climate forcing

On one hand killing off Toffee that easily would be seen as “anti-climatic” or “Too soon” and we still have another season after this one, and he was so far the best villain and will be difficult to top, but on the other hand that was the most epic and most fitting way to kill him off.

independent.co.uk
Ireland just became the world's first country to stop investing in fossil fuels
Bill will drop coal, oil and gas investments from Ireland Strategic Investment Fund

Ireland has voted to be the world’s first country to fully divest public money from fossil fuels.

The Irish Parliament passed the historic legislation in a 90 to 53 vote in favour of dropping coal, oil and gas investments from the €8bn (£6.8bn) Ireland Strategic Investment Fund, part of the Republic’s National Treasury Management Agency.

The bill, introduced by Deputy Thomas Pringle, is likely to pass into law in the next few months after it is reviewed by the financial committee.

“This principle of ethical financing is a symbol to these global corporations that their continual manipulation of climate science, denial of the existence of climate change and their controversial lobbying practices of politicians around the world is no longer tolerated,” Mr Pringle said.

“We cannot accept their actions while millions of poor people in underdeveloped nations bear the brunt of climate change forces as they experience famine, mass emigration and civil unrest as a result.”

Once enacted, the bill would force the Ireland Strategic Investment Fund to sell its investment in fossil fuel industries over the next five years.

In 2015, Norway’s sovereign pension fund divested from some fossil fuel companies, but not all.

Scott Pruitt, head of EPA, isn’t sure if carbon dioxide drives climate change

  • On Thursday’s installment of Squawk Box on CNBC, EPA head Scott Pruitt said he wasn’t convinced carbon dioxide emissions comprise a “primary contributor” to climate change.
  • “I think that measuring with precision human activity on the climate is something very challenging to do and there’s tremendous disagreement about the degree of impact, so no, I would not agree that it’s a primary contributor to the global warming that we see,” Pruitt said.
  • Here are the facts: NASA, one of the fact-focused scientific institutions driving the aforementioned research and analysis, calls the release of carbon dioxide through human activities like deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels — on top of natural carbon dioxide emissions — “the most important long-lived ‘forcing’ of climate change.” Read more (3/9/17 12:05 PM)

follow @the-future-now

It’s so dumb because everyone and their grandmas saw Suicide Squad just because of the BIG NAME CELEBRITIES in the movie , the action, and maybe the sound track and it was literally just a movie that was made just for the money and had racist stereotypes but when Power Rangers (2017) has a diverse cast and never assigned a specific race to any of the characters BC ppl are more than stereotypes and they really invested time into developing the characters and ppl dont care ? High key when do u ever see a cool flirty Chinese character like that (when y'all kno the stereotype is that they’re supposed to be awkward and nerdy) or a Black autistic teen that all of his friends love and respect or a Gay Latina superhero, or an Indian character who isn’t restricted by any stereotypes and kicks ass like bro …this movie is a gold mine, when are u ever gonna see characters like this? And the message is that all these teens who experience life differently and better together. Everyone loves a good story abt misfits becoming friends and begs for diversity and yet? Ppl aren’t watching it BC Trini “isn’t gay enough “n don’t understand how a franchise works bc they’re not gonna put all character development in the first movie and like she was questioning her sexuality and has homophobic parents, she’s not gonna automatically be all out and that’s okay u freaks. Its realistic and ppl say they don’t care abt diversity BC "its power rangers” as if y'all never was into power rangers ever and don’t care abt every other superhero movie that kids enjoy smh

The SW Sequel Trilogy Trio - In all seriousness tho

I recently made a somewhat trash joke post about Rey/Finn/Ben Solo being the new trio to the Star Wars Sequel Trilogy, instead of the Rey/Finn/Poe idea, as seems to be the popular opinion in the fandom as of late.

I don’t want to write an essay so I’ll try to keep it concise (edit from future me: lol, too late, you’re in too deep now), but I do want to articulate why I legitimately believe Rey/Finn/Benny Boy are gonna be our main “trio” in the Sequel Trilogy.

So, to clarify, I think the trios established in the films are:
OT Trio: Luke (main protagonist), Leia, Han

PT Trio: Anakin (main), Obi-wan, Padme

ST: Rey (main), Finn, Ben Extra Solo


First, to clarify, many people seem to think the “trio” implies friendship, or that they gotta be around each other 24/7 for it to work. In my opinion though, the “trio” of Star Wars does not mean: “the characters who are best friends/warm and fuzzy by the end of it all.” The Prequels alone are enough to prove that…

Exhibit A:

Originally posted by seatearss

Exhibit B:

Originally posted by wildflowersx3

Exhibit C:

Originally posted by traitortotheempire

…Yeah, things seem to have gone down the reeeeal “fuzzy feel good” route for this trio, right?


So what is the “trio,” exactly, then? What’s their function and purpose, if not to be bffs and braid each other’s hair at the next sleepover??


In my opinion and based on my observation from each movie up until this point, the “trio” of Star Wars are the three main character arcs that are meant to serve as some lesson and resonate with the audience at a deep emotional level. They are the three “protagonists” of the main story (with one “main” protagonist and two complementing protagonists). They are what drive the main story, the central conflicts and resolutions, and they are the lasting thread continuing beyond their initial stories and into the future of the saga.

It doesn’t really matter if they are “good guys” for the entire story…

Originally posted by insomniun

nor does it matter if they are together for the majority of the story…

Originally posted by ladyvxder

It doesn’t even matter if they live to tell the tale…

Originally posted by anakin-padme10

It’s about their personal melodrama conflicts, trials, and triumphs being front and center, and it’s about who and what drives the main story and resolution/results.


With that said, going back to the topic at hand regarding the ST, I don’t think anyone would argue against the fact that Rey and Finn are two out of the three.  


….So, then, that leaves us with Sad Boy Ben Solo… so, why do I think Ben is part of that trio, if all he does is be a dickwad to provoke our two heroes…?

Well, to be blunt, the most obvious answer to that is: BEN BOY IS EXTRA A SKYWALKER.

But beyond that - which tbh should be enough evidence in and of itself bc this is the SKYWALKER SAGA - there is reason to believe Benny Boy is being set up for a redemption arc and that the Sequel Trilogy is being set up as a mirror/inversion to the Prequel Trilogy.

If we look at it from a cyclical perspective (”Hello, this is Star Wars, have you two met, yet?” - how I feel if u don’t get that this shit is cyclical, yet) and see this as a reverse Prequel Trilogy of sorts we notice that…

The Prequels started off with two jedi (Ani and Old Ben) and one politically inclined person (Padme) tied to a stable Senate and Republic with relative “balance to the Force and peace, which all ended very badly with tragedy and an antagonistic relationship (and ultimately a villain) and rise of a great and evil empire.

With that in mind, I think it could be possible that (although, yes, this is speculation, so calm down) in the Sequel Trilogy, we start off with a trio of an antagonist/villain vs. two good guys, with a terribly dysfunctional political climate/ war and the Force all out of balance, but that eventually the trio end up on the same side in the end, with the mutual goal to destroy the damaging higher powers in place and restore the peace and balance to the Force. So, in other words, we end up with two jedi (Rey and Crylo Ben) to balance the Force, and one strongly tied to the politics (Cinnaroll Finnaroll, everyone’s favorite heart of gold) who will play an integral part in bringing that aspect back together.

See how that would mirror/invert the PT beautifully? It’s poetic, in fact. All of this can really only happen if Ben stops being an asshole evil and decides to do (at least some of) the right things. I’m not saying Anakin 2.0 Ben Solo is gonna be a warm and fuzzy character who ends up BFF ALWAYS AND 4EVR to both Rey and Finn necessarily (although I am personally of the opinion he and Rey gonna date will form a close bond somehow), but for this trilogy to end in any satisfactory way, we can’t just end THE Trilogy of Trilogies - the SKYWALKER SAGA - with the Skywalkers falling to complete darkness and despair.

We’ve already told that story… for proof, see previous Anakin, “I HATE YOU” gif above for reference.

So, if my prediction that Kylo Ren comes back to being Ben Solo once again so that he can restore the Skywalker name and help Rey “find the Force or whatever” with balancing the Force and defeating Snoke, then he has to be one of the Main Three. Such an integral part to the plot demands it.

And, sorry Ben haters, but that’s not to mention that his character arc has ALREADY been so vital to the story and central conflict. Just because he’s a total dickhead villain right now, doesn’t mean his story isn’t central and vital to the main plot. In fact, that’s going to sort of be the point. Rey is going to have to whip his ass into shape convince him that they need each other to fix everything - and that he ultimately, deep down isn’t the Vader fanboy evil persona he pretends to be.

Much like Anakin who was also an asshole in the PT, this new story couldn’t exist without Kylo Ren/Ben Solo. Like Kylo Ren or not, that’s the way it is.

And I think by the end of it all, maybe the haters will be able to come around with Ben. Because, in truth, his full story hasn’t even really been told yet. Who knows what the next two movies will reveal to us?

Be patient, and trust the story tellers to give us something awesome and epic. They want us to love this story and these characters as much as they do. Let’s trust them to do just that.

But anyway, if you’re still skeptical, beyond even all of that word vomit discourse, we have one pretty huge visual clue STARING US RIGHT IN THE FACE from TFA.

To all you naysayers who ask for CANONICAL EVIDENCE and shout about interpretation of literary themes not being “enough” (in a saga that literally follows Joseph Campbell’s Hero’s Journey step by f*cking STEP in the OT - stop invaliding literary analysis in a franchise that takes every page out of the literary trope/theme/motif book)…

…here are some VISUAL CLUES from a VISUAL MEDIA to tip you off about these three and their roles/connections in the story.

Originally posted by gifs-andthings

Originally posted by starwars-gifs

Originally posted by morganella-morganii

If you think JJ my man doesn’t know what he is doing here, you’re a fool. That is intentional visual story telling if I ever saw it right there.

By putting them in masks, JJ is telling us, “these are the characters we are meant to discover,” the ones we are to come to identify with. They are the ones with the central journeys, the most growth, the real stories to tell. We learn our lessons from them, and the other characters support and inform their arc. Poe, Leia, Luke, Rose, etc. are of course vital to the story, but they are there to support and inform these three character arcs, which lie at the center of it all.


Anyway, that’s my opinion on the matter, based on thoughtful observation and consideration, as well as some background in literary analysis.


Thoughts/Additions/Disagreements welcome. It’s ok to be wrong (<THAT IS A JOKE CALM DOWN STANLEY) disagree.

The longer humans continue to pour carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the closer we draw to leaving the next generation with an unmanageable climate problem, scientists say.

(Photo: Martin Meissner/AP)

A new study suggests that merely reducing greenhouse gas emissions won’t be enough, and that future generations will have to invest in technology able to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. 

If humans immediately began reducing global greenhouse gas emissions by a relatively high rate of 6 percent each year, the researchers estimate that the carbon extraction technology needed to get down to 350 parts per million could cost anywhere from $8 trillion to nearly $18.5 trillion. And if no emissions reductions occur, these costs could rise above $500 trillion through the end of the century.

“Some consequences [of climate change] are already becoming inevitable, but as yet it could be moderate if we begin to reduce emissions rapidly,” said Columbia University climatologist and former NASA scientist James Hansen.

Read the rest of the story: Climate change will force today’s kids to pay for costly carbon removal technologies, study says

Mermaid

Hi there!


We are a small group of creative people that plan on producing a webcomic, namely @stiftchen, @kiaz1st, @charamaffle, @tinnegan, @galeanthropus, @objective-lost, @featherstorm77, @yesgay-briel and @pandanator8664.

The comic is about a science nerd who travels to live down by the sea with her father and brother, where she hopes to spot the elusive mermaids that have been reported to live there.

Themes: Ocean, Mermaids, Pollution, fighting bad guys, great food, Tumblr humour™, dorks and ships.

This comic will have lots of LGBTQ+ characters. We try our best to be inclusive to everyone, but if you feel we’ve portrayed a minority inaccurately, please tell us.

Here’s some concept art to prepare you for what’s coming:

In thirty minutes there will be an introduction stream on twitch, we are grateful for anyone who reblogs this or visits the stream!

https://www.twitch.tv/twecked

Washington, DC: Anti-Capitalist - Resist Imperialism Contingent at Climate March

Saturday, April 29 - 10:00 am to 6:00 pm

4th St NW & Madison Drive, Washington, D.C.

Call or text 443-221-3775 or check Workers World Party on Facebook for details on where to meet us.

To save our planet we must put an end to the capitalist/imperialist system as soon as possible!

It is crucial to unite with those who have borne the brunt of capitalism’s war on the people, those who stand the most to lose from climate disaster. The climate crisis has forced many migrant workers to leave their homelands. Environmental racism has destroyed the lives of many Black and Brown children and their families.

Don’t just march on April 29. March on May Day! May Day provides an opportunity to “Shut shit down” in defense of the most targeted workers – like immigrants and the Black community – but also all workers.

March after May 1. Defend the strikers! Join us as we raise our voices and put our bodies on the line to say “NO” to reprisals and firings of workers who strike.

Those participating in the People’s Climate March, who come from more privileged backgrounds, must also come out on May Day to defend migrants who have risked their low-wage jobs to demand an end to Trump’s war against them. Environmental activists should support workers who face reprisals for marching on May Day.

ONLY THE PEOPLE CAN SAVE THE PLANET BY RISING UP AGAINST RACISM, CAPITALISM, AND IMPERIALIST WAR: SOLIDARITY & SOCIALISM ARE THE ANSWER!

You’re My Home- Jamie Reagan Imagine

Pairing: Jamie Reagan x Reader

Word Count: 1570

Request: None- I just missed writing for Jamie 

A/N: I went into a lot of detail about the reader’s background because, you guessed it, I’m projecting. Working in the Foreign Service is my dream (then moving into a cushy job at the State Dept. working my way up to Madam Secretary wink wink.)) All flashbacks are in italics and marked with lines. Expect some more writing (and a makeover) soon because I’m finally done with school!! 

***

New York City, the Big Apple, the City That Never Sleeps: all nicknames for the one place you never wanted to find yourself crawling back to. Growing up in New York City itself was nice, but you always planned on traveling the world. The closest you could get to that in NYC was working with the United Nations. 

Ironically, you took a similar approach, joining the Foreign Service straight out of grad school. Your first mission was in Syria, where you spent two years working on humanitarian missions. It was rough working in such a hostile area, but the payoff was incredibly rewarding. You requested it for your second deployment and without much of a fight, you were stationed there once again. At that time, you knew it was unlikely that you were going to be stationed there a third time. The political climate and rebel forces were making it difficult for your missions to take place. 

You eventually found yourself in Tel Aviv, working in the United States Embassy. It was a step above living in a country involved in an armed conflict, but the work wasn’t nearly as fulfilling. It was more about politic power than it was about helping those affected by the crisis in the Middle East. You left after only six months.

Keep reading

theguardian.com
Climate change impacting ‘most’ species on Earth, even down to their genomes
Three recent studies point to just how broad, bizarre, and potentially devastating climate change is to life on Earth. And we’ve only seen one degree Celsius of warming so far.
By Jeremy Hance

A female kangaroo lies dead after she was hit by a car while moving to higher ground away from floodwaters in Rockhampton, Tuesday, April 4, 2017. Flood waters are expected to hit levels not seen in 60 years. Climate change is intensifying extreme weather events such as these as well as making them hit more frequently. Such events, as well as other climate impacts, are forcing animals to move around the world, often resulting in population decline and local extinction. Photograph: Dan Peled/AAP

Excerpt:

Climate change is rapidly becoming a crisis that defies hyperbole.

For all the sound and fury of climate change denialists, self-deluding politicians and a very bewildered global public, the science behind climate change is rock solid while the impacts – observed on every ecosystem on the planet – are occurring faster in many parts of the world than even the most gloomy scientists predicted.

Given all this, it’s logical to assume life on Earth – the millions of species that cohabitate our little ball of rock in space – would be impacted. But it still feels unnerving to discover that this is no longer about just polar bears; it’s not only coral reefs and sea turtles or pikas and penguins; it about practically everything – including us.

Three recent studies have illustrated just how widespread climate change’s effect on life on our planet has already become.

More than half of the world’s humans today live in cities – but that won’t make any of us immune to the changes going on in nature. According to Scheffer’s research, humans will see a drop in productivity of various crops or timber species, a drastic loss in marine fisheries, a potential rise in new diseases as well as disease spreading to places they’d never been before. Meanwhile, declines in coral reefs, kelp forests and mangroves could lead to more lives lost in climate-fueled storms. Loss of global biodiversity will also have knock-on effects in societies around the world, from less productive ecosystems to impacts we simply can’t predict today.

time.com
It’s Time for Your Favorite Brands to Pick a Political Side
'Consumers and employees are voting with their voices, their choices and their wallets'
By Seth Matlins

THIS IS IMPURTHANT!

If you think Karlie wearing the ACLU ribbon at the Oscars was just a ‘nice gesture’ and not a carefully calculated move… you need to read this.

If you believe Karlie’s ‘political associations’ won’t affect her career, future contracts, image, etc… you need to read this.

If you care about Karlie/Taylor and want to understand more on how the current political/social climate is forcing brands to take a stand on important issues… you need to read this.

Some highlights:

- “…the people buying from you and working for you want to know if you’re on their side. Or not. They want to know if you’re doing something to make the world better. Or not. And they will reward — or ignore or perhaps even boycott — you accordingly.”

- “…in today’s landscape, avoiding taking sides and bringing your cultural values to life to avoid controversy is a fast track to irrelevance.”

- “…showing the world what you stand for (and occasionally against) is now as important, efficient and effective an eyeball-grabbing platform as exists. To win today’s battles for attention — as in, relevance, engagement, resource allocation and return you’d better let people know whose side you’re on.”

- “Today, brands can be neither quiet, defensive nor isolated. They have to be proactive, and they have to stand for something — for both the world’s and their own good.”

Future carbon dioxide, climate warming potentially unprecedented in 420 million years

New research led by the University of Southampton suggests that, over the next 100 to 200 years, carbon dioxide concentrations in Earth’s atmosphere will head towards values not seen since the Triassic period, 200 million years ago. Furthermore, by the 23rd century, the climate could reach a warmth not seen in 420 million years.

The study, published in Nature Communications, compiled over 1200 estimates of ancient atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations to produce a continuous record dating back nearly half a billion years. It concludes that if humanity burns all available fossil fuels in the future, the levels of CO2 contained in the atmosphere may have no geologically-preserved equivalent during this 420 million year period.

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

Hi, I was just wondering if the situation, the situation being helping these refugees get to a safe place, is getting any better? Also, how can we, as everyday citizens, help refugees?

I think the answer to this is – it depends. It depends because there are over 21 million refugees in the world (among 65 million displaced) and every context is incredibly different, complex, and volatile. Refugees come from around the world, from Myanmar to Nigeria to Afghanistan. For some, like many Somalis in Kenya, being a refugee may be all they know. For others, including Syrians for instance, their main goal is often to find safety in a third country or dream of going back home. This is the worst refugee crisis since World War II.

Every situation, every refugee family experience, is unique.  But what we can’t stop is fighting to give every single refugee a life worth living. All refugees want is a chance to regain control of their futures– and that’s what we can fight for as everyday citizens. To help, use your voice to call your representatives and make sure that they commit to supporting refugees both at home (by supporting refugee resettlement) and abroad (to not cut the foreign aid budget!). On social media, you can dispel myths about refugees and share the positive contributions that they bring. You can host dinners to talk about the refugee crisis and make sure it’s a topic of conversation, you can donate or volunteer with organizations like the IRC (www.Rescue.org) that are doing everything they can to give refugees a better life. Whatever you can but stay silent!

I asked a friend of mine Kirk Day, who was working as refugee camp crisis team leader, in Greece when I was there visiting the transit camps in Lesvos, this question and I loved what he said, and wanted to share it:

“Globally:  the inability to find political solutions to the crises in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian, South Sudan and on are drivers of significant refugee flows – and, it must be said, of much suffering.  We need to press our respective representatives and political leaders to prioritize and redouble efforts to curb such violence.  In 2017 – and after the refugee crisis which gripped Europe in 2015/2016 – we cannot be naively isolationist – what happens elsewhere can and often does have direct consequence on us.  Also, over the last couple of years we have begun to see the first signs of ‘climate’ refugees, i.e. those forced to flee their homes, because of climate-related issues.  Many of those trying to get to Italy from Libya are fleeing just such critical issues.  I think we can all agree, we all – especially those of us in highly industrial states – play a part in the climate’s relative ‘health’.  Yet, tragically, those often already most vulnerable tend to pay the price.  We, therefore, must also call upon our elected leaders to honor climate agreements – if not go beyond.

Locally:  do what you can, and what you feel comfortable with.  Donate money to worthy organizations, whether the help those fleeing crises globally, or help to provide assistance to those recently resettled in your community.  But, also, do not underestimate the importance of providing your time, kindness and possible friendship.  I think we tend to fall victim to mystifying – and often fearing – people and, or things we do not fully understand.  But, understand this, refugees are everyday people just like you and me, who have for reasons far beyond their control found themselves in dire need of help.  I still recall an account I read about from the Serbian capital, Belgrade.  It was part of what was in 2015-2016 called the Balkan Route, which refugees traversed as their attempted to make it to Europe.  In Belgrade, the refugees tended to stop-over at a park near the bus station.  An array of volunteers and organizations mobilized to provide food, water, clothes and other assorted aid.  But, what strike me most was a little old woman, who on her own brought a picnic basket, spread out a table cloth, and set up providing tea for refugees.  That she simply drank and eat with the refugees seemed such a simple thing, but was profoundly impactful on those in need.  When asked, several refugees commented that it was the first time in a long time that someone had treated them as ‘normal’.  I think we can all find some such time.  And, we must not neglect the powerful of common decency…”

Tim McIlrath on Rise Against and the new album "Wolves".

The darkest moments in history—those when fear and hate trump all else—are the times that define us. As politicians use bigoted rhetoric to gain power at home and abroad, and fringe groups creep from the shadows, it’s tempting to succumb to despair and defeatism. But Rise Against is challenging fans to create a bold new identity together: one that is stronger than these setbacks, and bigger than any election. WOLVES, their 8th studio release, is about recognizing the power within all of us; it’s a primal call for the prey to become the hunters.

“If you are in the wilderness and you hear wolves howling, what you’re hearing might be an animal lost or mourning,” says Rise Against’s Tim McIlrath. “But it doesn’t make you any less afraid. You know they’re there. And you know what this powerful pack of animals is capable of.”

For 18 years, Rise Against has kept its moral compass steady, using their international punk platform to speak out for social justice.

The band cut its teeth during the George W. Bush administration and has released records across three presidencies, but today’s political climate forced the band to step back and rethink how they define themselves.

The record was originally titled “Mourning in America,” but after the U.S. presidential election that rang hollow. It felt somber and hopeless. Members of the band felt those emotions, too, but decided they needed to create an album that focused more on our potential than our failings. They knew it needed teeth and claws. The result is WOLVES, a soundtrack for the hunt.

“In many ways, a Rise Against show is a safe space for our fans,” McIlrath says. “But I realized that I don’t only want to create safe spaces, I want to create dangerous spaces where misogyny can’t exist, where xenophobia can’t exist. I want to create spaces where those sentiments don’t have any air, and they suffocate: where those ideas die. WOLVES isn’t about creating a safe space, it’s about creating a space that’s dangerous for injustice.”

The influence of the U.S. presidential election can clearly be heard in songs like “Walls” (“the monsters lost in history are now making their return”) and “Welcome to the Breakdown” (“ignoring the facts, intoxicated by the throne”). WOLVES is of course shaped by the new presidency, but it’s not limited to it. There is a spirt of resistance and optimism here that transcends our current crisis, and will outlast any politician.

Like all Rise Against records, the band tackles political struggles alongside personal ones, creating songs as complex as their fans. On tracks like “House on Fire” and “Politics of Love,” one can hear echoes of the iconic punk/folk songwriter Billy Bragg in McIlrath’s words; the personal is political, the political is personal, and it’s all rooted in a revolutionary, uncompromising love.

This evolution in Rise Against’s identity came against the backdrop of other changes for the band. For 11 years, they had worked closely with producer Bill Stevenson, of the Descendents and Black Flag fame. With Descendents on tour and Stevenson tied up, Rise Against stepped out of their comfort zone and began working with Nick Raskulinecz, the Grammy-winning producer who has partnered with Foo Fighters, Alice in Chains, and Deftones.

Recording with Raskulinecz meant moving to Nashville, Tennessee—far from the band’s familiar worlds of Chicago and Los Angeles, and a firmly red state where Rise Against has rarely played. Political yard signs and conversations around town were constant reminders to the band that they were in new territory. And even though Nashville is a music town, it’s country—not punk or hardcore. During the band’s five months in the area, these outsider feelings shaped the identity of WOLVES.

Living in the South transformed the record in some unexpected ways. “As people on the news are arguing about immigration and class warfare, we are driving down the highway and seeing Civil War battlefields and monuments,” McIlrath says. “When you tour these battlefields, you hear about what kind of muskets they used. But shouldn’t we be talking about what got us to that point as a country?”

As further evidence of the geographic influence on the record, it’s comprised not just of anthems of resistance, but also reconciliation. Living in Nashville drove home that we can’t just focus on our differences, McIlrath says. If we can stop and talk to each other, face to face, we might realize our common ground. We are all wolves in the same pack, circling at the gates.

“They say we’re divided, we are conquered,” McIlrath sings. “But our enemies have never been each other.”