civil-rights-march

9

Baltimore: #SayHerName – Justice March for Korryn Gaines, August 27, 2016.

“This weekend also marks the anniversary of the August 28 Civil Rights March on Washington by Dr. King. On this important anniversary it is fitting that we march in Baltimore for Justice, for Korryn, for her 5 year old son, and for all victims of police terror! Make sure we #SayHerName.”

Endorsers include: Baltimore Chapter of Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Baltimore Peoples Power Assembly, Korryn Gaines Family, R.E.A.L. Justice Coalition (Philadelphia, PA, Tyrone West Family, Ujima Peoples Progress Party, Baltimore Palestine Solidarity

Photos by Rasika Ruwanpathirana

8

March On Washington -1963

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous “I Have A Dream Speech.”

2

“The civil rights movement is not over.” 50 years after Selma, we are still fighting for equality and justice. #Selma50 #Selma #BloodySunday

Watch on truth-has-a-liberal-bias.tumblr.com

Peter, Paul & Mary singing the Pete Seeger/Lee Hays song “If I Had a Hammer” at the Civil Rights March on Washington - August 28, 1963.  

 

2

Selma to Montgomery marches (7th march - 25th march 1965)

The Selma to montgomery civil rights marches were 3 marches starting on the 7th of march and ended on the 25th of march 1965. The marches were publicised as a 54 mile march from selma to the alabama state capital of montgomery. The march helped alert people to the civil rights movement and contributed to the voting rights act of 1965. 

Southern State legilslatures had passed a series of discrimanatory laws that had made many african americans unhappy with their state governments because they were prevented from registering to vote or voting itself  The Dallas County Voters League (DCVL) organised an campaign to get black citizens in dallas to vote but it was met by opposition from white officals in the area. The DCVL invited martin luther king and other prominent civil rights leaders to meet in selma. Local protests began consequently over 3000 people had been arrested by the end of febuary 1965. 

President at the time Lyndon B Johnson had been a fervent supporter of the civil rights movement and had spoken with King over the telephone to stop this injustice from and wanted to get a voting rights act passed through congress. He needed kings help to do this. MLK used selma as a base of operations to get black people registered to vote. 

On febuary 26th 1965 deacon Jimmie lee jackson died after being shot by state troopers following a peaceful protest march. In Order to cool the rising anger a protest march was organised from selma to montgomery by James bevel, a civil rights leader and director of  Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

On march 7th the march began as 600 protesters headed east out of selma up highway 80. They made their way into Dallas county where they were met by state troopers. The county sherriff had ordered all white males over the age of 21 to be deputized. The demostrators were told to go home. Minutes later protesters were beaten and had tear gas thrown at them. 17 people were hospitalized and the event became known as “bloody sunday” 

The Second march took place on march 9th and was personally led by King. Shocked by the images of bloody sunday african americans rushed to join the protest. State troopers stepped aside as the demonstrators crossed edmund pettus bridge. This would be known as “Turnaround tuesday”. That very night four KKK members attacked Minister James reeb who had marched that night. Reeb died in hospital two days later. 

The murder of james reeb led to national outrage. Including acts of civil disobedience targeting alabama state government. Activists demanded protection during rallies but Alabama governor george wallace refused. In response Lyndon B Johnson sent 2000 soldiers of the Us army, 1900 alabama national guard under federal command, FBI agents and federal marshals. The third march started on march 21st and ended on march 25th as they reached Alabama state capitol. 

3

August 28, 1963

President John F. Kennedy meets with the speakers from the day’s March on Washington. Earlier that day, over 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C. to demand civil and economic rights for African Americans in a demonstration known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. had delivered his historic “I Have a Dream Speech,” a speech that President Kennedy, along with millions of other Americans, watched on TV. 

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today!

After the March concluded, President Kennedy met with 10 of the speakers from the event at the White House. Initially, Kennedy hadn’t supported the March as he was fearful that violence at the rally would hamper his own civil rights legislation or that the speakers would directly criticize it. In fact, the Kennedy White House had agents positioned near the stage to cut power to the microphones if the speeches became inflammatory or dangerous. In the end, Kennedy was greatly impressed by King’s inspiring speech and viewed the March as a success that improved the chances of his Civil Rights Act passing Congress.