classe touriste

6

Tupolev Tu-144, the world’s first supersonic commercial airliner, but unlike the Concorde, a complete failure that among other things, had a noisy and hot cabin, vibration problems, and higher-than-expected fuel consumption.

Introduced to passenger service in 1978 (two years after the Concorde), and quietly retired from commercial service in 1983 as a mail freighter, one of the most notorious but often overlooked failures in civilian aviation.

16 units were build, and out of those two crashed during non-commercial flights.

General characteristics

Crew: 3
Capacity: 140 passengers (11 1-st class & 129 tourist class)
Length: 65.70 m (215.54 ft)
Wingspan: 28.80 m (with wingtips) (94.48 ft)
Height: 12.55 m (41.00 ft)
Wing area: 506.35 m² (5,450 ft²)
Empty weight: 99,200 kg (218,500 lb)
Loaded weight: 125,000 kg (275,330 lb)
Max. takeoff weight: 207,000 kg (455,950 lb)
Powerplant: 4 × Kolesov RD-36-51 turbojet, 240 kN (44,122 lbf)[N 6] each

Performance

Cruise speed: Mach 2.15 (2,120 km/h (1,320 mph))
Range: 4000 mi (6,500 km)
Service ceiling: 20,000 m (65,600 ft)
Rate of climb: 3,000 m/min (9,840 ft/min)
Wing loading: 410.96 kg/m² (84.20 lb/ft²)
Thrust/weight: 0.44