Mayapan is in central Northern Yucatán, about 48km north-east of Uxmal.
The site was chosen to be a military stronghold: it is barren rock,
and wouldn’t have been chosen for its agricultural possibilities.
Mayapan covers 4.2 square kilometres, and has over 4,000 structures.
Most of them are residential buildings, and are within the city
A stone wall runs around the perimeter. It is 3-3.5m thick, up to
3.5m high, and 9.1km long. It has twelve gates, seven of which have
The ceremonial centre is closely-packed with buildings: temples,
colonnaded halls, shrines, sanctuaries, oratories and platforms.
However, the buildings are not well-constructed. Nearly all the
vaulted roofs have collapsed, while many of Chichén Itzá’s have
not. The best masonry is found in the nobility’s residences, which
had been taken from the site preceding Mayapan.
The city is poorly laid-out, too, with no streets, although lanes
wind around the residences and walls. The houses are often arranged
in small “patio groups” around a central small courtyard.
The main temple is the Temple of Kukulcan (Quetzalcoatl), to the east
of the Cenote Ch'en Mul. It has four staircases and nine terraces,
and is quite similar to Chichén Itzá’s Temple of Kukulcan.
Temple of Kukulcan.
The total population was probably around 15-17,000. The houses
around the ceremonial centre are larger and better-quality than the
ones further out. The densest area of settlement was in the
south-west, which had the most cenotes. (There were perhaps as many
as 40 cenotes in the residential areas.)
Mayapan dominated the Yucatán cities for several centuries. Sources
disagree on exactly how it was established. Possibly after a civil
war against the Toltecs of Chichén Itzá, various lords met together
to restore a central government to the Yucatán region, and the chief
of the Cocom family was chosen as ruler.
Important members of royal families had to live permanently in
Mayapan as hostages. Eventually, the Xiu family (who claimed to be
of the Uxmal lineage) started a rebellion against them, and it was
successful. Mayapan was sacked in 1441, and all of the Cocom family
were killed, except one who was away on trade business. Following
this, the larger cities in the region declined, and Yucatán devolved
into warring city-states.
Mayapan, from the summit of the Temple of Kukulcan.
ang cute minsan mag-usap ng mga lalake. sumakay kasi ako isang gabi sa jeep. pauwi na ako noon nung may nakatabi akong dalawang lalake na nag-uusap tapos yung usapan nila is like this- “pre, yung parang siya lang yung focus mo. sya lang yung nakikita mo”. sumagot yung isang lalake, “oo nga pre, ang sarap sa feeling.” and the convo goes on basta ang usapan nila ay tungkol sa isang babae na nililigawan nung isa tapos nagtatanong lang at nag cocomment habang eager na kinukwento yung isa kung paano sila nagkakilala at kung ano ang ginagawa nya sa date nila haha cute wala lang