Bloody sunday was a civl rights march that turned into a violent massacre where 14 people were killed and more were wounded.
The protest started as a movement for Discriminated Catholics in the County of Londonderry. At the time the Northern Irish parliament was governed by a right wing unionist party who drew most of its support from the Protestant community. A civil rights movement grew as the catholics unequal representation in the Irish Parliament and the Central westminister parliament. Violence broke out betweent he catholics and protestants and In 1969 the British government sent a peacekeeping force to Derry, members of the Bogiside area were unahppy about the government intervening in their affairs.
In 1972 the growing discontent among catholics about the Unionist government in Northern Ireland and the conservative government in the Uk. Sparked a protest march in the creggan area of Derry. 10,000 people marched through the streets of Derry. As they moved through the city, barricades had been sent up by the peacekeeping regiment to stop the protesters reaching their final destination (Guildhall square, located at the heart of city). An group of youths began to throw stones had the troops, the army responded by opening fire on the crowd, chasing them down and throwing tear gas.
14 people were killed, all male aged between 17-41. An inquiry was set up to investigate the shootings, but it largeley cleared the british army of blame. The killings fueled catholic resent for the British and the terroist group, the Irish republican army (IRA) launched an offensive against troops stationed in Northern Ireland. In the following years the violence would get worse as Northern Ireland turned into a warzone. Until a ceasefire was reached in 1997.
A second inquiry was set up in 1988 and Lord saville, former justice of the Supreme court of the United Kingdom. His inquiry was published in 2010 and declared the killings of protesters “Unjustifiable”. The Government issued an offical apology and a murder investigation was launched to bring the soldiers at the shooting held accountable.
“I remember the morning I stood by the Washington monument on the great March in ‘63. And I really believed with all my heart that the beloved community was just around the corner. 7 or 8 years away. And now, here 30some years later or more, I know I will not see it in my lifetime. Even if I live to be 100 years old.“
-Wyatt Tee Walker