coins in tree

A rare coin from the city that once housed the Library of Aristotle

This silver drachm is from the ancient city of Skepsis in Troas circa 480-450 BC. On the obverse is the forepart of Pegasus with the inscription ΣKHΨIΩN. The reverse shows a fir tree with two grape bunches all within a linear and  dotted border.

The ancient city of Skepsis was located in the Troas region (aka Troad), which is the modern Biga peninsula in Turkey. It is about 31 miles southeast of the ancient site of Troy. The settlement is notable for being the location where the famous library of Aristotle was kept before being moved to Pergamum and Alexandria. Strabo wrote in his Geographia XIII, 1, 54-55 that Aristotle was “the first man, so far as I know, to have collected books and to have taught the kings in Egypt how to arrange a library." 


From the source:

The bee on the front, and the palm tree and the stag on the back of this four-drachma coin, a tetradrachm, are emblems of Ephesus, a Greek city on the west coast of Turkey. This city was an important center of worship of the Greek goddess Artemis, and the images on Ephesian coinage represent her. Originally the bee was the symbol of an early Anatolian goddess who the Greeks later identified with Artemis. So close was the connection between Artemis and bees that the priestesses of the goddess were called “honey bees.” The two Greek letters, epsilon and phi, on either side of the bee are an abbreviation for Ephesus.

On the back, the palm tree alludes to Artemis’ birthplace, the island of Delos, where, under a palm tree, the goddess Leto gave birth to Artemis and her twin brother, Apollo. The forepart of a stag symbolizes Artemis’ affinity with animals, and may also refer to the stag figures that flanked her cult statue in the temple at Ephesus. The inscription names a man, Karno, who was probably one of the magistrates supervising the mint.


Bee Coin From Ephesos, Ionia, C. 390-325 BC

A silver tetradrachm. Obverse: Magistrate Antialkidas. E-Φ , bee with straight wings. Reverse: ANTIAΛKIΔAΣ, forepart of a stag to right, its head turned back to face left, a palm-tree on left.

Ephesos (Ephesus) used the bee on its coins since it was a producer of honey, so the bee advertised their most famous product. The bee was also mythologically connected to Ephesus because, according to Philostratos, the colonizing Athenians were led to Ephesus and Ionia by the Muses who took the form of bees.

The city was also the location of the famous Temple of Artemis. Her priestesses were called ‘melissai" or “honey bees” of the goddess. The stag, like the one used on this coin is also an attribute of Artemis, the goddess of the hunt. This animal was regarded as sacred to her and stag figures were said to have flanked the cult statue of Artemis in her  temple at Ephesus. The palm tree on the obverse alludes to Artemis’ birthplace, the island of Delos, where the goddess Leto gave birth to Artemis and her twin brother Apollo underneath a palm tree. This coin represents its city of origin well.

Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometers southwest of present-day Selçuk in Izmir Province, Turkey. It was built in the 10th century BC on the site of the former Arzawan capital by Attic and Ionian Greek colonists.


Studyblr community! Let’s work together to make the world a better place!

This morning, I noticed that my favourite productivity app Forest is pairing up with WeForest to plant trees in disadvantaged communities!

How it works: You accumulate coins by staying off of your phone / iPad / other device for a specified period of time (while you’re being productive); if you unlock your device and exit the app in that period, your tree dies and you don’t get as many coins. You can now (and only for a limited time) use 2500 coins to plant a tree in either India or Zambia which will help their local communities!

The app is paid, but it doesn’t cost very much (the price will change depending on your currency) and I personally think that it’s so worth it, knowing how much more work I get done while using it!

So please, if you already have the app or would like to try it out, be productive and plant a tree in India or Zambia! So far over 250 trees have been planted and if we work together we can really make a difference to people’s lives!

giraffehowell  asked:

Okay your account is my favorite thimg ever and tbh I'm probably going to stalk it for months to come. ❤ My name is Clara and I've been getting complimented by my teachers which never happens and I have a new found sense of love and validation. 👌❤

ahh thank u so much it means a lot!! <3

clara (meaning: clear, bright, famous)

shining gold coins, cotton drapes, climbing twisted trees, the smell of summer

(no more please!)

Money Trees

Hammering coins into trees is an ancient tradition in the north west part of the UK in Cumbria and the north of Wales in the village of Portmeirion. According to a research conduction completed by the BCC, this practice is said to date back to the early 18th century in Scotland. It was believed that if people hammered florins into trees, it would cure them of their sickness.