplified characters people aren’t as interested to read as the flamboyant side kick or the cool mysterious partner. Steven’s character development, the treatment of him as a complex individual and the way in which we see information as it’s presented to him, whether he interprets it the way we do at the time or not, is a winning combination. It allows us to be more than observers, to get involved

That is storytelling at its finest, that transformation of people’s perspectives, the moment in which you question what you thought and wonder and ask questions and don’t stand still. When you’re not just entertained but you’re actively participating in what you’re witnessing. And this would have not happened if we had known all this in seasons 1 or 2. If Steven had known from seasons 1 or 2. This crew is patient because it trusts its show and its audience and it has a handle on information that I admire as a creator and as a part of the audience. Their patience allows this level of complexity with an organic flow in narrative, taking subjects as heavy as war, political turmoil, social rights, equality, grief, identity and love and breaking them down to small pieces, which add up to a very complex scenario and pushes you to question your perspective and analyse everything you thought you knew or learn it for the first time. I just admire this show so much. 

What the Hell Are They Doing?

Another thing that I’m annoyed with about Steven Universe, how come in that one episode when Greg was telling the story of how when he was younger and was babysitting Sour Cream, how come Rose didn’t know what a baby was? The show’s trying to tell us they’ve been on Earth for the past 1,000+ years yet they don’t know the concept of offspring or anything about Earth? They never seen baby animals or people taking care of their children? Like what the hell were they even doing these past years? Picking daisies and playing in sand?

You expect a sane person to believe that all these years of “protecting” Earth, the Gems don’t know or are too lazy to learn anything about what their protecting???? Plus they’re doing an awful job at it, since freaking Russia has a gaping hole in it. -_-

Fixit: I think its the idea of the gems have some superior complex towards organic life on Earth and feel like humans should be grateful for what the gems did in which they kinda should considering they did get Homeworld off the Earths case while not exactly destroying but leaving some damage to the Earth but not to the point that it is inhabitable while they were blissfully unaware of another major threat brewing up under ground (why didnt they not know about the cluster if they cared about Earth and what Homeworld was doing to it so much. There is another plot hole) I mean when Pearl first saw Mystery Girl that was the first thing she mentioned. We saved your kind 6000 years ago praise us. And for some other reason the gems seem to shelter themselves away from humans apart from Amethyst and Vadilia which hasn’t been mentioned again. It is like the gems feel that humans are not good enough to associate themselves with and the fact that Steven the half human doesnt feel a little upset over this is.. strange. It doesn’t make any sense why the gems go all out to protect the planets and it inhabitants while they avoid them at all cost it was made clear in the trial that humans were the reason why Rose rebelled in the first place and Rose did spend time with humans more than others. The other reason why the other CG’s joined (a part from Pearl as it has been 5 seasons in and we still dont know why she joined probably because of Rose) had joined because it was a last resort. Think about it. Garnet joined because Ruby was going to be shattered by BD and Amethyst because she was left on Earth alone  so really are the CG’s protecting Earth because they love the planet or because Rose the gem in their eyes gave them a place wants them too and they are paying back the favor. 

But for the gems especially Rose who has been chilling with humans for thousands of years should know what a baby is. Rose is constantly shown to be fascinated with Earth and its inhabitants yet has shown to know barely anything including how to interact with humans shown in we need to talk. One excuse of this is well she is an alien off course she wouldn’t know how to interact with humans which is valid if she had just landed on the planet or for some reason Greg is the first person she has interacted with but it is said that he isn't “I was fine with the men, who had came into her life once and again” - Pearl in Its over

But it has been thousands upon thousands of years she should know more about Earth than even some of its natives!… It really doesnt make any sense. 

Hobgoblin (AD&D)

Hobgoblins! Like goblins, only…hobbier?
Or rather, they’re bigger and stronger and…more orange than regular goblins. And I hear they’re highly militarized in structure.
But only the parts of the military that make them more evil.
Let’s take a gander, then!

Keep reading

If you get angry at “neurotypicals” for experiencing something similar or even the same symptom, for interacting with a post about your experience with your disorder…. You’re a special kind of special snowflake.

The brain is a complex organ, you don’t have to have the full blown disorder to experience one of the symptoms or something similar to it.

cottoncandyyandere-deactivated2  asked:

I'm curious about komaedalovemail, can I please get an explanation? Thank you, I understand if you're not allowed to reveal info tho

Sure! Komaedalovemail is a Komaeda-themed surrealist blog that originally started in 2015, posting positive self-help posts and support for anons; like a really classic positive-[character] blog. On May 2nd 2015, they posted a bunch of strange things and went on hiatus after this post.

It wasn’t until July 2016 they started posting again, answering this ask as their second revived post. They didn’t start posting in the volume that they do now until September 2016, following the end of the DR3 anime (they posted a lot of naked Komaeda during this time period, aka the screen cap from the anime, so I think that’s worth mentioning.) 

From here, they started adding in new pages and new features on their tumblr, like dress and classified. These pages have eventually gotten more and more complex, like organic and thoughts

Personally, I’d argue that Komaedalovemail was still pretty underground until around September too, as this is when their posts started getting more popular (here’s a good example of one)

There’s some more notable events within the Komaedalovemail timeline, like Halloween 2016 saw some pretty strange, almost arg like posts, and the first fetus Hinata was posted on the 14th of November. Komaeda Jr. was “born” on November 24th, and posted on the 25th. It’s hard to tell if this is a single story line, or if they’re just posting whatever and whenever they want to. 

Some of the mods, who are apparently numbered (?), started posting some things about taking a break not too long ago, but the blog still seems to be up and running. We think it was more about making complex and intricate pages for Komaedalovemail, like message, rather than not posting at all.

Keeping up with Komaedalovemail can be pretty long, but it seems to have ‘stages,’ so to say. These are determined by what the blog theme is! Right now, the blog theme is pink and frilly, which is, I assume, because of ‘Maidmaeda.’ You can skip around on this webarchive to see the other stages of the blog. I’m not sure they’re all saved on there, but it’s a pretty easy way to get a feel for it. 

As a side note, we’re not sure what the changing mod numbers mean yet, but they’ve drifted from 0 to 7000+. 

Hope this helped! You can scroll through our blog and other Komaedalovemail-themed analysing blogs (there’s a few!) for more information. 

A Good Day to Save Lives: Extra.

Here are just a couple of things BTS + Reader would probably say in my doctor au. Look out for them in upcoming chapters!


Seokjin: “I make people as beautiful as I am on a daily basis.”

Yoongi: “These lucky bastards get to sleep while I sit here and watch them.”

Hoseok: “I want to go all Alex Karev one day and use my body heat to save a life.”

Namjoon: “The brain is a very complex organ and requires a steady ha- FUCK I CUT MY FINGER”

Jimin: “An old woman tried to grope me in the ambulance today.”

Taehyung: “You have these natural pillows growing on your chest and you won’t let me nap after a 16 hour shift? Fake.”

Jungkook: “I spent 20 minutes trying to push open a pull door. They need to label the doors around here.”

Y/N: “How did I get stuck at the hospital with nothing but hot doctors in every room? The medical school debt is so worth it now.”

Calm lakes on Titan could mean smooth landing for future space probes

The lakes of liquid methane on Saturn’s moon, Titan, are perfect for paddling but not for surfing. New research led by The University of Texas at Austin has found that most waves on Titan’s lakes reach only about 1 centimeter high, a finding that indicates a serene environment that could be good news for future probes sent to the surface of that moon.

“There’s a lot of interest in one day sending probes to the lakes, and when that’s done, you want to have a safe landing, and you don’t want a lot of wind,” said lead author Cyril Grima, a research associate at the University of Texas Institute for Geophysics (UTIG). “Our study shows that because the waves aren’t very high, the winds are likely low.”

The research was published in the journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters on June 29. Collaborators include researchers at Cornell University, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. UTIG is a research unit of the UT Jackson School of Geosciences.

Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and one of the locations in the solar system that is thought to possess the ingredients for life. In photos taken by the Cassini orbiter, a NASA probe, it appears as a smooth brown orb because of its thick atmosphere clouded with gaseous nitrogen and hydrocarbons. However, radar images from the same probe show that it has a surface crust made of water ice and drenched in liquid hydrocarbons. On Titan, methane and ethane fall from the sky as rain, fill deep lakes that dot the surface, and are possibly spewed into the air by icy volcanoes called cryovolcanoes.

“The atmosphere of Titan is very complex, and it does synthesize complex organic molecules–the bricks of life,” Grima said. “It may act as a laboratory of sorts, where you can see how basic molecules can be transformed into more complex molecules that could eventually lead to life.”

On top of that, it’s also thought to have an ocean of liquid water beneath its icy crust.

As a graduate student at the Université Grenoble Alpes in France, and then a postdoctoral fellow at UTIG, Grima developed a technique for measuring surface roughness in minute detail from radar data. Called radar statistical reconnaissance, the technique has been used to measure the snow density and its surface roughness in Antarctica and the Arctic, and to assist the landing site selection of NASA’s Mars lander InSight, which is scheduled to launch next year. Researchers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory suggested he apply the technique to measuring Titan’s waves.

The research zeroes in on the three largest lakes in Titan’s northern hemisphere: Kraken Mare, Ligeia Mare and Punga Mare. Kraken Mare, the largest of the three, is estimated to be larger than the Caspian Sea. By analyzing radar data collected by Cassini during Titan’s early summer season, Grima and his team found that waves across these lakes are diminutive, reaching only about 1 centimeter high and 20 centimeters long.

“Cyril’s work is an independent measure of sea roughness and helps to constrain the size and nature of any wind waves,” said co-author Alex Hayes, an assistant professor of astronomy at Cornell University. “From the results, it looks like we are right near the threshold for wave generation, where patches of the sea are smooth and patches are rough.”

The results call into question the early summer’s classification as the beginning of the Titan’s windy season, Grima said, because high winds probably would have made for larger waves.

Information on Titan’s climate is essential for sending a probe safely to the surface. Although there are no formal plans for a mission, Grima says that there are plenty of concepts being developed by researchers around the world. The study indicates that if a future mission lands in early summer, there’s a good chance that it is in for a smooth landing.

Cassian Andor X Rule Breaker!Reader

Anonymous said:

Hey, can I please ask for a cassian x reader based off this idea please? :) You are a rule breaker/rebel and Cassian is a rule follower. How does this work? Thank you. Tell me if you have already done it. Maybe add that the reader gets in danger but constantly makes it back (usually not too damaged) and it like scares him idk hahah

Originally posted by krasnaya-ledi

I hope you don’t mind that I did a head-canon set up for this one! I’m sorry it’s so short, it’s been awhile since I’ve written a Cassian imagine!

  • You were known as the Wild Child around the rebel base.
  • The nickname came from you being not only young, but also reckless.
  • You’d get into trouble on base.
  • Whether if it was pulling pranks to brighten the mood or sneaking extra rations, you always seemed to get in trouble.
  • You also take unneeded risks on simple missions.
  • Most of the time, the results of your missions were better than anyone expected. No one dared to tell you that though.
  • The Rebel Alliance leaders “can’t support such reckless and risky behavior in it’s ranks.”
  • But they never scolded you too harshly.
  • It was Cassian Andor, your boyfriend, that was the one yelling about it.
  • He was the perfect soldier in the eyes of the Rebellion.
  • Always followed orders
  • Never took unneeded risks or put his team in harm’s way
  • He’s basically the polar opposite of you.
  • “Y/N! You could’ve gotten killed! What were you thinking?!”
  • He only yelled out of worry, most of the time.
  • “Easy Cassian, nothing bad happened.”
  • “Your arm is broken!”
  • That’s how it went most of the time.
  • One time it went quite different though.
  • You disobeyed a direct order from Mon Mothma to try to save innocent lives of helpless villagers.
  • You ended up getting a little less of half of your team killed.
  • You were already upset when you arrived back on base, but as soon as you saw Cassian marching towards you, you started to cry.
  • You wouldn’t be able to handle it if he started to chew you out for being risky, pointing out your immense guilt.
  • Instead, he just wrapped his arms around you and let you cry into his shirt.
  • He walked you back to your shared quarters and laid in bed with you as long as he could.
  • “You scared me, Y/N. I wasn’t sure if you were going to come back to me this time.”
  • “I’m sorry, Cas.”
  • You’d never say anything along the lines of ‘I won’t do it again.’If you did, you’d both know it was a lie.
  • You’d do anything for the cause, even if that meant disobeying orders and breaking a few regulations.
  • “I love you Cassian.”
  • “I love you too, just try to be more cautious. Maybe listen to your orders sometimes, yeah?”
  • Eventually, he was called to a meeting and would have to leave you alone for a while.
  • “I’ll be back mi amor, just wait for me.”
  • So you did, and as soon as he returned you met him at the door.
  • You wrapped your arms around his waist, pressing your face into his shirt.
  • He knew that, despite your disregard for rules, you had your moments of weakness. You weren’t strong and independent all the time.
  • And for those times you needed him when you went too far, he was always there.
  • To be your shoulder to cry on, or to reason with the guards to let you out of the cell.
  • There were times, since both you and Cassian are so headstrong, that you both pushed each other to the limits.
  • You’d stomp off, or Cassian would walk away without a word.
  • Normally, depending on when the fight occurred, you and Cassian would be back in the other’s arms.
  • “I’m sorry,” he would whisper, pressing a comforting kiss into your hair.
  • “No, I’m sorry.”
  • “We are not fighting about this.”
  • You’d always be making fun of the way Cassian acts on a mission.
  • “That’s a dumb order Andor.”
  • “It’s Captain Andor right now Y/N.”
  • When you both were on missions together, it became apparent to the rest of the crew that half of them would follow what you said and the other would follow Cassian’s orders.
  • Somehow, despite the complex mission organization, the assignments shared by you and Cassian always ended well.
  • Just more proof to how good of a pairing you both are.