common disorders

chaotic-blu-bat  asked:

Can you provide some examples of auditory processing disorder?

One common exchange for people with auditory processing disorder is:

Person: *talks*

Me: What?

Person: *starts repeating themselves*

Me (cutting the other person off): Oh! *answers*

If you identify with that exchange, particularly if it happens a lot, you may have APD. APD is difficulty understanding spoken speech. Some examples of how if may affect people are as follows:

  • Similar words may sounds identical, like seventy and seventeen
  • Not being able to hear the person next to you due to background noise
  • Difficulty recalling things you’ve heard
  • Difficulty understanding and recalling the order of sounds or words. 357 may turn into 735 or elephant may turn into ephelant
  • Difficulty following spoken directions, particularly multi-step instructions
  • Easily distracted by background noise
  • Difficulty with word based math problems
  • Difficulty following conversations
  • Difficulty learning the words to songs

I hope this helps!

NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness | African Americans
African Americans are no different when it comes to mental health conditions. Learn why your concerns and experiences may be different.

How Do Mental Health Conditions Affect the African American Community?

Although anyone can develop a mental health problem, African Americans sometimes experience more severe forms of mental health conditions due to unmet needs and other barriers. According to the Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health, African Americans are 20% more likely to experience serious mental health problems than the general population. Common mental health disorders among African Americans include:

African Americans are also more likely to experience certain factors that increase the risk for developing a mental health condition:

  • Homelessness. People experiencing homelessness are at a greater risk of developing a mental health condition. African Americans make up 40% of the homeless population.
  • Exposure to violence increases the risk of developing a mental health condition such as depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. African American children are more likely to be exposed to violence than other children.

- See more at:

Hi Black Tumblr,

The Blackout is celebrating Mental Health Awareness Month by seeking to open up conversation on the Mental Health and Wellness of Black folks. Read up on some of the risk factors above and don’t forget to participate in the festivities on @postitforward!

Our Answer Time on Mental Health and Self-Care will be on May 23rd! 

I hear a lot of people say that psychiatrists just give you a checklist of symptoms and diagnose you based on what you checked off. That idea is commonly used as an excuse to self-diagnose. As someone who’s been seeing psychiatrists since I was twelve, I would just like to say fuck off. By saying that, you’re undermining the work they actually put into their long term patients.

A psychiatrist will give you a checklist of symptoms during intake. That first time you meet your psychiatrist. The reason they do this is because they need a general idea of the things you’re experiencing and the issues they may need to address. This is not what they initially use to diagnose you.

A diagnosis is made by the patient addressing their symptoms and talking about the things that happened to them in the past or even happen in their day-to-day life. The patient, when being honest and accurate, will discuss anything bothering them, namely, emotions, thoughts, or actions. To receive an accurate diagnosis, the patient needs to be as thorough as possible. This may take weeks to months, or even years. It isn’t always, but it can be a very lengthy process. This is why you can’t just see a psychiatrist two or three times and then say that they weren’t doing their job. They’re not at fault for that, you are.

Even when they do give you a diagnosis early on, they’re still going by what you tell them. They may start with the most common disorders first and work their way up as they gather information from you. This is why people are commonly misdiagnosed with various types of depression.

They can only diagnose you based on what you tell them. So yes, they do give you a checklist of symptoms, but that’s to get a broad idea. This is not their actual diagnosis tool.

Quit undermining the efforts of good psychiatrists.


Feels Like, Josephine Cardin

We love seeing young artists channeling their experiences, even painful ones, into art as a way of healing. Fine art photographer Josephine Cardin’s latest series “Feels Like” explores the symptoms and fear associated with panic disorder. 

Experiencing the disorder first hand, Cardin depicts distinct and often very common symptoms of panic disorder, such as fear, depersonalization, and the thought that you’ll lose control in each of the images.

“Learning about it and sharing my experience with others who have been through the same is what has helped me overcome it, and I hope this project can inspire those still suffering to seek out help and know they’re not alone.”

ISSTD Statement on the movie Split

“ The 1000 plus therapists and practitioners in the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation (ISSTD) and the tens of thousands across the world who treat complex trauma and dissociative disorders understand the desire to make entertaining movies that make money. We would ask that this not be done at the expense of a vulnerable population that struggles to be recognized and receive the effective treatment that they deserve. Sadly, it is very probable that even just 1% of the gross profit from this movie will be more than all of the research funding that this common and complex disorder has ever received. Shyamalan and Universal Studios will make millions from this movie. We hope they will take this opportunity to help the community of patients by supporting education and research about DID. “

I’m glad more users are speaking up about the barrage of people starting to identify as maladaptive daydreamers. Last November, when I first discovered the disorder, there was not nearly as many people in the tag and I think it’s because of that one post going around with thousands of notes which claims maladaptive daydreaming is just something everybody does.

A lot of people appear to dress maladaptive daydreaming in nice clothes. It sounds like paradise but in truth it’s not something to revel in. It hurts you more than it helps you, and what’s worse is that many people already don’t think it negatively impacts your life.

When you identify as a maladaptive daydreamer without your daydreams being maladaptive you make the rest of us look like we’re over exaggerating or worse, make it seem like the disorder is common. Being mentally ill shouldn’t be the equivalent of collecting stamps for your collection. It’s a serious problem that I think Tumblr overlooks. We now glorify these real life problems and make them seem desirable. Truth is no one wants depression, anxiety, and for me, I don’t really want maladaptive daydreaming. You shouldn’t want your life to be an absolute mess.

I do have some hope when other MaDDers come forth with news that they’ve been prescribed medication that helps cut back on the worst of it (or when users on here, and bless them, recommend treatments), but this progress can easily be destroyed if you make MaDD out to be something so common and “harmless” that it shouldn’t be taken seriously.

It’s not harmless, it does do damage. I’m socially handicapped and lack the ability to make commitments because it’s been a plague on my life for years. Just trying to stop my daydreams takes weeks of effort and I consider myself more on the mild side. I see people on here that can daydream for over six hours straight and watch the world move on without them, which is painful. For some it’s the equivalent of an addiction. It’s bad, but it’s there, it’s hard to top.

So please, if your daydreams aren’t maladaptive please do not identify as a maladaptive daydreamer. It’s not something to show off. Depression is something much deeper than just being sad (and technically it has barely anything to do with feeling sad), just as maladaptive daydreaming is something far beyond having a wild imagination.

An In-Depth Explanation + Discussion of Morty Smith’s (Rick and Morty) Canon “Disability” - ADHD and Autism

In the popular Adult Swim cartoon, Rick and Morty, it is clearly and distinctly said that Morty Smith, the second half of the show’s two main characters, has a (context: learning) disability!

I ended up making a GIFset of evidence from throughout the shows current two season run supporting this statement, and bringing forth the speculation that said disability(s) is both ADHD and Autism!

I’ve gotten many question, comments, and criticism in the short time that the post has been up and have decided to answer them all here!

I’ll be explaining my post in-depth, GIF by GIF, with the episodes and context included, as well as citations to relevant articles/etc. to back them up/explain the symptoms (as well as ones not shown in the original post). 

It is rather long, so using “Ctrl + F” (Windows) or “Command + F” (Mac) to find the specific symptom/explanation you’re looking for is advised!

Explanation is under the cut!

Keep reading

The Plateau

Every once in awhile I see individuals on weight loss journeys reminiscing about “the days” when they easily blew through 3 lbs in a week and how they only lost 1 lb this week. Absolutely no finger pointing, because I think a lot of people; even if just tangentially, have gotten a little wistful. Then comes the discussion, “Am I plateauing?

Only… Only? Are you really plateauing?

Hold up a second! Once upon a time, I also blew through 3 lbs a week with relative ease–at my starting weight. When I cut at my current weight, I consistently lose no more than about 1 lb per week. So. Let’s take my starting weight and an average loss of 3 lbs and my current weight and an average loss of 1 lb and crank out some percentages.

3/312 lbs = .0096% of my total body weight per week.
1/140 lbs = .0071% of my total body weight per week. 

So–OK. My overall rate of weight loss is a bit slower but it’s not a third! Think about that! It’s a third only in number, not in proportion. Many people beguile the “plateau” but let’s put everything in the correct perspective and understand why your rate of weight loss slows down and why it has to, even.

Simply put. Your rate of weight loss should slow down! Less mass requires less energy! Many individuals and tabloids out there will suggest that “stuff” is happening to your metabolism. It technically does slow down but not in the traditional, pernicious sense that sensationalized magazine covers and the Internet scrawls insipidly flip shit about. It slows down in the sense that at your lower weight your body expends less energy during activity (exercise) and requires less energy to maintain its mass (nutrition). You will not and cannot have the same metabolic rate as your starting weight.

When people start losing less weight each week, many feel a desire to hit that target again. However, once you get down to a certain weight you can no longer safely and consistently make the same deficits you did in the beginning.

Here are some basic TDEE calculations for my starting weight and my current weight, for reference I am 5’3” (160 cm).

2200 (BMR)/2600(sedentary TDEE)/3400(moderate exercise TDEE)
1350(BMR)/1600(sedentary TDEE)/2100(moderate exercise TDEE)

To lose three pounds a week, I’d need a total deficit of 1500 a day. At my high weight, this wasn’t too outrageous if I exercised that day. However, I think it’s easy to see why it’d be completely inadvisable to have that expectation at my current TDEE. I’d have to eat below my BMR and exercise for upwards of three hours to make the same deficit I had at over 300 lbs, and those are clearly both completely out of the question. It’s way, way more reasonable for me to make a daily deficit of 500 at most between my nutrition and exercise, and as already explained–there are no tears shed because 1 lb at my current weight still has a bit of bang for the buck! There are times where I frequently keep a 250 deficit because fueling my workouts and maintaining my muscle mass is just way, way more important to me as well.

So, now I pose the question, when you’re getting down in numbers is that really slow? I don’t think it is! Even at a -½ lb rate, I’m going to be ready for my next bulk cycle in just 10 weeks! That’s nothing!

You cannot compare starting weight with current weight! Safety and consistency are the keys to healthy and long-term weight loss. 

The way you lose weight has to be the way you plan to maintain that weight and live your life.

Something that can affect your overall TDEE negatively is losing too much muscle mass as part of your weight loss. If you are still considering gaming that deficit a little too hard, you are risking a loss of muscle tissue along with the losses of fat tissue. Muscle tissues are more metabolically active than adipose and a loss of muscle tissue will result in an overall lower TDEE. Don’t worry! Protein at every meal, weight bearing exercise, and a mild-to-moderate deficit can all help maintain more of that muscle tissue.

Feel like you’re plateauing? Re-calculate your TDEE. Nothing horrific is happening to your metabolism. If you do feel there might be a thyroid or hormonal disorder at play, consult with your doctor and avoid self-diagnosis. While these disorders are common, they aren’t the norm and they are also treatable. Most of the population exists within a small caloric range of each other (for their height).

Don’t fall for nonsense like cinnamon, lemons, vinegar, essential oils, or cayenne pepper concoctions. Many of these are really horrible for your teeth and esophagus when taken in an undiluted fashion, by the way! The effect they have is so minuscule that it really doesn’t matter and there is no magical tea or herb that will significantly and meaningfully speed up your metabolism. It’s all woo and it’s worth way more of your time to go on a walk.

  1. Re-Calculate your TDEE every now and again as you progress through your journey. While it is only a guideline, most people exist within a relatively small range of it. 
  2. Realize that while the losses are smaller in number, that they are proportionate to your new body weight. 
  3. Any loss regardless of your starting weight or current weight is progress.
  4. Less mass=less energy.
  5. Body composition matters. A lot. 
  6. Don’t overcomplicate the whole metabolism thing. Eat balanced meals and snacks regularly and exercise regularly. Don’t overthink it and save your money from scam products and grossly overstated claims.
  7. Vinegar is for salad.
  8. Help does exist if you think a hormonal disorder may be in effect. 
Turmeric!!! #37

Chronic pain is a major side effect of chronic illness. I have found a spice that is an all natural pain killer/ symptom calmer. It’s called Turmeric! Turmeric is a spice that comes from the turmeric plant, but the root of turmeric is also used widely to make medicine. 

 Turmeric is used for joint pain, stomach problems (including heartburn and Crohn’s disease), skin problems, inflammation from injury or chronic illness, recovery from surgery and cancer, autoimmune disorders, common illness (headaches, fever, etc.), diabetes, jaundice, liver problems, high cholesterol, fatigue, fibromyalgia, leprosy, menstrual problems, depression, Alzheimer’s disease, swelling in the middle layer of the eye (anterior uveitis), water retention, worms, tuberculosis, urinary bladder inflammation, and kidney problems. 

One thing to consider though is the medication you are currently taking. It can cause stomach discomfort with curtain medicine (such as omeprazole). Just be cautious and do your research or talk to your doctor(s).

 The list is definitely impressive, it helps so so much with my EDS. Since obviously you can’t just eat it, this recipe will make it taste delicious! 

Golden Milk: 

1 cup unsweetened non-dairy milk, preferably coconut milk beverage or almond milk 

1 (3-inch) cinnamon stick 

1 (1-inch) piece turmeric, unpeeled, thinly sliced, or ½ teaspoon dried turmeric 

1 (½-inch) piece ginger, unpeeled, thinly sliced 

1 tablespoon honey 

1 tablespoon virgin coconut oil 

¼ teaspoon whole black peppercorns 

Ground cinnamon (for serving) 


Whisk coconut milk, cinnamon, turmeric, ginger, honey, coconut oil, peppercorns, and 1 cup water in a small saucepan; bring to a low boil. Reduce heat and simmer until flavors have melded, about 10 minutes. Strain through a fine-mesh sieve into mugs and top with a dash of cinnamon. 

Do Ahead 

Golden milk can be made 5 days ahead. Store in an airtight container and chill. Warm before serving. 

Cooks’ Note 

Using fresh turmeric adds a clean, bright flavor to this drink, but dried turmeric can be substituted when fresh is not available. Keep in mind that dried turmeric will settle to the bottom of the mug, so stir well before drinking.


DAY 3260

Jalsa, Mumbai                Mar 2,  2017              Thu 9:53 am

Birthday - EF - Gita Avinashi Patel , Laila Abdelkader, Asha Bachchan 

Thu, March 2, 2017 ….. and we wish all our Ef today for their birthday, with greetings for a happy and healthy life filled with prosperity ..

In particular today on her birthday we have prayers for Ef Asha, as she goes through a surgery .. praying all goes well .. love

Life is intriguing and complicated and unexpected in its daily existence .. its prediction, though studied and researched through a science, always has that vulnerability .. 

Many of us are keen to know what shall come, many do not. Which really is the desired position then ? The debate on the matter of capital punishment carried such pointers. Those in agreement for its execution, argued that a murder has been committed, and when proven, the culprit must be ‘hanged until death’. Those against the proclamation argue that in the situation of a murder, the victim is unaware that he is going to be attacked and killed. It is sudden. For the culprit identified and sentenced, he languishes in jail waiting for the day and time and moment when he shall be hanged. The wait, argue the defence, is more cruel than what the victim went through. And the arguments till date continue. I wonder if with any conclusion !

That is a morbid subject to bring up in the early hours, though relevant ; for the debate really centers around justice and morality in a humane sense !

SARKAR 3 is to me, to continue from where we left off last night, a mirage. Most film making is. Except, the imagery of that fountain head, that water body at the end of an arid desert, is the cinematic liberty or deliverance. The mirage confounds, cinema brings poetic justice. Which one is desired is what the audience decides. I like both. 

Haha .. diplomatic as ever … !!

No, but Sarkar and the franchise is indeed a single dimensional representation of the most intriguing facet of power … the most important element being the factor of ‘palace politics ‘ !

The center of power in governance of any kind shall rest with one individual in most cases. His or her circle, retinue, personal attributes, behaviour and attitude have the ability to affect the lives of billions of people. As a human, and they are all human, their conduct shall and will have reflection on decision making and dictat. An irritated physical condition due to, say, an inconsistent bowel movement - to take a most common disorder - does or does it not have ability to affect mental decision. That really is the question or debate. Who is or what is the personal conditioning in the environ that the power point conducts himself herself, matters or not  ? The close hand that gives out the laundry, changes the bed sheets, gets that fresh tube of tooth paste, hangs out what clothing to wear and when, becomes inadvertently an alter ego, or to be more precise for the argument, the alter power point ! While conducting his or her choice of clothing for the day, would not the ‘help’ become relevant if he or she were to slip in to the mind of the ‘power’, his or her choice of a public interest decision ! Reliance on the decision of what clothing is to be worn right down to the toothpaste brand, gives hidden powers to the ‘help’. An alternate power point has been created. That power point is recognised by the next ring of power point seekers, which finally results in the formation of PALACE POLITICS .. !!

Palace politics is an enigma. A variable enigma .. well .. enigma does describe variance anyway .. its representation, its portrayal shall ever create interest. It has from time immemorial, it shall till eternity.

SARKAR shall remain an enigma, an eternity .. !!

Good day and may the hours ahead bring you peace and love ..

Amitabh Bachchan

safestsephiroth  asked:

I'm writing a novel about a character with debilitating sleep problems (I haven't decided on a disorder yet) who consistently ends up unable to sleep before the point of absolute exhaustion. What is a feasible length of time for this to be on a consistent basis while not being completely life-threatening in the short term? (I'm accepting that it'll knock years off her life in the long term.) Also - I've found conflicting answers, do you know a good resource to use to research sleep disorders?

Hey there! Thanks for the question, and sorry for the (extreme) delay. This is currently the oldest ask in my inbox.

Sleep disorders are common, and are problematic, but it sounds like what you’re describing is some pretty gnarly insomnia.  

Your character will have a number of effects to keep in mind. First, decreased performance at whatever task is at hand. Their thinking may become muddled or clouded. They’ll likely “space out”, or may even have bursts of micro-sleep during other parts of the day. (This can be fatal while driving, and exhaustion is as much or more of an impairment to drivers as alcohol is.)

They’ll also have lower LONGER (thank you to @scriptautistic for the correction) reaction time, which contributes to driving injuries or deaths, and may come into play if your character is the actiony type (gunplay, for example, will be impaired, as will their tumbling / climbing abilities).

Sleep is a critical part of a character’s life and livelihood. They may be very tired during the day, make bad decisions, or fall asleep when they shouldn’t. Irritability is also a huge thing. They may gain, or lose, weight. DOverall they’re likely to have some significant issues.

The good news is that, outside of driving fatalities, insomnia is rarely fatal (with the exception of the helpfully-named Fatal Familial Insomnia, which is a genetic (familial) disease in which the victims stop sleeping (insomnia) until they die (fatal). Hooray!

Mayo Clinic has a pretty good overview of regular ol’ insomnia here:

In terms of your actual question, when it comes to duration, “months” is an extreme but accurate example. I probably averaged three to four hours a night during the weeks in high school, for most of the time; I slept in on weekends and during holidays, so it wasn’t necessarily true insomnia so much as the whole “teenagers stay up late and SHOULD be able to get up late” thing.

I hope this was useful, even a month or two later :)

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


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Why I feel that YoI betrayed its own narrative - part 1

DISCLAIMER: I love Yuri on Ice. No, listen, you don’t understand, I! LOVE! YURI! ON! ICE! Deeply! It’s very special, extremely important to me. It has touched my heart in ways that few stories have, it’s one of my favourite things across any media. There’s not a single character I dislike. I’ve recommended it to everyone I know. I have cosplay plans. My phone’s ringtone is History Maker. Every night before bed I read fanfiction. I ordered the official soundtrack. Currently on my desk sits my mini christmas tree sporting an acrylic charm of the main trio and Makkachin. I’m wearing Yuuri on my shirt as I write this. Ok? We’ve established this. I love, adore Yuri on Ice, and I wish I could be feeling for the finale the same levels of pure joy the episodes have been giving me every week since it aired. But I’m not. 

Yuri on Ice is one of the best shows I’ve seen in my life. It’s brilliant and beautiful in many ways but the writing in particular has always stood out for its cleverness, realism and heart and how it was masterfully building up a carefully crafted narrative full of underlying themes for 11 episodes. 

Episode 12 on the other hand felt rushed, anticlimactic, out of character for our main leads and not at all up to par to the quality of the writing in previous episodes. There was a clear direction the story and character arcs were moving towards that suddenly shifted so abruptly I have to believe this was not the originally intended ending and was instead a rushed job of a sequel bait. If it was the intended ending…that means they lied to us for 10 episodes.

Getting it out of the way, I still stand by everything I said here. The story was building up to Yuuri winning gold. The screenshots I collected in that post aren’t even all the instances of the story reminding us that it’s building towards gold for Yuuri. It’s been a constant and steady progression. 

This is my breakdown of why I felt ultimately disappointed with the YOI finale. I’m going to go through the entire series to explain exactly why I think the ending we got was not the one we were supposed to get (much less the one the narrative deserved). This is a gigantic analysis so I’ve decided to divide it in parts. It’s going to go like this:

  1. Yuuri Katsuki’s character arc
  2. Yuri Plisetsky’s character arc
  3. Victor Nikiforov’s character arc
  4. The resolution of Victuuri
  5. Missing pieces and inconsistencies

HUGE THANKS to @soobaki for doing the beta on this monster and for the constant emotional support as I wrote it!

Before we start, I just want to leave this screenshot here and I want you to keep this in mind as we go. Because this is what we were promised. 

Warning: this is a long post.

Yuuri Katsuki - on learning that he is good enough and proving it to the world 

YOI starts with Yuuri at this lowest, physically and mentally like he says. At a pivotal moment in his life and career as a professional athlete, his beloved pet dies, he binges on food to try to heal the hurt, his insecurities get the better of him and he ends up suffering a humiliating defeat at the Grand Prix Final, locks himself in a public bathroom to cry, apologizes to his mother over the phone for failing, gets yelled at and told to quit by the junior gold medalist Yuri and, when he finally crosses paths with Victor, his idol and inspiration, he doesn’t even recognize him as a fellow competitor. It’s a rough start for Yuuri, but that’s because his journey is one of growth, more than any other character’s.

While we have our three main characters whose stories are tightly woven together, Yuuri is the true protagonist of YOI’s central narrative. It’s his journey we follow most closely, it’s his POV that we see most of the episodes through, the very title of the series is his free skate’s music. That said, it’s important to point out that Yuuri, unreliable narrator that he is, does not identify himself as the protagonist of the story. He is the top male figure skater in Japan, yet refers to himself as a nobody, just one of the “dime-a-dozen” skaters competing in the Grand Prix. He doesn’t acknowledge his achievement of making it to the six Grand Prix finalists as such, he only sees his failure in placing last. He is severely lacking in self-love and self-awareness. Anxiety will do that to you.

Still, he is willing to take action to change. Contrary to what Yuuri himself will constantly tell us, Yuuri is not weak. He is stubborn and brave and he persists, even in the face of defeat.

Victor shows up at a point where Yuuri is willing and ready to take action to get his life and skating career back on track (after all, as we are told and will later witness, Yuuri is a competitive person and hates to lose) but is not sure on what exactly he should do. People keep asking him and all he says is he needs time to think about it. Victor decides for him - they will win Yuuri the gold medal at the next Grand Prix. Note that while this was a goal decided by Victor it is a goal that Yuuri will eventually embrace. This is the story goal - getting Yuuri a gold medal at the Grand Prix final. It’s a story goal that the series reminds us of every single episode. Yuuri’s character goal, which ties into the story’s, is to achieve self-love and self-actualization, and in achieving both his character and story goals he would prove his own self worth, not only to the world but to himself.

So what is the conflict then, in Yuuri’s story? What must Yuuri overcome? Primarily, it’s his own anxiety. 

Spelled out for us, the only thing Yuuri is lacking to finally WIN, is confidence. Yuuri has the skills, he has the experience. So the series spends the rest of the its time building up said confidence to get Yuuri’s emotional wellbeing in peak condition to match his physical skills. I must emphasize, everything so far is about getting to the story goal of Yuuri winning the Grand Prix Final.

Going back one episode though, to episode 2. The ending of episode 2 is the first time we see him openly and firmly express a desire out loud, with none of the unsureness that was present when he told Yuko he wanted to get his love for skating back, and that is to win the Hot Springs on Ice match and to keep Victor around. 

This is Yuuri answering the call of the narrative. This is when his journey towards the story goal truly begins, when he admits that he wants to keep on winning.

Keep reading