clinical disorders

This is a great example of what I mean when I talk about the symptoms of personality disorders. Lots of people have the traits described in personality disorders. Most people have them at the “adaptive” or “subclinical” levels. Not many people experience these things to the “disordered” or “severely disordered” level described above.

Note - these specific examples are not enough in and of themselves to diagnose a personality disorder; a personality disorder is a collection of many different traits that all must be experienced at the disordered or severely disordered levels.

Theodore Millon, Personality Disorders in Modern Life (second edition), 2004.

Image transliteration after the jump.

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Psych2Go - Editorial Direction & Calendar

Calendar

  • Publish 1-3 articles per day (on varied topics - see below)

  • At the beginning, we’ll publish articles on various topics (depending on what our writers are interested in), then we’ll start becoming more organized with the schedule (the goal is to publish a variety and balance of articles on every topic)

Topics

  • Abnormal psychology

    • Studies unusual patterns of behavior, emotion, and thought; mental disorders; clinical psychology

    • Example article: Why Do Girls and Boys With Autism Have Differing Behaviors?

  • Behavioral psychology

    • Theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning; responses to environmental stimuli shape our actions

    • Example article: Why Behavior Change Apps Fail to Change Behavior

  • Biopsychology

    • Analyzes how the brain and neurotransmitters influence our behaviors, thoughts, and feelings; combination of basic psychology and neuroscience

    • Example article: Top Ten Tips to Improve Children’s Memory

  • Cognitive psychology

    • The study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking

    • Example article: Fear and Anxiety Drive Conservatives’ Political Attitudes

  • Comparative psychology

    • The study of the behavior and mental processes of animals

    • Example article: Three Reasons Why Pets Are More Pampered Today

  • Cross-cultural psychology

    • The study of human behavior and mental processes under diverse cultural conditions (how behavior differs amongst cultures)

    • Example article: Eating Disorders in African Americans

  • Developmental psychology

    • The study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life; includes infant, children, adolescents, adult development, and aging ( basically the entire lifespan)

    • Example article: How Parents Can Help Their Children Without Psychiatric Meds

  • Educational psychology

    • The study of human learning

    • Example article: Top 10 Science-Based Study Skills for the Classroom

  • Experimental psychology

    • The study of the responses of individuals to stimuli in controlled situations; focused on brain and behavior

    • Example article: Conformity and Asch’s Experiment

  • Forensic psychology

    • Specialty in professional psychology characterized by activities primarily intended to provide professional psychological expertise within the judicial and legal systems

    • Example article: Teens and Stalking-Like Behaviors

  • Health psychology

    • The study of psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare; concerned with understanding how psychological, behavioral, and cultural factors contribute to physical health and illness

Example article: How to Avoid Depression Induced by Social Media

  • Social psychology

    • The study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others (i.e. social interaction)

    • Example article: Are Violent Video Games Associated With More Civic Behaviors Among Youth?

  • Personality psychology

    • The study of personality and its variation among individuals; focuses on the construction of a coherent picture of the individual and their major psychological processes

    • Example article: Personality Influences Reproductive Success

Is anyone interested in taking on one of these sections?

Created by: Sophie Poulsen

What’s So Bad About OCD?

The illness itself

OCD is a clinically recognised disorder. It is debilitating and paralysing. People with OCD experience intensely negative, repetitive and intrusive thoughts, combined with a chronic feeling of doubt or danger (obsessions). In order to quell the thought or quieten the anxiety, they will often repeat an action, again and again (compulsions).

Stigma

One of the greatest challenges that people with OCD face is the need to fight both the all pervasive stigma of mental health disorders and the widely held belief that OCD is a mild or even “quirky” problem that is nothing more than hand washing. Many people now use the term “a bit OCD” without understanding the onerous nature of the disorder in its severe form.

Getting Help

There is an average delay of 12 years between the onset of OCD and treatment being received. There are many reasons why people with OCD delay seeking help. These include a fear that they will be committed to a secure institution, a fear of the stigma associated with mental health disorders, or a simple belief that no one can help them. This is 12 years of pointless misery and isolation brought about by a disorder that can be successfully managed.

Relationships

OCD does not just affect the individual with the disorder but draws in their friends and families, colleagues and employers. OCD rituals can take a huge toll on family life and drive a wedge between parents and children, husbands and wives, who often feel unable to comprehend the pain a loved one is experiencing, let alone how best to support them.

There are five main categories of delusions that are commonly found in individuals who are experiencing psychosis or schizophrenia. They include the following:

  1. Delusions of persecution. These are delusions in which the individual believes he or she is being persecuted, spied upon, or is in danger (usually as the result of a conspiracy of some kind).
  2. Delusions of grandeur. Delusions in which the individual believes he or she is someone with fame or power (e.g. Jesus christ or a famous music star).
  3. Delusions of control. Delusions where the person believes that his or her thoughts, feelings or actions are being controlled by external forces (e.g. extraterrestrials or supernatural forces).
  4. Delusions of reference. Delusions where the individual believes that independent external events are making specific references to him or her.
  5. Nihilistic Delusions. Delusions where individuals believe that some aspect of either the world or themselves has ceased to exist (e.g. the person may believe that they are in fact dead).

green-canary  asked:

in terms of diana being in a mental facility, it was so she could recover from a mental breakdown and she is back on her feet after a few weeks now. wile it could have been written better i feel it wasn't that bad of a plot point

It is a terrible plot point. It  was a plot to undermine previous canon. Not a thoughtful plot to explore the difficult issues surrounding having a mental disorder and even looking at how people can be helped etc. I felt it  was just a cheap  way  to undo new 52 Diana by presenting psychiatry in the most cliched way.

You don’t suffer a mental break down and come back out in a few weeks. Mental health issues is not a broken bone. First, what “mental breakdown” are we talking here? PTSD? Acute psychotic episode? The onset of a psychosis or affective disorder? Clinical depression with psychotic features? Fugue state? She had delusions. She couldn’t recall who she was. She was hallucinating,  She was confused, sad, anxious. I can’t say to what extent she was on the verge of harming herself or others

It takes a while to diagnose and treat an illness with the above symptoms. If you are admitted into hospital in England, you  can do so  willingly or not.  If not, ie against your will they have to use the law, the Mental Health Act to assess and find good reasons to take in a person against their will eg a threat to themselves or others and require assessment and or treatment. You can be detained for up to 28 days and after that even up to 6 mths . To be put into hospital against your will it can be applied for by the nearest relative or an approved mental health professional.  You have to be assessed by a clinical team which includes a psychiatrist to be detained. 

when you enter a facility you are seen by a doctors, meet your nurses, and a plan of care is drawn up. An assessment of risk if also done. If Diana was at risk of self harm…being put in a padded cell by yourself is damn backward shit. It does not happen like that. 

Singing nursery rhymes by yourself is not a reason to be dumped in a padded cell. And what kind of facility was this? An modern day psychiatric intensive care unit where they manage  high risk patients? Or a facility 50 years ago? A normal acute psychiatric ward does not look like that. Having “some concerns about self harm” is not reason to dump her in a cell. Did she try to cut her self? Again no reason to do that. If a patient has suicidal ideas they are put on levels of observation. They are observed either within arms length, or line of vision depending how intense the urge to act out on the thoughts are. To do this you have staff interacting and communicating with clients. Having a member of staff there can be intrusive yes but it is way more compassionate and  the duty of care to the patient is paramount. Of course if it is a female patient you try to take into consideration personal needs and boundaries  ie provide a female member of staff etc. The patient is allowed to interact with other patients. Never isolated. The level of risk to harm herself has to be very high ie she could look to use any and everything in her sight to kill herself not even a nurse with her could prevent it. 

Bear in mind facilities like this would be very careful to not give suicidal patients access to tools to harm themselves. Patients are searched, risky items give back to relatives, etc. If it is an intensive care unit, things like cutlery is counted and secured by staff. But even then intensive care units in England are not like old asylums where you isolate patients. Good grief, modern day psychiatry is not like this. Patients are allowed to interact in communal areas. It is not a forensic unit. 

Diana comes across as a quiet, docile patient. And even if you sing / talk to your self or respond to auditory/visual hallucinations…again no damn reason to lock anyone up in a cell.

Illness like this doesn’t resolve itself overnight. And  if it is deemed you take treatment, then you have take it and with treatment comes possibly dealing with side effects of medication etc. Some medication don’t take full efficacy for weeks or mths. And it depends on your diagnosis. A “mental break down” is not a diagnosis.If Diana was being manipulated by external forces the hospital staff are not going to know this. They will deal what is being presented to them and the person hospitalized  will feel the impact.

Some people might think… why so serious…it’s just comics. It serves the purpose ie make her life a delusion. 

I feel  it is trite and lazy and presents mental health incorrectly and adds to backward stereotypes. Mental health already has to deal with enough stigma and misconceptions as it is. 

Rucka wanted to write his Year One Diana. Then do it. Don’t try to be all deep when all you’re doing is a retcon in the most convoluted manner.

I used to go to an outpatient eating disorder clinic. It was mostly horrible- they didn’t accommodate for other conditions patients were suffering from and the therapists were dismissive- but the worst thing that happened was that one time there was a massive pile up on a major road leading to the clinic and five of us were late and missed breakfast. Obviously at an eating disorder clinic they were pretty insistent on us eating, but instead of serving us actual food they made each of us drink two full ensures in 20 minutes. Two girls vomited and the rest of us felt sick for the rest of the day. I still can’t even smell ensure without getting incredibly nauseous

2

“Compulsive Internet use has been categorized as a mental health issue in many countries, including the United States, but China was among the first to label “Internet addiction” a clinical disorder.

The Internet Addiction Treatment Center, in Daxing, a suburb of Beijing, was established in 2004. It was one of the first of its kind – and there are now hundreds of treatment programs throughout China and South Korea.” [x][x]

(more at @annotated-hetalia)

Reblog this with your MBTI and any mental illnesses/developmental disorders/PDs/other forms of NDs that you have been dx’d with

I’m curious. 

I’m an INFJ and I’ve been dx’d with an anxiety disorder, clinical depression, dyslexia, ADHD and ODD. 

NEDA Week 2016

Most people don’t realize how serious eating disorders are. It is important to educate yourself, recognize the pressures, attitudes and behaviors that shape an eating disorder. That is why I am here to tell you about Eating Disorder Awareness week!

February 21st to the 27th is national eating disorder awareness week. Eating disorders are not a fad, phase or lifestyle choice. Eating disorders are serious, potentially life-threatening conditions that affect a person’s emotional and physical health. In the United States, 20 million women and 10 million men suffer from a clinically significant eating disorder at some time in their life, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or OSFED. (other specified feeding or eating disorder).

The goal this week is to show those who struggle that they are not alone and ultimately increase outreach and awareness of eating disorders and body image issues, while reducing the stigma surrounding eating disorders and improving access to treatment resources.

How can we help?

  • It is important to remain supportive, non-judgmental and let them know that they are not alone.
  • Learn the difference between facts and myths about weight, nutrition and exercise
  • Listen openly and reflectively; be patient and non-judgmental
  • Talk with the person in a kind way, when you are not angry, frustrated or upset 
  • Explain the reasons for your concerns, without mentioning specific eating behavior
  • Ask if he/she is willing to explore these concerns with a healthcare professional who understands eating disorders.
  • Love the person well.
  • Remind the person that he/she is worth loving.

Let’s raise awareness together!!

#NEDAweek

If you or someone you know is struggling with an eating disorder please contact/check into one of the resources listed below:

nationaleatingdisorders.org
Eating disorder hotline: 1-800-931-2237

Suicide hotline: 1-800-273-8255

Atlanta Center For Eating Disorders (ACE): outpatient program, Georgia

eatingdisorders.cc

770.458.8711

Renfrew center

renfrewcenter.com

1.800.RENFREW

Remuda Ranch : Wickenburg, Arizona

remudaranch.com

800.445.1900

Mercy Ministries:

mercyministries.org

Again, hallucinating/experiencing delusions sometimes doesnt make you schizophrenic nor are your occasional symptoms as bad as someone’s with diagnosed schizophrenia. You’d still be missing an array of other symptoms and the intensity required for that disorder and you shouldn’t speak over those who have pro-dxn schizophrenia.

Dissociating/experiencing derealization/depersonalization to a small extent is normal (zoning out, being out of it, etc). severe dissociation, clinically, is ALMOST ALWAYS ONLY a response to severe and repeated childhood trauma. While less severe dissociation can absolutely be a part of other disorders (like cluster B pds), recognize that this is secondary to the dissociation/dr/dp suffered by people who have clinically diagnosed /dissociative disorders/.

anonymous asked:

1 My single parent mother is a narcissist, and I'm a 25+ daughter who developed dissociative disorder and clinical disorder because of her; her behaviour on the other hand mirrors her narcissist mother's. I cut my ties with my mother 3 years ago when I finally realised what was going on, and my friends told me I had never looked happier than I did the next day. To all of you feeling guilty about limiting contact to your abusive parent: don't. You owe them nothing. The society will guilt trip you

I’m glad you were able to get away. Thank you for spreading this message, it’s important. 

"Just” can be a harmful word

Please be careful when using the word “just” when talking to (or about) folk with ADD… or any other mental disorder or illness.

Many people are hurt and bitter* because of how others speak to them about their ADHD-related trouble. One of the worst offenders is the word “just.”

Examples:

“If you would just pay attention…”

“Why don’t you just set a good routine?” **

“My kid struggles with motivation/organization/etc. sometimes, too, but then he/she just [insert healthy, ‘simple’ solution here] and gets it done.”

“If you just eat the right food, you won’t need meds, and you’ll be all better! I read it in this book.” ***

“Just calm down.”

“Just sit still.”

“Just focus.”

“Just try harder.”

“Just” implies that overcoming our VERY REAL, clinically diagnosed disorder is “just” a matter of a tiny bit of will power. But it doesn’t work like that.

You don’t tell someone with paralyzed legs that if they “just try harder,” they can walk. Instead, you support them as they gain new skills and different methods of mobility to work around their disability.

Need a less extreme example? Try this: put your fist on a flat surface. Stick out your ring finger (and only your ring finger) so that its end rests on the surface. Now try to lift it without lifting any other part of your hand. It’s impossible, right? All your other fingers are mobile if placed in the same position, but not your ring finger.

But maybe it’s just a matter of will power. Try harder. Focus. Lift that finger!

Still impossible? Getting frustrated yet?

THAT is what it can feel like for an someone with ADHD trying to focus, calm down, organize their thoughts, etc. (Each person with ADHD or ADD has a slightly different package of symptoms, so I’m listing some that don’t apply to me.)

We have tools. We can function, and even THRIVE as we learn to use them. But it’s never a matter of “just.” We often know, in theory, what we should do, but can apply that knowledge about as easily as you can move your ring finger in the exercise above.

Many of us struggle enough with self-doubt without you minimizing our struggles.

While we’re on the topic, it’s about as effective to tell someone with depression to “just cheer up.” Or someone with PTSD to “just get over it already.” Don’t, okay? Just don’t.

Maybe you didn’t know better before. I don’t blame you for not knowing. No hard feelings, I promise. But now you know. So… please, learn how your speech can better reflect compassion.

- - -

* To be clear, I’m not speaking from an emotional place right now. I have not been terribly hurt by the word “just.” But some have. I believe this is an important message to get out.

**Routines are great, and essential for my sanity. But developing the skills to develop routines has taken me many years, and I still have a ways to go.

***I know of some excellent books and doctors with great points about diet and exercise. Good diet and exercise are important for managing ADD, but I’m wary of anything that claims to “cure” it, and “right diet” is definitely not a matter of “just.” So if you’d like to move in with me to help me organize and prepare my meals, then great! Otherwise, please stop. I’ve heard it before. I promise, I incorporate spinach into my diet.

****Even with helpful medicine on board, I have to wrestle my brain into submission if I ever want to get anything done. I bribe and trick my mind into cooperation. I paid attention in class, yes—by taking obsessive notes, including many things I didn’t need to write down. I struggle with motivation/organization/procrastination the MAJORITY of the time, not “sometimes.” It applies almost as much to fun things as to my responsibilities. This is so normal for me, I forget that some people can actually work efficiently without help.

I’m not complaining. I’m pretty happy with my life, and I have great coping skills. So no pity, please. But explanation is necessary—if folks with AD(H)D don’t help people understand us, then who will?

anonymous asked:

Hi I read your request rules and I'm glad you won't write about mental illness. It makes me angry when people write about things like that because that's real shit and I hate how society has been making it a fad

I mostly agree, friend. I just have issues when people exploit these issues. And, when these medical issues (eating disorders, clinical depression/ anxiety, personality disorders) are thrown around so loosely, it drives me nuts. I personally was diagnosed with bipolar 2 when I was 14 (I am 16 now) and some of these posts definitely feel invalidating. However, I did get a private request that I will be doing, because I feel like I can make an authentic depiction of the illness (because I also have experience with disordered eating) and put them in a realistic situation. Nothing like that ‘you have an ed and he saves you’ narrative. That is what makes this all out to be a joke. That is what romanticizes mental illness. But, I’m glad you agree with me, and thanks for the message!xx

  • professor: why don't you have your homework
  • me: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), characterized by intrusive and persistent thoughts that are often accompanied by repetitive or ritualized acts, is a serious clinical disorder that can significantly impact a person’s ability to function and go about daily life. Neuroimaging data have hinted at a link between OCD and brain areas that contribute to executive function (EF), a group of critical cognitive abilities that regulate lower-level cognitive processes.
  • As researcher Hannah Snyder of the University of Denver and colleagues explain, EFs allow us to “break out of habits, make decisions and evaluate risks, plan for the future, prioritize and sequence actions, and cope with novel situations.” EF deficits, therefore, could contribute to an inability to shift between tasks and the repetition and perseveration so often seen in individuals with OCD.
  • Despite evidence linking OCD with deficits in EF, the results have been inconsistent. Snyder and colleagues decided to conduct a meta-analysis — combining and analyzing data across many existing studies — to provide a more robust investigation.
  • For their analyses, the researchers chose to include studies that compared individuals with an OCD diagnosis to a healthy control group on at least one EF task and that reported sufficient information for the calculation of effects sizes. Given these criteria, they identified 110 studies, comprising a total of 3,162 individuals with OCD and 3,153 health control participants.
  • In analyses of the pooled data, OCD groups showed deficits across various EF tasks — including measures of inhibition (e.g., Stroop incongruent condition time, stop signal RTs), shifting (e.g., Wisconsin Card Sorting Test), updating (e.g., n-back test), verbal working memory (e.g., digit-span backward), visuospatial working memory (e.g., block span), and planning (e.g., accuracy and latency measures) — with most effect sizes ( Cohen’s d) ranging from 0.3 to 0.5.
  • Taken together, these findings suggest that OCD is associated with broad deficits in EF, not just selective deficits in shifting or inhibition, as some researchers have hypothesized.
  • Furthermore, while individuals with OCD often show slower motor response and often have a comorbid diagnosis of major depression, analyses indicated that neither of these factors fully accounted for the link between EF deficits and OCD.
  • According to Snyder and colleagues, the findings offer evidence suggesting that EF deficits, driven by dysfunction in prefrontal-striatal circuits, may underlie OCD – but they caution that more research is required in order to build an accurate neurobiological model.
  • “A better understanding of when and how EF impairments arise for individuals with OCD may have important implications for treatment, such as pharmacological interventions that target specific aspects of prefrontal function or training programs to improve EF or teach compensatory strategies to mitigate the effects of EF impairments,” Snyder and colleagues explain.
  • “Given the centrality of EF to our ability to successfully navigate daily life, such research has the potential to improve outcomes for many individuals affected by OCD.”
  • Source: http: //www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/publications/observer/obsonline/ocd-linked-with-broad-impairments-in-executive-function.html