cognitive reasoning


Major Arcana

0 The Fool – New beginnings, optimism, trust in life; Reversed: Delays

1 The Magician – Action, the power to manifest; Reversed: Misunderstandings.

2 The High Priestess – Inaction, going within, the subconscious; Reversed: Manipulations.

3 The Empress – Abundance, nurturing, fertility, life in bloom; Reversed: Neglect

4 The Emperor – Structure, stability, rules and power; Reversed: Chaos

5 The Hierophant – Institutions, tradition, society and its rules; Reversed: Hypocrisy

6 The Lovers – Sexuality, passion, choice, uniting; Reversed: Separation

7 The Chariot – Movement, progress, integration; Reversed: Defeat

8 Strength – Courage, subtle power, integration of animal self; Reversed: Fear

9 The Hermit – Meditation, solitude, consciousness; Reversed: Isolation

10 Wheel of Fortune – Cycles, change, ups and downs; Reversed: Stagnation

11 Justice – Fairness, equality, balance; Reversed: Lies

12 The Hanged Man – Surrender, new perspective, enlightenment; Reversed: Stubbornness.

13 Death – The end of something, change, the impermeability of all things; Reversed: Limbo

14 Temperance – Balance, moderation, being sensible; Reversed: Impatience

15 The Devil – Destructive patterns, addiction, giving away your power; Reversed: Freedom

16 The Tower – Collapse of stable structures, release, sudden insight; Reversed: Control

17 The Star – Hope, calm, a good omen; Reversed: Darkness

18 The Moon – Mystery, the subconscious, dreams; Reversed: Paranoia

19 The Sun – Success, happiness, all will be well; Reversed: Failure

20 Judgment – Rebirth, a new phase, inner calling; Reversed: Regrets

21 The World – Completion, wholeness, attainment, celebration of life; Reversed: Incomplete

Suit of Swords
• Other Names: Staves, arrows, spades
• Element: Air
Attributes: Active, male
Astrological Signs: Gemini, Libra, Aquarius
• Direction: West
Season: Pagan – Spring / Esoteric – Autumn
• Self: Mind, thoughts, intellect
Jungian Function: Thinking
Body Part: Head
Qabbalistic World: Yetzirah – the Formative World

Air is seen as the intellect, logic and reasoning. An active element, Air circulates and so cleanses; it carries your thoughts and dreams; is also expansive when hot and is said to be expressive. Your mind or thoughts can be seen as clear or clouded; speech requires breath, which requires air.

Swords represent logic, the mind and your thoughts. They deal with problems and troubles, planning, communication, ideas, your intellect and how you use it. They represent your daily and life struggles, problems in general. The very nature of a sword is aggressive and warlike. Combined with the swiftness of air, the combination can see situations arise quickly. The ability to see clearly means resolution is quick also. Swords people are great thinkers. You will find them in study, research, academia, the sciences, law courts and libraries. They love to learn and live to do it in any capacity.

Keywords: decisions, worries, problems, issues, tension, communication, intelligence, disagreements; arguments, logic, reason, cognition, ideas, inspirations, balance, equilibrium, the mind, mentalism, thinking, facts and figures, definition.
Reversed: vicious, ruthless, manipulative, cold, unemotional, spite and malice, accidents, inertia, indecision, confusion, mental blockages, biased, illogical, mental health issues, negative life changes.

• King – Serious, controlling, rational and mind/intellect-focused; Reversed: Foolish
• Queen – Intelligent, writer, communicative yet cold; Reversed: Ineffective
• Knight – Fierce, determined, aggressively pursues goals; Reversed: Boredom
• Page – mentally unstable or intellectually immature, acts without thinking; Reversed: Stupidity
• Ace of Swords – A fresh start, a sudden opportunity or idea, clarity; Reversed: Improbable
• 2 – Indecision; Reversed: Conflicts
• 3– Heartbreak, betrayal; Reversed: Torment
• 4 – Meditation, rest, retreat; Reversed: Disturbance
• 5 – Mind games, hostility; Reversed: Treachery
• 6 – Leaving, accepting help, going somewhere better; Reversed: Trouble
• 7 – Secret plans, abandoning ship; Reversed: Clumsiness
• 8 – feeling powerless and stuck; Reversed: Escaping
• 9 – Overactive mind, anxiety; Reversed: Martyrdom
• 10 – Feeling defeated, self-sabotage; Reversed: Sabotage

Suit of Cups
• Other Names: Chalices, Grails, Cauldrons, Hearts, Vessels
• Element: Water
Attributes: Passive, female; cold, wet
Astrological Signs: Pisces, Cancer, Scorpio
• Direction: East
Season: Pagan – Autumn- / Esoteric – Summer
• Self: Emotions, love, receptivity
Jungian Function: Feeling
Body Part: Heart
Qabbalistic World: Briah – the Creative World

Water is seen as the emotions, your feelings, and your intuition. Considered passive, water can be deep or shallow; you like the ocean, are responsive to the moon; your tears can rise and fall; out of control, your emotions flood;

Cups represent your emotions, feelings, your subconscious, intuition and psychism. They deal with love affairs, all relationships, inner expression, your reactions or responses and the pursuit of happiness. Generally passive and not outwardly extrovert, creativity through expression are some of the traits of this suit. Careers are usually in the arts or creative pursuits, they are, poets, painters, florists and designers, nurses, social workers and care-givers. Cups people are happy in the background doing their own thing, though they are often actors distinguishing the limelight from private time like no others.

Keywords: creative, intuitive, clairsentient, psychic, passive, affectionate, receptive, imaginative, caring, relationships, love, dreams, sensitivity, romantic, artistic, spiritual, compassionate, tactile, nurturing, the unconscious mind, domesticity, culture, expression, flexibility, fluidity, calm motion, serenity, empathetic, aesthetics and beauty.
Reversed: needy, co-dependent, intense, neglectful, fantasists, uncaring, cold, unfeeling, moody, unresponsive, illogical, lost, negative, pessimistic, emotional, overly sentimental, tearful, selfish.

• King – Repression of deep feelings, possible alcoholism; Reversed: Selfishness
• Queen – Emotionally nurturing, intuitive, sensitive; Reversed: Ignorance
• Knight – Romantic, adventurous, following one’s heart; Reversed: Pessimism
• Page – Creative, inspired, learning artistic skill; Reversed: Gloomy
• Ace of Cups – emotional fulfillment, joy; Reversed: Indifferent
• 2 – Partnership, mutual attraction, compatibility; Reversed: Abandonment
• 3 – Celebration, fun with friends, laughter; Reversed: Jealousy
• 4 – Boredom, dissatisfaction with what is being offered; Reversed: Avoidance
• 5 – Dwelling on the negative, self-pity; Reversed: Alienation
• 6 – Sentimentality, kindness, help; Reversed: Discouraging
• 7 – So many choices, indecision, getting lost in fantasy, wishing and dreaming; Reversed: Lethargic
• 8 – Abandoning something in search of something better, vision; Reversed: Sacrifice
• 9 – Indulgence, self-satisfaction; Reversed: Disintegration
• 10 – Emotional bliss, happiness, attainment; Reversed: Disruption

Suit of Wands
• Other Names: Batons, Staves, Rods, Clubs, Staffs, Scepters
• Element: Fire
Attributes: Active, masculine; hot, dry
Astrological Signs: Aries, Leo, Sagittarius
• Direction: South
Season: Pagan – Summer / Esoteric – Spring
• Self: Will, actions, desire
Jungian Function: Intuition
Body Part: Genitals
Qabbalistic World: Atziluth – the Archetypal World

Fire is energy and action, passion, drive and ambition. An active element, it can cause permanent change; is expansive; can be aggressive; is pro-active and undeterred.

Wands represent creativity, energy, passion and action. They cover your spiritual pursuits, your career and creative projects. Leadership, self-growth and general optimism are some traits of this suit. Careers are usually in business, they are leaders, entrepreneurial & sales focused. Wands people like to get ahead and are generally pro-active in all their activities. With an unrivaled healthy vitality, they are often accomplished sports people.

Keywords: intuition; creativity; vitality; sexuality; spirituality; vision; energetic; outgoing; impulsive; motivational; pro-active; spirit and spirited; optimistic; enterprise; commerce; business; careers; opportunities; the thrill of the chase; competitive; growth; personal development; inspirational; enthusiastic; sexual; passionate; action; movement; initiation.
Reversed: rash; impetuous; ruthless; greedy; narrow-minded; hyperactive; brash; manipulative; conniving; mean-spirited; overly optimistic; risk takers; heartless; aggressive; selfish; misleading; sadistic; distrusting of others.

• King – Career focused, mature, passionate; Reversed: Impostor
• Queen – Confidant, focused, has zest for life; Reversed: Fatigue
• Knight – An adventurous risk taker who follows his passions; Reversed: Apathy
• Page – newly inspired, excited about life and work; Reversed: Passive
• Ace of Wands – New beginnings, creative spark, fertile ideas; Reversed: Unpromising
• 2 – Contemplation, assessing one’s life direction; Reversed: Dispute
• 3 – Reaping the rewards of your efforts; Reversed: Idleness
• 4 – Celebration, safety, the home; Reversed: Discord
• 5 – Competition, minor struggles or disagreements; Reversed: Timidness
• 6 – Success, accolades and achievement; Reversed: Disapproval
• 7 – Feeling defensive and on guard; Reversed: Yielding
• 8 – Speed, things manifesting quickly; Reversed: Stagnation
• 9 – Pessimism, gearing up for the worst; Reversed: Weakness
• 10 – Feeling oppressed, exhaustion, too many responsibilities; Reversed: Impractical

Suit of Pentacles
• Other Names: Disks, Coins, Deniers, Stones, Diamonds
• Element: Earth
Attributes: Passive, female
Astrological Signs: Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn
• Direction: North
Season: Pagan – Winter / Esoteric – Winter
• Self: Body,
Jungian Function: Sensation
Body Part: Feet
Qabbalistic World: Assiah

Earth is seen as the material, the physical & the sensual. A Passive element, Earth allows growth & production; promotes prosperity; is the foundation on which anything is built.

Pentacles, represent all things material and physical, what you experience using your senses. They deal with your money, business deals, material possessions, your job, arts, crafts, your home & garden. Working hard & getting the job done are attributes of this suit. Pentacle people don’t mind getting their hands dirty whether that’s working with the land or in a factory. Strong & dependable, often found in the trades, removals, farming, landscaping & homemaking.

Keywords: sensual, sexual; strong; lithe; dependable; reliable; stoic; practical; skilled & skillful; artistic; common sense; traditional; regular; straightforward; grounded; sensible; lush; fertile; growth; luxury; wealth; prosperity; apprenticeships; scholarships; dull; dutiful; realistic; down-to-earth; materialistic; money motivated; domesticity; health & fitness; exercise.
Reversed: miserly; slave drivers; workaholics; pleasure seekers; neglectful; shoddy work; dullards; negative; pessimistic; superstitious; thoughtless; penny pinchers; lazy; unforgiving; selfish; greedy; covetous; moronic.

• King – Enjoys the good life (food, drink and leisure), financially secure; Reversed: Hoarder
• Queen – Healthy in body and finances, grounded and calm; Reversed: Unreasonable
• Knight – Cautious, sensible and slow to progress; Reversed: Inexperienced
• Page – Student, commitment to learning; Reversed: Rookie
• Ace of Pentacles – Financial reward, clarity of life purpose, goals; Reversed: Debt
• 2 – Balance, multitasking; Reversed: Impractical
• 3 – Meaningful work, enjoying one’s work, suitable career; Reversed: Mediocrity
• 4 – Hoarding, feeling poor, holding self-back out of fear; Reversed: Greed
• 5 – Minor money troubles, health problems, feeling like an outsider; Reversed: Helplessness
• 6 – Charity, accepting and giving help; Reversed: Cruelty
• 7 – Patience, waiting for your plans to bear fruit; Reversed: Unemployment
• 8 – Hard work, focused efforts, laying the groundwork; Reversed: Skill-shortage
• 9 – Luxury, rest, financial and material comforts; Reversed: Dependency
• 10 – Financial success, strong business relationships; Reversed: Restrictions

stefan: begs caroline to flip her humanity back and tells her he’s there for her and wants to be with her

stefan: tells caroline loving her changed his life and he will wait till she’s healed and is ready for a relationship

stefan: says “i love you” first

stefan: wants her back the second he’s in town after a 3 year breakup when they’re both in different relationships

stefan: literally asks her to marry him


  • memetic hazard: *completely decimates my cognitive reasoning and capacity, makes me question my own sanity, induces gaps in my memories*
  • containment team: we need to get this thing's triggers transcribed and tested immediately. every second we're not drafting containment procedures is another second someone could be falling victim to this thing without even knowing. the first thing we need to do is establish a-
  • a cool and hip suburban mom, interrupting: but have you tried yoga??

Prompt: I think you are beautiful and I would like to kiss you.  I can think up some clever lines, if you’d prefer.  But I wanted to say that, first. (None of those lines seemed to be about you or me.)
~1k, alternative meeting/meet cute, no warnings!

Blaine sees him every morning. As his bus turns the corner at 8.36, the most beautiful man in the world is picking up flowers from a small stand, bill in hand ready to hand over. He always looks sad, Blaine thinks, his expression heavy and his shoulders a little too square, but he always thinks to himself that whoever it is that gets a small bunch of yellow flowers from the most beautiful man in the world every single day is a lucky person.

Blaine spends the rest of him commute imagining what a man that beautiful’s name must be. Something elegant, he thinks. Perhaps an Alexander. He’s so pale against the grey of the city that it almost makes sense to imagine that he’s Russian. Blaine imagines learning to make pierogi for him, and then bumps his head against the window and grins to himself. His mama always told him he was a hopeless romantic, and here he is, imagining a life with this man he sees for less than a minute a day.

(He’s given him many names and many lives over the weeks and months he’s seen him. Tomas is a Czech web developer who likes expensive wines and pretty Midwestern boys. Rhys is a Welshman who lives in London and working on an international contract for a telecommunication company. He likes French movies and American boys. Patrick is from Regina and is an international student. He’s brought his liberal Canadian politics with him and is buying flowers just to brighten his student accommodation with. Dicky is in family law, grew up in the Midwest and studied in New York and has never found a reason to go back. He loves fashion, scarves, and good Midwestern boys who love football. Blaine knows it’s ridiculous, but his own real life adventures in love have been more miss than hit, and a few seconds with the angel and his flowers has to be enough. His name is Anthony and he’s from Florida…)

Keep reading

Genetic Discovery Provides New Insight into Cognitive Disorders

An international team of scientists, led by Todd Lencz, PhD, professor at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research at Northwell Health and Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, have unlocked some of the genes responsible for cognitive ability.

Dr. Lencz and fellow researchers studied the genes of 35,000 people and discovered new genetic variations related to cognitive ability. The findings bring scientists a step closer to developing new – and potentially better – treatments for cognitive disorders of the brain, such as schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The findings were published online in Molecular Psychiatry.

The team of 60 international scientists is called the Cognitive Genomics Consortium (COGENT). COGENT researchers measured brain function of the participants through tests of learning, memory and other components of cognitive function. In addition to zeroing in on a few specific genes related to cognitive ability, the team also showed a significant genetic overlap between risk for several psychiatric disorders and reduction in cognitive ability. Impairments in general cognitive ability, such as reasoning, problems solving, learning, and memory, are critical components for a number of serious mental illnesses, including schizophrenia.

“This research provides new clues into how the brain works at the molecular level,” said Dr. Lencz. “Our long-term goal is to identify potential new targets for treatments of cognitive disorders of the brain, such as schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).”

COGENT scientists also discovered for the first time a molecular genetic overlap between cognitive ability and personality. Specifically, they found that a genetic predisposition towards higher cognitive ability was associated with greater “openness to experience.” This means that some of the genes that make people more likely to be curious about new ideas and trying new experiences are the same as those that enhance cognitive function.

Dr. Lencz and the COGENT team are currently working with partners in Europe to expand the collaborative team. Their goal is to increase the size of the study to more than 100,000 DNA samples. Dr. Lencz notes, “Today, we know of hundreds of genes related to traits such as height and weight, but only a few related to cognitive ability. We have a lot of work to do if we want to understand the molecular basis of brain function.”

I really dislike having to explain to NT people why i like to have constants. Listen, doing this thing in this certain way that you don’t understand makes my ND ass calm down for once and not overdrive on anxiety. Let me rest.

anonymous asked:

so you are saying bellarke shippers aren't welcome in the lgbt community

Lgbt people in general have more insight and cognitive reasoning capabilities than average cis hets when it comes to recognizing and determining healthy vs unhealthy relationships so a lesbian gay bisexual trans or queer person who would ship something as conspicuously thin, unfounded and unreasonable as bellarke, could be considered what we in the black community call a “coon”: a person who, intentionally or not, acts in the disinterest of oneself and their community, i.e. one who would not be considered a viable representation of ones supposed community and affiliations.

INTP, ENFP: asserting dominance
  • (ENFP and INTP are grocery shopping)
  • ENFP: INTP what are you staring at?
  • INTP: that toddler over there.
  • ENFP: ...why?
  • INTP: he looked at me and won't look away
  • INTP: i ain't tolerating this shit
  • INTP: i've gotta assert dominance. so i'm gonna stare at him until he gives in
  • ENFP:
  • ENFP: ah come on he's just a baby he doesn't understand what you're doing
  • INTP: it doesn't MATTER i'm not backing down from a challenge a /baby/ issued me
  • ENFP: jeez,, let's just go, wait till the mom notices y-
  • (The baby looks away)
  • ENFP: (trying to pull INTP into a different aisle) oh god
What makes Intelligence Agents tick? (Part one)

There are certain aspects that are considered the building blocks of intelligent agents. Unlike the average man these agents view the world in a novel lens. Their effective habit system alters their perception profoundly. They are capable of extracting information from the most devious sources. They always make the best of what they have, and they pay a lot of attention to details. Their line of trade is rather dangerous at times. That is why it is absolutely crucial to be always ready, prepared and vigilant of your surroundings.

How does one adopt an effective Situational Awareness habit?

This habit can take the toll on you, if you do not know where and how to look. Being constantly observant is very tiring, it exerts the brain’s resources immensely. Selective attention is always advised whenever attempting to observe the outer/external environment. In this article I will be discussing Observation and how to utilize it towards your best interest.

1. Observation

There are two types of observation modes:

a. Passive Observation (Being one’s default mode)

b. Active Observation (Conscious awareness)

The default state in which we observe the world around us is the passive mode. Through which you take the relevant data (enough to let you survive the time being) surrounding you, and comprehend it in the simplest of ways. The world is a very dangerous place, full of potential risks. The passive observation mode let’s you operate accordingly, while maintaining awareness for potential danger. Take for example the sound of the banging engine that takes you by surprise, you automatically direct your attention towards that source to assess the threat. If it proves to be a false alarm, you ease your tension. However, unlike the passive mode, the active mode provides you with a sense of proactive, it makes you aware of potential threats that may arises, dangers that normally would bypass your naive passive observation operator. Through the active mode you are willingly analyzing most of the influencing factors in your surrounding environment, and dismissing all that is irrelevant of course, this can take it’s toll on one’s brain power. That is why it is advised to hone the method of selective attention, as mentioned before. There are a few tips that may get you started with this habit. 


- Close your eyes and try to memorize every detail in your surrounding area (It would be advised to try this with a familiar room/area)

- Open your eyes again and see how many have you missed. You should find a good some of important information that slipped your attention.


Whenever you enter a premise, try to keep track of the following: 

1. Where are the exist

2.How many windows

3. How many people are in the room

4. What is the layout of the room

5. Observe people’s micro expression

6. Observe the people’s behavior and body language as they interact with one another

7. Observe the clothes of the people (There is a world of information in how someone dresses themselves)

I will be discussing further points in the upcoming article.


just saw these tags on a larrie’s reblog of some stupid “receipt” that is so far out there I can’t even handle it –

#i’m going to take a big chance and accept this as truth
#because i fucking love it

human beings, this is what one refers to as CONFIRMATION BIAS and it is a cognitive bias. it’s one of the most common cognitive biases AND one of the most dangerous. confirmation bias is a systematic error of inductive reasoning. it prevents a person from taking in new information if it contradicts what they believe to be true, and here is someone making a choice to believe some bullshit because they like the bullshit.

anonymous asked:

what is the difference between Si and Ti in this case? I read that one of Ti dominants weaknesses is ''tend to stick to certain comfort zones or one way of doing something instead of understanding things from a variety of different perspectives'' but I thought that this was typical of high Si people since they compare present with past experiences

Distinguish between cognition and behavior. Introverts in general have a tendency to stick to their comfort zones, especially when loop prone, so all such introverts may look mostly the same to a casual outside observer even when there are different functions at play. In other words, different functions can produce similar behaviors on the surface but the underlying cognitive reason for the behavior is what matters. Si is a perceiving function that gathers data. It wants to see familiar details because of establishing existential security through past experiences. If cut off from Ne, Si becomes unable to process new/unfamiliar details in a positive light, thus getting stuck in the known in order to avoid the unknown, even if it leads to stagnation or unhappiness. Ti is a judging function that evaluates data. It wants to feel confident in personal analysis because of establishing self-esteem through precise technical understanding. If cut off from Fe, Ti becomes unable to process the objective data that is required to refine knowledge towards greater accuracy and coherence, thus easily getting mired in contradictions and feeling incompetent, inadequate, or overdependent on outside sources for self-confidence. A quick-fix method to re-establish confidence in subjective analysis is to limit oneself to the areas where one feels most competent and ignore/dismiss everything falling outside of those strictly defined areas as being “irrelevant” or “unworthy of consideration”, even if it means living with a faulty or incomplete mental model of the world.

sonicsfan1998  asked:

I saw that one ask about if you were to go insane, you kinda already did when Mikey spilled that thing on you that made you crazy..heh heh, it kind of reminded me of Prince' 'Let's go Crazy.'

I actually just lost my cognitive abilities and reasoning. I also was forgetful and had short term memory loss. it wasn’t so much as I was really stupid because there were things I could remember, but it was almost like it gave me a form of dementia.

But to be honest, most supervillains are very smart and are not crazy at all. People just say they are crazy because they don’t truly understand real crazy. The most evil beings that ever lived weren’t crazy or dumb. They were very smart and just truly didn’t care about anyone but themselves. That’s not actually crazy. Having a personality disorder doesn’t mean someone is crazy.

No, me being a supervillain and evil would mean I would be exactly the way I am now only I no longer cared a thing about anyone but my own gain and I would seek pleasure and power through others’ pain. The only thing really keeping most people from being evil is having a heart.

Look at Shredder. He’s a prime example of someone who has never truly loved anyone or anything. He even used his own adopted daughter as a tool for revenge. But he wasn’t clinically crazy and he wasn’t stupid. He is what true evil is. 


Get in bitches, we’re building cognitive reserves.

So, for Reasons, I have a high degree of interest in preventing Alzheimers. I thought this was a really neat and informative take. tl;dr version: DNA isn’t the only contributing factor, develop good sleep hygiene, exercise enough to avoid cardio-vascular disease, and learn new things to build cognitive reserves to help retain function even if you develop the disease. 

Our brains are fascinating.

Autoimmune Disease Acts Like Demonic Possession

Susannah Cahalan started feeling a bit off. Numbness on one side of the body, losing sleep, crying hysterically one minute and laughing the next. She went to get MRIs but they showed nothing. Things were getting a bit more strange.

Her boyfriend told her how at one point while they were watching a show together she started grinding her teeth, moaning, and biting her tongue until she finally passed out. He took her to the hospital and they found out it was a seizure. Her first of many. Things got worse.

She stopped eating, became paranoid and delusional, had more seizures in which blood would spurt out of her mouth. She was hospitalized (one nurse recalls that in the middle of the night while she was getting blood, Susannah sat up straigh and slapped her). Numerous tests were done and the doctors couldn’t figure out what was wrong.

That is until Dr. Souhel Najjar came into the picture. He asked her to draw a clock. When she showed him what she had drawn he knew exactly what was wrong with her. All the numbers were written on the right side of the clock face, and no numbers were on the left side.

She had anti-NMDAR encephalitis. The receptors in the frontal lobe, responsible for cognitive reasoning, and the limbic system, or the emotional center of the brain, are under assault by the immune system. In other words, her body was attacking her brain. Nearly 90% of people that suffer from this go undiagnosed and it is more common in women.



Disability does not end where values begin

One of the most painful aspects of disability is that it can interfere with treating people the way we’d like to treat them, and doing what we’d like to do for them.

Disability makes some things hard, and other things impossible. Often, we have values that say it’s important to do the thing anyway. This does not actually make it possible to do the thing. Caring about others doesn’t make disability go away. Accepting and accommodating our limitations works a lot better. We can only do things that are possible, with the brains and bodies we actually have.

For instance, body language:

  • People communicate a lot of important things through body language
  • Some people can’t see well enough to understand body language
  • Others have insurmountable cognitive barriers to understanding body language
  • It’s important to listen to what people are saying. That doesn’t make it possible for everyone to understand body language.

Understanding speech:

  • Most people communicate a lot of important things through speech
  • Some people can’t understand speech
  • (Either because they can’t hear well enough, or for cognitive reasons)
  • It’s important to listen to people. That doesn’t make it possible for everyone to understand speech

Text communication:

  • There are often competing access needs in text communication
  • Some people can’t read walls of text, and need whitepsace
  • Some people aren’t capable of putting in line breaks (or aren’t reliably capable of doing so)
  • Some people need simple language to understand things
  • Others are incapable of changing their language use, and have to use big words in order to communicate
  • The importance of listening doesn’t make it possible for people to understand every kind of writing.
  • The importance of communicating in a way people can understand doesn’t make it possible for everyone to communicate in every way people need
  • Sometimes there needs to be an interpreter

Inaccessible buildings:

  • Some important meetings take place in inaccessible buildings
  • Some people can’t climb stairs (or can’t do so reliably)
  • The importance of the meeting doesn’t make it possible to climb the stairs
  • Even if someone you care about really, really needs your help with what’s going on at that meeting

Outdoor events:

  • Some people can’t be outside for extended periods safely
  • (For any number of reasons)
  • This is just as true when there’s an important protest. Caring about the issue doesn’t make being outside any safer.
  • Or when there’s a wedding or something. Caring about friends and family doesn’t make it any safer to be outside

Recognizing people:

  • Most people want people they know to recognize their face and remember their name
  • When people aren’t recognized, they often feel like no one cares about them
  • Some people can’t recognize faces
  • Some people can’t remember names
  • Understanding the importance of recognizing names/faces does not make it possible for everyone

Intermittent abilities:

  • Some people can do certain things only some of the time
  • They may be able to push really hard and do it in an emergency
  • Or it might fluctuate in ways they have no control over
  • That doesn’t mean they could do it reliably.
  • Caring about something doesn’t make it possible to do it all of the time.
  • Disability is real even when it’s intermittent.

There are any number of other examples. When something is physically or cognitively impossible, it’s still impossible when it’s important. When it’s dangerous, it’s still dangerous when it’s important. Caring about other people doesn’t make disability go away.

Whatever we do, we have to do as who we are.

tl;dr Disability makes some things hard, and other things impossible. Often, we have values that say it’s important to do the thing anyway. This does not actually make it possible to do the thing. Caring about others doesn’t make disability go away. Accepting and accommodating our limitations works a lot better. We can only do things that are possible, with the brains and bodies we actually have.


Art with Watson: IBM Watson reveals that Thomas J. Watson was a little bit rock ’n’ roll

Watson read speeches and photographs from former IBM chairman and CEO Thomas J. Watson’s private collection as well as hundreds of his letters to U.S. presidents.

By getting “under the surface” of text and images, IBM Watson can analyze semantic features, including high-level concepts that aren’t directly stated in text and images. In this case, IBM Watson used a variety of APIs to analyze the data behind Thomas J. Watson, finding an 86.75% relevancy between his speeches and lyrics from the 1960s’ worldwide rock ‘n’ roll revolution.

Based on this insight, artist Peter Hahn created The Think Album, a mixed-media portrait of Thomas J. Watson that combines seminal IBM iconography with allusions to 1960s rock ‘n’ roll album art.

About Art with Watson: IBM Watson is a cognitive system that understands, reasons and learns. In the few years Watson has been at work in the world, he’s had one purpose: to augment human ability. To help us make better decisions, do what we do better. Hidden Portraits is a collaboration between Watson and a selection of notable contemporary artists. Those artists used insights uncovered by Watson to create unique and revealing, never-before-possible portraits of influential thinkers. See the art at

MBTI = Pseudoscience?

As I sat taking my notes in my psychology class today, I noticed my teacher included the MBTI as a pseudoscience(or fake science). She made a joke to herself about it and i laughed just to hide the fact that I, as an INTJ, as raging with thoughts of proving her wrong. I researched a little bit on the matter and saw one flaw in some psychologists reasoning as to why it is an urban legend. They aren’t looking at the correct process of typing someone. In fact, they are relying on the public and free quizzes rather than the actual process cognitive psychologists use.
The common misconception among all people who know of the MBTI are that they think its the letters in the stack that count. It is not. Its about your cognitive functions. The reason im an INTJ is because my function stack is Ni, Te, Fi, and Se. Im considered an introvert not just because i prefer reading over a party but because my dominant function is introverted. You CANNOT rely on the Extroverted vs Introverted, Intuitive vs Sensing, Feeling vs Thinking, and Judging vs Perceiving part of a personality. Its the functions themselves that determine the type. This is supposed to be a science of how someone goes through their thinking process, not their personality as a whole(although people with similar thinking patterns relate the same behaviors and perferences).
Psychologists go through several different procedures to determine a type, not just the test. MBTI becomes a pseudoscience when you dont take the procedures a trained and educated psychologist does. Thats why theres so many mistyped people out there.
So if you are a psychologist or majoring in psychology, please go into the depth of a speculated pseudoscience or science in general before claiming it is wrong.

anonymous asked:

what can an enfp do to grow as a person?

I can’t answer this question concretely.  I can share with you how I did it.

Strengthening the Auxiliary Function Fi (introverted feeling) is basically evaluating all the information you have taken in.  Taking time to meditate (alone) every day would be key.  Journalling really helped me with this. 

When I was younger I made myself write a page every night.  There were days that I would literally write, “I am writing words to fill up this page because I promised myself I would do this.”  But after I got used to the idea of sitting still, I started writing pages and pages.  I just let my mind write down what had happened that day and because I was alone with my thoughts, I was able to take the time and evaluate everything.

This is crucial as a young ENFP.  Until I learned to evaluate that information, I was kind of rudderless in this world.  It is very common for young ENFPs to not feel grounded because we are constantly seeking out new ideas and opinions without forming our own.  By relying solely on my Dominant Function I was easily swayed by convincing people or societal obligations.

As for developing the Tertiary Function Te (extroverted thinking), this involves communicating and making decisions in and to the outside world.  I developed mine by being thrust into leadership roles and, believe it or not, organizational jobs, which eventually became my career.  (I was an Executive Assistant so I had to organize my life, my boss’ life and his families life.)

For an ENFP, I really think this is best done by studying organizational and productivity techniques.  We like to learn and hopefully after strengthening our Auxiliary Function, we are equipped to analyze different methods and find ones we think will work for us.  It would also help to start writing out pro/con lists in your journal (or whatever mediation method you choose).  Get those opinions and decisions outside your head and heart.  Make them concrete.

I always laugh when I see that Te in the Tertiary Function is defined as making lists and charts because that is literally how I strengthened that. It seems counter-intuitive that lists and charts would help you be more decisive, but you can be much more confident in your decisions because you have mapped out the cognitive reasons for why you believe something.

As for the Inferior Function, hell if I know.  I’m trying to figure that out right now, really.  It’s part of the reason I started looking back into MBTI.

But the thing to remember is you will develop all your functions in time, or at least the first three.  But it takes a lifetime.  Keep that in mind.  Don’t feel like you need to force this sooner than you are ready.

- J

Masterpost: Type Spotting

Typing other people accurately can be challenging because it is difficult to access another person’s true psychological motivations. Observable behaviors are only loosely correlated with cognitive functions and sometimes two types can display the same surface behavior but for different underlying cognitive reasons. Therefore, it is necessary to accumulate evidence of which functions a person might be using.