common disorders


Feels Like, Josephine Cardin

We love seeing young artists channeling their experiences, even painful ones, into art as a way of healing. Fine art photographer Josephine Cardin’s latest series “Feels Like” explores the symptoms and fear associated with panic disorder. 

Experiencing the disorder first hand, Cardin depicts distinct and often very common symptoms of panic disorder, such as fear, depersonalization, and the thought that you’ll lose control in each of the images.

“Learning about it and sharing my experience with others who have been through the same is what has helped me overcome it, and I hope this project can inspire those still suffering to seek out help and know they’re not alone.”

ISSTD Statement on the movie Split

“ The 1000 plus therapists and practitioners in the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation (ISSTD) and the tens of thousands across the world who treat complex trauma and dissociative disorders understand the desire to make entertaining movies that make money. We would ask that this not be done at the expense of a vulnerable population that struggles to be recognized and receive the effective treatment that they deserve. Sadly, it is very probable that even just 1% of the gross profit from this movie will be more than all of the research funding that this common and complex disorder has ever received. Shyamalan and Universal Studios will make millions from this movie. We hope they will take this opportunity to help the community of patients by supporting education and research about DID. “

I want to clear up a common misconception about personality disorders because I’m tired of seeing it used to attack self-diagnosed people, and also because it’s outright wrong.

You can be diagnosed with a personality disorder before you turn 18.

The only exception to this is anti-social personality disorder which is diagnosed as conduct disorder in minors.

Any other personality disorder can be diagnosed before the age of 18 as long as the patient has fit the criteria consistently for a minimum of one year. 

Some doctors hesitate to diagnose early or prefer to diagnose minors with PD traits because as the brain develops some patients will grow in ways that either lead to them no longer fitting criteria or lead to them fitting criteria for a different disorder. However this does not mean personality disorders can never be diagnosed in a minor. 

It’s actually very normal for symptoms to begin before a patient reaches 18 years old, my first BPD symptoms were visible at the age of 12 and I was given my first professional BPD diagnosis at 15. Early diagnosis, while uncommon, does not contradict the DSM and can be a lifesaver if it allows the person to seek appropriate treatment or self-help resources.


Myasthenia Gravis V. Lambert Eaton Syndrome:

Myasthenia gravis:
- Most common NMJ disorder
- Autoantibodies to postsynaptic ACh receptor
- Ptosis, diplopia, weakness Worsens with muscle use
- Thymoma, thymic hyperplasia
- AChE inhibitor use: Reverses symptoms (edrophonium to diagnose, pyridostigmine to treat)

Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome:
- Autoantibodies to presynaptic Ca2+ channel 􏱺􏱹ACh release
- Proximal muscle weakness, autonomic symptoms (dry mouth, impotence)
- Improves with muscle use
- Small cell lung cancer
- AChE inhibitor use: Minimal effect

I do X, Y, and Z. Do you think I have ADHD?
  • I have absolutely no idea whether you have ADHD. Many of the symptoms of ADHD are also common with other disorders, like depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder (to name a few).
  • I am not a clinician of any kind, and even if I was I would not legally be able to diagnose you over the internet. A formal diagnosis requires in-person appointments and testing.
  • To learn more about what ADHD is, check out the lists of diagnostic criteria (here and here), the description of executive dysfunction (here), our “what it’s like” tag, our “analogies” tag, and our “personal stories” tag. The more strongly you relate to the information here, the more likely it is that you have ADHD.
Dominant-Tertiary Loops and Common Personality Disorders

ENTP/ESFJ: Ne/Fe or Fe/Ne Loop–Narcissistic Personality Disorder. This type often behaves impulsively and manipulatively, needing constant approval and admiration from others, running around investing in new thing after new thing but never developing the self-confidence of a strong subjective perspective. Fe used negatively may use its awareness of the cultural standards of others to intentionally offend or upset them, in order to service Ne’s curiosity about the patterns in their responses. If Ti/Si were working properly, it would give the user a balancing sense of personal, subjective importance and free him of his dependence upon the adulation and unconditional acceptance of others. (Horrible example: Patrick Bateman from American Psycho.)

INTP/ISFJ: Ti/Si or Si/Ti Loop–Schizotypal Personality Disorder. I see this most commonly in INTP dom/tert loops (Ti+Si), resulting in totally giving up on attempting to obtain the social/interpersonal connections that inferior Fe drives them to unconsciously desire. Schizotypal people are seen (and typically see themselves) as having such unusual thoughts and behaviors that widespread social acceptance is nearly impossible. Ti thinks, “I cannot find any logical explanation for social rituals” and Si reinforces this self-isolating, risk-averse behavior by constantly reminding the user: “Remember how badly this went last time you tried?” If Ne were doing its job, it would remind the user to continue experimenting to find a new approach. In the ISFJ version, Si becomes ultra risk-averse and refuses to try anything new or unfamiliar. If Fe were doing its job, the ISFJ would learn that some risk is necessary in order to uphold obligations to others and avoid living in total solitude. Deep down, these types really do want social connection and ritual (Fe), but have found themselves so poor at it that they simply give up trying.

ESTP/ENFJ: Se/Fe or Fe/Se Loop–Histrionic Personality Disorder. This tends to manifest itself in terms of exaggerated, aggressive sexual behavior and physical impulsiveness. Since reflecting the outer world is the only thing that matters, whatever will shock, impress, or otherwise affect others enough to include the user in their social rituals is what has to be done. Real empathy is rare as this type requires constant thrills or conflict–in the ENFJ version, this often results in excessive sensitivity to perceived “rudeness” or failure to respect the user’s preferred cultural custom (Fe), combined with tertiary Se responding aggressively through implied threats of brute force. (e.g., Vito Corleone: “I’ll make him an offer he can’t refuse”–gives a surface appearance of respecting the cultural standards of negotiation, but implies that refusal to accept this “offer” would be quite unpleasant for the recipient!) If Ti/Ni were doing its job, the user would find a sense of balance and comfortability with himself, granting him the ability to discover what is subjectively important to him, rather than constantly shifting with the tide of cultural and social trends.

ISTP/INFJ: Ti/Ni or Ni/Ti Loop–Schizoid Personality Disorder. These types are socially incompetent for lack of trying, because they see little to no value in significant interaction with others. They live in their own abstract worlds, constantly second-guessing themselves as Ti poses a framework for a problem and Ni shoots it down as too definitionally precise. Without any real external input, these two functions will dream up all sorts of elaborate systems and implications for them, only to repeat their own self-defeating behavior, never bothering to emphasize putting any of its intense ideas into practice. Frequent disregard for rules, laws and other forms of behavioral standards is common, as no function provides any significant sense of external influence. If Se/Fe were doing its job, the user would recognize the value of connecting with others and of paying attention to their needs, preferences, habits and appearances.

ESFP/ENTJ: Se/Te or Te/Se Loop–Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (not the same thing as OCD)! I’ve seen people mistake ESFPs in Se+Te dom-tert loops for ESTPs because they can be so insistent upon controlling their surroundings. These types epitomize enneagram type 8, as they are aggressive, blunt, confrontational and not the least bit afraid of hurting anyone’s feelings. Inside they require the approval of others to a much higher degree than they let on, as Te insists on controlling and organizing external surroundings to ridiculous proportions, while Se pushes any naysayers out of the way with aggressive force and a take-no-prisoners attitude. Territorial and looking for any reason to display their power, these types are some of the most difficult to deal with of all dom-tert loops. If Fi/Ni were doing its job, these types would stop to consider that their actions have negative implications for others, and that aggressively taking charge is not always the best solution in every situation.

ISFP/INTJ: Fi/Ni or Ni/Fi Loop–Paranoid Personality Disorder. These types are your typical conspiracy theorists; they cling deeply to their personal values and can find a conspiracy to assault or attack those values everywhere they look. Chronically distrustful of others’ intentions for no legitimate reason, these types are certain they are the only ones who really know “the truth.” The inferior function, Te or Se, can sometimes lead to an unconscious desire to attract the attention of or lead/organize others in efforts to expose the nefarious conspiracies they invariably see everywhere. If Te/Se were doing its job, these types would be able to look around them and observe empirical evidence that most of their theories are probably not reflected in reality, but as they rely almost entirely on internal validation, Ni will go to any lengths to justify Fi’s emotion-based suspicions. (I mentioned Dale Gribble from King of the Hill in a previous article–he’s a perfect example.) There’s also this guy Victor on typologycentral who’s such a perfect example of this it’s absolutely ridiculous. ;)

ENFP/ESTJ: Ne/Te or Te/Ne Loop–Borderline Personality Disorder. The ENFP I described above may have been one of these types. They simultaneously desire to control and dazzle others with their extraordinary leadership and grandiose performances. For the ENFP, this tends to take the form of insisting on consistent, scheduled attention from others for his/her artistic or creative gifts, while for the ESTJ it tends to manifest itself in terms of indignation when others refuse to follow every detail of the user’s “visionary” leadership style. This combination, ironically, makes the user extremely dependent upon others for meaning, never really finding a sense of internal balance, no matter how hard he works to create and delegate. While Te leads these types to desire structure and discipline, Ne continually contradicts it by insisting on impulsive displays of creative freedom. Often self-denigrating over the inability to control Ne’s impulsive explorations, Te will go to any lengths to keep the user in a position of power and influence, where others must defer to his authority. If Fi/Si were doing its job, these types would recognize that what they’re looking for cannot be found outside themselves–they must learn to sometimes live for themselves and only themselves, and forget about external results for a moment.

INFP/ISTJ: Fi/Si or Si/Fi Loop–Avoidant Personality Disorder. Often scarred by some intensely negative past experience with opening up too many of their private emotions, this type compulsively avoids social situations and interaction with others. They are fiercely sensitive and may exaggerate or misconstrue perceived negative emotional intent in the words or actions of others. They will sometimes project their negative feelings onto others (Fi), as Si tells them that if I were to behave this way, I would have to be very upset, so anyone who behaves that way must also be. These types often have a chronic problem with trusting the intentions or motivations of others, refusing to share private information with even their closest friends and family. They are so deeply sensitive that they refuse to risk being hurt by attempting deep connections with others–you’ll see this a lot in ISTJs with Asperger’s. If Ne/Te were doing its job, these types would maintain a heathy grip on the importance of letting go of the past and trying something new in the name of accomplishing a greater goal, but some of these remain total recluses for most (if not all) of their lives.

i cant believe i finally found something that describes what im feeling

evolution-is-just-a-theorem  asked:

Does it have to take two years before someone is safe to see actual patients? Suppose we created the Pareto Psychiatrist license, for people who can recognize the top five most common disorders (I assume depression, anxiety, and...?), can prescribe drugs and do therapy for those things, and can refer anything more complicated to a real psychiatrist. How much practical experience would you say those people would need?

Realistically I think their outcomes would be indistinguishable from those of the lowest quartile of real psychiatrists after like a week of training, but that might just be because I expect the lowest quartile of real psychiatrists are somewhere between placebo and negative impact. Given that, it’s kind of hard to answer this question in the spirit in which it was intended.

“Don’t reblog this post if you don’t have x”

The classification of mental disorders into tight, neat, little boxes is a social construct, it is very common for disorders to overlap and coexist in a way that makes individual classification supremely difficult. It is very easy to isolate people who are suffering and could benefit from a community of people who UNDERSTAND when those kinds of standards are enforced despite the reality of the way mental disorders actually affect different people.

There’s a difference between asking that neurotypical people not reblog mentally ill posts, and barring an entire group of people that simply don’t have a very specific diagnosis from support and validation for shared symptoms.

anonymous asked:

Can you be bipolar if you haven't had a hypo/manic episode but have had a mixed episode? My mood symptoms appeared when I was 18, with only episodes of major depression. The depressions have been getting more severe and leaning towards psychotic. I'm 19 now, and this past February I had a hellish two weeks with both hypomanic symptoms and depression at the same time. I'm scared, these symptoms are just starting and I don't know what to make of them

Breathe! You need to remember to calm yourself and breathe. You will be okay. That’s what this blog and this community is here for: support, and answers.

Mixed episodes are pretty common with bipolar disorder, so I’m gonna say yeah, as someone who got mixed episodes a hell of a lot while unmedicated, you can definitely be bipolar and only really commonly have mixed episodes.

I’d recommend seeing a medical professional about this and discussing this with them. If you think you fit into a bipolar classification, mention that to them when you go in, have a list of checked off symptoms that you can get online printed out that you can either read off or hand them, track your moods for the next few weeks every day, and keep in mind that there are other mood disorders out there that could possibly be the answer to your mixed episodes. 

It’s possible that they may classify you as cyclothymic, or something else entirely, because that’s just something that happens. 

Track your moods and symptoms though every day for the next three weeks to a month, and schedule an appointment with a psych one you have that information all put together in a concise area that they can read through easily (like a journal or something, or a mood tracking application on your phone!) 

Best of luck! I’m sorry this is so scary, but you’re not alone! I’m here for you! Just breathe. 


Found this useful if not totally relevant...

“Food not only nourishes the body but soothes and satiates as well–which is a big reason why our relationship with food can get really complicated. Anorexia and bulimia may be the most commonly talked about eating disorders but binge eating (not to be confused with occasional overeating) is actually the most common eating disorder in the United States. It impacts up to an estimated 5 percent of the population, 40 percent of which are men–a surprising fact considering other forms of eating disorders are typically twice as common in women.

Before we dive into how to stop binge eating, let’s talk about what it is and how it’s different than overeating.

Binge eating is not the same as overindulging during a special event, the holidays or on vacation. Binge eating is typically a recurring behavior, not an occasional one and will typically have some, if not most of these characteristics:

Consuming large amounts of food even though you are not physically hungry
Eating more rapidly than normal
Eating until you are uncomfortably full
Eating alone or in secret
Feeling disconnected during a binging episode (also referred to as a “zombie” feeling)
Feeling disgusted, depressed, and/or guilty after overeating
The key difference between binge eating and conscious overindulgence is the distinctive feeling that the food is more powerful than you.

As much as I wish I could just rattle off some simple quick fix tips that will give you control and cure you of binging, its not that simple. With time and effort, binge eating disorder is beatable. Here are 5 things you can do to start to free yourself from binging and begin your journey toward a truly healthy relationship with food:


During a binge (which actually begins in your head, before food ever touches your lips), it’s important to realize that the part of you that wants to eat regardless of the repercussions is present and in control. Use this as an opportunity to create some space for thoughts and reflections before or during the binge. Gently ask yourself to try wait 60-90 seconds before putting the food in your mouth.

Do: Let yourself know that you are not stopping yourself from eating, rather, just taking a moment to pause.
Don’t: Tell yourself you can’t have whatever it is you’re craving. This will likely trigger rationalizations of why it’s okay to binge (i.e. “I didn’t eat that much today,” or “I’ll do better tomorrow”) and could also intensify the urge to eat.


If you can successfully create a pause, begin an “urge interview”. Kindly and lovingly explore where the urge to eat lives. Is it in your head, your ears, chest, mouth, hands, or outside of you like a fog? Try to picture it, describe it. Then, gently ask yourself if there is anything else you might want besides food.

Do: Listen and wait for words to pop into your mind. You may hear silence or lots of noise–it’s different for everyone. See if another word or feeling comes up such as lonely, angry, sad, hyper or intense. Take deep, slow breaths and try to feel the air filling and then leaving your lungs while you explore the urge.
Don’t: Don’t dismiss the feeling of “nothing” when trying to do an urge interview. Even “nothing” is something. As well, try not to dismiss what might seem like silly or unrelated memories and sensations that emerge. It is all important information about why you are binging.


After the pause and “urge interview” you may or may not continue with the binge–which is perfectly okay. The goal is to understand the binge more than to stop it and now is the time to document what you’ve uncovered.

Do: When you are no longer in the binge state, write down what you learned: where the urge lives; what it looked like; what it felt like; what thoughts popped into your mind. Did the urge get stronger or weaker? Was there an increase in anger, sadness or shame? Write it all down.
Dont: Don’t wait too long before you write it all down. It’s like trying to remember a dream after you wake up–the longer you wait the less you remember.
Do this as often as you can. Pause, interview, write. Gather as much information about the underlying feelings as you can.


After a binge it’s common to enter into a state of self-loathing. As powerful as that need to punish yourself may feel, I recommend practicing kindness instead.

Do: Be understanding and tolerant of yourself–like you would be to others. Remember that kind, loving, gentle voice from the “urge interview”. Think kind thoughts like, “You’re trying,”, “You’re a wonderful person,” or, “There’s more going on than just a lack of self control.”
Don’t: Put yourself down, punish or blame yourself. This might be the very hard for some. If so, write that down too.


Exploring the urge or need to binge and practicing kindness may reduce the frequency and intensity of binges, but it’s also not a bad idea to seek support. Therapists who specialize in treating eating disorders can help you sort through and understand all the information you’re gathering and guide you on your journey. Organizations like the National Eating Disorder Association (NEDA) can be a good resource to help you begin your recovery. Learn more about NEDA, and other eating disorder organizations around the world.

Because our relationship with food is so complicated and powerful, it takes much more than nutritional knowledge to repair it. But with patience, self-exploration and support, binge eating can be beaten. For those who have tried to cope with binge eating using restrictive and punishing methods before, ask yourself if they have worked. If not, maybe it’s time to try something different.”

[Source: myfitnesspal blog]

DID Prevalence

It is frequently claimed that DID is a uniquely rare disorder. However, when comparing DSM-5 prevalence rates, this is simply not true. If a prevalence rate of 1.5% is accepted for DID, it is comparable in this way to chronic major depressive disorder (1.5%), bulimia nervosa among young females (1-1.5%), and obsessive compulsive disorder (1.1%-1.8%); it is more common than intellectual disability (1%), autism spectrum disorder (approaching 1%), schizophrenia (0.3%-0.7%), and persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia)(0.5%); and it is only slightly less common than panic disorder (2%-3%), adult ADHD (2.5%), and DSM-IV bipolar I, bipolar II, and bipolar disorder not otherwise specified combined (1.8%-2.7%). -  American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Dissociative Disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.)



Okay so it turns out that the textbook uses the proper names /sometimes/ in the actual material

But it’s just so awkward and weird to read “antisocial disorder” “paranoid disorder” “borderline disorder” “histrionic disorder” “narcissistic disorder”

(And they acknowledge that there’s more than just these five, but the book focuses on ASPD, HPD, PPD, BPD, and NPD because they’re the five most common personality disorders)

headcanon #1
post traumatic stress disorder

Jamie suffers from a common disorder among veterans. Her PTSD is triggered by loud and sudden noises, crowds and at times conflict. The disorder manifested shortly before her honorable discharge from the marines in 2014 after she lost over half her team to a roadside bomb. She attends monthly appointments with a psychiatrist to monitor the medications she’s on and numerous group therapy sessions with other veterans. Jamie also adopted a retired K9 german shepard named Leo. He serves as an emotional support animal (not a service dog) and greatly reduces Jamie’s stress at home, and on the go when he is around.

Despite the disorder, Jamie is still capable of holding a full time job. Her medication and therapy have given her the tools required to successfully serve as security at Glendale.