Pottery ostracon (an inscribed
potsherd), with 11 lines of Demotic inscription on one side; the text is
a receipt for a rent payment on land owned by the temple of Amun at
Thebes (modern Luxor); it is dated to 102 BC, in the reign of Cleopatra
III and Ptolemy X Alexander I, and signed by witnesses.
‘Herakleitos, son of Aristippus, has paid for the rent of his garden in
the grain fields of Ophi (Karnak temple lands), which was leased before
Amun-Re, king of the gods, the great god, together with his wine tax (?)
for a garden, two keramia (measures) of wine for his garden, and for
the … of the produce half a keramion of wine, making two-and-a-half
keramia of wine. They are received by reckoning. Written by … son of
Khapokhonsis, year 15 = year 12, the month of Thoth, day 25. Written by
Horus son of …-khons. Written by Onnophris son of Horus. Written by
Teos son of Khapokhonsis.’ Translation adapted from H. Thompson, in
Theban Ostraca (London 1913).
I will be treble-sinew’d, hearted, breathed, And fight maliciously: for when mine hours Were nice and lucky, men did ransom lives Of me for jests; but now I’ll set my teeth, And send to darkness all that stop me. Come, Let’s have one other gaudy night: call to me All my sad captains; fill our bowls once more; Let’s mock the midnight bell.