civil war guns

3

The Agar “Coffee Mill” Gun

A crank driven machine gun, this weapon competed with the Gatling gun during the American Civil War, however unlike the Gatling gun, the Agar gun would be officially adopted by the Union Army.  Interestingly the Agar gun used .58 caliber paper cartridges loaded with black powder, which were then loaded into steel cylinders, essentially a forerunner of the modern self contained metallic cartridge. Each cylinder featured a nipple upon which a percussion cap was placed to discharge the cartridge. Each of the cylinders were loaded with paper cartridges, capped, then placed into a hopper which fed into a revolving multchambered cylinder.  When the crank was turned, the cylinder would revolve, discharge cartridges and loading fresh cartridges from the hopper. Empty cylinders were ejected from an opening on the left hand side of the gun.

The Agar gun often suffered from overheating problems because of its single barrel.  To solve this a fan was added which was also powered by the crank which blew air into the action and internals. This also served to clear the chambers of any paper particles leftover from the discharged paper cartridges. In addition, it’s firing rate was limited to 120 rounds per minute, and in the case that the barrel did overheat it could be swapped out with a spare barrel, of which two were issued as accessories to the gun.  Typically the gun was issued with a light wheeled mountain gun carriage and a manlet to protect the gunners from enemy fire.  Due to its similarity to a hand cranked coffee grinder, the Agar gun was often nicknamed the “coffee mill” gun.

The Agar gun was personally demonstrated to Abraham Lincoln by its inventor Wilson Agar who claimed that the gun matched the firepower of an entire army.  Impressed by the design Lincoln ordered ten to be purchased immediately.  During the Civil War another 52 would be purchased by the Union Army, they’re mass adoption limited by their price and ammo consumption.

Kerr Patent revolver

Designed by James Kerr c.1855 and manufactured c.1859-66 by the London Armoury Co. for the Confederate States of America.
.44 cap and ball 5-shot cylinder, single action.

The London Armoury Co. was so dependent on its CSA contracts that it was dissolved almost right after the end of the American Civil War.

3

Colt Model 1855 Artillery revolving carbine

Made by Colt Manufacturing Co. c.1856-64 in Hartford, Connecticut - serial number 2499.
.56 caliber cap and ball, five-shot cylinder, Root sidehammer singel action, bayonet lug for sword-bayonet.

The carbine version of the equally rare Colt Root military rifle, nice firepower for the time.

1860 Colt Army — art by Michael Haynes

The .44 caliber Colt Army was one of the sidearms most commonly issued to the cavalry during the Civil War. This particular pistol, with its ivory grips is a civilian model. This was only one of many options offered by Samuel Colt on this popular weapon. The cap and ball revolvers of the day required loose powder and lead balls or prepared cartridges of paper, foil or even animal hide. The ammunition was rammed into each chamber by the loading lever below the barrel. The Colt and its holster are resting on a Navajo style saddle blanket.

“My hands are tied
For all I’ve seen has changed my mind
But still the wars go on as the years go by
With no love of God or human rights

‘Cause all these dreams are swept aside
By bloody hands of the hypnotized
Who carry the cross of homicide
And history bears the scars of our civil wars”

“Civil War” (1990) - Guns N’ Roses

7

Spencer Model 1863 Army repeating rifle with Blakeslee 1864 Patent magazine box

Manufactured by Spencer Repeating Arms in Boston, Massachusetts c.1864, magazine box manufactured by Erasmus Blakeslee c.1864 in Chicopee, Massachusetts - serial number 5164.
.52RF Spencer 7-round tubular magazine, the wood tin and leather Blakeslee box holds 10 spare magazines for a total of 70 spare rounds of ammunition. Lever action repeater, manually cocked hammer, full length musket-style foregrip with the barrel bands and the whole shebang.

The Spencer military rifle’s success with mounted Union infantry is what prompted its better known variant, the M1860 carbine, to be adopted en masse by Union cavalry units by the end of the American Civil War.
The magazine box however was barely used, despite 30000 units being delivered to the Union during the war.

2

The Colt Model 1862 Police,

After the successful introduction of the Colt Model 1860 and the Colt Model 1861, many police departments and security companies across the country requested that a lighter, more compact version of the Model 1861 be produced.  Police officers tended to carry lighter pistols in a pocket.  The Colt Model 1862 Police was a modification of the Model 1861 specifically designed for the law enforcement community. 

Built off of the M1861 frame, the Colt Model 1862 including several features to save weight and make the pistol more compact than other Colt Models.  First and foremost the M1862 featured a shorter barrel, around 3.5 to 6.5 inches in length depending on the customer’s request.  The revolver used a fluted cylinder, which was significantly lighter than the tradition round cylinders of other revolvers.  Finally the M1862 cylinder only held five shots (.36 caliber), whereas other Colt models were six shooters.  All of these features significantly decreased the weight of M1862.  The Model 1851 and 1861 weighed around 2.5 lbs, while the Model 1860 weight almost 3 lbs.  The Model 1862 weight in at a slim 1.5 lbs.

Around 28,000 Colt Model 1862 Police models were produced between 1862 and 1873.  While many were purchased by police officers and security guards, most were purchased by Union soldiers and officers during the American Civil War. 

5

Henry rifle

Designed by Benjamin T. Henry c.1857-60 based on the Volition and Volcanic repeating rifles, manufactured by New Haven Arms Co. c.1860-66 - serial number 3645.
.44RF Henry 16-round tubular magazine, lever action repeater, brass frame.

This is one of the few surviving example of an US ordinance Henry rifle purchased to arm the 1st D.C. Cavalry regiment. Most Henry rifles of the war were private purchases ; although expensive, its front-loaded magazine had an unmatched capacity for the time, earning him the reputation of being “a gun you load on Sunday and shoot all week long”.

anonymous asked:

My dear, you keep conveniently forgetting the single most important obstacle to the rise of a fascist dictator: a stable, peaceful, prosperous democracy. You can have every element listed in those fearmongering checkoff lists about fascism, but with that ginormous obstacle in play, fascism will never come to these shores. Not only that, our 2nd Amd rights and our professional military will ensure that our people will never be subjugated by force, whether by foreign threats or from within.

Ok, you now sound like an NRA nut…and that’s being nice about it. “Yeah! Civil war! Guns. Rah rah! American is infallible and untouchable! Pew Pew Pew!”. Just for the record, you know who owns the vast majority of guns in this country? His insane supporters. That’s going to work out great for anyone going against them.

Anyway, Second Amendment Armed Resistance lunacy aside, a “stable, peaceful, prosperous democracy?” you say. Ok. Let’s break down that fallacy with a few facts. 

  1. First and foremost, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit, as of 2017 the USA is no longer a “full democracy”, but instead considered a “flawed democracy”. Other countries on that same category? The Philippines, South Korea, and Greece for example. Great company we’re keeping.  
  2. Reuters just instructed it’s staff to cover the US/Trump the way they cover any other authoritarian regime. And yes, they used the word “authoritarian”. That means one of the largest and most respected international news agencies just put the US in the same context as Turkey, the Philippines, Egypt, Iraq, Yemen, Thailand, China, Zimbabwe, and Russia.
  3. Donald Trump filed with the FEC for 2020 reelection on January 20th, 2017. This is major for several reasons. First and foremost, it is NOT NORMAL. Obama filed for 2012 reelection in April 2011. Incumbent declaring before midterms is unheard of. Several MAJOR implications. If officially a candidate, can use candidate status to curry favor with PACs, businesses, other organizations. Because he’s acting as Trump the candidate, not Trump the president. Different rules apply. Even more importantly - completely changes how non profits can handle him. 501c3’s cannot “campaign” or risk losing nonprofit status. It means they can’t speak negatively about him. Imagine @PPact having to convey risk to #PlannedParenthood w/ limits on how to address. This throws nonprofits’ strategy for next few years into chaos. They must figure out how to work against Trump w/o “campaigning.“ And further muddies the already swampy ethical waters of financial gain, conflicts of interest, and business transactions. Filed 5PM #InaugurationDay2017. 5 HOURS after swearing in. This is what #TheResistance is up against. Diabolical maneuvering to skirt all conventional forms of #resistance. Norms don’t matter; it’s all about finding new ways to silence us. Again, THIS IS NOT NORMAL. Stay vigilant, stay ready to fight. We’re going to have to defy our own norms to resist. This is IRS regulation re. 501c3s. They’re smart, creative & used to this, but adds add'l hurdles/potential legal battles they don’t need. To re-clarify: likely motivation is raising $$ and using PACs for propaganda. Nonprofits know what they’re doing. But consider 1/28 events. W/ unprecedented legal/Constitutional challenges & Bannon at helm, don’t rule out attacks on previously held norms re. how non-profs operate. Addendum to thread: after getting more feedback, 501©3 issues are a discussion best had outside of the context of the candidacy filing.”
  4. This has actually come out of Bannon’s mouth: ““I’m a Leninist. Lenin wanted to destroy the state and that’s my goal too. I want to bring everything crashing down, and destroy all of today’s establishment.Bannon was employing Lenin’s strategy for Tea Party populist goals. He included in that group the Republican and Democratic Parties, as well as the traditional conservative press.”
  5. Military convoys in Kentucky are driving around the streets flying Trump flags on their tanks. 
  6. Cheeto Hitler threatened to send US troops to Mexico to stop “bad hombres down there,” in phone call with Peña Nieto that was supposed to patch things up after The Wall debacle. Let that sink in: The POTUS told the president of Mexico he would invade Mexico. Bannon has also said that he has “no doubt” the US will be at war with China within the next few years. This isn’t funny anymore. 
  7. Today Democrats decided to boycott the vote on Price and Mnuchin. Rules say you can’t vote on nominees without at least one person from each party present so Democrats just didn’t show up. The Senate committee went ahead and approved Trump Treasury and Health nominees without Democrats present after GOP unilaterally changed panel’s rules. I’m going to quote this:The GOP just broke major committee’s rules to push through the nominations of Price/Mnuchin. This is an unprecedented break in Senate decorum. This means the Senate GOP are turning the Senate committee’s procedures into House committee’s procedures. This is dangerous because the Senate is the only institution where the minority party has the institutional rules to stop the majority & make itself heard. Madison warned us greatly about the tyranny of the majority. That’s why our democratic system is by design an anti-majoritarian system. That anti-majoritarianism is embedded in the Senate & its rule. This is a clear signal coming from Senate GOP that they are willing to kill the filibuster. Institutionally, American democracy is in a dangerous path where majority means unconstrained & unlimited exercise of power.”
  8. Jeff Sessions, who thinks church/state separation is an “extraconstitutional doctrine” even when the prohibition against the government respecting the establishment of religion is literally the first thing in the Bill of Rights, has been approved as Attorney General by the Senate Committee. This is the same man who praised a law that singled out Jews and Asians, and made it harder for them to immigrate to the US.
  9. Republican Congressional staffers, without telling their bosses, are working secretly with Trump aides. This is straight up insane. Let me repeat: the Legislative branch secretly working with the executive branch is a serious violation of separation of powers. I mean, you have the House Judiciary staff working with the WH on Executive Orders without telling their leaders or bosses because they signed NDAs and you’re seriously trying to tell me the system is working? “A Congress that allows its staff to be secretly, contractually obligated to the White House is no longer a Congress.”
  10. Wildly respected political historians are sounding the alarms and analyzing the potential outcome of of Bannon & Co creating “shock events”. Read the whole thing. 
  11. The State Department has been purged and now the WH is telling anyone with a different opinion to just up and quit. Even if that doesn’t happen you now have three people with no political experience and some really fucked up worldviews leading it: Tillerson, Bannon, and Miller. Is that not concerning?
  12. Tiny Hands decided that he is going to freeze out an entire news outlet because he deems it “fake news”. 
  13. Canadian politicians are calling Trump a fascist in Parliament. 
  14. His sons, who supposedly handle the businesses he promised to divest from but hasn’t, are directly involved in government even after he promised they wouldn’t be. This is against the law yet where were they last night? Front row at the SCOTUS pick announcement.
  15. Trump has, is, and will continue to receive payments from foreign governments. That is a violation of the emoluments clause on the constitution. No one on the GOP seems too concerned about it. 
  16. There are Customs and Border Patrol agents openly and brazenly defying court orders that have yet to be held accountable by the criminal justice system.
  17. “Bannon is making sure there is no paper trail” of National Security Council debates & decision.
  18. Yates is the first AG to be fired since Elliot Richardson was fired by Nixon in 1973. This isn’t something that happens every day. That should tell you everything you need to know, but since you clearly don’t want to listen to reason then maybe listen to what the former DOJ spokesman Matthew Miller has to say about this mess“This kind of assault on DOJ’s independence has not happened since the Saturday night massacre. The president thinks he is above the law. In our democracy, the president is not supposed to dictate to the AG how to interpret the law. This is a major breakdown in the rule of law. A president who fires an AG over this will think he can fire an AG over, say, a probe into whether his campaign coordinated w/ Russia. Also, the next U.S. atty in line of succession was not Boente, but Zach Fardon. Did Trump go forum shopping for one who would follow orders? No matter what you think about the EO, the independence of DOJ is a principle that everything else in our democracy depends on. Sessions simply can’t be confirmed in this environment. At the minimum, he needs a whole new hearing to answer q’s about DOJ independence. But in reality, we now need an AG who is entirely independent from Trump, not one who was a member of his campaign.”
  19. The DNC has straight up called Trump “tyrannical”.
  20. Trump wants to make counter-extremism program focus solely on Islamic extremism. Basically he wants the government to stop going after Neo-Nazis or any other domestic hate group. 
  21. Anti-protester propaganda linked with blatant anti-semitism has gone mainstream.
  22. This statement by brilliant political journalist Sarah Kendzior who has spent her life covering authoritarian regimes and has basically predicted the Trump administration down to every detail for months now: “You should not be surprised at pace of admin’s destruction. You should be thinking many steps ahead, which means thinking fast, acting now. Speed of changes happening for two reasons: temperament and ideology. Trump spent 40 years making fast decisions, having others bail him out. Trump has always surrounded himself with actors to mitigate his damage quickly and often illegally, from Cohn to mafia to, now, Bannon. Difference with Bannon is that speed itself is an ideology. He is a sociopathic accelerationist who has said he will destroy US + will try. Those in power need to act quickly to preserve what institutions can check them before those institutions are destroyed, esp judiciary […] You will need to predict moves far in advance – and act with far more moral conviction and far less blind faith – to preserve this nation.”
  23. American citizens are being detained at airports and being asked if they love their country. People are being asked for the social media handles by CBP at airports and being checked to see if they post anything Anti-Trump. Canadians were turned away at the border the day of the Women’s March because they told CBP they were coming to protest Trump. CBP denied them entry and told them they would need visas to come back. 
  24. Trump is signing shit without even consulting the departments the EOs affect: “As President Trump signed a sweeping executive order on Friday, shutting the borders to refugees and others from seven largely Muslim countries, the secretary of homeland security was on a White House conference call getting his first full briefing on the global shift in policy.Gen. John F. Kelly, the secretary of homeland security, had dialed in from a Coast Guard plane as he headed back to Washington from Miami. Along with other top officials, he needed guidance from the White House, which had not asked his department for a legal review of the order.Halfway into the briefing, someone on the call looked up at a television in his office. “The president is signing the executive order that we’re discussing,” the official said, stunned.”

I’ve only mostly covered the last three days worth of news and I already hit two dozen points. I think I’m going to stop there but trust me I got a treasure trove more where that came from. I read policy news all day, every day. I am very well educated on what’s happening and I’m telling you, you’re dead wrong. 

Click on all the links and read this one too. When you’re done come back to me and tell me how great this “democracy” is working out for you. 

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Home made 23mm cannon being used in the Syrian Civil War

2

Moore 1860 patent revolver

Manufactured c.1861-1863 for the American civil war - serial number 82.
.32RF 7-round cylinder, single action, swing-out cylinder with loading gate.

The Moore revolver, one of the finest handguns of its days, made use of a small tab to get the cylinder to swing out of its axis, just enough for the small loading port to line up with the chambers. This was a pretty damn good design, but unfortunately it made the grave mistake of infringing on Rollin White’s famed patent on progress bored-through cylinder and thus had to be discontinued.