colonial justification

French education policies in Algeria and Vietnam present two illustrative examples. Both histories demonstrate a direct French administration reducing relatively well educated societies to illiteracy. John Ruedy proposes that the strong emphasis on scriptural reading and the high attendance rates at Koran schools probably developed a literacy rate among Algerians that even surpassed French levels at the time of the colonial power’s arrival. The French government replaced this traditional school system with Christian-parochial and public education schools for French expatriates, European settlers, and a few sons of Algerian notables. Alexis de Tocqueville lamented: “Around us the [Algerian] lights are going out… We have made Muslim society much poorer, more disorganized, more ignorant, and barbarous than it was before it knew us.
A similar sequence of events is seen in Vietnam. Precolonial Vietnam housed at least two schools in each district. Ngô Viñh Long estimates that pre-French-era rural literacy rates may have even surpassed urban literacy. David G. Marr estimates that up to 25 percent of Vietnamese could read enough characters to decipher basic contracts and other records. Yet by the mid-1920s, he bemoaned, it "seems unlikely… [that] more than five percent… could read a newspaper, proclamation, or letter in any language.”

Mark Caprio, Japanese Assimilation Policies in Colonial Korea 1910-1945, pg 35-6

He then goes on to explain that the current Vietnamese alphabet, quoc ngo, was meant to function as a transition alphabet, to shift the Vietnamese population from their native language to full French. and look how that worked out!

Queer people have always existed.

Trans people have always existed.

Let me just repeat that for the folks in the back. Queer and trans people have always existed. From literally the most ancient cultures (and probably in human species pre- homo erectus if animal behaviour is anything to go by)
The gender binary, ‘biological sex’ and concepts of a gay or straight dichotomy are recent human inventions, informed and created by western imperialism, colonialism, justification for misogyny and in order to control populations. There is nothing innate or natural about them.

This has been a PSA.

The idea that Korean assimilation would be easy gained a strong following at this time. [1910, the time of Japanese annexation of the peninsula] Ukita Kazutami, editor of the magazine Taiyô (The Sun) who was a leading voice on Japanese imperialism, wrote that the differences in religion, race, customs, and habits prevented the Irish from assimilating with the English; the people of Posen (Poznan, in present-day Poland), Alsace, and Lorraine from assimilating with the Germans; and the Poles and the Finns from assimilating with the Russians. The case of the Japanese and the Koreans, he asserted, was different, as the two people have been of the same race and of the same culture for centuries. He predicted that the Japanese would have relatively few problems in assimilating the Korean people, and that the relationship would evolve peacefully, like the relationship between England and Scotland, rather than become estranged, as with England and Ireland.
—  Mark Caprio, Japanese Assimilation Policies in Colonial Korea 1910-1945, pg 82-3