Heh, I think it was then that they really realised that their empires were on borrowed time- and that he wasn’t the old America anymore- the old America who wasn’t a superpower.
more historical!aph- based off a doodle i used to help me remember facts for a history exam! and because the asian countries deserve more attention.
In any case, there was really a huge shift in power between the old European empires to the United States. Europe was a mess after WW2 and desperately needed financial aid- the US funded this massive loan called the Marshall Plan. Cold War!America did a lot of hideous things- but this is one example where he arguably lived up to his ideals- partly because ordinary Americans supported the Indonesians, and also because they coincided with his interests. The Indonesian nationalists fighting the Dutch were anti-communist, so the Americans wanted them to just take power, as they didn’t think Dutch rule could last and didn’t want the instability to create the opportunity for a communist insurgency.
The conditions of Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia really were quite deplorable- to the extent that even Dutch citizens back home urged reforms (which didn’t really happen meaningfully). Politically, they were also pretty repressive. As a result, the local nationalists flourished when the Japanese expelled the Dutch, because Japan tried to encourage Indonesian nationalism to promote its propaganda of an “Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere”, against the colonial powers (who were all on the side of the Allies). So, the Dutch returned to find a colony that was now willing to fight for independence.