climate vulnerability

anonymous asked:

A lot of conservationists try to maintain an ecosystem that would exist without human intervention, but climate change is affecting every ecosystem globally. How can conservationists respond to climate change while still maintaining a "natural" ecosystem?

Rather than trying to preserve protected areas such as national parks as little pictures of a past to which we cannot return, conservation science and practice are examining how we can conserve ecosystem function, such as fire, and individual species across landscapes under potential future scenarios. Integration of historical and projected climate change trends and ecosystem changes and future vulnerabilities into resource management can allow us to manage ecosystems and species under climate change. Fire management re-targeted to areas of higher risk of catastrophic fire under climate change, conservation of potential climate change refugia for endangered species, invasive species control targeted to areas more vulnerable under climate change, and other measures can help conserve ecosystems and species.

When I was, young and fantasized about becoming a wildlife filmmaker, I imagined I would be living in some remote wilderness meticulously documenting the wildlife that lived there. But it soon became clear that my idea of wilderness was in grave need of revision. In my travels around the world it became clear that our influence extends to every corner of this globe, and there are few natural ecosystems, if any, that are not in some way managed by humans. While working on our most recent film in Yosemite National Park, I asked a few forest ecologists this same question, how do you manage the forests of the Sierra’s in the face of a rapidly changing climate? They told me that they are now looking at climate models to help craft conservation strategies based on what they think the future climate may be. Part of that strategy is to identify refugia, places where special environmental circumstances may enable some species to survive as the climate grows warmer. During past climatic events it is believed that these refugia allowed some communities of species to survive, while others in the surrounding area, passed into extinction. But this is just a piece of that conservation puzzle, and curbing carbon emissions must be a part of that solution, because every species has a tipping point from which recover is impossible. An interesting read that has made me think a lot about our role in conservation (not specifically climate change) is Jon Mooallem’s book: “Wild Ones: A Sometimes Dismaying, Weirdly Reassuring Story About Looking at People Looking at Animals in America” a fascinating and thought provoking read.

anonymous asked:

To Patrick, how do you expect to adapt NPS efforts to the consequences of climate change which alters how environment responds to conservation efforts negatively? I mean that the ecosystem does not respond to removing invasives, rehabilitating endangered species of animals, etc. in the same way (regenerate as quickly, return nutrients, , etc) as before.

Based on published scientific information on human climate change, the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) is developing measures to achieve its mission of conserving national parks for future generations. NPS has re-examined the goals of resource management. Rather than trying to preserve parks as little pictures of a past to which we cannot return, the agency now seeks to manage for potential future scenarios. Integration of historical and projected climate change trends and ecosystem changes and future vulnerabilities into resource management can allow us to manage species and ecosystems more effectively under climate change. Fire management re-targeted to areas of higher risk of catastrophic fire under climate change, conservation of potential climate change refugia for endangered species, invasive species control targeted to areas more vulnerable under climate change, and other measures can help conserve species and ecosystems.


Pakistan is responsible for a mere 0.43% of global greenhouse gas emissions, but it is among the world’s ten most vulnerable countries to climate change.  Domestic climate change experts see the issue as a bigger threat than terrorism. The problem in Pakistan manifests in receding glaciers, floods, heatwaves, droughts, shifting weather patterns and declining ground water. Agriculture, which comprises 21% of Pakistan’s GDP, 60% of exports and employs 45% of the national labour force, is particularly vulnerable to climate change.
—  Fahad Saeed, ‘China-Pakistan coal romance lacks love for the climate’, Asia Times
5807. Despite her ability to maintain her body temperature, Starfire is very vulnerable in climates where the temperature is low and the sun is obscured. Her temperature drops rapidly and without the sunlight she's not able to warm up or recharge energy. Winter in the Arctic is death for her.

submitted by anonymous

Climate change is a feminist issue. The countries that are hit the hardest are poor, developing nations with extreme gender inequality where women can’t swim, travel without a male relative, or often go long distances to get water for their family. That’s why 90% of 150,000 people killed in the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone were women.

If you are serious about feminism, you need to get serious about climate change.

Source: http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-change/climate-change-women-more-vulnerable-to-dangers-of-global-warming-than-men-say-leading-academics-a6717311.html