co2e

anonymous asked:

I want to make something crystal clear: no matter how many half-truths and dishonest implications do you spread, animal agriculture will still not play a truly major part in global warming. It plays some part, but so does: running your car, heating your house, using electricity. More: skepticalscience com/news php?n=3209 Want to stop global warming? Sell your phone and computer, go off grid. It will contribute to lessening the climate change effects a lot more. What's that? That's unreasonable?

The livestock sector emerges as one of the top two or three most significant contributors to the most serious environmental problems, at every scale from local to global. The findings of this reports suggest that it should be a major policy focus when dealing with problems of land degradation, climate change and air pollution, water shortage and water pollution and loss of biodiversity.” - UN.

Animal products, both meat and dairy, in general require more resources and cause higher emissions than plant-based alternatives.” - also the UN. 

Alternative diets that offer substantial health benefits could, if widely adopted, reduce global agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, reduce land clearing and resultant species extinctions, and help prevent such diet-related chronic non-communicable diseases. The implementation of dietary solutions to the tightly linked diet–environment–health trilemma is a global challenge, and opportunity, of great environmental and public health importance… As is well known,relative to animal-based foods, plant-based food shave lower GHG emissions. This difference can be large; the largest we found was that ruminant meats (beef and lamb) have emissions per gram of protein that are about 250 times those of legumes.”


The website that you linked to also leaves out several very key pieces of information, which are important factors in the global climate. 

Production of meat is a major contributor to wildlife extinction and threatens biodiversity

Consumption of fish is having a serious toll on the oceans. It is possible that oceans may be depleted of current “seafood” species by 2048.


There’s also the fact that “depending on the type and number of animals in the farm, manure production can range between 2,800 tons and 1.6 million tons a year (Government Accountability Office [GAO], 2008). Large farms can produce more waste than some U.S. cities—a feeding operation with 800,000 pigs could produce over 1.6 million tons of waste a year.That amount is one and a half times more than the annual sanitary waste produced by the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania(GAO,2008). Annually, it is estimated that livestock animals in the U.S. produce each year somewhere between 3 and 20 times more manure than people in the U.S. produce, or as much as 1.2–1.37 billion tons of waste (EPA, 2005). Though sewage treatment plants are required for human waste, no such treatment facility exists for livestock waste.” - CDC. Agriculture waste runoff is known to create ocean dead zones. And as I’m sure you know, the oceans are a huge carbon and nitrogen sink. 

“ Livestock are already well-known to contribute to GHG emissions. Livestock’s Long Shadow, the widely-cited 2006 report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), estimates that 7,516 million metric tons per year of CO2 equivalents (CO2e), or 18 percent of annual worldwide GHG emissions, are attributable to cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, camels, horses, pigs, and poultry. That amount would easily qualify livestock for a hard look indeed in the search for ways to address climate change. But our analysis shows that livestock and their byproducts actually account for at least 32,564 million tons of CO2e per year, or 51 percent of annual worldwide GHG emissions “ - Worldwatch Institute.

Given the urgency for global action—calls echoed by scientists and world leaders alike—individual consumers must also participate. McMichael et al. (2007) put forth several recommendations, including the reduction of meat and milk intake by high-income countries as “the urgent task of curtailing global greenhouse-gas emissions necessitates action on all major fronts”; they concluded that, for high-income countries, “greenhouse-gas emissions from meat-eating warrant the same scrutiny as do those from driving and flying.”


I mean, you’re not wrong that electricity and other modern technologies are big contributors to climate change, and it’s very important for us to find alternatives. But reducing animal consumption is a huge step that people can make right now. If they wanted to, many people could make a dent in their contribution to climate change in a very short amount of time, with minimal lifestyle impact (compared to giving up a car or phone).

It honestly seems like people like you are unwilling to make any changes to their life to help prevent climate change. 

anonymous asked:

I have a couple questions about veganism. So clearly, the animal industry is cruel and horrid and no one should be supporting the inhumane treatment of cows, pigs, baby chicks, etc, but is there something wrong with eating free raised, hormonal free meat, say from your own farm or an ethical farm? Also, processed meats are linked to cancer like hotdogs, sausage, etc, but not fish or lean meats... I'm just trying to heat your thoughts to become more educated :)

Hey! I’m happy to hear that you’re trying to become more educated on the subject and I’m definitely glad to help :)

The terms “free range”, “cage free”, “ethical” are marketing ploys created to make you, a potential client, feel less guilty about your food. The reality behind this is far more different.

“Cage free” chickens can still be confined in very close quarters inside a building where they are standing in their own muck and can barely move.
According to the USDA regulation, “free range” only means that the chickens were allowed “access” to the outside with no specifications as the quality or the duration of that outside exposure. This means that even if a farmer opened the door to a coop with thousands of birds inside and then closed it before any chickens went outside, he would still be able to use the “free-range” label. So unfortunately, this term is mostly used where the chickens are crammed in large warehouses that has a small door on one end that opens to a few feet of outside dirt space. Most of the chickens never even know that door exists and couldn’t get there even if they wanted to.
Here’s a picture of a so-called “free range” farm.


Moreover,  the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) does not regulate “free-range” or “free-roaming” claims for beef products.
When it comes to “hormonal free” meat, all poultry and pork sold in the US must be “hormonal free”. The truth is though, it’s impossible to buy meat that is hormone free. It is important to understand that all multi-cellular organisms contain hormones, whether they are beef, broccoli, eggs, soybeans — or people. No food or living thing can be “hormone-free,” despite marketing claims that may suggest this to be so. Livestock and poultry can be grown without added hormones, but they cannot be hormone-free.

Although these “free range” and “cage free” meats are an improvement, their main idea is to turn a living, breathing animal into a piece of meat.

As far as lean meats not being linked to cancer, I have to agree. There has not been a study made observing vegetarians/vegans and people who only ate fish/lean meats, comparing their health results.
However, eating animal products, even lean meats, is still not ethical and far more damaging to our planet than incorporating a vegan lifestyle. 

GREENHOUSE GASES

  • Animal agriculture is responsible for 18 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, more than the combined exhaust from all transportation.  
  • Livestock and their byproducts account for at least 32,000 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year, or 51% of all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Livestock is responsible for 65% of all human-related emissions of nitrous oxide – a greenhouse gas with 296 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide, and which stays in the atmosphere for 150 years.
  • US Methane emissions from livestock and natural gas are nearly equal.
  • Even without fossil fuels, we will exceed our 565 gigatonnes CO2e limit by 2030, all from raising animals. (Source)

    WATER 

  • Agriculture is responsible for 80-90% of US water consumption.
  • 2,500 gallons of water are needed to produce 1 pound of beef.
  • 5% of water consumed in the US is by private homes. 55% of water consumed in the US is for animal agriculture.
  • Animal Agriculture is responsible for 20%-33% of all fresh water consumption in the world today. (Source)

    LAND
     

  • Livestock covers 45% of the earth’s total land.
  • Animal agriculture is the leading cause of species extinction, ocean dead zones, water pollution, and habitat. (Source)

    WASTE

  • A farm with 2,500 dairy cows produces the same amount of waste as a city of 411,000 people.  (Source)


    OCEANS
      
  • We could see fishless oceans by 2048.
    90-100 million tons of fish are pulled from our oceans each year.  
    As many as 2.7 trillion animals are pulled from the ocean each year.
  • For every 1 pound of fish caught, up to 5 pounds of unintended marine species are caught and discarded as by-kill.  
    As many as 40% (63 billion pounds) of fish caught globally every year are discarded.
  • Scientists estimate as many as 650,000 whales, dolphins and seals are killed every year by fishing vessels.  (Source)

    RAINFOREST

  • 1-2 acres of rainforest are cleared every second.The leading causes of rainforest destruction are livestock and feedcrops.
  • Up to 137 plant, animal and insect species are lost every day due to rainforest destruction.
  • 150-200 species per day are lost per day.
  • 136 million rainforest acres cleared for animal agriculture. (Source)

    To sum up, the choice is yours.
    Surely you can eat ”free range” meats. You can eat lean meats/fish, although their long-term effect aside a plant-based diet hasn’t been studied. It’s your body.
    But it’s also your food’s life and your planet. We are living in a time when none of our food needs to come from death, so why bother?