cognitively disabled

9

NFL player Joe Haden is taking a powerful stand against the “R-word” 

Joe is an NFL cornerback for the Cleveland Browns. Jacob, his younger brother, is Joe’s biggest fan. Jacob also happens to have a cognitive disorder that limits his speech and language capabilities. Via the Special Olympics and activism, the two are inspiring people everywhere — and the story of how Joe saved Jacob’s life is just the beginning.

Things You Can do to Help Disabled People That Don't Cost A Cent
  • Do not talk about an obviously disabled person in front of them as if they can’t hear or understand you.
  • Do not talk to a disabled person’s companion instead of them.  
  • Ask permission before touching people, or their wheelchairs/other equipment. Even if you want to help.
  • Ask disabled people about their lives and really listen to their answers.  (Within reason. Asking people personal questions about their sex lives, for example, is rude unless you are very close to them and they’ve communicated they’re OK with that).
  • Listen to what they say whether they are speaking, writing, typing, using text to speech, using a letterboard, using PECS, gesturing, using sign language, or using any other form of communication.  People who cannot speak can still communicate.
  • Stand up for people you see getting bullied.
  • Understand that disabled people don’t just need friends, they can be friends, too.
  • Every public place does not need to have loud, blaring music and TVs with flashing screens.  
  • If you blog, put bright, flashing images that can trigger seizures under a cut so that people with seizures can avoid looking at them.
  • If a job can possibly be done without a person driving, don’t require candidates to drive/have a driver’s license, and don’t interview candidates and then reject them because they don’t drive.
  • When talking to someone who has trouble speaking or stutters, and takes a long time to speak, wait for them to answer. Don’t keep repeating the question or pressuring them. Yes, if you’re like me and your mind is going really fast and you forget what people are saying if they take too long, it can be hard to be patient.  Do it anyway.
  • If you are talking to a deaf person, make it easier for them to lip-read by facing towards them while looking at them, and not covering your mouth with your hands.
  • If you are talking to someone with hearing impairment or auditory processing disorder, it is more helpful to slow down or rephrase what you’re saying than to just speak more loudly.  
  • Some disabled people have difficulty understanding nonliteral language such as metaphors and idioms (e.g., “a stitch in time saves nine”). If you’re talking to someone like this, try explaining what you mean by these figures of speech, or just not using them.
  • Recognize that failure to make eye contact does not mean someone is lying to you. It may be uncomfortable for them.
  • Recognize that unwillingness to go out to loud, crowded bars does not mean someone isn’t interested in socializing with you.
  • If people have difficulty spelling, or using the appropriate jargon/terminology for your social group, do not assume they’re stupid.  You may need to paraphrase some “jargon” for them.
  • Recognize that a person can need time alone and it doesn’t mean they don’t like you or want to be with you. It’s just something they need so they can function at their best.
  • If a person does not recognize you, do not assume they don’t care about you.  They may be face-blind.
  • If a person does not remember your birthday (or other major names, numbers, or dates) do not assume they don’t care about you. They may simply have a bad memory.
  • Understand that a disabled person’s talents, however esoteric, are real, not unimportant “splinter skills.”
  • Colorblindness affects more than just knowing what color something is.  To a colorblind person, colors that they can’t see will look the same if they have the same degree of lightness/darkness.  That means that to a red-green colorblind person, a red rose on a green background will blend in instead of contrast starkly, and the Chicago CTA El map will be difficult to understand.  Understand that something that stands out to you and seems obvious may literally not be visible to a colorblind person.
  • Accept stimming.
  • Don’t tell them “but you look so normal.” But, if they accomplish something you know they were working really hard to do, it’s great to compliment them on it.
  • Understand that a person can be working incredibly hard to do something and may still not perform as well as you’d like them to, as well as the average person would, or as well as the situation demands.
  • If someone has a major medical problem, disability, or chronic illness, then just eating some special healthy diet or exercising more isn’t going to cure it. It might help, it might hurt, it might do nothing, but they’ve probably heard it before, and it’s none of your business in any case.
  • A person with OCD knows that checking or counting or whatever compulsion they perform won't really prevent disaster from happening, it’s just a compulsion. That doesn’t stop them from feeling the need to do it anyway.  A person with anxiety may know at least some of their fears are irrational or unlikely to occur. That doesn’t stop them from feeling anxious.  A person with trichotillomania may know it hurts them to pull out their hair or pick at their skin, but they have trouble stopping themselves anyway.  A depressed person may know they would feel better if they got out of their house and talked to people, but that doesn’t make them feel any more up to doing those things. A person who hallucinates may know the hallucinations aren’t real, but that doesn’t make them go away or feel less upsetting.  You see the pattern?  You can’t cure people with mental illnesses by telling them they’re being irrational or hurting themselves.  If it were that easy, they’d have cured themselves already.
  • Do not tell a person with ADHD or mental illness that they should not be taking medication.  This is a personal decision. Furthermore, since medications have wide-ranging effects on people’s bodies and minds and often unpleasant side effects, most people taking medications have thought through the issue, done a cost-benefit analysis, and decided that the ability to function better is worth it.  Their decision should be respected.
  • A disabled person with intellectual disability who has the academic or IQ abilities of, say, a seven year old does not actually have the mind of a seven year old. They have different life experiences, needs, stages of life, bodies, and so on.
  • If a disabled person is having a meltdown, they are not angry, they are terrified.  They’re not throwing a tantrum or being aggressive, they have gone into fight or flight. The best thing you can do is remain calm yourself and help them calm down. It may help to keep your distance, keep your voice low and calm, let them retreat to a safe place if they know to do that, or remind them to do so if they don’t.  Reasoning with them won’t work well because they’re unlikely to be able to hear and understand you.  The worst thing you can do is start yelling yourself, threatening them, be violent to them, cut off their escape route, or get right up in their personal space.  

Other ideas?  Please reblog and add more.  The more the merrier.

trans boys with cognitive disabilities are wonderful! <3 

trans boys with learning difficulties like dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia! 

trans boys with mild learning disabilities! 

trans boys with downs syndrome! 

trans boys with tourette’s syndrome! 

trans boys with adhd or add! 

trans boys on the autistic spectrum! 

trans boys with trichitillomania, dermatillomania, and other similar ocd conditions! 

you’re amazing, and so loved! <3 

4

Please do not use The ‘R’ Word

Tumblr is my fun place, so I don’t usually get into this here, but… reasons. 

Lovely people here sometimes use the word ‘Retard’ or ‘Retarded’ or some variation (ie ’________-tard’) and those lovely people do NOT mean anything at all against people with cognitive or physical disabilities.  

I understand. I get it.  Seriously!  I’m not being sarcastic at all.  This is on my mind in the friendliest of ways.  I don’t mean to embarrass or offend.  I just hope to help you understand.

My younger son was born with Down syndrome. He’s doing well (learning, growing, healthy) and I adore him. I’m proud of him. But, for me, slurs against people with disabilities strike a painful nerve.  It’s personal.  It brings up every fear I’ve ever had about my son being bullied or abused.  It hurts.  I can’t step off this soapbox.  Life put me on it for keeps.  

So, please, consider your language. ;)  Help End the ‘R’ Word.

Thank you.

next up on Recovered Potterhead Bitches About JKR – what the fuck is this woman’s deal with splitting characters into a stupid/clever dichotomy? and what is her issue with people she doesn’t consider to be smart?

Dudley is a bully (and he’s fat! remember, fat = evil in HP!) and he is cartoonishly unintelligent. As a real person, he obviously has a severe cognitive or developmental disability. But he’s written like a damn looney toon. And there’s the implications that Dudley beats up smart kids because he’s mad that they’re smart and he’s not. As if it’s the non-disabled kids getting bullied by the disabled kids.

Next is Crabbe and Goyle. Neither of them have much characterization beyond “Malfoy’s dumb toadies”. Malfoy is smart, sure, but yes meant to be a rival. He has to match Harry, who is Smart. But his friends are dumb because only dumb people get manipulated, I guess. and that’s their fault for being stupid in the first place, right?

even Neville, who is a forgetful, bumbling, nervous boy who doesn’t do well in school isn’t truly allowed to be “stupid”. (He’s another character who is implied to be fat but is never described with that word). Instead, Neville excels in herbology and does pretty well in charms.

Another character who gets a similar treatment to Neville is Ron. Ron is bad at potions–not that there’s any repurcussions for that–but is great at chess by the time he’s 11. He’s a tactician and real brave and shit. So yeah, lol Ron is so dumb, but he doesn’t get to be dumb like Crabbe and Dudley. He has to be The Best at something, because good guys are complete idiots, right?

To some people this is probably sweet. They might read it as a message that being bad at school doesn’t mean you can’t be smart. But here’s the thing:

What the FUCK is wrong with not being smart, Joanne Rowling?

WHY is unintelligence a trait reserved for your villains? Why do your “dumb” good guys have splinter skills and redeeming qualities but your bad guys don’t? Why did you feel the need to assure us that Neville and Ron weren’t really stupid? Why is stupidity a mortal sin in your world?

Why are your mentally disabled characters locked away in a hospital instead of at home with their families who still love them?

anyway Joanne Rowling can kiss my ass

((I apologize if any of my wording here is offensive to other disabled people. it’s about half not knowing the best way to phrase things, and half being an angry autistic w/adhd yelling about this woman’s ableist bullshit. Feel free to correct me on my phrasing and word choice.))

anonymous asked:

Hey um, i'm curious of something, How would the off colours look or appear in your universe? also how've ya been :)

{ I was thinking something along the lines of this (story wise, im still kinda finalizing the designs )

Flourite is a Grandma that lives in beach city! She’s pretty big, around 6′’5′’ and she’s a part of a polyamourous relationship. Her partners are traveling the world at the moment (she prefers to stay at home) but she has pictures and knick nacks all around her house from them! 

The Rutile twins were cajoined at birth and had surgery to separate them (they have a prosthetic leg) and their surgery scar makes a cute little Y shape (like their gem) if they stand together (which they do often) They do everything together and are like #sisterGoals tbh, very very sweet

Rhodinite just moved to beach city and she’s just came out with her sexuality so shes a bit nervous around all these new faced and is still coming into herself. But she met the others and is flourishing into a bright and happy young lady. (she also met ruby and sapphire and was just star stuck  because one, they ARE kinda famous and 2, they were big inspirations with her coming out!)

Padparadscha is Sapphire’s cousin! She has some cognitive disabilities and tends to be a bit late with reacting. She was just visiting for a bit but ended up loving beach city so much that she moved here!

They all form a book club and Lars joins later on. The book club also doubles as a kinda motivational one too. Those off colors stick together! They get matching jackets and hang at the big doughnut a lot :3 Flourite makes them slow down and really savor what the book has to offer, the Rutile twins always are excited over the book and tend to finish eachothers sentences as they explain, Padparadscha tends to go back on topics already discussed but its nice and they like going back and really going in depth on those parts and Lars and Rhodinite are PROS at finding themes and interpreting different messages in the work!]

I’m like, wild disgusted by terfs.

I mean, there are a lot of reasons but my top ones are:

1. The colonialist prioritization of the western gender binary in spite of multiple genders being historically, culturally and globally supported AND current western biologists shaking their head and whispering “no ur wrong things are more diverse, pls stop”, and entire platforms of terf analysis regarding power being based upon this. 

2. The fact that most terfs are also swerfs, Probably because when you view yourself as a diviner of acceptable types of women who deserve protection, of course sex workers (and probably a bunch of other women) tend not to…………..qualify.

3. Speaking of “not qualifying: The hella abelism. Just abelism everywhere. Abelism in ideology, abelism in slogans and merch, abelism not being challenged within the community. abelism towards women with physical disabilities, abelism towards women with reproductive issues, Abelism towards cognitively disabled women and women on the spectrum and women who are neurodivergent.  And in all cases when I’ve seen it and people have been like “hey stop” the rhetoric in return is “You know what we REALLY meant. Stop complaining, everything we’re doing is for the greater good.”

4. “Terf is a slur”. No it is not.  Its an acronym that describes specific ideology. It stands for Trans Exclusionary Radical Feminist which is exactly what they are doing. It wasn’t designed to disparage, dehumanize or disrespect terfs like actual slurs. Its a word like “X-Ray”. You like excluding trans people? you’re trans exclusionary then. This isn’t hard or mysterious. Just because a lot of people immediately recoil from terfs doesn’t mean its a slur, it means that they’re uncomfortable with the ideology that is the words that make up the acronym and the people who uphold those values. Also appropriating the concept of a slur is disgusting and self serving. 

5. The amount of energy spent hunting trans women in particular. Literally hunting them online and harassing them. Hunting a group of women that are so systematically disadvantaged and few in number, and in constant physical danger. So much energy put towards hunting them and doxing them and arguing with them. Why? Why?????? Leave them alone?? Let them live??? Focus on something else, there are tons of awful things to focus on????

6. Also, something about their inability to see trans women as deserving of protection actively creeps me out. That they can see things like men oppressing women and get how bad it is. But not understand that trans women get a heaping helping of sexism as is leveraged towards women, plus the kind of sexism people leverage towards men (given to them by people who perceive them as men), and then transphobia on top of that (which usually ends in murder) and not think “Wow that sounds bad. I hope they’re okay.” creeps me out. Like in a “i can’t have empathy for anyone who is not like me” sort of way. 

7. Terfs who are very well educated about all of the above but still find time and energy to be awful.  There are a decent amount of people who literally know none of the above and the simplistic “bio women should be prioritized always because they never have in all of history” concept is a decent lure, cause on the surface it sounds broad and reasonable. But when you’re sitting on all this knowledge about gender and culture and abelism, and sex work and racism and history and being nice to trans people costs no money and doesn’t even hamper the effectiveness of your movement, why??? why hunt them and be cruel to them??? 

If you are a terf please do not follow me. Like please leave. 

The tl;dr version of my post about cognitive disability and academic communication styles in social justice circles.

I’m usually very bad at summarizing my longer posts.  In fact, it’s usually impossible.  This upsets me a lot because it means that a lot of my posts are unreadable to a lot of people.  Sometimes, though, I’m able to summarize things.  I’ve been able to do it here.  

If you want to read the whole, original post, click here:  Cognitively disabled people DO get to complain about jargon, academia, etc. in our movements.  Seriously, we do.

But here’s the basic gist of what I’m saying:

  • Academic language and academic communication styles have become an enormous part of social justice movements both online and in universities.
  • This language and communication style is impossible for a lot of people to understand.  Most ordinary people can’t understand it.  Many oppressed people have particular trouble understanding it.  Many cognitively disabled people will never understand it.
  • I am not telling anyone to give up academic language or communication styles.  Some people can’t (including because of disabilities), some people won’t.  I’m just trying to say that there’s something wrong when an entire movement is based on these communication styles, to the point you have to be able to understand it and use it in order to participate fully.
  • On tumblr, people who bring this up often get told it doesn’t exist, and that what we call ‘academic’ is just ‘people talking about their lives’.  This is partly because academia has so thoroughly shaped how oppressed people in certain social movements talk about their lives, that people really do think this is how you talk about your life if you’re oppressed, period.
  • I posted a long list of words that create little explosions in my head every time I read them, that are used in social justice circles constantly.  My intent is not to tell people not to use those words.  It’s to prove that yes, there is jargon, I am not imagining this or making things up.
  • I am, myself, oppressed in many different ways.  Fighting oppression is a survival issue for me.  I’m also cognitively disabled in ways that make these academia-influenced social circles very, very difficult for me to communicate within or understand.  I’m not writing this just to bother people (I’m no more anti-SJ than I’m SJ), I’m writing this because for my own survival I need social movements to be accessible to people like me.
  • Ordinary people, all over the world, fight oppression in amazing ways.  Without ever coming up with new jargon, without forming academic departments at universities, without engaging in sophisticated academic argumentation styles, without becoming inaccessible to ordinary people.
  • People need to stop denying that this stuff is academic in nature.  Right now it seems like people will admit it’s academic if it gives them more credibility (“it’s not just tumblr, this is how Real Sociologists talk!”), but if anyone says it makes things inaccessible, suddenly they say “There’s nothing academic going on here, nothing at all.”  This makes it impossible to address the problem.
  • People can still do their academic stuff it they want to or need to.  I’m not stopping anyone.  I just really, really don’t think this stuff should be at the core of any movement that seeks to end oppression.  Because that just makes things impossible for a lot of people, including the people who most need these movements.
  • My dream is exactly that:  Ordinary people, including cognitively disabled people, fighting oppression.  Talking about our oppression without needing fancy words.  Fighting oppression without needing academic argumentation tactics.  Doing all these things, without needing this academic stuff.  I know it’s already happening offline, everywhere around the world, in fact.  But I’d like to see it happen on places like tumblr, too.
  • It’s possible to be intellectual without being academic.  I do it all the time.
  • Not all cognitively disabled people have the same problems with the same stuff.  Some cognitively disabled people even need to communicate in an academic style.  But there’s a huge number of cognitively disabled people who can’t participate in these discussions because both the language and the entire structure and mentality of the discussion is too academic in a way that we can’t penetrate no matter how hard we try.  Some of us stick around and tough it out and try to change things, but more walk away on sight.  And lots of ordinary oppressed people have the same reaction.

And even though that was kind of long, that was much shorter than the original post.  If you want more detail, see the original post, it’s lots more detailed and may clarify some things that I leave out here.

This is really complicated to talk around but like…

A really common way of coding someone autistic (without going through the bother of providing any real representation via research and canonical confirmation of neurotype) is by making them “smart but socially awkward”.

You probably know the type. It’s ridiculously common. I’d probably be more hard pressed to name a tv show that doesn’t have it, off the top of my head, than one that does. They’re almost always white, they’re usually men.

Keep reading

Text:

Fiction versus fact, Down Syndrome

Fiction: Down syndrome is a rare genetic disorder.

Fact: Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring genetic condition.


Fiction: All people with Down syndrome have a severe cognitive disability.


Fact: Most people with Down syndrome have a mild to moderate cognitive disability, or intellectual disability.


Fiction: Most children with Down syndrome are born to older parents.

Fact: Eighty percent of children born with Down syndrome are born to women younger than age 35.


Fiction: People with Down syndrome are always happy.

Fact: People with Down syndrome experience a full range of emotions just like anyone else. 

source: dsa-gc.org/

Cognitively disabled people DO get to complain about jargon, academia, etc. in our movements. Seriously. We do.

[If this post is too long for you, try this other post, which summarizes it, but doesn’t have quite as much information.]

First off, quickly, to get this over with:  I am not telling anyone to change their language. People can make their own decisions on whether to change their language.  I have language disabilities that make it very hard for me to change my language.  So I pretty much never, ever tell anyone they absolutely have to change their language.  And I never assume that someone’s language skills are so good that changing language would  be easy for them.  You can’t tell that by reading an essay or something.  Also, I’m not against the existence of academia, I’m against the insistence that academia and things learned from it are necessary in the everyday runnings of anti-oppression movements.

Also, I understand the irony of writing a really really long post that some cognitively disabled people can’t read, in order to complain about inaccessibility of stuff to cognitively disabled people.  Unfortunately long posts are a side-effect of some of my own cognitive disabilities.  I often literally can’t read my own writing after I’m finished with it, not kidding.  I tag my long posts with #long or #long post.  Or both, usually.

Now that this is out of the way, on to what I really want to say.

People who fight oppression often use a lot of jargon.  That jargon is difficult to read and often academic in nature.  But we’re not allowed to actually say this – except when we are.  There’s two main scenarios:

1.  Someone has been exposed to tumblr social justice for awhile, but hasn’t seen anything like it anywhere else.  She goes to university and takes a women’s studies class.  All the words and concepts are familiar from tumblr.  She is overjoyed.  She makes a long post about how, in fact, people should be okay with all the jargon because it’s actually what Real Academics use when doing Real Sociology, and it means that tumblr social justice is incredibly meaningful and on the right track.  Because it is so much like academia, so it must be right.

2.  Someone complains that the academic jargon and buzzwords used in tumblr social justice contexts (among others) makes it impossible for a lot of ordinary people, including himself, to follow what is going on.

In the first instance, it is okay to mention jargon, because the jargon is being mentioned in a good light.  In the second instance, it is terrible to mention jargon.  And they must convince the person, as quickly as possible, that there is no actual jargon being used and that the whole idea that it’s jargon is all in his head, and oppressive besides.

I usually run into the second situation.

I’m just going to lay this out here, because my problem is a common one, and it’s not the only problem that can result:

I am cognitively disabled.  I have, in particular, a problem with understanding language.   I am much better at creating words than understanding words.  My receptive vocabulary is small.  When I encounter a word outside of my receptive vocabulary, I don’t just skip over it.  It creates a sensation that is almost like an explosion in my head.  It is physically painful.  It then creates a blank space, a blank space that try as I might, I can’t fill in.  This can even happen with words that I sometimes understand.  It can even happen with words that I am able to use easily, but not understand easily.

Other people have cognitive disabilities that affect their ability to understand jargon in other ways.

Other people have English as a second language, and jargon can be extremely difficult.

Other people have limited education, limited access to books, and limited vocabularies as a result.

All of these things can be connected to oppression, strangely enough.

Yet whenever those of us in these positions bring this up, this is what we get told:

“There is no jargon.  There are no buzzwords.  We are just people talking about our lives.  When anti-SJ people want to shut us down, they try and talk about our jargon and buzzwords.  But really there is no jargon and buzzwords.  And if you say that there is, you are oppressing us.”

This is not acceptable.

Neither is being told that if we don’t understand them, it’s because we lack the ability to understand oppression properly.  

Neither is being told that if we don’t understand them, it’s because we don’t experience the oppression in question.

Neither is the hostility.  The snark.  The put-downs.  Often put-downs that are themselves ableist or classist.

One of the least acceptable things to me is the denial.

The part where you say “Move along, nothing to see here.  There is no jargon, how dare you call it jargon.  It is not academic, how dare you call it academic.”

And on the note of academic things, the problem is not just that the language used is overly academic and difficult for people outside academia.  It’s that academia teaches entire ways of interacting with the world.

It teaches a way of interacting with the world where you can argue for or against any point of view possible, with lightning precision.  I’ve tried to have conversations with people who were doing this to me.  Here’s what it felt like:

I tried to say something.

They formulated an entire, coherent argument that crushed everything that I was saying, and also lots of things I wasn’t saying at all but that they insisted I must be thinking.  (Insisted.  Seriously.  Over and over again, insisted I must be thinking, until people reading the discussion assumed I was thinking those things too, even though I’d never said those things or anything remotely like them.)  

No matter what I said, they found an argument against it.  It wasn’t even that they were arguing their own viewpoint.  They were just arguing against mine.  So they’d take every single thing I said and find a way to argue that it was, in fact, wrong.  For me the point when I stopped believing there was any amount of good faith on their end, was when they tried to argue something so absurd that it could only come out of an academic-style argument of that type.  But basically they had gone over everything I said with a microscope, and then found a way to attack each piece of what I said, individually, each with a fully-formed argument of sorts.

That is a weapon, and it is an academic weapon, and it is a weapon that is taught to people in academic contexts, and it is a weapon that people learn either in academia, or from people who have been through academia.

That is not communication.  It’s bludgeoning another human being with words because you feel like it, or because you feel justified somehow.  And it’s very, highly, academic.

We’re not supposed to say anything is academic though.

Apparently, it’s oppressive to call these things academic, even when they are clearly academic.  The only time it’s not oppressive to call these things academic, is when you’re using ‘academic’ as a compliment – for instance, “This isn’t just tumblr, this is how they do things in real academia!”  People who say that get a free pass.  People who can’t handle academic communication styles, on the other hand, get told we’re oppressing people by calling their communication style academic.  Even when their communication style is about as academic as it is humanly possible to get.

Mind you, there’s nothing wrong with academic, in academia.  But when you’re trying to run an anti-oppression movement using academic buzzwords and academic arguing tactics and academic everything, then yes, something is wrong.  When those things become the norm in such movements, something is very, very wrong.

Because ordinary people can’t communicate that way or understand what you’re saying when you communicate that way.  And I’m talking just ordinary people here, not even people who are necessarily oppressed in any way.

But people who do face additional oppression?  Especially the combination of ableism, classism, and racism that keep people out of contexts where they could learn these things?  And especially people who would never be able to learn these things no matter what advantages they were given?

It’s even worse for us.

And this especially goes for cognitively disabled people.  Which, just so we’re clear, isn’t about IQ, it’s about any disability that affects cognition.  Autism, intellectual disability, dementia, learning disabilities, and brain injury are all very different conditions medically, but they’re all cognitive disabilities because they all affect thinking.  And many, many different cognitive disabilities are going to make people have trouble with academic language and academic arguing styles.

What kind of trouble we’re going to have varies a lot by the person.

We might be able to use academic language, but be unable to understand it, or we may be unable to use it, but able to understand it, or we may be unable to either use or understand it.  Or we may have trouble using or understanding it but be able to on a good day, with a lot of effort.  You get the picture.  

We may completely crumble when faced with an academic-style 'argument’ against our position, even when we’re in the right and we know it.  Because we can’t argue back, or can’t do it in a way the other person is going to respect.  

In my case, I crumble in those contexts a lot unless I take specific steps to prevent it (and even then…).  Because I get bombarded it’s like being hit by all sides with “you’re wrong because _____” repeated a hundred million times, and I can’t handle that amount of information it’s like information overload, and then even when I know I’m right, I’m not always going to be able to tell you why I’m right.

Which is why academic argumentation feels like a weapon sometimes.

But we’re not supposed to say it’s academic.  I’ve even read that it’s sexist, racist, or both, to call academic social justice buzzwords academic (or to refer to it as “buzzwords” or “jargon”), or to suggest there’s anything wrong with it being academic, or any problems that it being academic causes.  Because apparently since women and people of color came up with a lot of these words (in academic contexts, a lot of the time, mind you, like women’s studies departments), then we’re supposed to embrace them wholeheartedly and not point out that they can make things inaccessible for a lot of people.

And honestly there’s something very wrong about the fact that they’ve got it twisted around so that it’s oppressive to point out the oppression in what they’re doing.  That’s high-level mind-twisting stuff.  Which also makes things very difficult for cognitively disabled people.

And there may be a need for this academic stuff, these buzzwords, in certain contexts.  I don’t know.  I’m just saying there may be a need for it somewhere.

But when it becomes everywhere?  That’s a problem.

When it becomes mandatory?  That’s a problem.

When you can’t participate in your own movement because of it?  That’s a problem.

And that’s what a lot of people are facing.

Ordinary people who don’t have the background for this.  Which is most ordinary people, everywhere.  Which is exactly who you want involved in these movements, you’d think.  If so many people within the movements didn’t have their heads so far up their own asses, anyway.

Cognitively disabled people.  Especially cognitively disabled people.  (Yes, there are cognitively disabled people who do great with academic stuff.  I’m not talking about them right here, right now.  I’m talking about people who find academic stuff totally inaccessible in one or more ways.)  We’re the ones that I think are hit the hardest by it, because our brains literally can’t do this no matter how many classes we take or how much we are exposed to it.  So no amount of 'educating us’ will make it better.  The only way to include us is to actually change what you are doing, rather than expecting us to magically change.

And no, even now, I will not tell anyone that they absolutely must drop their mountain of jargon and buzzwords.  Because I know, still, that there are people who can’t, for a million reasons, they can’t.  There is jargon and buzzwords that I myself can’t stop using.  I can’t very well tell others who can’t stop, that they must stop.

But for people who can, I do wish more would.

I wish people who were able, would work at making their communication more accessible to a wider range of people.  

And that goes beyond avoiding academic jargon.  It goes beyond becoming more concrete and less abstract.

It also involves unlearning certain academic styles of communicating, and not using them to bludgeon everyone who disagrees with you.

There’s a lot of academic stuff that I don’t even have names for, that I can’t even describe, that has made it into these movements precisely because these movements have come to be defined by things that take place in women’s studies, disability studies, black studies, and similar academic departments.  These places, and the things people learn in them, have become the way people understand oppression.  And while people are taking part in these departments, they’re usually in school learning other academic stuff.  And all that academic stuff is stuff they take with them back into the social justice movements that they participate in.  And then that stuff gets passed around on places like tumblr, to people who have never been in academia but still absorb all these ideas and ways of interacting that ultimately come from academia.  

And then those people who have never formally been exposed to academia but still are absorbing all this academic stuff from people who have been in academia, are the ones who say the loudest, “But there’s nothing academic happening!  We’re just talking about our lives and people call it academic.”

They probably sincerely believe that.

Because the way in which they have been taught to discuss their lives is academic.  The way in which they have been taught to discuss oppression is academic.  These things come from academia, and when people want to use that as a means of legitimizing things, then everyone admits it.  It’s only when people complain that everyone starts denying the academic roots of so much of the way these movements are handled on tumblr and elsewhere.

So yes, oppressed people just talk about their lives and it gets called academic.  Because loads and loads of oppressed people have learned how to talk about their lives from academia.  Academia that is controlled largely by oppressed people, but still academia.  With all the privilege that academia generally entails.

I want non-academic ways to talk about oppression.

I want cognitively disabled people talking about oppression as we experience it, minus buzzwords we can’t easily understand or use.

I want ordinary people able to discuss oppression without having to learn a whole new vocabulary.

I want to be able to discuss academia’s heavy influence within anti-oppression movements without being told the influence doesn’t exist and that I’m being oppressive by mentioning it.  When I’m a fucking cognitively disabled person who can’t do most of the jargon and buzzwords no matter how much I bang my head on them, and believe me I tried everything before I realized somewhere that I wasn’t at fault.

Here’s a list of words that create miniature explosions in my brain.  Some of them do it at all times, some of them only do it when used in certain ways.  Some of the explosions are worse than others.  Don’t you dare tell me that if I tried harder I would understand them, or that my problem is that I’m not oppressed enough to understand them, or that I am attacking the types of oppressed people who came up with them.  Don’t even.  Just fucking don’t.  And don’t try to define them for me, it won’t make it any easier, and if you don’t understand why, just trust me.

  • normative
  • normativity
  • heteronormative
  • mononormative
  • hegemony
  • intersectionality
  • trope
  • homosocial
  • heterosexism
  • cissexism
  • decentering
  • discourse
  • disenfranchisement
  • allistic
  • coalition
  • coalescing
  • structural violence
  • co-opt
  • patriarchy
  • heteropatriarchy
  • patricentricity
  • heterocentric
  • ciscentric
  • deconstruction
  • normative
  • kyriarchy
  • [anything] industrial complex
  • marginalized
  • queering
  • community building
  • performative
  • performativity
  • othering
  • textual
  • intertextual
  • praxis
  • on point
  • essentializing

This was true of some of the other ones, but especially the following are ones that only give me that explosion thing when used in certain contexts:

  • narrative
  • navigating
  • accountability
  • spaces
  • performed
  • performing
  • performance
  • interrogating
  • negotiating
  • oppositional
  • social justice
  • gaze
  • analysis
  • dynamic

You’ll note that I even use some of these words on occasion.  I have two separate vocabularies, one for using words and one for understanding words.  My vocabulary for using words accurately within sentences is far larger than my vocabulary for understanding words.  That’s common for my particular set of cognitive disabilities.

I have never published this list in its entirety before.  But I thought I should now.  I spent years writing down every time a word made my brain explode on a regular basis.  And for a long time I wouldn’t publish the list because people in these movements are so fond, so very fond, of making lists of words that you can’t say.  And that’s not what I’m doing here.  I’m not saying you can’t say these words.  I’m using these words to illustrate the point that damn straight there is jargon and damn straight is a lot of it highly academic, no matter how much anyone wants to deny it.

Use these words as much as you feel you have to, just be aware that lots of people can’t understand them.  And that not understanding a word isn’t always a neutral experience, in my case it can cause extreme pain and cognitive dysfunction.  This doesn’t mean I hold you responsible for everything that happens in my brain as a result of reading these words.  Maybe you need these words, maybe there are things you can’t say yet without them.  And I’m the last person to simply want to create yet another list of Forbidden Words For Social Justice People To Ever Say because I hate that entire way of doing things on principle.

But I would love…

I would absolutely love…

If one day, we could say everything we needed to say, and nobody had to resort to words like those ones to say it in.

If one day, ordinary people and cognitively disabled people weren’t looking at these online social justice movements, taking one good look at how people communicate, and going “uh-uh, no way, I’m outta here, can’t do this.”  And only the most tenacious of us sticking around trying to change things.

If people didn’t think that academic ways of understanding oppression were automatically so superior.  Because seriously, right now, there’s a lot of people out there who think that we can’t do without them.  That this 'analysis’ (including the words, including the ways of thinking, including everything) is what’s required in order to end oppression.

Because honestly?

Ordinary people work to end oppression every day without learning a single one of these words.  Ordinary people and cognitively disabled people form our own ways of doing things.  Ordinary people do these things.  Without creating new words.  Without creating analyses.  Without creating academic fields.  Without creating new departments at universities.  There are people all over the world doing all kinds of things to end all kinds of oppression.  Uneducated people, cognitively disabled people, ordinary people, just ordinary people.

But you wouldn’t know it from the way lots of tumblr approaches the issue.

Oh, and because I know this might get passed around to people who don’t know me?  I’m multiply disabled (physically, cognitively, psychiatrically, chronically ill), queer, genderless, fat, poor, and raised female.  The fact that I reject certain ways of dealing with oppression, doesn’t mean that ending oppression isn’t as key to my survival as any other oppressed person.  I deal with survival issues on an everyday basis.  I need anti-oppression movements as much as anyone, and I need ones that are not spectacularly inaccessible to me.  That’s why I write things like this.  Not because I’m privileged and get off on tweaking the noses of SJ folks or something.  I’m no more anti-SJ than I’m SJ.  I consider writing things like this an obligation, because unlike many other people in my position, I am able to write them.  So I do.

Periodic reminder that the idea that psychiatric drugs ‘fix’ an ‘imbalance’ in a person’s neurotransmitters is demonstrably misleading propaganda designed to sell drugs. Cognitive disability is not caused by an ‘imbalance’ of chemicals in the brain. Psychiatric medication does not ‘correct’ the ‘balance’ of neurotransmitters.

It’s pseudoscience.

Look, I’m not trying to say that psychiatric drugs are bad or that people shouldn’t use them. I use them. It’s just important that we’re honest with ourselves about what they are and how they work: Drugs help people adapt to a cognitive disability by inducing an altered state of mind that is adaptive for dealing with that disability.

Nothing more, nothing less.

It’s important that we address this because it puts medication in perspective against other forms of non-drug therapy, allowing us to make informed decisions regarding our care. It also opens up options to look at other kinds of medication that could help address specific symptoms that get in the way of our ability to cope with disability.

It’s just an all-around good thing to have a realistic understanding of the medication we’re asked to take.

Can we talk about how autism discourse often revolves around throwing people with intellectual disabilities (and other cognitive stuff) under the bus? Like I’m reading something and it involves literally saying “well at least autistic people can actually be really smart and not have cognitive/intellectual disabilities!”

First, autism and intellectual disability are not mutually exclusive.

Second, intellectual disability does not preclude meaningful lives. Intellectual disability does not mean people cannot have input on their own lives and choices.

Stop talking about it like autism is higher up on a hierarchical scale and that’s why autistic people are worth something.

People are worth something because they are people.

In light of everything going on...

Could people, anyone capable of doing so, please do something every single time you see someone describe ableism as being about a list of words you are supposed to say and a list of words you’re not supposed to say?

Ableism is about going to a hospital and getting told by doctors that you’d be better off going home and dying than getting a feeding tube.

Ableism is about going to get SSI and getting told that if you can blog (or do some other random thing that is not gainful employment and will never be), you can work for gainful employment.

Ableism is about your own family believing you’re lazy or exaggerating or faking because you don’t seem like their idea of what a disabled person is (young white guy in a wheelchair from paraplegia, usually – who are actually usually among the more privileged and able to work of disabled people, not that they have it easy by any means, especially since able to work doesn’t mean able to get hired in an ableist workforce).

Ableism is about valuing people based on what we can do, rather than valuing people because we exist.

Ableism is about drawing a line past which people don’t count as disabled anymore, they just count as not even people, and not worth protecting.

Ableism is about there being entire books where people think it’s legitimate to debate whether people with intellectual or other cognitive or developmental disabilities (those are three totally different but overlapping categories, just so you’re aware) count as persons or not.  Both “philosophically” and under law.  Google Peter Singer if you don’t believe me (he also doesn’t think newborns are persons, but everyone loves him because he supports animal rights – by bringing down disabled human beings in the process, and everyone knows – because of ableism, of course – that disabled human beings don’t matter anyway, not as much as animals).

Ableism is not – at least not mostly – about whether ‘stupid’ is a slur.  It’s just not.  And it infuriates me both when disabled people treat it primarily that way, and when nondisabled people treat it primarily that way.  

Because when you do a serious discussion of racism, and then classism, and then sexism, and transphobia, and transmisogyny, and homophobia, and biphobia, and every other kind of oppression you can think of, large and small, and you give them in-depth coverage… and then you come to ableism.  And it’s always last.  And it’s always a footnote to all the other kinds of oppression.  And the footnote always reads “And ableism… don’t say stupid, or idiot, instead, say these other words that don’t actually form an adequate replacement for those first words at all.”  

Which diminishes the understanding of the power of actual ableist slurs such as retard (hint: a slur carries with it as part of the meaning, that the person being described by the slur is not a real person – an insult like ‘stupid’ can be used in an ableist or non-ableist way but is not necessarily a slur even when it’s ableist). And it also diminishes the understanding of what ableism actually is, by not taking seriously the fact that ableism kills people.  

And even this act of always putting ableism last, always treating it as less serious or possibly not even a real ism at all (possibly “political correctness gone amok”, possibly “(eyeroll) yet another group of people wanting to claim they’re oppressed and really stealing the idea of oppression from real oppressed people like people of color and taking their ideas and successes without crediting them at all”, however it’s phrased… that is one of the worst things about ableism in circles that claim to want to deal with oppression in all its forms.  Because it basically throws us to the wolves while claiming there are no wolves to throw us to and that we aren’t really dying in huge numbers everywhere and so forth.  There are ways in which ableism becomes worse, more deadly, because of being diminished in this way by all the “serious” anti-oppression people.

So – I don’t care if you call what you do social justice or anti-oppression or anything else.  I don’t care if you’re part of those circles or not.  I don’t care if you use ideas from those circles or not.  I just don’t care.  All I care about is that you take ableism seriously and that you take the danger disabled people are in right now seriously and part of taking it seriously is making sure that people understand it’s not about what words are politically correct or politically incorrect at this particular moment in time when it comes to disability.  

Because disabled people are often the first to die – or among the first – in situations like this. And this is not an accident.  It is because the people with power know that a lot of people don’t give a rat’s ass what happens to us, whether on the right or on the left.  It’s because they know that you don’t take our oppression seriously.  It’s because they know that our deaths will be considered inevitable.  Have you ever considered it inevitable that disabled people and old people end up in nursing homes, group homes, developmental centers, psych wards, and other institutional settings? – sad, maybe, tragic even, but inevitable consequences of disability?  Because that’s the same kind of thinking that makes our deaths inevitable.  (By the way, nursing homes are the cause of death for a lot of us, but our disability gets blamed instead and this is all normalized so much you probably can’t even see it.)  Have you ever considered it inevitable that disabled people contemplate suicide, and never thought it might be the result of the same forces that cause other oppressed people to contemplate suicide?  Have you ever responded almost reflexively to disabled people’s suicidal thoughts by saying that we ought to have the right to kill ourselves easily and painlessly (when you’d never say the same of, say, queer teenagers), without even thinking that maybe most of the time we’re suicidal for the same reason queer teenagers often are?  Have you ever thought that when we don’t get SSI and die on the streets, that’s just…. unfortunate but sort of inevitable?  That basically our deaths however and whenever they happen are unfortunate but inevitable consequences of being disabled, and you’ve never even thought of the way ableism plays both into our deaths themselves and into your own thoughts about them?

Because that’s why you need to get people to take ableism seriously immediately.  And that’s why I’ve always been infuriated by people not taking ableism seriously.  Because I’ve been that person in that hospital room being told by doctors that I would do better off to go home and die of a totally preventable pneumonia or starvation, rather than get the combination of feeding tubes that would prevent both?  

Oh and by the way – don’t quote me statistics about aspiration pneumonia and feeding tubes unless you know my exact disability, the exact cause of the aspiration pneumonia, and the exact configuration and type of feeding tubes I use and exactly how I use them.  I know that as a general rule feeding tubes don’t prevent aspiration and may even cause it, but in my particular circumstances that doesn’t apply.  There are dozens of reasons for feeding tubes, dozens of types of feeding tubes, and if you don’t understand all of this in-depth you have no basis for commenting.  I went from getting aspiration pneumonia seven times in the first few months of a year, to getting it once or twice a year at most, instantly, with the right combination of feeding tubes.  And I gained back roughly half of the 75 pounds I’d lost rapidly as a result of my stomach disorder.  

And I’m happy, and I’m fucking alive, which is more than I expected by now.  I didn’t expect to hit 34 or 35, and I’m now 36.  I might even eventually hit old age at this point, who knows.  But however long I lived, I deserved a chance to be alive.  And it took a lot of people calling the hospital and demanding I get treated right, to even get the feeding tube.  They couldn’t deny it to me – because I needed it – so they just tried every trick they knew to talk me out of agreeing to it.  After tumblr and other places resulted in enough phone calls to the hospital, I got my tube the next day, although my problems with ableism in that hospital were and remain far from over and the circumstances of getting the tube and the aftermath were something out of a nightmare scenario.  Not because they had to be, but because they could get away with it, because ableism is everywhere and practically unacknowledged by just about everyone, including especially the people who supposedly care the most about disabled people (family, caregivers, “helping professionals”, anti-oppression people, etc).

Anyway, this has gotten into a long enough rant I’ll be surprised if you could read this far – I probably couldn’t (I write better than I read). But hopefully you get the message.  Right now is a time when disabled Americans, especially those of us facing other forms of oppression (ever try to get proper medical care as a queer, genderless and visibly gender-atypical, poor person with developmental disabilities? …yeah) need people fighting ableism more than ever.  And that doesn’t mean tacking up a list of words that everyone can say instead of ‘stupid’.  And treating it like it does, is part of the problem that leads to us dying in circumstances like these.

Executive dysfunction and teachers

we-aint-borntypical asked: Sorry if this is late, but how do I tell my teachers about my executive dysfunction and how it affects my ability to do assignments?

realsocialskills said:

I think the most important thing you can do is accept that the problem is real, and that it’s ok to need help.

It can be hard to accept that executive dysfunction is real. It can be very tempting to feel like if we just try harder or wait long enough, it will somehow work out. And some percentage of the time that does work — which can make it seems like it will *always* work if we try hard enough. But it doesn’t work that way, and expecting it to causes a lot of problems.

Executive dysfunction means that sometimes there are insurmountable barriers to doing things completely independently. Sometimes this can happen with things that our culture says are easy and that you may not have heard of anyone having trouble with. It can be hard to come to terms with that. It gets easier with practice.

More directly about managing relationships with teachers, I’ve found two things helpful: I try to err heavily on the side of asking for help as soon as I’m feeling stuck, and I also try to select instructors based on understanding and/or cognitive compatibility.

If you’re facing an assignment and can’t figure out how to make progress on it, it’s good to err on the side of asking for help immediately. This can be hard to do, especially if you feel ashamed or like you don’t have a good reason. It’s actually ok though, and it gets easier with practice.

It’s normal to need help sometimes, even if the reasons you need it are unusual. All teachers have students who need help. Good teachers understand this and consider needing help normal. (Not all teachers are good, but many are). A lot of teachers care about helping their students, and it’s usually a lot easier for them to do that if you ask sooner rather than later. (It also saves you the time you’d waste trying to do something impossible through sheer force of will.)

If you can, it helps to explain in concrete terms what you are having trouble with, and what you think would help. (If you don’t know what would help, the concrete request might be “Can we meet to talk about this assignment?”). I think that it usually helps to err on the side of talking about concrete problems rather than abstract concepts like executive dysfunction.

For instance, I think “I’m having trouble getting started on this assignment. Could you help me narrow down my topic?” is usually more effective than “Executive dysfunction makes this assignment hard for me, what should I do?”. That said, if the latter is the only way you can ask for help in a particular situation, don’t wait until you know a better way. It’s ok to ask for help imperfectly; it’s ok to need help even if you’re not sure what help you need.

Not all teachers will be good at helping you. Some won’t be willing, some some won’t know how. Some will be inconsistent. But a good percentage of teachers *are* skilled at helping. If you have a choice about who your teachers are, it’s good to err on the side of picking teachers who are good at helping.

Also, some teachers are going to be inherently more cognitively compatible with you than others. Different teachers do instruction and assessment differently. If you have a choice, it can be good to err on the side of taking classes with teachers who give assignments that are more reliably possible for you.

Aside from attributes of teachers — asking for help effectively is a set of skills. One of those skills is the emotional skill of feeling ok about the fact that you need help. Another is assessing what’s going on and figuring out what your needs are. Another is expressing it to teachers in a way that they can understand and act on readily. And there are other skills I’m not sure how to explain. No one is born knowing how to do these things, and they all get easier with practice.

tl;dr Executive dysfunction makes school complicated. Taking classes with teachers who teach in a way that makes cognitive sense to you can help, when you have a choice. It can be hard to ask for help, and hard to feel ok about needing help. That’s a set of skills, and it gets a lot easier with practice.

for my mentally ill/cognitively disabled peeps or anyone who has issues with personal hygiene! please get this soap! It’s called crusader medicated soap and it’s supposed to be an antibacterial soap to help with the skin BUT it really helps with fighting odors even the funkiest odors. So if you are someone who has issues with taking showers everyday with this soap you don’t have to and you won’t exude an odor for at least 3 or 4 days.

you can find this at your local drug store but if you can’t find it anywhere they do sell on amazon

please spread this so people will know about it

Shoutout!

Shout out to everyone with learning, attention, cognitive processing, executive function, and/or anything of this nature that affects you in school/daily lives.

  • To everyone who has ever been denied accommodations from the College Board.
  • To everyone who is denied accommodations from the College Board because they are “too smart”. 
  • To everyone who has to go through repetitive extensive testing to submit to the College Board, even though you’ve already done them. Even though you know your diagnosis.
  • To everyone who has wasted lots of money on these new pointless tests for the College Board, only to be denied.
  • To everyone who can’t afford to apply for accommodations for the College Board because the testing they require is too expensive.
  • To everyone who has failed an AP exam because your weren’t properly accommodated.
  • To everyone who finishes your tests last while your classmates make noise and disrespect you. 
  • To everyone who has to stay after class, during lunch, or after school to finish their work while their friends hang out without them.
  • To everyone who is left out of social activities because school work takes up too much of your time.
  • To everyone who is the last person to leave school before winter/summer break because you were making up work.
  • To everyone who is given accommodations they don’t need because your disorder isn’t recognized, and is labelled as something else in the school system.
  • To everyone who’s ever heard “you have _____? But you’re so smart!”
  • To everyone (with mild symptoms) who doesn’t always need accommodations, but don’t receive them when they do.
  • To everyone who can’t do well in school if they forget to take their medicine.
  • To everyone who struggles with teachers who aren’t willing to follow your accommodation plans.
  • To everyone who isn’t receiving accommodations they need because the school won’t pay for them.
  • To everyone who has parents that put lots of pressure on them about this.
  • To everyone who has parents that are very supportive to them, and don’t give up on them. (even when others do)
  • To everyone who also suffers from emotional/mental illnesses alongside these ones. 
  • To everyone who has been diagnosed pretty late.
  • To everyone who was diagnosed early and has known about it since they were little.
  • To everyone who has been misdiagnosed with the wrong disorder.
  • To everyone who hasn’t been diagnosed.
  • To everyone who has ever heard that “______ is just an excuse”
  • To everyone who has ever heard that “______ doesn’t exist, it’s made up so people can be lazy”
  • To everyone who worries about being able to get and hold onto a job.
  • To everyone who is scared they won’t be able to graduate. 
  • To everyone who has struggled with anything else related to this.

Im so sorry that these problems are so often overlooked. Im sorry that many of these problems are completely invisible to everyone else. Im sorry that so many people don’t know about these struggles we face. 

But I believe in you, I believe in us! We can make it. You can do it! Im proud of you, no matter how well you do in school, or on a test or assignment. Im so proud of all of you guys.

anonymous asked:

do we know how 'teddy' edward of warwick as treated in the Tower? the poor thing had a very sad life, but how was his stay in the Tower? i doubt it was like in TWP, a prison cell with hay because the Tower was a Royal Residence as well -it could be comfortable- but, do we know? thanks for your answer :)

I personally don’t know much about Teddy’s life, aside from the fact that it… didn’t end well.. and he quite possibly suffered from some form of developmental delay or another type of cognitive disability.  (Which the show seems to be implying, albeit clumsily.)  TV shows and movies tend to act as if the Tower was some desolate place much like jail cells of today, but it’s not like you shoved the dredges of society up there.  People like an actual king in Edward V stayed there (however long he was king), obviously.  So I agree with you, I doubt it was a shitty was TWP portrays it to be.  I imagine that if Teddy was disabled in any way, life wouldn’t have been the easiest for him no matter where he was–but being isolated probably didn’t help.  That being said, the theories about his mental faculties seem to be based off a chronicler’s statement (so like… always a grain of salt there) who indicated that it was after his long imprisonment that he was basically very out of sorts.  Which would indicate, if it’s true, that his time in the Tower did have a negative effect on him in some way.  This could refer to any number of things, tho–maybe he didn’t know how to act socially, maybe he was very nervous, maybe he just wasn’t accustomed to being outdoors at all.

@glorianas and/or @theamazingcat may know more about his specific treatment in the Tower.