combat controllers

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“If somebody asks me ’What do you do for a living?’ I say, ’I help people.’ When I’m on an operation, I’m not thinking about anything but the operation; home is at home. What the job is in front of you, that’s the only thing that matters at the time. Guys are always gonna modify their gear the way that they want, obviously. Nobody is going to dictate how you carry magazines or what holster you use - the bottom line is results. If you’re on a direct action mission and you’re kicking doors, the only thing you’re thinking is: Check your six, give the squeeze and do your job. If everybody is standing then we’re good to go, let’s tackle the next problem. Every man around you has the upmost confidence in you to do your job and at the same time, you better do your job because they’re expecting you to. Success within a brotherhood is defined as taking care of your brothers…it’s the bottom line. Everybody comes home.”

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Okami by Clover Studio

Genre(s): Action, Adventure
Playable Animal(s): Wolf, Dog
Platform(s): PS2, PS3, Wii
Features: Singleplayer, combat, motion control, gesture system, platforming, puzzles, story-driven, side-quests, sumi-e visual style

“You possess the power of a god, but face the world in the form of the wolf. You have the power to create and destroy. Faced with your greatest challenge, to restore order and beauty to a world laid barren by evil, you must overcome the odds against you.”

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America’s Response Monument

“De Oppresso Liber”

(“Liberate the Oppressed,” motto, U.S. Army Special Forces)


Within hours of the cowardly attacks of September 11, 2001, America’s Special Operations Forces were called to action, formulating an unconventional warfare response to the acts of terrorism inflicted on our country. Not since the patriots’ actions of Concord and Lexington in our Revolution has first priority been given to such an unconventional approach. The force of choice, eventually known as Task Force Dagger, was a multiservice, inter-agency task force built primarily around the Green Berets of the 5th Special Forces Group. Key to the task force’s success was a partnership formed between Army Special Operations and civilian professionals brought together to accomplish their assigned mission: destroy the Taliban regime and deny Afghanistan as a sanctuary for Al Qaeda. On the night of October 19, 2001, braving severe weather conditions and a ruthless enemy, the “A” Teams of the 5th Special Forces Group began infiltrating throughout Afghanistan. Helicopter infiltration and fire support was provided by the world’s finest helicopter aviators, the “Nightstalkers” of the Army’s 160th Special Operation Aviation Regiment. Operating together with their CIA counterparts and Air Force combat controllers, the teams made contact with the various ethnic indigenous forces still holding out against the Taliban regime. Collectively, these integrated “A” Teams fought heroically under incredibly dangerous and austere conditions alongside their Afghan counterparts and accomplished what so many said could not be done … overthrowing the Taliban regime in that most dangerous of countries, Afghanistan. America’s Response Monument, “De Oppresso Liber,” features a Special Forces soldier representative of the many operational detachments “A” who operated across Afghanistan. Some of these A-Teams uniquely fought mounted on horseback alongside their Uzbek counterparts, successfully blending both ancient and 21st century state of the art methods of warfare against our enemies. These operators, informally referred to as “Horse Soldiers” or “Afghan Mounted Rifles,” were the first Americans to fight on horseback in over 50 years. This image was selected because it typifies the courage, adaptability and resourcefulness that are the hallmarks of America’s Special Operations community. The steel girder protruding from beneath the rocks is an actual piece of the World Trade Center Towers and as such is considered a national treasure. It symbolizes the connection between the events of 9/11 and the actions of the Special Operations heroes this monument honors. You are welcome and encouraged to touch it. This monument is intended to honor the incredible courage, initiative, and resourcefulness of all members of all branches of the armed forces who went and fought the battle of 9/11. It recognizes all of the men of Special Forces, all the great men and women of our joint Special Operations Forces, the intrepid officers of the Central Intelligence Agency and the entire inter-agency teams whose dedication, courage and commitment to the people of the United States of America were called upon in those terrible early days following the attacks of 9/11 to bring justice to those who would attack us. This monument serves as a most grateful recognition by the American people of their extraordinary service and sacrifice.

flickr

ROVr Mk.3 by TOKYO TAG TEAM
Via Flickr:
Reconnaissance and Observation Vehicle (robotic)

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October third and fourth of 1993…

The Battle of Mogadishu took place on October 3rd and overnight to the 4th. This mission was apart of Operation Gothic Serpent. Members of the 75th Ranger Regiment, Air Force Rescue and Air Force Combat Controllers, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - Delta, and pilots from the 160th Spec Ops Aviation Regiment. The overall goal was to swarm in to a meeting in the city between Mohamed Adids lieutenants. Shortly after large groups of armed militants attacked the U.S. Forces and shot down two Black Hawk helicopters. In the end, 18 service members died, along with 80 injured. Many personnel were awarded for their actions. Two Delta Force snipers received the Medal of Honor after fighting and perishing while defending one of the crash sights.

Lest we forget the deceased

** - SFOD  Delta - **

MSG Gary Ivan Gordon - Killed defending Super 6-4   - Received Medal of Honor and Purple Heart

SFC Randy Shughart - Killed defending Super 6-4 - Received Medal of Honor and Purple Heart

SSG Daniel D. Bush - Crashed with Super 6-1, mortally wounded defending the crew - Received Silver Star and Purple Heart

SFC Earl Robert Fillmore, Jr. - Killed moving to the first crash sight - Received SIlver Star and Purple Heart

MSG Timothy “Griz” Lynn Martin - Mortally wounded by an RPG on the ‘Lost Convoy’, and died en route to Germany's Field Hospital - Received Silver Star and Purple Heart

- 3rd Ranger Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment - 

CPL James “Jamie” E. Smith - Killed around the crash sight of Super 6-1 - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, and Oak Leaf Cluster as well as a purple heart

SPC James M. Cavaco - Killed on the Lost Convoy - Received a Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple heart

SGT James Casey Joyce - Killed on the Lost Convoy - Received a Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple Heart

CPL Richard “Alphabet” W. Kowaleski, Jr. - Killed on the Lost Convoy by a RPG - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple Heart

SGT Dominick M. Pilla - Killed on Strueckers Convoy (1st Convoy to move back to base) - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple Heart

SGT Lorenzo M. Ruiz - Mortally wounded on the Lost Convoy and also  and died en route to Germany’s Field Hospital - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple Heart

** - 160th SOAR - **

SSG William “Wild Bill” David Cleveland, Jr. - Killed on Super 6-4 (Crew Chief) - Received Silver Star, Bronze Star, Air Medal with Valor Device, Purple Heart

SSG Thomas “Tommie” J. Field - Killed on Super 6-4 (Crew Chief) - Received Silver Star, Bronze Star, Air Medal with Valor Device, Purple Heart

CWO Raymond “Ironman” A. Frank - Killed on Super 6-4 (Copilot) - Received Silver Star, Air Medal with Valor Device, Purple Heart

CWO Clifton “Elvis” P. Wolcott - Killed in Super 6-1 Crash (Pilot) - Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal with Valor Device, Bronze Star, Purple Heart

CWO Donovan  "Bull" Briley - Killed in Super 6-1 crash (Copilot) - Received Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star, Air Medal with Valor Device, Purple Heart

** - 14th Infantry Regiment, 10th Mountain Division - **

SGT Cornell Lemont Houston, Sr. - Killed on the rescue convoy - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, de Fleury Medal, Purple Heart

PFC James Henry Martin, Jr. - Killed on the rescue convoy - Received Purple Heart

** - Malaysian Army - **

LCPL Mat Azan Awang - Killed when his vehicle was struck by an RPG - Received Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa

anonymous asked:

Hi Samantha, I would like to ask for a method of practising more on reading the opponent and being slower. I feel like my skill in this is very unstable and escapes me sometimes. I feel like rushing is what I do most of the time, which usually ends up with me being dead.

Thanks for asking! This is a big subject. It is the result of what happens when people wear protective gear and lose fear of the blade, which makes it easy to become reckless when fighting. It is extremely hard to defend against an opponent who is reckless because they don’t hold back, but if you are smart in a real fight, then you will preserve some caution- especially with sharp blades. I don’t think that it’s your skill that varies, just the circumstances that you are learning in.

I think that you need a partner who wants to learn the same way, who is trying to develop the feeling in the blade. If one opponent moves faster then the other will follow so you really need to have someone who can agree to not try to “win” or try to be the fastest during a drill. You have to agree to move at the same speed, keep the bind until you have manipulated the other to a place that is safer for you. The goal is for you to learn together and not by taking advantage of the other in the relative safety of the drill.

This is all in aid of developing ‘fühlen’, or ‘feeling’ in the fight.

(For a good technical breakdown of fühlen within historical German martial arts, see Hugh Knight’s description here.)

Below: Half of the page from manuscript i:33 folio 20v, showing two fencers bound.

What I demonstrate when I teach is all centred on fencing from the bind. The historical treatises largely recommend binding and control, rather than rushing in. However the way that most of the modern sword-combat sports world* are fighting is the opposite, unfortunately. There is very little binding, even though it’s shown all the time in the fight books.

*Just what I mean: the wider international community of medieval sword-centred combat sports fighters, which comes in over a dozen forms and identities.

When fighting, if a person’s goal is to strike the other, they will rush in and be reckless. If their goal is to defend themselves from attack, they will be more conservative and efficient.

I think that part of the problem causing “rushing in” is that in modern competitive sword combat, we generally seek to score points in a hurry to win a bout.

If we changed the rules to be that we started with hit points and had to preserve them, it would make for more careful fencing. There would still need to be motivation for both parties to fight, but the focus would shift and reflect the more cautious approach seen in historical swordsmanship. The key is to still have a healthy fear of the other person’s blade. Then you learn how to be safe against the danger.

It’s the same as working with any hazardous equipment. In my industry, there are so many of these that we use all the time. For example, the table saw is a pretty devastating tool but you don’t replace it with a blunted or plastic version, or wear a lot of protection to work with it. Bulky clothes or thick gloves actually get in the way, and create more of a hazard than working with just a pair of earmuffs and safety glasses.

Instead, you just accept the potentially-fatal dangers of the tool and learn to work with it carefully, in a controlled, precise and mindful way.

Below: Carving polystyrene-foam into organic stone steps as a scenic sculptor for the film industry. I’m wearing chaps because the chainsaw can potentially kick-back, although since this is fine-detail work, the material is much softer than what I usually work with and less of a hazard. Note the fencing stance for stability, and the rotation of my body to agree with the angle of the cut.

I am not advocating an irresponsible approach to training with swords, rather to appreciate the full hazard they present and then learn to handle it.

What I’m talking about refers to historical swordsmanship in the context of self-defence, but there are many, many modern sword combat sports that exist that have already put safety factors in place to protect their athletes.

Not everyone can be good at sword sports. But anyone can be good at at fencing for self-defence.

I have experienced this kind of approach in more than a few sword clubs around the world. To see video examples of it in action you can check out Roland Warzecha/DIMICATOR’s YouTube channel, showing the active practice of swordsmanship using sharp steel and shields that as closely as possibly follow the specifications of museum artifacts.

Lastly, a philosophy that may help prevent rushing in:

You have to control your space, the circle (or sphere) around your body. This is the distance around you that you or your weapon can reach. Anything that is inside it is your space.

(This concept was developed extensively during the Renaissance though Italian and Spanish schools of fencing- the example below is from Sebastien Romagnan’s book on Destreza)

So when your opponent comes into that space, they can be in your control.
You are allowing them in. It’s the same for them- they are allowing you into their space. You just need to help them to make a mistake. Then once they make a mistake you can control them. Unless you also make a mistake, then you are both equal again. The best thing is to be efficient and make fewer mistakes than your opponent.

You can let someone into your space to trick them, or if you already have a better angle and they will struggle to defend. But it needs to be a clear decision to allow them that close to you.

If you practice understanding your circle (with and without a sword), and think about what you allow to come into it, it will give you an advantage when you practice with a partner. However, there is a lot you can do to improve your reflexes and self control for combat, explained in length by many other martial arts practitioners.

I hope that helps!

U.S. Air Force Capts. Andrew Glowa, lead, and William Piepenbring, both with the 74th Fighter Squadron out of Moody Air Force Base, Ga., launch flares from two A-10C Thunderbolt II over the skies of southern Georgia, Aug. 18, 2014. The A-10’s primary functions include close air support, forward air control and combat search and rescue. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Jamal D. Sutter/Released)

One of the things in Warframe that boggles my mind the most are Grineer Commanders.

Like, how the hell can it Switch Teleport? How the hell can you explain how a race of crusty faced, racist, facist, inbred cyborgs whose idea of advanced technology is to literally fucking cannonball themselves into the hull of enemy ships in order to board them somehow learned how to use an ability used by telepathically controlled combat drones? Did it just wake up one day and say “Grineer wanna learn how to switch teleport like Tenno Skoom” and somehow learn how to use it? What’s stopping the Grineer from somehow utilizing other Warframe abilities then?

American Horror Story: Evan Peters on the latest plot twist and the 'terrifying' remainder of Cult.

This week, AHS: Cult viewers received some pivotal information about cult leader Kai (Evan Peters): his parents are basically rotting in their upstairs bedroom and his brother is psychiatrist Dr. Vincent (Cheyenne Jackson). Kai also had one of his most purely terrifying moments in this hour when he pressured his followers into killing one of their own with a nail gun.

Who decided on Kai’s blue hair color?Evan: That was originally my idea. I remember seeing this movie called SLC Punk and I always associated Detroit with this punk rock type scene. There was something kind of scary but alluring and kind of underground about blue hair. I was also looking around me and seeing so many people with blue hair — I was shocked! I was like, this is some kind of sign and I just have to do it. Everybody has brown hair, blonde hair, and red hair. So it was kind of like, destroy what’s already kind of going on everywhere — what’s normal — and let’s create something new. That was the logic behind it.

When you found out you were going to be a cult leader, did you do research on Charles Manson or David Koresh?Evan: Absolutely. I read a lot of books. I read Seductive Poison, which is about a survivor of the Jonestown Massacre. I read Combatting Cult Mind Control, which is a great book to help people get out of cults. I read a great book called The Art of Seduction. I watched as many documentaries as I could on cults — a great one to watch is Holy Hell on Netflix.


What was your biggest takeaway or what did you learn about these kinds of leaders? That they feed on people’s weaknesses?Evan: hat’s exactly what they do. It’s usually people who are educated, oddly enough. And smart and with it. They want somebody to lead for them. So these leaders usually isolate everybody and keep information from the outside world out and the leader is always right. They find wounds and they find weaknesses and they cut them open and they can embarrass you and shame you. Then, on the other hand, they can be very sweet to you and motivate you but it’s all in the vein of their cause. Another thing that they do is, they sleep deprive you so that you can’t think clearly. Everything that they say at that point becomes almost like they’re a god. You’re looking at them through this haze of tiredness and hunger and malnutrition and you just believe everything they say and they become infallible.

You’re playing multiple cult leaders, right, like Jim Jones and David Koresh? Is that all in one episode?Evan: No, it’s all the way until the end. It’s over the course of some episodes. There’s one episode where there’s a lot of them.

How challenging was that? Those are all very different guys.Evan: It was difficult. But it was really, really fun. It was incredibly difficult. A lot of research was involved in it. First, Ryan told me I was playing Andy Warhol and so I immediately started doing research on him and just fell in love with him. I thought he was amazing and the ’60s and The Factory and that whole world to live in is so fun. So it was great to learn about him but challenging to get his mannerisms and his speech and his state of mind. I would just listen to him constantly. For every person, there was luckily some sort of video or recording of them on YouTube.

You’ve done this seven years now. It’s definitely your biggest character since Tate in season 1. How do you qualify Kai? How do you rank him? Is he a favorite?Evan: He’s definitely the most prominent, therefore I got to play him the most and sort of explore him the most. In that respect, I think he was not only my most challenging and exhausting but as a result the most fun and I learned the most from it. It’s a very current character with the fear that’s going on in our country. I think Kai ranks as No. 1 on all the characters I’ve played.

Was it hard to let go of, though, because this plotline hits so close to home?Evan: Well, we wrapped the 22nd [of September]. He’s very wound up and high-strung and on edge all the time. He could get angry so easily. That hasn’t started to wind down till a little bit now. It took me a little over a week to let that go. [Laughs] But it was a lot. It was just the longest, most exhausting shoot and the hardest I had to work.

On a lighter note, is that actual Cheetos dust on your face?Evan: It was yeah. And you’ll notice if you ever are feeling risky or frisky and you decide to put Cheetos on your face, it’s more of a paler consistency. So we threw in a little orange paint in there as well. There were definitely Cheetos chunks in there and I definitely rubbed Cheetos all over my face.

Was that a good mask? How did that affect the skin?Evan: It was nice. It was kind of an astringent and a little drying. It was good for the normal to oily skin and to alleviate that shine.

Did you smell like Cheetos for days?Evan: We shot part of it and then we had to go to lunch. They were like, “You could wipe it off and we could reapply it.” I was like, “Let’s just keep it on. It’s going to be so hard to match that so let’s keep it on.” So everything I ate tasted or smelled like Cheetos.

You had to wear the Rubber Man costume. How are the costumes? How does that rate against the clown gear?Evan: I have to say it’s a little hot. A lot of that material is pretty thick and the jacket is leather. Those masks are really scary but kind of hilarious because we can’t see anything. So we’re like trying to walk around the set and we’re bumping into everything and swinging knives and missing.

You’ve had to do some nutty things on the show. How does masturbating in front of Billy Eichner rank?Evan: Look, it’s never an easy day at work when you have to jerk off in front of a bunch of strangers. It’s a little daunting. You kind of have to in a sense check out or put up a wall. I have done some insane stuff. There’s been so much sex and murder on the show that it was pretty small compared to where this season goes. So I was like, let’s just get in there and break the ice.

Was the nail gun scene disturbing to shoot? It’s terrifying to watch. Evan: Was intense. Everybody was upset and had to be upset about killing our friend. Makeup did a great job and made it very real and it was also performed very real. The thing about it is, there are certain scenes when you’re playing Kai that are excruciatingly difficult, like the flashback stuff. Then, you have the other stuff, like that, which for everyone else it was hard to shoot but for me it was enjoyable because the character was enjoying it in a way. Although, when you take a step back and look at it from the outside, it’s like, Jesus Christ, what are we doing here?

I love the relationship between Beverly (Adine Porter) and Kai. She seems to be getting more power hungry. Do we continue to follow that relationship’s evolution?Evan: Yeah, absolutely. And you’re right on track with that: she’s definitely getting more power hungry. I want it to be equal power but then years of oppression. It’s interesting seeing that relationship unfold and I don’t think you’ll be disappointed as the season goes on.

It must so weird to be so antagonistic for Sarah but last season you were married on Roanoke. In real life, you’ve known her for so long and you’re friends.Evan: It’s been fun and Sarah is such a great actress and is a very giving actress and will help you in a lot of ways. I really like working with her. I think when it comes to being antagonistic with her there’s a certain understanding we have where we can get into it and play that. But then, at the end of the day or in between takes, laugh or screw around.

What can you say about Kai going forward? Is his rise just going to continue?Evan: Yeah. Right now he’s a narcissist but then he turns into a megalomaniac and it just gets more and more and more. It’s tragic and fun and scary to watch Kai’s power get strong and stronger and stronger with the lack of sanity and empathy he has. It gets pretty terrifying.

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Vincent Valentine. Ex-Turk, and subject of the notorious Project Chaos. Holder of the Protomateria. Armed and dangerous, to be considered a threat at all times, even when low-profile. Chosen weapon is the triple-barrel, semi-automatic handgun dubbed “Cerberus.” Skillset is wide: proficient in hand-to-hand combat, crowd control, espionage, reconnaissance, and crisis containment. One of the Heroes of Midgar. Liquidation would result in problematic public reaction.

Defensive Ammunition Selection

Most don’t consider the ammunition they intend to carry when first purchasing a firearm for defense or even when taking that first concealed carry class and there are those that have never given a second thought to the ammunition currently loaded into their defense tools. While the majority of my students will inevitably inquire upon my personal selection there is a concise way to determine what caliber and style of ammunition an individual should utilize for self defense with a handgun.

There are two general kinds of pistol ammunition, Target and Defense, commonly called Ball and Hollow Point respectively. While the differences between calibers may be subtle the distinction of Target and Defense are glaring.

Ball ammunition is used for practice, is of low cost, can be found in bulk, and is available from many major manufacturers. The name describes the look of the bullet itself which is rounded and solid with no grooves or concaves.

Hollow Point ammunition is ballistically designed for use in stopping a living, immanent, lethal threat making it far more costly, commonly only available in small quantities, but is also available from many major manufacturers. The name describes the preceding tip of the metal projectile which is hollowed without piercing the underside. Some manufacturers have different materials inside the hollowed point with the intent of providing improved expansion and penetration.

These statements are based in empirical evidence, federal testing standards, LEO/Mil action reports, medical examiner reports, and recorded civilian critical incidents but I fully acknowledge that any size piece of metal moving at or above the speed of sound can injure or kill. The company I contract for has a student that stopped an attacker with a .22lr snub-nosed revolver as she rose from the ground after being body-slammed into the ATM she was using. Her single shot bounced off his clavicle into his chest cavity but before running a few blocks down the street where he was apprehended he stood over her in shock and exclaimed; “I can’t believe you f*cking shot me!?

Long guns, rifles and shotguns, can be excellent for self defense but are not the primary recommended defensive tool for most people. Long guns work best, defensively, from static positions being used at a barricade point and generally are not easily accessible in public environments. The information provided may have relevance to long gun defense ammunition selection but it is not under the context of this post.

Your firearm and ammunition of choice work together as a single unit and therefore should be subjected to a Reliability Test annually. It is recommended to shoot 200 of your favorite target ammunition with zero (0) non-user malfunctions, if successful, then shoot 50 cartridges of your selected defense ammunition with zero (0) non-user malfunctions. After successfully passing the Reliability Test you should not only be confident in your defense tool but also in how well the system as a whole operates together and your personal feelings on both the firearm and ammunition.

As mentioned previously all pistol cartridges are a viable caliber as long as it is one you can consistently achieve the fastest combat accurate hits as possible. Defensive ammunition comes in various different shapes and sizes; .380acp, .38spl, 9x19, .40s&w, .45acp, .357sig, .10mm, etc and can all be considered capable of stopping a lethal threat. Autopsy reports can not identify caliber by wound alone, I’ve spoken to ER surgeons and experts in the field of combat trauma myself, until the projectile is removed and weighed the initial description is only ‘low’ or ‘high’ caliber. Bullets are wounding weapons, wounds bleed, bleeding enough deprives the brain of oxygen, death is a product of shot placement over base bullet kinetic damage however that should not discount utilizing a heavier bullet for the desired caliber. Bullet weight is measured in ‘grains’, which was developed on the average size of a grain of wheat putting 7000 grains in a pound, and is a major factor of cartridge performance. Target ammunition is typically lighter than dedicated defensive cartridges but there are options listing ‘low recoil’ or ‘lady’s defense’ that sacrifice bullet weight to or below common target ammunition.

The acceptable calibers are far narrower as several factors impede the Wounding Capacity of a specific caliber such as penetration, cartridge capacity, recoil management, cartridge availability, and cost. The .380acp costs more per cartridge than the larger 9x19, has issues penetrating heavy clothing, and being used in typically small and light firearms has a high perceived recoil making it less acceptable than the, 9x19, .38spl, .40s&w, or .45acp.

There are different ways to attach the metal jacket, commonly of a harder metal, to the lead core of the bullet. Bonding is a method that can use soldering, electrochemical, or other proprietary processes which joins the jacket and core at a molecular level. Having the jacket bonded to the core reduces separation of the jacket from the core on impact, provides improved predictability of penetration, and conduction of kinetic energy into the target.

Based on the highest Wounding Capacity, for current and potential concealed carry licensees, the 9x19, 9mm Luger, 9mm, 9x19mm Parabellum, 9mm NATO, 9 mil, 9mm Para, 9mm P, or by any other name is the preferred caliber for self defense with a semi-automatic handgun. The 9x19mm Parabellum originally designed in 1902 by Georg Luger is the most popular and widely used handgun cartridge in the world today by militaries and civilians. Individual cost per cartridge is low allowing more practice for less money and availability is high with it’s lasting popularity worldwide. The relative cartridge size grants a significant jump in carrying capacity over the larger calibers while maintaining reliable penetration and kinetic energy. The felt recoil of a 9mm being subjectively close to that of a .22lr makes combat accurate shots easier and new shooters can get comfortable more quickly.

Avoid gimmicks, reliability is paramount, trust in your own research and knowledge while accepting combat is always evolving but for each success there are innumerable failures leaving good people hurt or worse. Don’t put your life or the lives of those you love in the hands of untested or unproven techniques and technologies, regardless of the cool colors and advanced marketing tactics.

Buy from only major manufacturers that have met minimal performance standards in FBI testing through heavy and light clothing showing consistent penetration between 12 and 15 inches in ballistic gel.

I personally carry Speer Gold Dot 124 grain Bonded Hollow Point (GDHP) 9x19 because it’s what my local LEOs carry across the board and has the advantage of a high wounding capacity.