anonymous asked:

Under what circumstances would you say that colonising another country is permissible?

Shakti Kapoor in a cheetah print loincloth makes more sense than your question.

[photo // post]

[[ Image Description: A grayscale photo featuring a closeup of a tabby cat looking a little sour, with a post on it by user colombianafuriosa.

The post reads: “RID YOUR VOCABULARY OF THE WORD HISPANIC

it’s a trash word with no real meaning besides a white american way of generalizing spanish speaking people but actually means SPANISH people

throw it out of your mental dictionary. immediately. it is naming us after our colonizers.

and especially if you KNOW a latinx person’s nationality you should probably always refer to them as that. for example, i am latina but i am colombian and salvadorian above all else.” ]]

As I have argued elsewhere, it is incumbent on us as teachers and applied linguists to discard ways of thinking about English Language Teaching as if it were some neutral enterprise and, instead, to start exploring the interests served by our work. If we start to accept some of the critical perspectives outlined (t)here, we must surely start to raise profound questions about our own theories and practices
—  Alastair Pennycook, “The Cultural Politics of English as an International Language”

“I am speaking of complicity at the level of epistemology and ontology, where all of these groups begin to understand themselves through a European universalized ontology and epistemology that is disseminated through imperial channels. That Arab nationalists begin in the late nineteenth century to see themselves and their history in cultural and civilizational terms follows this imperial universalization. That Muslims begin in the same period to speak of something amorphous called “Islam” that opposes itself to something called the “West” and that some of them begin to think of Islam as a “religion” or a “civilization” is also an effect of Orientalist and imperial impositions and internalization. Similarly, the tiny number of gay-identified Arabs organized in Gay Internationalist organizations are complicit with an imperial sexual regime that rearranges the world along the hetero-homo binary, which they fully adopt without questioning and insist on reproducing and disseminating across the Arab world as the road to liberation.”

The Empire of Sexuality: An Interview with Joseph Massad

2

Adele Perry reminding us that the erasure of much of the conversation around the wildfires (esp outside BC) may be because indigenous populations are more greatly affected than are white populations in the north. but, you know, compare it to Toronto, THEN the fact that thirteen THOUSAND people are not in their homes tonight becomes comprehensible. [x] [x]

5

5th July 1962 - 2015. Today marks the 53rd anniversary of Algeria’s independence from France.

Never forget the 1.5 million martyrs slaughtered by the French.

Never forget the 200+ Algerian civilians drowned at Seine by the French.

Never forget that France still doesn’t want to recognise the damage of their colonisation that still affects Algerians to this day.

Tfou 3ala la France, nous sommes Algériens et fiers! Allah yer7am ga3 shuhada tawa3na 🇩🇿

Those who misunderstand colonialism and its subsequent re-shaping of the world often ask what makes it so different from all the other conquests in history. What separates the British Empire from the Greek Empire of Alexander the Great? Why do North Africans resist French influence but not the region’s prior Arabization? Why don’t populations demand apologies from all their previous conquerors in an attempt to reconcile all that has been done to them?

To compare European colonial systems to the flow and ebb of prior conquests is to assume that all historical conquests relied on the same model of subjugation that defined European conquest: centralized and institutional racialization of peoples across the globe, in need of civilization (or the alternative, extermination), and whose histories could be described by constructed hierarchies. As it stands, such characterizations only framed the praxis of European colonization. Prior conquests, for all intents and purposes, were not borne out of globally racialized agendas that attempted to recourse history towards new definitions and categories, but typically out of fundamental desires for wealth, power, cultural or religious influence, and stability. Most conquerors also assimilated to the cultures of the lands they acquired rather than simply the reverse, and often the subsequent cultural exchange influenced both the habitus of the conquerer and the conquered.

For example, Sudanese intellectuals, regarding Arab influence in North Africa, argued that:

Afro-Arab integration in the North tended to be referred to as Arabization. To the extent that Arab symbols of identification, especially their language and religion, have been highlighted over and above their African equivalents, this characterization may be justified, but the process involved more give-and-take than the term “Arabization” would adequately reflect. A significant degree of Africanization of the Arab element also took place. (x)

European colonization did not permit such give-and-take. There was no Native Americanization of British settlers in the Americas, no Indianization of British culture, no Africanization of Europe; instead there was a one way push towards the Europeanization of the colonies- a push that attempted to strip and eradicate whole cultures and peoples from their native identities.

Moreover, no other conquest in history received massive authority from virtually every part of society. While rulers in previous eras sanctioned their own expansion with or without popular support, European colonization was justified, reinforced, and encouraged by political figures, religious authorities, scientists, the intelligentsia, philosophers, artists, the working class, merchants, and more. Each social class in the otherwise stratified nation-state became a beneficiary to the fruits of colonialism and all unified to buttress its institutionalization with easy conscience. Academia and other discourse were dedicated to crafting fields of study that attempted to legitimize the dehumanization of global peoples, establish their inferiority to reflect European superiority, and subjugate the world to Social Darwinist ideologies through various modes of violence. The centrality and normalization of this method was unprecedented. 

The resulting violence in native lands, then, was also unprecedented in history. No other era testifies to the systematic eradication of peoples and cultures by the bloody hands of European colonialists. No other era exhibits a collective continental culture that relied on terrorizing millions worldwide. No other era has killed more, exploited more, and glorified itself more than the era of European colonization. 

This is why the resistance to the legacy of colonialism is so great and why Europe and America are so scrutinized and held responsible for their recent sins; sins that scathed Africa, Asia, and South America, and whose wounds are still bleeding. Indeed, this is also why European colonization is not comparable to other conquests of the past.

4

Herald: An Interactive Period Drama About Colonialism

Herald is a two-part interactive period drama for PC, Mac and Linux that plays as a mix between a visual novel and a 3D point and click adventure game. You are Devan Rensburg, a man of mixed heritage, assigned to work as a steward aboard the merchant ship HLV Herald.  

As a steward, you are responsible for the well-being of all passengers on board, be they rich or poor, important or downtrodden. Your job is best done without anybody noticing, so if a conflict should arise, you are well-served to solve it before the captain gets wind of it.  

Which side of morality will you be on? Are you going to stand up for the oppressed, or will you help those in authority abuse their power? Either way, you are responsible for your choices, and you will carry the consequences.

Kickstarter
No one has yet written about the history of Sweden’s ‘Human Zoos.’

Sami people, Rroma people, Africans, and Asians were fenced in and displayed as 'exhibitions’ at Skansen, the Liseberg amusement park, museums, animal zoos, and camping areas from the 1890s to the 1960s.
— 

Tobias Lee Sam-dol Hübinette

Quote translated from Swedish.
Mod I, Bastard HQ

8

Residential school survivors, supporters march in solidarity through Ottawa

Hundreds of residential school survivors, along with their friends, family and supporters, marched through Ottawa on Sunday in the name of reconciliation and healing.

More than 5,000 people travelled under grey skies along a five-kilometre route from Ecole secondaire de L’Ile in Gatineau, Que., across the Ottawa River, past Parliament Hill, ending at Ottawa’s City Hall.

The walk marked the beginning of the Truth and Reconciliation closing events in Ottawa. The commission, which was launched in 2008 under a five-year mandate, will release its final report in Ottawa on Tuesday.

“It’s a historical event,” said Carrie Diabo, whose parents attended a day school on a reserve in Kahnawake, Que. “It’s something you’ll never see again and it’s part of the healing.”

Led by drummers, the marchers carried banners and flags. Some held photos of loved ones who had experienced the schools, and other clasped the hands of children or grandchildren.

Richard Mark, a residential school survivor, walked with his grandson, Willow Katapatuk, on his shoulders.

Mark said he wanted to participate in the five-kilometre walk “to get the truth out.”

As a child, Mark said he attended a residential school in northern Quebec for nine years, from age three until the school was shut down when he was 12. During that time, he said he suffered sexual, mental and spiritual abuse.

“For six years of my life, I was tormented,” Mark said. “I’m looking for healing.”

Since the 19th century, more than 150,000 First Nations children in Canada were forced to leave their families and attend residential schools, where many faced abuse and neglect.

Justice Murray Sinclair, the head of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, estimates as many as 6,000 children died at the schools, and countless others suffered physical and emotional trauma. The last school closed in 1996.

In a speech last week, Supreme Court Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin said the acts amounted to a “cultural genocide.

Continue Reading.

Update: Added 3 more photos from Global News.

cbc.ca
Shoal Lake reserve residents weep as Ottawa balks at funding road construction
Residents of a First Nation under one of Canada's longest boil-water advisories wept Thursday after the federal government refused to commit to help fund the construction of a road connecting the community with the outside world.

Both Manitoba and the city of Winnipeg announced a commitment Thursday to fund part of the cost of a permanent, all-weather road for Shoal Lake 40 First Nation, which straddles the Ontario-Manitoba boundary.

But Natural Resources Minister Greg Rickford refused to say whether Ottawa would put up its share of the cost during a ceremony on the reserve and left community members openly sobbing with disappointment.

Oba Ovonranmwen of Benin, the last sovereign king of the Benin Empire, before exile by the British in 1897. Photo, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, U.S.