NOBODY CARES FOR A GARMENTS GIRL (1986): This 17 minute documentary was created by women television producers enrolled in a 5 week training institute (Television Programs for Women’s Development) sponsored by the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development. For their final project they chose to document the conditions in one garment factory in Dhaka. It was collectively produced by Sultana Siddiqui (Pakistan), Rezvan Dokht Zad (Iran), Laila Arzumnd (Bangladesh), Sri Sutini (Indonesia), Sandhya Jalal (India), Farida Rana (Pakistan), Badrunnessa Abdullah (Bangladesh), Deepa Gautam (Nepal), Anoma Perera (Sri Lanka). Course trainers: Jai Chandiram (India and AIBD course director), Sally Cloninger (USA), and Dinaz Kalwachwala (India).

I just shat this out.

So I’m doing a paper on personality and how it could (in these cases, could not) be applied to Freud and Skinner’s theories of Psychoanalysis and Behavior, and I just re-wrote Cloninger’s (2010) definition of the word and I believe it’s amazing!

and that’s why I decided to show you guys, because I just couldn’t not (perfect grammar) share this with all of you! xD

“The causes of behavior that lay somewhere inside the person (perhaps in their mind), that are, both, responsible for and comprised of the past behavior for said person’s accountable legal figure, as well as being constituted of the events in which they have undergone and learned from throughout their existence as a human being.” (2014, p. 3)

Schizophrenia is actually eight genetically distinct disorders, study reveals

Scientists have identified eight separate clusters of genetic variations that, together, carry a 70 to 100 percent risk of a patient developing a certain type of schizophrenia.

The discovery could revolutionise diagnosis and treatment for the debilitating psychiatric illness. Scientists already knew that around 80 percent of the risk of schizophrenia is inherited, but have struggled for decades to identify specific genes linked to the condition.

But a new approach has analysed the DNA of more than 4,000 people with the illness, and have identified that there are actually eight different classes of schizophrenia, each influenced by distinct gene clusters.

The research was led by scientists from the Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis in the US.

“Genes don’t operate by themselves,” said C. Robert Cloninger, one of the senior investigators,in a press release. “They function in concert much like an orchestra, and to understand how they’re working, you have to know not just who the members of the orchestra are but how they interact.”

To unravel these interactions, the scientists analysed the DNA variations between 4,200 people with schizophrenia and 3,800 people without the disease. They also matched these DNA variations to specific symptoms in individual patients.

After looking at 700,000 small changes in DNA, known as single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), the scientists mapped which changes influenced which symptoms, and patterns began to emerge.

For example, in patients with hallucinations or delusions, they identified specific genetic variations that led to a 95 percent certainty of schizophrenia. And for patients who have disorganised speech and behaviour, they found a separate group of DNA variations that carried a 100 percent schizophrenia risk.

Overall, despite no single genetic changes being strongly linked to the disease on their own, the eight clusters the scientists identified all carried a 70 to 100 percent risk of developing schizophrenia. The results are published in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

As the press release explains, this makes it almost impossible for people with these genetic clusters to avoid the condition.

“What we’ve done here, after a decade of frustration in the field of psychiatric genetics, is identify the way genes interact with each other, how the ‘orchestra’ is either harmonious and leads to health, or disorganised in ways that lead to distinct classes of schizophrenia,” said Cloninger.

The scientists also went a step further and replicated their findings in two additional DNA databases of people with schizophrenia.

This work could now help researchers find targets for new drugs that could treat specific schizophrenia symptoms. And their DNA mapping technique could also be applied to help scientists find gene clusters that influence other diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer.

White Dallas Man Shoots 8-Year-Old Black Boy Playing Tag

Dallas police said that Donald Maiden Jr., who had just celebrated his 8th birthday on Sunday, was shot in the face on Tuesday while playing tag outside his apartment complex.

Sept. 7 2013

Donald Maiden Jr., who celebrated his 8th birthday on Sunday, is struggling to recover at a Texas hospital after a 46-year-old white man shot him in the face on Tuesday, as the child played a game of tag outside his apartment complex, according to the Raw Story. Police have not been able to determine a motive.

Witnesses told police that 46-year-old Brian Cloninger had been seen waiving a handgun at people prior to the shooting, The Dallas Morning News reported.

Police reports said that Cloninger was seen standing beside his pickup truck as the boy was bleeding, and a witness asked him if he shot the boy.

“Yes, I shot that kid,” Cloninger reportedly said.

Maiden’s mother, Latamarin Locklin, recalled the aftermath of the shooting to KTVT on Thursday.

“When he ran in I just screamed,” she said. “His mouth was just hanging off and it was just a big hole… I just threw him on the couch and laid him in my arms and put pressure on his mouth with the towel.”

Locklin couldn’t understand why anyone would shoot her child “out of the blue.”

Maiden was listed in critical but stable condition on Thursday. Cloninger was arrested and charged with injury to a child, and was being held $2.2 million dollar bond, according to the report. 

Film vs Digital

I grew up with film… hell… in the 8th grade (1964) I took Mr. Cloninger’s photography class and we learned how to develop our own film and make prints on an enlarger, hidden well down in the bowels of the school basement… these were images taken on a kodak brownie… 

Years later as an adult I purchased a Canon AE-1(1978), a 35mm manual focus with shutter priority exposure… I used film of course… Later, I got one of those early self-focusing Minolta’s (1988) too… used film too… 

In sum, I’ve shot lots of film… most of my images though, with the possible exception of some rare accidents were crap… total crap… and it was expensive too… mysterious images trapped in a plastic container that could not be post-processed, that cost a small fortune to produce and they came back to me in small format prints… I still have bunches of those crappy images in kodak envelopes taking up space in drawers…

In 1999, I started experimenting with digital images, and fell in love with it right away… It’s the ability to manage the pixels that film never offered me… If there are any limitations to digital vs film, which I think are debatable, I readily accept those limitations for the great artistic freedom digital brings to my palette… I have never looked back, nor will I… 

Sure… I will stipulate that film feels more arty to some and even more magical than digital as there is this Merlin-like alchemy of light with chemistry… and indeed, some of those old timey cameras still have a coolness factor to them… 

Nevertheless, just because it’s film doesn’t make it a great photograph or art… by the same token a great photograph is not made greater because it’s from film…

In the end, it’s always about capturing light to freeze a moment in time… while I enjoy watching the excitement of others who use film, I do not envy that process, nor do I think for a moment of ever going back…

The same goes for vinyl records too…