List of Cardiac Defects and Their Associated Repairs
Please note: This is by no means a comprehensive list. There are other surgical procedures so please don’t treat this post like the Bible of cardiac defect repairs. Every child is different, every anatomy is different, and many patients will require nontraditional repairs. I did not mention certain procedures (such as the hemi-Fontan or Sano modification, etc) because that’s just too much information. One day I may make a surgical repair post for each defect (and at that time would detail modified, Hybrid, non-traditional approaches, etc), but until then: keep in mind that these are not the ONLY options.
Atrial Septal Defect/Ventral Septal Defect - Self-resolving, simple suture or patch repair.
Coarctation of the Aorta - End-to-end anastomosis, subclavian flap angioplasty
Double Inlet Left Ventricle - Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure, single ventricle palliation
Double Outlet Right Ventricle - Rastelli procedure, RV to PA conduit
Ebstein’s Anomaly of the Tricuspid Valve - Blalock-Taussing shunt, Carpentier’s procedure, Tricuspid valve repair, Starnes procedure
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome - Norwood procedure, Bidirectional Glenn procedure, Fontan procedure
Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum - Balloon atrial septostomy, pulmonary valvotomy, PDA stent
Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect - RV to PA conduit and VSD repair
Transposition of the Great Arteries - Arterial switch operation