climate evolution

It bothers me to see how many people are saying stuff like “I thought Bill Nye was supposed to be the science guy, he’s buying into this SJW cuck libtard stuff! Science says there are only two genders!” in response to Bill Nye covering gender and sexuality on Bill Nye Saves the World.

…Like, did they even listen to what he said? Have they read any peer-reviewed literature about the subject? Is their understanding of “gender” limited to a middle school understanding of X and Y chromosomes? Bill Nye addressed chromosomes, hormones, genitalia and secondary sex characteristics when talking about how some of us don’t fit into the male/female sex dichotomy, and brought up psychology and neuroscience when talking about gender and its difference from sex, and also sexuality. The actual science of sex, gender and sexuality across the animal kingdom and across human behaviour is far more interesting than “lol nope science says there are only two genders.” 

It honestly makes me angry when people say “lol I thought this was about science” whenever a scientist says something about topics like gender, sexuality, climate change or evolution that annoys someone. You can’t just pretend science is on your side when your understanding of science is based on a grade school textbook.

Also, why is it only gender people seem to have a problem with? Yeah, basic school textbooks will talk about XX and XY chromosomes and the male and female reproductive system, but they’ll also talk about how humans have five fingers on each hand and how the eye works when everyone knows some humans are born with six fingers on each hand or born blind. Textbooks will talk about how our body metabolises fats, but nobody would say “lol no sorry science says otherwise” at someone (like one of my secondary school classmates) who had a rare disorder who couldn’t metabolise fats. We accept that sweeping statements about human biology are generalisations. Sure, there are limits - no humans have wings or feathers, that would go against science - but we all accept some level of human diversity outside the basic-level textbooks - diversity that’s described well in the advanced medical textbooks. So why is it people only apply this logic to gender and not other differences in human biology?

I think part of it could be the backlash against postmodern nonsense which suggests everything is opinion and science is no more objective than art, which is a blatantly anti-science attitude. But the idea that sex, gender and sexuality aren’t totally binary isn’t just postmodern gender theory, it’s actual science with empirical evidence to back it up. 

Democrats need to grow a pair and go on TV and radio and start actually slugging it out with idiotic Republicans. They don’t need to go low like the GOP, but fucking man the trench for once and don’t give an inch. Climate change is REAL. Evolution is REAL. Tax cuts DO NOT WORK. Healthcare is a RIGHT. Black people and muslims are being MURDERED on a daily basis. Trump COLLUDED with the Russians. Democrats need to start fighting like the world and people’s lives depend on it.
—  Levi Olson

fake news online: *exists*

people: “wow can’t believe Hillary Clinton is a devil worshipper and every celebrity is dead”

The New York Times, BBC, etc: *report accurately on Donald Trump*

same people: “fake news!!!! lying liberal media!”

Donald Trump & co.: blatantly lie, call the lies “alternative facts”

same people: “Donald Trump is telling the truth and all journalists are lying.”

scientists: *present evidence-based data, cite their sources*

same people: “fake!!! lies!!! climate change is a conspiracy theory!”

2

According to a recent study by Professor Cedar, Vaporeon has the capability undergo variant evolutions tied to its environment.

This is speculated to be due to the highly volatile nature of Eevee DNA and the evolutionary tactic of extreme adaptability all Eevee possess. To adapt expertly to climate and environment upon evolution, the pre-evolution Eevee will adopt aspects of other residing species of pokemon, ensuring an incredibly high survival rate.

The standard Vaporeon variant occurs if the Eevee has not resided in a particular environment for an extended time, or in heavily populated human city centres.

youtube

Powerful words from Neil, on the denial of science in America.

youtube

Watch dozens of Notre Dame students walk out in protest during VP Pence’s commencement address (For a related video, click here http://christiannightmares.tumblr.com/post/147452012196/trumps-vp-pick-mike-pence-doesnt-believe-in)

wired.com
Why Are Whales So Dang Big? Science May Finally Have an Answer
Baleen whales probably only grew colossal some 3 million years ago, and it was probably climate change that triggered the transformation.

Today one group of researchers offers a fascinating theory in Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Fusing the fossil record and phylogenetic work (that is, determining the relatedness of species to one another), they found that baleen whales probably got colossal just 3 million years ago—a sliver of time in the grand evolutionary scheme of things—and climate change probably triggered the transformation. That, of course, carries troubling implications for how the giants might fare as Earth’s oceans warm and acidify…

10

We’ve Lost Sight Of The Most Important Rule In Debating Science

“In science it often happens that scientists say, ‘You know that’s a really good argument; my position is mistaken,’ and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn’t happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day.”

There are many times throughout history that science – and scientists – have gotten it wrong. And there are many topics today that are quite polarized, from the Big Bang and evolution to vaccines, fluoridation, chemtrails and climate change. There are many public debates that play out, sometimes in nasty ways, surrounding all of these topics. Yet today marks the 97th anniversary of the most famous debate in the history of science, and there are important lessons from that momentum 1920 event that we seem to have forgotten today. If your goal is to convince other people that you’re right, don’t bother reading this. But if your goal is to arrive at a scientifically robust conclusion, and to make sense of the Universe based on that, read on.

The most important rule in debating science is to identify would take to convince us that our position is wrong. Come and find out what that’s all about!

3

Does warming water increase or reduce species? It depends on the water…

Climate change can raise water temperatures in habitats around the world and in general scientists had thought that species diversity tended to increase with warmer temperatures. 

But scientists from the universities of Bath and York studying an important group of aquatic crustaceans called the Anomura, which includes hermit crabs, king crabs and squat lobsters, found that warmer waters reduced the rate of speciation - the process leading to new species arising - in marine environments, but increased it in fresh water. 

It’s the first time this has been shown, and suggests there’s no universal rule about how species diversity is affected by warming temperatures. Instead they believe it is likely that responses to climate change are habitat dependent. 


Read the paper

Images: public domain

Okay, for real though…

Ever since Bill Nye has came out in support of transgender and non-binary people, I’ve seen a lot of people, who typically consider themselves to be very rational republicans and anti social justice, weep their crocodile tears because they strongly believe that Bill Nye has “betrayed” them, “betrayed” “actual science,” and has became nothing but a “liberal, feminist sell-out.”

Forgive me if I am wrong, but when have any of you ever considered Bill Nye as a “ally?” For years and years I’ve witnessed nothing but hate for Bill Nye by the political right. The belief that the study of climate change and human evolution (both of which Bill Nye has very strong opinions on) isn’t “real science” because they’re both just “conspiracies” made by the evil liberals to fool humanity into the propaganda of the “New World Order.” (Don’t even tell me that conspiracy theorists are a “small minority” in the political right movement when I see y'all “anti-SJWs” and “skeptics” subscribing to Paul Joseph Watson of “Infowars” and referring to his videos as “actual sources of information.”)

Bill Nye has always detested the political right and those who oppose social justice, but because he has came out in support of those who are transgender and non-binary, this is where you draw the line? Really now?

On Rural America: Understanding Isn’t The Problem

As the aftermath of the election of Donald Trump is being sorted out, a common theme keeps cropping up from all sides-”Democrats failed to understand white, working class, fly-over America.”  Trump supports are saying this.  Progressive pundits are saying this.  Talking heads across all forms of the media are saying this.  Even  some Democratic leaders are saying this.  It doesn’t matter how many people say it, it is complete bullshit.  It is an intellectual/linguistic sleight of hand meant to throw attention away from the real problem.  The real problem isn’t east coast elites don’t understand or care about rural America.  The real problem is rural America doesn’t understand the causes of their own situations and fears and they have shown no interest in finding out.  They don’t want to know why they feel the way they do or why they are struggling because the don’t want to admit it is in large part because of choices they’ve made and horrible things they’ve allowed themselves to believe.

I grew up in rural, Christian, white America.  You’d be hard-pressed to find an area in the country that has a higher percentage of Christians or whites.  I spent most of the first twenty-four years of my life deeply embedded in this culture.  I religiously (*pun intended) attended their Christian services.  I worked off and on, on their rural farms.  I dated their calico skirted daughters.  I camped, hunted, and fished with their sons.  I listened to their political rants at the local diner and truck stop.  I winced at their racist/bigoted jokes and epithets that were said more out of ignorance than animosity.  I have also watched the town I grew up in go from a robust economy with well-kept homes and infrastructure turn into a struggling economy with shuttered businesses, dilapidated homes, and a broken down infrastructure over the past thirty years. The problem isn’t that I don’t understand these people.  The problem is they don’t understand themselves, the reasons for their anger/frustrations, and don’t seem to care to know why.

In deep red, white America, the white Christian God is king, figuratively and literally.  Religious fundamentalism is what has shaped most of their belief systems.  Systems built on a fundamentalist framework are not conducive for introspection, questioning, learning, change.  When you have a belief system that is built on fundamentalism, it isn’t open to outside criticism, especially by anyone not a member of your tribe and in a position of power.  The problem isn’t “coastal elites don’t understand rural Americans.”  The problem is rural America doesn’t understand itself and will NEVER listen to anyone outside their bubble.  It doesn’t matter how “understanding” you are, how well you listen, what language you use…if you are viewed as an outsider, your views are automatically discounted.  I’ve had hundreds of discussions with rural white Americans and whenever I present them any information that contradicts their entrenched beliefs, no matter how sound, how unquestionable, how obvious, they WILL NOT even entertain the possibility it might be true.  Their refusal is a result of the nature of their fundamentalist belief system and the fact I’m the enemy because I’m an educated liberal.  At some point during the discussion, “That’s your education talking,” will be said, derogatorily, as a general dismissal of everything I said.  They truly believe this is a legitimate response because to them education is not to be trusted.  Education is the enemy of fundamentalism because fundamentalism, by its very nature, is not built on facts. The fundamentalists I grew up around aren’t anti-education.  They want their kids to know how to read and write.  They are anti-quality, in-depth, broad, specialized education.  Learning is only valued up to the certain point.  Once it reaches the level where what you learn contradicts doctrine and fundamentalist arguments, it becomes dangerous.  I watched a lot of my fellow students who were smart, stop their education the day they graduated high school.  For most of the young ladies, getting married and having kids was more important than continuing their learning.  For many of the young men, getting a college education was seen as unnecessary and a waste of time.  For the few who did go to college, what they learned was still filtered through their fundamentalist belief system.  If something they were taught didn’t support a preconception, it would be ignored and forgotten the second it was no longer need to pass an exam.  

Knowing this about their belief system and their view of outside information that doesn’t support it, telling me that the problem is coastal elites not understanding them completely misses the point.  

Another problem with rural, Christian, white Americans is they are racists. I’m not talking about white hood wearing, cross burning, lynching racists (though some are.)  I’m talking about people who deep down in their heart of hearts truly believe they are superior because they are white.  Their white God made them in his image and everyone else is a less-than-perfect version, flawed, cursed.  The religion in which I was raised taught this.  Even though they’ve backtracked some of their more racist declarations, many still believe the original claims.  Non-whites are the color they are because of their sins, or at least the sins of their ancestors.  Blacks don’t have dark skin because of where they lived and evolution.  They have dark skin because they are cursed and cursed people don’t deserve the things God’s blessed whites do.  God cursed them for reasons and it isn’t proper to question them.  If God cursed them, then treating them as equals would be going against God’s Will.  It is really easy to justify treating people differently, poorly, if they are cursed by God, will never be as good as you no matter what they do because of some predetermined status given to them by an almighty God.  Once you have this view, it is easy to lower the outside group’s standing and acceptable level of treatment.  Again, there are varying levels of racism at play in rural, Christian, white America.  I know people who are ardent racists.  I know a lot more whose racism is much more subtle but nonetheless racist.  It wouldn’t take sodium pentothal to get most of these people to admit they believe they are fundamentally better and superior to minorities.  They are white supremacists who dress up in white dress shirts, ties, and gingham dresses.   They carry a Bible and tell you, “everyone’s a child of God” but forget to mention that some of God’s children are more favored than others and skin tone is the criterion by which we know who is and who isn’t at the top of God’s list of most favored children.

For us “coastal elites” who understand evolution, genetics, science…nothing we say to those in fly-over country is going to be listened to because not only are we fighting against an anti-education belief system, we are arguing against God.  You aren’t winning a battle of beliefs with these people if you are on one side of the argument and God is on the other.  No degree of understanding this is going to suddenly make them less racist, more open to reason and facts.  Telling “urban elites” they need to understand rural Americans isn’t going to lead to a damn thing because it misses the causes of the problem.

Because rural, Christian, white Americans will not listen to educated arguments, supported by facts that go against their fundamentalist belief systems from “outsiders,” any change must come from within.  Internal change in these systems does happen, but it happens infrequently and it always lags far behind reality.  This is why they fear change so much.  They aren’t used to it.  Of course, it really doesn’t matter whether they like it or not, it, like the evolution and climate change even though they don’t believe it, it is going to happen whether they believe in it or not.

Another major problem with closed-off, fundamentalist belief systems is they are very susceptible to propaganda.  All belief systems are to some extent, but fundamentalist systems even more so because there are no checks and balances.  If bad information gets in, it doesn’t get out and because there are no internal mechanisms to guard against it, it usually ends up very damaging to the whole.  A closed-off belief system is like your spinal fluid-it is great as long as nothing infectious gets into it.  If bacteria gets into your spinal fluid, it causes unbelievable damage because there are no white blood cells in it whose job is to fend off invaders and protect the system.  This is why things like meningitis are so horrible.  Without the protective services of white blood cells in the spinal column, meningitis spreads like wildfire once it’s in and does significant damage in a very short period of time.  Once inside the closed-off spinal system, bacteria is free to destroy whatever it wants and does.  The very same is true with closed-off belief systems.  Without built-in protective functions like critical analysis, self-reflection, openness to counter-evidence, willingness to re-evaluate any and all beliefs, etc., bad information in a closed-off system ends up doing massive damage in short period of time.  What has happened to too many fundamentalist belief systems is damaging information has been allowed in from people who have been granted “expert status.”  If someone is allowed into a closed-off system and their information is deemed acceptable, anything they say will readily be accepted and become gospel.  Rural, Christian, white Americans have let in anti-intellectual, anti-science, bigoted, racists into their system as experts like Rush Limbaugh, Sean Hannity, Bill O'Reilly, any of the blonde Stepford Wives on FOX, every evangelical preacher on television because they tell them what they want to hear and because they sell themselves as being “one of them.  The truth is none of these people give a rat’s ass about rural, Christian, white Americans except how can they exploit them for attention and money.  None of them  have anything in common with the people who have let them into their belief systems with the exception they are white and they “speak the same language” of white superiority, God’s Will must be obeyed, and how, even though they are the Chosen Ones, they are the ones being screwed by all the people and groups they believe they are superior to.  

Gays being allowed to marry are a threat.  Blacks protesting the killing of their unarmed friends and family are a threat.  Hispanics doing the cheap labor on their farms are somehow viewed a threat.  The black President is a threat.  Two billion Muslims are a threat.  The Chinese are a threat.  Women wanting to be autonomous are a threat. The college educated are a threat.  Godless scientists are a threat. Everyone who isn’t just like them has been sold to them as a threat and they’ve bought it hook, line, and grifting sinker.  Since there are no self-regulating mechanisms in their belief systems, these threats only grow over time.  Since facts and reality don’t matter, nothing you say to them will alter their beliefs.  President Obama was born in Kenya, is a secret member of the Muslim Brotherhood who hates white Americans and is going to take away their guns.  I feel ridiculous even writing this it is so absurd but it is gospel across large swaths of rural America.  Are rural, Christian, white Americans scared?  You’re damn right they are.  Are their fears rational and justified?  Fuck no!  The problem isn’t understanding their fears. The problem is how to assuage fears based on lies in closed-off fundamentalist belief systems that don’t have the necessary tools for properly evaluating the fears.

I don’t have a good answer to this question.  When a child has an irrational fear, you can deal with it because they trust you and are open to possibilities.  When someone doesn’t trust you and isn’t open to anything not already accepted as true in their belief system, there really isn’t much, if anything you can do.  This is why I think the whole, “Democrats have to understand and find common ground with rural America,” is misguided and a complete waste of time. When a three-thousand-year-old book that was written by uneducated, pre-scientific people, subject to translation innumerable times, edited with political and economic pressures from Popes and kings, is given higher intellectual authority than facts arrived at from a rigorous, self-critical, constantly re-evaluating system that can and does correct mistakes, no amount of understanding, no amount of respect, no amount of evidence is going to change their minds, assuage their fears.

Do you know what does change the beliefs of fundamentalists, sometimes? When something becomes personal.  Many a fundamentalist have changed their minds about the LGBT community once their loved ones started coming out of the closet.  Many have not.  But, those that have done so because their personal experience came in direct conflict with what they believe.  My own father is a good example of this.  For years I had long, sometimes heated discussions with him about gay rights.  Being the good religious fundamentalist he is, he could not even entertain the possibility he was wrong.  The Church said it was wrong so therefore it was wrong.  No questions ask.  No analysis needed.  This changed when one of his step children who he adores came out of the closet.  He didn’t do a complete 180.  He has a view that tries to accept gay rights while at the same time viewing it as a mortal sin because his need to have his belief system be right outweighs everything else.  This isn’t uncommon.  Deeply held beliefs are usually only altered, replaced under catastrophic circumstances that are personal.  This belief system alteration works both ways.  I know die hard, open-minded progressives who became ardent fundamentalists due to a traumatic event in their lives.  A really good example of this is the comedian Dennis Miller.  I saw Miller in concert four different times during the 1990s.  His humor was complex, riddled with references, and leaned pretty left on almost all issues.  Then 9/11 happened.  For whatever reasons, the trauma of 9/11 caused a seismic shift in Miller’s belief system.  Now he is a mainstay on conservative talk radio.  His humor was replaced with anger and frustration.  9/11 changed his belief system because it was a catastrophic event that was personal to him.

The catastrophe of the Great Depression along with the progressive remedies by FDR helped create a generation of Democrats from previously die-hard Republicans.  People who had, up until that point, deeply believed the government couldn’t help the economy only the free market could change their minds when the brutal reality of the Great Depression affected them directly, personally.  I thought the financial crisis in 2008 would have a similar, though lesser, impact on many Republicans.  It didn’t.   The systems that were put in place after the Great Depression to deal with economic crises, the quick, smart response by Congress and the administration helped make what could have been a catastrophic event into merely a really bad one. People suffered, but they didn’t suffer enough to where they were open to questioning their deeply held beliefs.  Because this questioning didn’t take place, the Great Recession didn’t lead to any meaningful political shift away from poorly regulated markets, supply side economics, or how to respond to a financial crisis.  This is why, even though rural, Christian, white America was hit hard by the Great Recession, they not only didn’t blame the political party they’ve aligned themselves with for years, they rewarded them two years later by voting them into a record number of state legislatures and taking over the U.S. House.  Of course, it didn’t help matters there were scapegoats available they could direct their fears, anger, and white supremacy towards.  A significant number of rural America believes President Obama was in charge when the financial crisis started.  An even higher number believe the mortgage crisis was the result of the government forcing banks to give loans to unqualified minorities.  It doesn’t matter how untrue both of these are, they are gospel in rural America.  Why reevaluate your beliefs and voting patterns when scapegoats are available?  

How do you make climate change personal to someone who believes only God can alter the weather?  How do you make racial equality personal to someone who believes whites are naturally superior to non-whites? How do you make gender equality personal to someone who believes women are supposed to be subservient to men by God’s command?  How do you get someone to view minorities as not threatening personal to people who don’t live around and never interact with them?  How do you make personal the fact massive tax cuts and cutting back government hurts their economic situation when they’ve voted for these for decades?  I don’t think you can without some catastrophic events.  And maybe not even then.  The Civil War was pretty damn catastrophic yet a large swath of the South believed and still believes they were right, had the moral high ground.  They were/are also mostly Christian fundamentalists who believe they are superior because of the color of their skin and the religion they profess to follow.  There is a pattern here for anyone willing to connect the dots.   “Rural, white America needs to be better understood,” is not one of the dots.  “Rural, white America needs to be better understood,” is a dodge, meant to avoid the real problems because talking about the real problems is viewed as “too upsetting,” “too mean,” “too arrogant,” “too elite,” “too snobbish.”  Pointing out Aunt Bee’s views of Mexicans, blacks, gays…is bigoted isn’t the thing one does in polite society.  Too bad more people don’t think the same about the views Aunt Bee has. It’s the classic, “You’re a racist for calling me a racist,” ploy.  Or, as it is more commonly known, “I know you are but what am I?”

I do think rational arguments are needed, even if they go mostly ignored and ridiculed.  I believe in treating people with the respect they’ve earned but the key point here is “earned.”  I’ll gladly sit down with Aunt Bee and have a nice, polite conversation about her beliefs about “the gays,” “the blacks,” “illegals,”…and do so without calling her a bigot or a racist.  But, this doesn’t mean she isn’t a bigot and a racist and if I’m asked to describe her beliefs these are the only words that honestly fit.  No one with cancer wants to be told they have cancer, but just because no one uses the word, “cancer,” it doesn’t mean they don’t have it. Just because the media, pundits on all sides, some Democratic leaders don’t want to call the actions of many rural, Christian, white Americans, “racist/bigoted” doesn’t make them not so.  Avoiding the obvious only prolongs getting the necessary treatment.  America has always had a race problem.  It was built on racism and bigotry. This didn’t miraculously go away in 1964 with the passage of the Civil Rights Act. It didn’t go away with the election of Barack Obama.  If anything, these events pulled back the curtain exposing the dark, racist underbelly of America that white America likes to pretend doesn’t exist because we are the reason it exists.  From the white nationalists to the white, suburban soccer moms who voted for Donald Trump, to the far left progressives who didn’t vote at all, racism exists and has once again been legitimized and normalized by white America.  

The honest truths that rural, Christian, white Americans don’t want to accept and until they do nothing is going to change, are:

-Their economic situation is largely the result of voting for supply-side economic policies that have been the largest redistribution of wealth from the bottom/middle to the top in U.S. history.

-Immigrants haven’t taken their jobs.  If all immigrants, legal or otherwise, were removed from the U.S., our economy would come to a screeching halt and prices on food would soar.

-Immigrants are not responsible for companies moving their plants overseas. Almost exclusively white business owners are the ones responsible because they care more about their share holders who are also mostly white than they do American workers.

-No one is coming for their guns.  All that has been proposed during the entire Obama administration is having better background checks.

-Gay people getting married is not a threat to their freedom to believe in whatever white God you want to.  No one is going to make their church marry gays, make gays your pastor, accept gays for membership.

-Women having access to birth control doesn’t affect their life either, especially women who they complain about being teenage, single mothers.

-Blacks are not “lazy moochers living off their hard earned tax dollars” anymore than many of your fellow rural neighbors.  People in need are people in need.  People who can’t find jobs because of their circumstances, a changing economy, outsourcing overseas, etc. belong to all races.  

-They get a tremendous amount of help from the government they complain does nothing for them.  From the roads and utility grids they use to the farm subsidies, crop insurance, commodities protections…they benefit greatly from government assistance.  The Farm Bill is one of the largest financial expenditures by the U.S. government.  Without government assistance, their lives would be considerably worse.

-They get the largest share of Food Stamps, Medicaid, Medicare, and Social Security.

-They complain about globalization but line up like everyone else to get the latest Apple product.  They have no problem buying foreign-made guns, scopes, and hunting equipment.  They don’t think twice about driving trucks whose engine was made in Canada, tires made in Japan, radio made in Korea, computer parts made in Malaysia…

-They use illicit drugs as much as any other group.  But, when other people do it is a “moral failing” and they should be severely punished, legally.  When they do it, it is a “health crisis” that needs sympathy and attention.

-When jobs dry up for  whatever reasons, they refuse to relocate but lecture the poor in places like Flint for staying in towns that are failing.

-They are quick to judge minorities for being “welfare moochers” but don’t think twice about cashing their welfare check every month.

-They complain about coastal liberals, but the taxes from California and New York are what covers their farm subsidies, helps maintain their highways, and keeps their hospitals in their sparsely populated areas open for business.

-They complain about “the little man being run out of business” then turn around and shop at big box stores.

-They make sure outsiders are not welcome, deny businesses permits to build, then complain about businesses, plants opening up in less rural areas.

-Government has not done enough to help them in many cases but their local and state governments are almost completely Republican and so too are their Representatives and Senators.  Instead of holding them accountable, they vote them in over and over and over again.

-All the economic policies and ideas that could help rural America belong to the Democratic Party: raising the minimum wage, strengthening unions, infrastructure spending, reusable energy growth, slowing down the damage done by climate change, healthcare reform…all of these and more would really help a lot of rural Americans.

What I understand is rural, Christian, white America is entrenched in fundamentalist belief systems, don’t trust people outside their tribe, have been force fed a diet of misinformation and lies for decades, are unwilling to understand their own situations, truly believe whites are superior to all races.  No amount of understanding is going to change these things or what they believe.  No amount of niceties is going to get them to be introspective.  No economic policy put forth by someone outside their tribe is going to be listened to no matter how beneficial it would be for them.  I understand rural, Christian, white America all too well.  I understand their fears are based on myths and lies.  I understand they feel left behind by a world they don’t understand and don’t really care to.  I understand they are willing to vote against their own interest if they can be convinced it will make sure minorities are harmed more.  I understand their Christian beliefs and morals are truly only extended to fellow white Christians.  I understand them.  I understand they are the problem with progress and will always be because their belief systems are constructed against it.  The problem isn’t a lack of understanding by “coastal elites” of rural, Christian, white America.  The problem is a lack of understanding why rural, Christian, white America believes, votes, behaves the ways it does by rural, Christian, white America.

Ravenclaw Headcanons
  • There’s a keurig (donated by a muggleborn, of course) in the common room with a magically self-replenishing supply of every k-cup flavor you can imagine because caffeine makes up 85% of a Ravenclaw’s blood
  • Muggleborns in other houses referring to their Ravenclaw friend as the spock of the friend group
  • Every Saturday night someone offers up their netflix and a random documentary/science special/history special gets projected on a sheet hung up on the wall of the common room
  • There’s a bulletin board with reminders to drink water, take stretch breaks, and eat at regular intervals
  • Ravenclaws using pens because fuck continuously dipping my quill i need to get these thoughts onto paper immediately and i don’t have time for that bullshit
  • Ravenclaws who run studyblrs
  • Ravenclaws organising study groups and group chats for homework help
  • Ravenclaws and Hufflepuffs teaching Slytherins and Gryffindors about self care because some of them perceive struggling with depression/anxiety/mental illness as being weak but those Hufflepuffs and Ravenclaws will have none of it and want their friends to be their happiest, healthiest, and best selves
  • new paintings/sculptures/art by Ravenclaws being featured throughout the common room every month so everyone can see how creative and wonderful their housemates are
  • Ravenclaws getting really existential/philosophical and their friends from other houses just going “what the fuck man i just wanna play exploding snap with you and now i feel like a speck of dust floating in the void”
  • Ravenclaws getting really heated when someone says they don’t believe in climate change/evolution or that they’re not a feminist or that they think reverse racism is real and their friends have to drag them back while they’re hissing, “ hhhhHHHH i haVE A FUCKING POWER POINT FOR THIS LET ME EDUCATE THIS THICK MOTHERFUCKER”
  • Ravenclaws who experience some kind of privilege their friend does not and absolutely SEETHING when they’re out with their best mate and someone says/does something discriminatory against said perfect angel best friend who is way cooler than your racist/homophobic/sexist/ableist/bigoted ass.
  • what do you mean not every episode of bill nye the science guy is on netflix?????
  • Ravenclaws who r total sluts for art
  • Ravenclaws who r total sluts for history
  • Ravenclaws who r total sluts for art history
  • Ravenclaws who are literally always ready to fight someone 25/8 but don’t actually because literally when has violence ever resulted in a positive outcome for all parties involved?? that’s right Patricia, never.
  • Ravenclaws going on day trips/adventures with their friends and planning out an itinerary because there’s so much to see and yes we do need to visit this obscure museum of bricks because it seems fascinating okay
  • Ravenclaws watching modern TV shows/movies about witches/wizards/magical beings and compiling a list of every factual inaccuracy they come across, complete with time stamps, external sources, and citations
  • instead of doing their fucking homework like they know they fucking should be
  • Ravenclaws being open to learning about new friends they make who have different political/socio-economical/religious/cultural backgrounds than them because it’s fascinating and they want to make sure they’re as aware and accepting of the diversity in the world as possible

ravenclaws, man.

as always, feel free to reblog and add your own! I hope you all enjoy!

-Paige💙

I think it’s so funny how liberals will condemn people on not believing in science when it comes to global climate change or evolution but when it comes to pretty solid incontrovertible science like “only females menstruate” science is baloney. science doesn’t know everything, science doesn’t know my feels.  

Watch Pearl Jam's Humble Rock Hall Induction Speech

A quarter of a century after they released their 13-times platinum debut, Ten, Pearl Jam remain one of rock’s biggest bands. They had sprung into the world’s consciousness with a mix of aggressive and emotional songs and have since refined their palate in order to write expansive, transformative rockers. Their last two albums have reached Number One on the Billboard charts, and they’ve never put out a studio album that has charted lower than Number Five. Moreover, they still tour regularly – having once taken on the concert industry by challenging Ticketmaster – and they still play two-hour sets to packed arenas.

On Friday night, the band appeared at Brooklyn’s Barclays Center to accept their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, following a speech by retired talk-show host David Letterman. The band’s current lineup – Eddie Vedder, Mike McCready, Stone Gossard, Jeff Ament and Matt Cameron – all appeared onstage to make speeches marking the achievement, as did founding drummer Dave Krusen. Read the band’s full speech below.

Stone Gossard: Maybe the most important reason we came tonight is not to receivethis honor, but to honor those who have worked so hard for this band, to help it function. All of us can fill sheets of paper with themany names, of our loving family members, our oldest and dearest friends, our influences,our idols, our collaborators, our counselors, our contributors, the people who mediated forus and assisted us in countless ways. They disagreed with us, respected us, encouraged us, gave us shoulders to lean onand cry on. They [dealt with] boring paperwork, endless organizing, agonizing phonecalls, computer work, torturous floods, drives, terrible conditions. They’ve hung lightingramps around countless tables. Purchased thousands of tambourines. Changed tens ofthousands of batteries. And even vacuumed our rooms, all to keep this band living on. 

To all these people we give our most sincere and dearestthanks. Your hard work and love and dedication means that this award is as much for youas it is for us. We give our sincerest thanks toGeorge, Kerry, Liz, Simon, our manager Josh, Liam, Donny, Nicole,Kevin, Brett, Jimmy, Jimmy V, Andy, Sarah, Dave, Pete,Sonny, Larry, Jesse, Key, Dan, Tom, Peter, Mellie, Gary,Pharrell, Anna, Ellie, Mark, thankyou so much. Tim P, Rob, Ryan, Avery, Will, Barron, Jess, Christian, Ziggy,Janie, Betsy, Scully, Jacquelyn, Margo, Rod,Diana, Ryan. Thank you to all the incredible artists who have created all of our incredibletour posters. But even more importantly than all of those folks, we want to thank our fans. Whose belief inus has carried us through the times where we didn’t believe or we lost hope or we lost each other. Thank you so much to the greater Pearl Jamcommunity. Keep doing what you’re doing. We’re having so much funwatching you.And lastly, I would like to thank our amazing wives, my amazing wife, Vivian, her beautifulfamily, our beautiful children, my mom and dad, my sisters and theirfamilies. Thank you all for giving us this opportunity. 

Dave Krusen: I’d like to thank the Hall of Fame. Pearl Jamsaved my life. And to my family, my kids, I love you guys. Thank you.

Matt Cameron: I would just like to thank my, my muse, my girl,my one special lady, April Cameron. My beautiful children, Ray and Josie. I would like to thankmy parents for letting me practice drums in theirhouse for probably a decade or so. I really appreciate that. My brother and sister for takingme to my first concert, David Bowie, Station to Station, 1977. I would like to thank my brothers in Pearl Jam for inviting me into theirincredible [band]. We so appreciate the fans and the life’s blood thatyou give to our art form of rock and roll. Thank you. 

Mike McCready: Woo! That feels good. We’re in pivoting moments of the changingforever. I’ve had nine of these. But the first was in 1976. I was a boy scout. One day, ateleven years old, when my friends Danny and Rick told me about the rock band, Kiss. Iasked my parents for a guitar that night. I want to thank my mom, Louise McCready, for herlove and support for teaching me about Warhol, the Rolling Stones and dying my hair. Mydad, Roy McCready, thank you for giving me love and guidance and teaching me to trainmy mind, body and spirit. Thank you to my first band Shadow and for letting me practice five days a week for six years in their house. Thank you somuch.To my second band, Pearl Jam, you’re my brothers. I love you. I love you guys. I love yourfamily. You guys did it right, but we'reonly as good as the people that are around us. Our manager, Kelly Curtis, MichelleAnthony, Michael Goldstone, Nicole Vandenberg, George Well, Johnny, ChrisAdams, Brennan O'Brien and everyone at our offices. Our fan club, our road crew, andevery person that holds us up. 

I want to thank the Red Hot ChiliPeppers for taking us out with the band and to the manybands that inspired me. Many that inspired me. Cheap Trick, Queen, Bowie, Hendrix, theStones, Beatles, UFO, Kraftwork, Ramones, Brandi Carlile, the Kills, SocialDistortion, Muddy Waters, Sex Pistols, the Clash, and my new favorite band, ThunderPussy. My friends and family, a lot ofyou are here tonight. You bring me laughter and teach me how to live. I loveall of you. All my friends and family are here tonight. All of our fans, thank you for hangingout with us before we go. Thank you to my amazing wife, Ashley, for keeping it all together, keeps my work together. Ilove you. 143. And our kids, Kaya, Jackson, and Henry, you inspire me to be a better parent. Alright. Thank you. 

Jeff Ament: When I was 13, my uncle Pat gave me some singles, which was, the key to a well-respected man. This coincided with reading Death of a Salesman, in 7th grade class. After that I was put in a course never to be Willy Loman, which somehow correlated to a lifetime of playing bands, so if I seem a little bit nervous, blame Arthur Miller as I’ve never been very comfortable in a roomfull of seats. In 1983, I moved to Seattle, looking for my tribe. Other artists, musicians, individuals, hardworkers, skateboarders. I found a lot of these folks – many are still my friends. Imet Stone a month after moving to Seattle. At those first Seattle punk rock shows, I metStone almost thirty-five years ago, which ultimately led me to our band community. 

Beinghere with the band, who have become some of my best friends in the process, makingmusic and art, traveling the world, supporting causes and programs together, making smalldifferences, meeting great artists and creative minds all over the world. That’s a pretty greatfucking life. It’s an honor in to be part of a club that includes so many of our heroes – Neil,the Clash, Zeppelin, the Stooges, Cheap Trick – but the fact is that we were affected by bands that aren’t here. So many important bands that made us want topick up our guitars and right songs. But the very best part about tonight is that mymom, who gave me the keys to the piano and my dad, who taught me abouthard work and community, they’re here with my family. So this is for everysmall town kid who has a dream. Thanks to everybody who supports us and inspires us.You’re great fans. Everybody who works with us with the band.Kelly, George have been with us for 27 years, 26 years. Thank you. Love you. 

Eddie Vedder: You’re kind. Thank you so much. I guess I’d like to start by thankingall those who came before us. The tetrapods, the primates, thehomo erectus. [Laughter.] Without them, we would be so much less evolved. And here weare on our modern technology, advanced technology age and we’ve got a lot of evolving todo. It’s evolution, baby. Climate change is real. That is not fake news. And we cannot,cannot be the generation the history of the world will look back on and wonder why theydidn’t do anything humanly possible to solve the biggest crisis in our time. Anythingcan be obtainable. The Chicago Cubs winning the World Series. This is proof. And I usethat analogy because, in regards to climate change, because it can be done, but here'sthe thing, we don’t have 108 years to wait. 

I’m lucky and grateful – two things I am every day. And I’m just grateful to be alive. And Ialso … I want to publicly apologize, you know, all of the, making our bandmates, making mybandmates suffer. For the singer who was flapping down the rafters and hanging off ofbikes and jumping off of balconies. They really didn’t deserve that. But, you know, they didn’t know that the person that they gave the job to, that their singer was reallyan Evil Knievel. But it was also about music. I swear, I used to be able to hold my wholebody up with one finger. But if the music wasn’t playing, I couldn’t do it with both hands. 

When I think about high altitudes, I think about my wife, Jill. Honey, I thought youwere sitting down in front. But, it’s so important, you know, especially if that kitegets way higher in the air, you really have to trust the person holding the line. And thatperson has to be loyal and believe in you and have to have the strength to reel you back, somy wife, Jill, I thank you. And … I’m looking forward to all our beautiful days on groundtogether. And I’m glad I get to hold the chord for you and you get to soar as you do.My two daughters, I’m trying to teach them everything I know, andthey teach me the rest. Which is more of than what I do know. And ifsomehow, some way, Chance the Rapper ever sees or hears this, I just want to tell him, mydaughter really loves you. And I also, Chance, want to thank you for all the great workyou’re doing in Chicago. That gives us all hope. 

I just love them more than anything, and that’s a lot, itsays a lot because I really love the Who! And the Ramones and the Band and Guided By Voices, and the list goes on because I listen to music every day of my life.And … a lot of that was in small apartments, when I grew up, we lived in some tight spaceswith my family, my mom and my brothers. My mom, she did really good parenting. Shewouldn’t tell us to turn it down, she would just kind of end up being fans of the bands thatwe were playing really loudly. And my brothers who I grew up listening to music withtogether, I always will try to play our songs and our new songs to them first. They’re suchgood brothers. They’ve known me long enough. They know when I’m pulling some kind ofbullshit. So they keep me honest and keep the records true.

You know, how lucky I was to meet Jack Irons. I'mworking as a crew guy in San Diego before my night shift,and I get to meet Jack, and it was the original drummer in the Chili Peppers. He also was amember of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame already. He’s here tonight. Without meeting him,none of this would’ve happened. I’m not in this building. I’m probably not evenon the planet. Jack, thanks so much. Thanks foryour friendship. Somehow when you’re so fortunate, you know, when you have a few drinks,and you’re taking that seat in the jump school or at the throne, is they’re all kings. We'reso fortunate. Every one of them is great. Matt Cameron’s really been the one. At a time when we didn’t know if – we weren’t sure what wasgoing to happen –  he had been able not just to survive, but to thrive.

I mean, he’s been one of my brothers. And he was going to end up receiving this happily with us orhis other group. So he’ll be back. He’s a great drummer.You are a great drummer! And Matt Chamberlain, Jack, who we got to play with this week for the first time in 25 years. It was great tosee him. He’s a great person. I really want to thank Dave Letterman for being partof our honor tonight. He doesn’t know, but when I used to work the midnight shift, fouryears of midnight shift – I used to get there 11 to 7 and there’s a small red TV on the securitycard, a small red TV and Dave was my copilot. Every weekday, every night at work for fouryears. And also, he’d have so many great bands on his show thatthey – I saw so many bands that Letterman influences. 

The first time on the Letterman show,and I’m just going to tell you my side of that quick story when I came into his studio and tookthe mic and sang, “Black.” He was doing it, “do-do-do do-do do.” He was doing that everynight for about three months. And I was always watching the show and it was starting tomake me fucking crazy. And then it started getting weird. I remember I smoked a little something. I’m sitting there,end of the night, kind of relaxing, and he kept asking, “Paul, when is this band going to beon the show?” “I don’t know. I haven–” “Did you call?” “I haven’t.” And he starts looking inthe TV. And I’m stoned. And Dave Letterman who was my copilotwith the security thing, he just looks into the camera like he’s looking into my bedroom …“Eddie? Eddie? Come here, Eddie.” It was fucked up. I thought the TV was talking to me. Ilost my mind.  Serious thought, you know, you might have to go to rehab. You'retripping balls right now. 

So last thing, we’ve been through a lot, this group, and if it weren’t for everybody outhearing about our music, if it weren’t for everybody out here who came to the shows … Those are the things that really kept us together when we felt theresponsibility to the music was bigger than ourselves or our own personal needs. We knew we were better together than apart. It was you. I love these people so much. I feel like maybe we’re about halfway there to deserving something,immaculate of this statue, maybe halfway there. But this is very encouraging. And we'revery grateful. Thank you. 

Find out five things you didn’t know about Pearl Jam’s ‘Ten’.

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