Mexico is perhaps most well-known, archaeologically speaking, as the
home of the Aztec civilization. Yet, before the arrival of the Aztecs,
another sophisticated civilization, the Olmecs, ruled the region for
almost 1000 years. Although pre-Olmec cultures had already existed in
the region, the Olmecs have been called the cultura madre, meaning the
‘mother culture’, of Central America. By 400 B.C., the Olmecs
mysteriously vanished, the cause of which is still unknown.
“Tens of thousands of young women from regions devastated by the earthquake in Nepal are being targeted by human traffickers supplying a network of brothels across south Asia, campaigners in Kathmandu and affected areas say.
"The 7.8-magnitude quake, which killed more than 7,000 people, has devastated poor rural communities, with hundreds of thousands losing their homes and possessions. Girls and young women in these communities have long been targeted by traffickers, who abduct them and force them into sex work.
"The UN and local NGOs estimate 12,000 to 15,000 girls a year are trafficked from Nepal. Some are taken overseas, to South Korea and as far as South Africa. But the majority end up in Indian brothels where tens of thousands are working in appalling conditions.”
5 Ancient Black Civilizations That Were Not in Africa
The Minoans Ancient Greece
Archaeologist Manfred Bietak conducted extensive research on ancient Greek civilizations and their connections to ancient Egypt. Bietak
unearthed evidence from artwork as early as 7000 B.C. that depicts the
early people inhabiting Greece were of African descent.
The Minoan culture of Ancient Greece reached its peak at about 1600
B.C. They were known for their vibrant cities, opulent palaces and
established trade connections. Minoan artwork is recognized as a major
era of visual achievement in art history. Pottery, sculptures and
frescoes from the Minoan Bronze age grace museum displays all over the
world. Palace ruins indicate remnants of paved roads and piped water
Indus Kush Civilization
On March 3, 2000, historian Runoko Rashidi gave a lecture in
Honolulu, Hawaii, about the presence of Black people in ancient and
modern India. He stated that the face of India changed around 2000 B.C.
when nomadic people Indo-Europeans or Aryans traveled to the Innis
Valley and other fertile locations in southern India.
Prior to the invasion, Blacks in India built rich and advanced
civilizations. Author Wayne Chandler recanted his amazing discoveries
about Blacks in ancient India in his book “African Presence in Early
Asia.” The remarkable cities of Harrappa and Mohenjo-daro are only two
of the many cities built by Black people. These cities cover large
regions of northern India and modern-day Pakistan.
The Olmecs were an ancient civilization in the Americas. Researchers
such as Rashidi, Ivan Van Sertima and Alexander Von Wuthenau have
discovered and shared evidence showing that the original inhabitants of
Mexico were of African descent. The Olmecs were no different from people
found in the Mende regions of West Africa.
Best known for carving the colossal stone heads that date back to
1100 B.C., more evidence of their existence before European explorers
has been found. The Olmecs built pyramid-like structures made of mud in
Mexico. They were also very artistic and created terracotta art that
displayed common activities like pottery-making and wrestling. To add to
their achievements, the Olmec people developed a calendar system around
Shang Dynasty of Ancient China
In a genetic study published in the “Proceedings of the National Academy of Science Genetic,”
researchers found evidence showing the first African arrived in China
about 60,000 years ago. Researcher and population geneticist Li Jin
states, “Our work shows that modern humans first came to southeast Asia
and then moved later to northern China. This supports the idea that
modern humans originated in Africa.”
A 2009 published essay from the “Light Words from the Dark Continent; A Collection of Essays,”
by Nibs Ra and Manu Amun, offers insight to early Chinese
civilizations. It states that the first documented governance in China
was headed by the Shang or Chiang dynasty in 1500-1000 B.C. King T’ang
or Ta, founder of the Shang dynasty, was of African descent. The Shang
were also called Nakhi, which literally means “Black” (Na) and “Man”
(khi). King T’ang and the Shang dynasty were responsible for unifying
China to form their first civilization.
Many scholars have concluded that the founders of the first
Mesopotamian civilization were Black Sumerians. Mesopotamia was the
Biblical land of Shinar (Sumer), which sprung up around 3000 B.C.
After deciphering the cuneiform script and researching ancient
Mesopotamia for many years Henry Rawlinson (1810-1895) discovered that
the founders of the civilization were of Kushite (Cushite) origin. He
made it clear that the Semitic speakers of Akkad and the non-Semitic
speakers of Sumer were both Black people who called themselves
sag-gig-ga or “Black Heads.”
John Baldwin wrote in his book “PreHistoric Nations” (1869): “The early colonists of Babylonia were of the same race as the inhabitants of the Upper Nile.”
This was corroborated by other scholars including, Chandra Chakaberty, who asserted in his book “A Study in Hindu Social Polity”
that “based on the statuaries and steles of Babylonia, the Sumerians
were “of dark complexion (chocolate colour), short stature, but of
sturdy frame, oval face, stout nose, straight hair, full head; they
typically resembled the Dravidians, not only in cranium, but almost in
all the details.”
(PreHistoric Nations by John D. Baldwin, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1869, pg. 192)
(A Study in Hindu Social Polity by Chandra Chakaberty, Delhi: Mittal Publications, 1987, pg. 33)
(From Babylon to Timbuktu by Rudolph R. Windsor. Atlanta: Windsor’s Golden Series, 2203)
Plants are incredibly resilient, and can grow from the most unlikely places so long as they have a source of sun and water. These man-made objects, buildings, and entire cities are no match for the rapid growth of plant life. Check out these unbelievable photos of nature wining the battle against civilization. All mankind cannot fight the power of nature.
in 1978, scientists discovered a family of six that had been living cut off from all civilization deep in the Siberian wilderness for 40 years. They had no knowledge of cellophane, television, the Moon Landing, or World War II.
The Extremely Ancient City of Catalhuyuk, 7,500 - 5,700 BC.
One of the greatest questions to to plague historians is the question of when civilization began. This is a very complex question, after all, how does one define civilization? Typically scholars and regular people define civilization as having cities, writing, art, science, religion, industry, agriculture, and a structured society with a division of labor. So when did we as mankind adopt all these things? When did we cease to be hunter gatherers or nomadic herding cultures and become civilized.
Typically, mainstream historians set the date for civilization around 3,000 BC. This is roughly when complex societies began to sprout up in Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and China. All that came before is typically titled “pre-history”. However, archaeological anomalies have been discovered which shake the notion that civilization began on that date. For example, the most recent discovery of a large monolithic religious structure at Gobleki Tepe in Turkey challenges the mainstream theory, especially considering that it is dated to around the 8th-10th millennium BC, thousands of years before the supposed date of civilization. One site that most intrigues peashooter is Catalhuyuk, also in Turkey. While not as old as Gobleki Tepe (Catalhuyuk was occupied between 7,500 BC - 5,700 BC), I find it a much grander discovery than Gobleki. Whereas Gobleki was a religious site for nomadic peoples (at least the current theory goes), Catalhuyuk is a large city that once was host to a very complex and civilized society.
Catalhuyuk was originally discovered in 1958 by the archaeologist James Mellaart. Unfortunately Mellaart was accused of illegal antiquities smuggling and thus banned from Turkey, so earnest excavations of the site didn’t begin until 1993. What was found amazed archaeologists and historians, as they discovered a large, ancient city far older than any other site of its type in the world. Founded around 7,500 BC, at its height Catalhuyuk boasted a population of 10,000, and averaged a population around 5,000 - 7,000. The city was abandoned around 5,700 BC for reasons that are unknown. Consisting of a several buildings constructed from mud brick with plaster interiors, there were no city streets or foot paths, rather the buildings are constructed together into one large honeycomb-like mega building. Life was very communal, as people would have needed to walk through various rooms, domiciles, and buildings to travel through the city. Some of the buildings have been identified as religious centers, workshops, storage spaces, and graneries. Life in Catalhuyuk was not bad, in fact recreations and restorations of Catalhuyuk show that its people were not cave men but very civilized people who lived in a complex society. I myself wouldn’t mind living in a cozy apartment that looked like this…
Furthermore, Catalhuyuk had most of the things that we would define as being civilized. Evidence shows that Catalhuyuk was a mixed agrarian, pastoral (herding), and hunter gatherer society as granaries have been identified as well as hunting tools and art depicting hunting. Thus, the common diet was a well balanced diet that would have consisted of grain based foods, as well as meat and dairy. Evidence also shows that fruit, peas, and nuts were common. Numerous paintings, murals, sculptures, pottery and pieces of jewelry demonstrate that the city’s people had a complex artistic culture. Tools found on the site show that they had more advanced technology than most nomadic societies. Amazingly, flint originating from Syria and shells from the Mediterranean demonstrate that they had merchants with outside trade contacts. Most importantly the people of Catalhuyuk were not merely farmers, herders, and hunters, but to sustain such a culture there were also a number of craftsmen, artisans, builders, artists, merchants, religious professionals, and perhaps clerical and government officials.
One thing Catalhuyuk did not have that most other so called civilizations have is a system of writing. Thus, knowledge of Catalhuyuk is very limited as they kept no records and obviously nothing of their oral tradition survives. However, peashooter would definitely qualify Catalhuyuk as a shining example of early civilization. What is most intriguing is the thought that surely Catalhuyuk, and a couple of other sites, could not have been the only sites to have existed during that period. Surely there were other similar cultures and civilizations around the world at the time. It would seem ridiculous, if not outright preposterous to assume that Catalhuyuk was a lone city in a world populated by Neolithic cave dudes
What do you think about the whole "free the nipple" campaign, and about women being able to walk around topless in public? I know you've touched on the topic before, but I couldn't remember what you had said about it, or what resources you used.
I believe it’s a perfect example of modern feminism’s attempt to devolve modern civilization to prove some kind of moot point. Baring your naked chest does not empower you. If it did, then we should see more female politicians coming from the exotic dancing industry.
I’ve also heard the argument that public breastfeeding is natural, therefore we should be open about it around others. While I believe breastfeeding is a fantastic thing for mothers to do and do acknowledge that it is perfectly natural; defecating is also perfectly natural but we do not do that in public, now do we? It is not difficult to cover yourself up nor shameful to move to a more private location in order to complete the task. This notion that women must hide in a bathroom stall to breastfeed their child is completely bogus. There are plenty of options other than hiding in the bathroom.
Civility is one of the things that separates mankind from the chimps. We wear clothes to not only protect ourselves from the elements but also to prove we are a developed, rational, advanced society. If feminists are so eager to expose themselves in some kind of fraudulent liberation, perhaps they should move to one of the third world villages in South America where that is still culturally permissible.
The hyper-detailed ink-on-paper drawings by Ben Tolman depict the built environment and the effects it has on the people who inhabit it.
Cities (City, 2013) and suburbs (Suburbs, 2012), skyscrapers stripped off of their outer walls (Urban, 2015) or rows of one-bedroom houses, fictional or real,…