clinical disorders

This is a great example of what I mean when I talk about the symptoms of personality disorders. Lots of people have the traits described in personality disorders. Most people have them at the “adaptive” or “subclinical” levels. Not many people experience these things to the “disordered” or “severely disordered” level described above.

Note - these specific examples are not enough in and of themselves to diagnose a personality disorder; a personality disorder is a collection of many different traits that all must be experienced at the disordered or severely disordered levels.

Theodore Millon, Personality Disorders in Modern Life (second edition), 2004.

Image transliteration after the jump.

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Psychology Book Recommendations

Foundational Authors & Works

Carl Rogers, On Becoming a Person

B. F. Skinner,  Beyond Freedom and Dignity and About Behaviorism and Walden Two

Viktor Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and its Discontents

John Norcross (editor), Evidence-Based Practices in Mental Health

Psychopathology & Diagnosis 

David Barlow (editor), Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorders

Oliver Saks, Hallucinations

Kelly Lambert, Clinical Neuroscience

Criticisms & Controversial Topics

Stephen Hinshaw, The ADHD Explosion

Robert Whitaker, Mad in America and Anatomy of an Epidemic

Ronald Miller, Not So Abnormal Psychology

Allen Frances, Saving Normal

Bruce Wampold, The Great Psychotherapy Debate

Therapy Theories 

Carl Rogers, Client-Centered Therapy

Irvin Yalom, The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy

Aaron Beck, Cognitive Therapy of Depression

Steven Hayes, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

Judith Beck, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Danny Wedding, Current Psychotherapies

William Miller, Motivational Interviewing

Jacqueline Person, Cognitive Therapy in Practice

Evidence-Based Therapy Manuals 

Marsha Linehan, DBT Skills Training Manual and Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

Michelle Craske, Mastery of Your Anxiety and Panic

David Burns, Feeling Good

Richard Zinbarg, Mastery of Your Anxiety and Worry

Martha Davis, The Relaxation and Stress Reduction Workbook

Lisa Najavitis, Seeking Safety

Expert Therapist Perspectives

Irvin Yalom, The Gift of Therapy and Love’s Executioner

First Person Perspectives

Kay Jamison, An Unquiet Mind

Elyn Saks, The Center Cannot Hold

William Styron, Darkness Visible

Carolyn Spiro and Pamela Spiro Wagner, Divided Minds

Research Design & Analysis

Alan Kazdin, Research Design in Clinical Psychology and Single-Case Research Designs

John Creswell, Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design

Culture & Diversity

Derald Wing Sue, Counseling the Culturally Diverse and Case Studies in Multicultural Counseling and Therapy

Stigma

Stephen Hinshaw, Breaking the Silence and  The Mark of Shame

Grad School and Careers in Psychology

Peggy Hawley, Being Bright is Not Enough

Adam Ruben, Surviving Your Stupid, Stupid Decision to Go to Grad School

Peter Feibelman, A PhD is Not Enough

Paul Silva, How to Write A Lot

Karen Kelsky, The Professor Is In 

There are five main categories of delusions that are commonly found in individuals who are experiencing psychosis or schizophrenia. They include the following:

  1. Delusions of persecution. These are delusions in which the individual believes he or she is being persecuted, spied upon, or is in danger (usually as the result of a conspiracy of some kind).
  2. Delusions of grandeur. Delusions in which the individual believes he or she is someone with fame or power (e.g. Jesus christ or a famous music star).
  3. Delusions of control. Delusions where the person believes that his or her thoughts, feelings or actions are being controlled by external forces (e.g. extraterrestrials or supernatural forces).
  4. Delusions of reference. Delusions where the individual believes that independent external events are making specific references to him or her.
  5. Nihilistic Delusions. Delusions where individuals believe that some aspect of either the world or themselves has ceased to exist (e.g. the person may believe that they are in fact dead).
What’s So Bad About OCD?

The illness itself

OCD is a clinically recognised disorder. It is debilitating and paralysing. People with OCD experience intensely negative, repetitive and intrusive thoughts, combined with a chronic feeling of doubt or danger (obsessions). In order to quell the thought or quieten the anxiety, they will often repeat an action, again and again (compulsions).

Stigma

One of the greatest challenges that people with OCD face is the need to fight both the all pervasive stigma of mental health disorders and the widely held belief that OCD is a mild or even “quirky” problem that is nothing more than hand washing. Many people now use the term “a bit OCD” without understanding the onerous nature of the disorder in its severe form.

Getting Help

There is an average delay of 12 years between the onset of OCD and treatment being received. There are many reasons why people with OCD delay seeking help. These include a fear that they will be committed to a secure institution, a fear of the stigma associated with mental health disorders, or a simple belief that no one can help them. This is 12 years of pointless misery and isolation brought about by a disorder that can be successfully managed.

Relationships

OCD does not just affect the individual with the disorder but draws in their friends and families, colleagues and employers. OCD rituals can take a huge toll on family life and drive a wedge between parents and children, husbands and wives, who often feel unable to comprehend the pain a loved one is experiencing, let alone how best to support them.

Self Diagnosis

So!

I’ve seen a lot of self diagnostic bullshit on this toxic piece of shit site, and it fucks me off to no end. Because of these fuckwits, I have to fight 10x harder for the assistance I need, for the actual diagnosed mental problems I have. There are (in no particular order)

  • ADD/BPD/Bipolar (all three intersect, if you imagine a ven diagram, I’m smack bang in the middle).
  • PTSD
  • Anxiety Disorder
  • Adjustment Disorder
  • Social Anxiety
  • Binge eating disorder
  • MDD (Major Depressive Disorder/Clinical depression)

This shit is ALL properly diagnosed, and i’ve had to fight tooth and nail to get the support I need, and you know why? They specifically stated that it’s because of a lot of people tying up the system with fake diagnosis. You are literally taking resources from people who NEED them, and also creating a stigma against people who try to come and get a proper diagnosis. Well done. Bravo.

Your self-Dx is not valid.

So basically yeah, Fuck you :)

PotemkinSupplyAnon Submit

As you used names in your submission I am not posting it for the sake of privacy and decency. Your main query was what occurs when a malignant narcissist, specifically an individual with NPD with the Potemkin subtype, is stripped of all sources of supply. In this case there are a few ways they can respond depending on circumstance, which you did not elaborate on, so I will do my best to cover several possible scenarios.

Clinical narcissists enter a complex and predictable cycle of devaluation, discarding and re-idealization of those they consider sources of supply. Once some sources of supply leave, the narcissist will re-idealize old sources of supply, previously discarded, and see about reacquiring them. They tell themselves that the discarded sources are worthy of a “second chance” and they are being magnanimous by “taking them back”. Eventually these sources will be discarded again once the narcissist enters the devaluation phase.

If they have access to the internet, that is a major venue in which they will reach out to in order to obtain sources of supply. The internet supplies them with anonymity and the ability to take on whatever persona they wish. This serves their desire to promote a false self, whichever false self they fancy to project at the time. This is not considered high-grade but secondary, low-grade supply.

Without access to other people and/or the internet a Potemkin narcissists will enter into a state of suicidal idealization or self-harm. Suicidal idealization is a last resort to assert the idea that they have complete control over their lives. They argue that the world does not deserve them if they are not appreciated for and to the extent they desire, feel they are entitled to. The other option is to enter into self-harming, self-destructing behaviors. This can range from physical self-harm (cutting, maiming, self-starvation) to engaging in highly dangerous behaviors in order to gain attention and/or to get others to yield to their demands.

Classical narcissists can do either of the above but sometimes also retreat into their own minds, into their constructed delusions for supply. They occupy their time with plans, plots and scenarios of how they will achieve their goals, ends, and gain supply once they are able. They believe that their complete lack of supply is merely a minor setback, the world trying to keep them from achieving their due greatness, and only temporary. They firmly believe in their grand fate and that they will achieve it no matter the circumstance.

I hope this answers your question. Feel free to contact me again if you have any further questions, or if you would like me to elaborate on any points. We can continue here or via your throw-away e-mail.

The Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale

The MDS is a 14 point scale assessing five key characteristics of MD: Content/Quality (2 items),  Compulsion/Control (4 items),  Distress (3 items), Perceived Benefits of Daydreaming (2 items) and Interference with Life Functioning (3 items).

Researchers hope that the MDS will further research on this psychological phenomenon and help clarify whether MD is a pathology by its own, or a subfacet of another clinical disorder, which may lead to MD being listed as a unique mental disorder and the development of treatment protocols for individuals suffering from this condition.

Friendly reminder that people with mental illnesses and disorders are not actually homicidal maniacs, serial killers or serious threats to society. In fact, neurotypical people are more of a threat to those with mental illnesses because of how much stigma and prejudice surrounds every condition from clinical depression to bipolar disorder to schizophrenia. A person with a mental illness has much more to fear from unemployment, homelessness and being unable to pay for their own medication than neurotypicals do from somebody with an undiagnosed mental condition.

To whit: We’re not actually wandering around the countryside or lurking in dark alleys with butcher knives waiting to shank you. But we could definitely tell you how fucked up it is that you believe that’s what “mental illness” means in 2017.

A diet snowballs into anorexia and Elizabeth finds herself being sent to an inpatient eating disorder clinic. Elizabeth befriends the other girls and women who have their own struggles, and has to come to terms with her own family dynamic, her father who is burying his head in the sand and her mother, whose own eating habits are pretty troubling. A realistic look at eating disorders, the challenges those who have them face and the hard work that goes into getting better.

Personality Disorders

Brief Description of the Fourteen Personality Disorders of DSM-III, DSM-III-R, and DSM-IV

Schizoid: Apathetic, indifferent, remote, solitary. Neither desires nor need human attachments. Minimal awareness of feelings of self or others. Few drives or ambitions, if any.

Avoidant: Hesitant, self-conscious, embarrassed, anxious. Tense in social situations due to fear of rejection. Plagued by constant performance anxiety. Sees self as inept, inferior, or unappealing. Feels alone and empty.

Depressive: Somber, discouraged, pessimistic, brooding, fatalistic. Presents self as vulnerable and abandoned. Feels valueless, guilty, and impotent. Judges self as worthy only of criticism and contempt.

Dependent: Helpless, incompetent, submissive, immature. Withdraws from adult responsibilities. Sees self as weak or fragile. Seeks constant reassurance from stronger figures.

Histrionic: Dramatic, seductive, shallow, stimulus-seeking, vain. Overreacts to minor events. Exhibitionistic as a means of securing attention and favors. Sees self as attractive and charming.

Narcissistic: Egotistical, arrogant, grandiose, insouciant. Preoccupied with fantasies of success, beauty, or achievement. Sees self as admirable and superior, and therefore entitled to special treatment.

Antisocial: Impulsive, irresponsible, deviant, unruly. Acts without due consideration. Meets social obligations only when self-serving. Disrespects societal customs, rules, and standards. Sees self as free and independent.

Sadistic: Explosively hostile, abrasive, cruel, dogmatic. Liable to sudden outbursts of rage. Feels selfsatisfied through dominating, intimidating and humiling others. Is opinionated and closeminded.

Compulsive Restrained, conscientious, respectful, rigid. Maintains a rule-bound lifestyle. Adheres closely to social conventions. Sees the world in terms of regulations and hierarchies. Sees self as devoted,
reliable, efficient, and productive.

Negativistic: Resentful, contrary, skeptical, discontented. Resist fulfilling others’ expectations. Deliberately inefficient. Vents anger indirectly by undermining others’ goals. Alternately moody and irritable, then sullen and withdrawn.

Masochistic: Deferential, pleasure-phobic, servile, blameful, self-effacing. Encourages others to take advantage. Deliberately defeats own achievements. Seeks condemning or mistreatful partners.

Paranoid: Guarded, defensive, distrustful and suspiciousness. Hypervigilant to the motives of others to undermine or do harm. Always seeking confirmatory evidence of hidden schemes. Feels righteous, but persecuted.

Schizotypal: Eccentric, self-estranged, bizarre, absent. Exhibits peculiar mannerisms and behaviors. Thinks can read thoughts of others. Preoccupied with odd daydreams and beliefs. Blurs line between reality and fantasy.

Borderline: Unpredictable, manipulative, unstable. Frantically fears abandonment and isolation. Experiences rapidly fluctuating moods. Shifts rapidly between loving and hating. Sees self and others alternatively as all-good and all-bad.

im thinking of doing a mental health masterpost kinda thing, with advice, general positivity ect. i’ve gone through three years of uni with mental health issues, I know many people have mental health issues, be it stress and homesickness to clinical disorders. so lmk if you have any questions or queries or want any advice? not saying i have “mastered” mental health, but i hope to at least help students going through similar issues feel less alone!

anonymous asked:

why do you think the witches cry? do you think they are just in so much intense pain and lack enough sentience to understand it? does it have to do with them being predominately female or not? are their claws, claws, in the traditional sense or more of a bone growth?

I’ve actually answered something similar here ! Continuing, however, in an interesting twist, mutation into a Witch seems to be linked more to preexisting conditions such as clinical depression or bipolar disorder. While these conditions themselves are more common in women, which accounts for the higher number, this history is a more telling indicator than the gender of the host. (Even so, this particular mutation is fairly rare, so this alone doesn’t necessarily mean you’re going to turn into a Witch.)

As for the claws, like all of the infected, the claws are actually connected to the first knuckle of their digits, much like a feline, rather than just an entirely dead deposit of keratin. This means that if they are damaged below a certain point, they will bleed, possibly fail to heal quite correctly, and cause a lot of pain.