ummmm???? do people forget that hitler’s rise to power didn’t START with the holocaust??? like it wasn’t like day one he became chancellor and said “okay from now on, all jews are going to be put into camps”. it started so much more subtle than that. he started with quietly and subtly removing jewish people from civil services, from government positions, then from the entertainment industry, then from being on radio, then from medicine and sciences, then from not letting them go to university, THEN the nuremberg laws that officially classified jewish people as outcasts. THEN Kristallnacht. THEN ghettos. and then THEN the rounding up into camps. this all happened over a span of YEARS.
dictatorship doesn’t arrive with a slimy red bow, dripping with venom. it comes promising to make your country better by putting the blame conveniently on the backs of people that are easy targets and slowly raises the temperature on them until it reaches a boiling point. make no mistake. these ARE the signs of fascism. don’t pretend that there’s an overreaction when there really REALLY isn’t.
We will select between eight and 14 new astronaut candidates from among a record-breaking applicant class of more than 18,300, almost three times the number of applications the agency received in 2012 for the recent astronaut class, and far surpassing the previous record of 8,000 in 1978.
The candidates will be announced at an event at our Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas at 2 p.m. EDT on June 7. You can find more information on how to watch the announcement HERE.
1. What are the qualifications for becoming an astronaut?
Applicants must meet the following minimum requirements before submitting an application.
Bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution in engineering, biological science, physical science, computer science or mathematics.
Degree must be followed by at least 3 years of related, progressively responsible, professional experience or at least 1,000 hours of pilot-in-command time in jet aircraft
There have been 22 classes of astronauts selected from the original “Mercury Seven” in 1959 to the most recent 2017 class. Other notable classes include:
The fourth class in 1965 known as “The Scientists: because academic experience was favored over pilot skills.
The eighth class in 1978 was a huge step forward for diversity, featuring the first female, African American and Asian American selections.
The 16th class in 1996 was the largest class yet with 44 members – 35 U.S. astronauts and 9 international astronauts. They were selected for the frequent Space Shuttle flights and the anticipated need for International Space Station crewmembers.
The 21st class in 2013 was the first class to have 50/50 gender split with 4 female members and 4 male members.
These astronauts will be part of expanded crews aboard the space station that will significantly increase the crew time available to conduct the important research and technology demonstrations that are advancing our knowledge for missions farther into space than humans have gone before, while also returning benefits to Earth. They will also be candidates for missions beyond the moon and into deep space aboard our Orion spacecraft on flights that help pave the way for missions to Mars.
5. What will their roles be?
After completing two years of general training, these astronaut candidates will be considered full astronauts, eligible to be assigned spaceflight missions. While they wait for their turn, they will be given duties within the Astronaut Office at Johnson Space Center. Technical duties can range from supporting current missions in roles such as CAPCOM in Mission Control, to advising on the development of future spacecraft.
6. What will their training look like?
The first two years of astronaut candidate training will focus on the basic skills astronauts need. They’ll practice for spacewalks in Johnson’s 60-foot deep swimming pool, the Neutral Buoyancy Lab, which requires SCUBA certification. They’ll also simulate bringing visiting spacecraft in for a berthing to the space station using its robotic arm, Canadarm2, master the ins and outs of space station system and learn Russian.
And, whether they have previous experience piloting an aircraft of not, they’ll learn to fly our fleet of T-38s. In addition, they’ll perfect their expeditionary skills, such as leadership and fellowship, through activities like survival training and geology treks.
7. What kinds of partners will they work with?
They will join a team that supports missions going on at many different NASA centers across the country, but they’ll also interact with commercial partners developing spaceflight hardware. In addition, they will work with our international partners around the globe: ESA (the European Space Agency, the Canadian Space Agency, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and the Russian space agency, Roscosmos.
8. How does the selection process work?
All 18,353 of the applications submitted were reviewed by human resources experts to determine if they met the basic qualifications. Those that did were then each reviewed by a panel of about 50 people, made up primarily of current astronauts. Called the Astronaut Rating Panel, that group narrowed to applicants down to a few hundred of what they considered the most highly qualified individuals, whose references were then checked.
From that point, a smaller group called the Astronaut Selection Board brought in the top 120 applicants for an intense round of interviews and some initial medical screening tests. That group is further culled to the top 50 applicants afterward, who are brought back for a second round of interviews and additional screening. The final candidates are selected from that group.
9. How do they get notified?
Each applicant selected to become an astronaut receives a phone call from the head of the Flight Operations Directorate at our Johnson Space Center and the chief of the astronaut office. They’re asked to share the good news with only their immediate family until their selection has been officially announced.
10. How does the on boarding process work?
Astronaut candidates will report for duty at Johnson Space Center in August 2017, newly fitted flight suits in tow, and be sworn into civil service. Between their selection and their report for duty, they will make arrangements to leave their current positions and relocate with their family to Houston, Texas.
The Keynote (1915). William Arthur Chase (British, 1878-1944). Oil paint on canvas. Tate.
After attending the Regent Street Polytechnic Art School, Chase entered the Civil Service and became an Inland Revenue Officer but continued his painting and exhibited at the Royal Academy and several leading galleries. When he came to Bristol in 1908 at the age of thirty, he was already a well known portrait painter and a specialist in flower paintings.
I want to write this in high hopes of encouraging other people out there. I was in a bad place about 3 years ago, when my heart was broken, shattered completely by my dream job being ripped away from me. When I was 12 I began researching into a career in veterinary medicine, wanting so much to become a vet. Later on, in my teens, I knew that my grades would always be against me. So, I put the idea of being a vet aside, and went for a degree in Psychology instead, hoping to help people. But my dream of wanting to work with animals never left me.
The a few years ago, I tried out for veterinary nursing, getting the college course, but finding it impossible to land a work placement in a surgery. No one would take me on, even after doing some voluntary work. After that I began putting my CV into vets; over and over I tried to get a job in a surgery, even if just working on reception or as a cleaner. I desperately wanted in to the veterinary profession.
Then I got an interview with one company and the manager seemed very impressed with me. I kept calling back, asking for feedback on my interview and to see if I’d moved to the second stage which was a work trial. A month later I had the work trial. I, again, impressed the manager. However…they didn’t have actual hours for me to work. In her words,”I am so keen to have you, but we don’t have the hours.” This was a new surgery, yet they didn’t have hours for me to work as a veterinary assistant. I kept calling back, trying to get hours until the head vet flat out told me that they were working on skeleton crew and did not intend to take anyone on. It killed me. Emotionally and mentally I was a wreck.
I prayed again and again that the day would come when the door would opened and I could step into a vets and work with animals. But it never happened.
Instead, I went for an interview with the Civil Service working with a new team which are sent into various government departments to help with surges in work and crises the country may face. Reluctantly, I took the job when it was offered.
And now, two years later, I’m still working there. But I’ve travelled to many destinations across the country and helped in many departments. In a week I’ll be working in London with an area of work that I absolutely love the look of. My managers noted down my enthusiasm for this and chose me, along with four others.
And this job, behind the scenes, has brought in the finances to help me travel, giving me confidence in myself and my abilities. I’ve done things I would never have done if I’d have been given the veterinary assistant job. I wouldn’t have found my love of travelling, been to New York, be facing a holiday to New Zealand or be a more confident person in who I am and what I want in life. And now I’m starting driving lessons, which I put off for many years through my lack of confidence.
If anything, all of this has strengthened my faith. When I thought it would all break, it actually made it stronger than ever and has helped me trust God more.
So, my message to you is this: blessings don’t always come in the way we expect. You may be given something you don’t want at first, but with it comes other opportunities. Think of it as one big present and once opened, lots of smaller parcels are inside.
I hope this has encouraged you. :) Be blessed, folks.
The longer the story, the more failures there should be and
the greater the change that should occur.
This is the case for anything you write, but the more
episodic the series is, the more this holds true. TV series, ongoing web series,
and web comics are the most obvious examples of this.
Basically what this means is that your characters can’t succeed
at everything they try to do. One thing about shows like Supernatural (the
early seasons) is that you as the viewer know that, for the most part, by the
end of every episode, the Monster of the Week will have been defeated and
everyone you care about will still be alive and healthy. There are overarching
plots, but they are tangential to most episodes and don’t affect much.
In Stargate SG-1, on the other hand, they spend eight season
facing one major enemy (the Goa’uld), and they spend many of the episodes
fighting the Goa’uld in some form or another. And sometimes they fail and the
Goa’uld win, and sometimes they win and that later helps the Goa’uld win, and
sometimes they don’t fight the Goa’uld at all, and those missions may be either
successful or not to a lesser degree. Beyond that, there are lower level
failures: they try to make a spaceship and it almost kills some of them, they
try to make a new spaceship, it doesn’t work as hoped at a pivotal moment and
they almost lose the entire planet, they build a giant spaceship and it gets
stolen (briefly), they build more giant spaceships and one gets shot down over
a planet and then later they need to get that spaceship home and it
(temporarily) gets stuck in a giant sentient gas cloud. All of this means that
sometimes they don’t have a spaceship that can do what they need even though
they’ve been trying to build one for most of the show, but at the end of the
show, they end up with spaceships whose capabilities and weaknesses play a
pivotal role in the show.*
My point in recounting all of that (other than to get you
all to watch Stargate) is to show that, especially when you have a long series
where you want to show a great deal of growth (and I’ll explain why you need
that in a second), you can’t just have them win every time they try to grow or
every time they try to defeat an enemy. You have to have them fail, too, or
there will be no stakes and it will be hard to suspend disbelief.
So…why do you need
Basically, if you end up in the same place that you started,
what was the point of your story?
Well, you cry, they defeated the major enemy. Isn’t that
And to that I ask (because I like holding imaginary teaching
sessions): If they could defeat the major enemy (or if they could get the
girl/boy/non-binary person, or if they could get into the school they wanted,
or if they could do whatever else they want to do) with the capabilities they
had in the beginning, why didn’t they? There is no need for a story if your
characters have everything they need to succeed when the story starts.
And as for why you
need failure? Here are three reasons.
One, failure is realistic.
Things rarely work well on the first try, especially more than once, which
means that the more things a character (or group, organization, etc.) is
trying, the more they should fail. If you think about someone trying to learn a
language, they basically never (without an eidetic memory) remember all words
the first time they see/hear them, or use grammar perfectly on the first try,
or pronounce every word correctly. They will get some, but they will rarely get
all. The same should go for someone who is trying to learn how to fight, for
example. Even if you get everything right the first time you are shown it
(which may or may not happen), you’re not going to get it right every time. You
might fail more at some things than at others, or fail at the same thing over
and over. Sometimes it’s because you don’t understand how to do it, sometimes
it’s because your brain and your body aren’t communicating well, and sometimes
it’s because your muscles just aren’t strong enough or your body isn’t flexible
enough for it to work. Those are all failures that can and do happen in real
Two, failure raises
the stakes. If you know the main characters are going to succeed at
everything they try, or that their failures aren’t going to have any
consequences beyond that episode (or chapter, etc.), there are no stakes. There
is no concern for whether the character will do well or whether they will be
ready in time, because they always are. There is no risk, because there is no
Three, failure is interesting.
As we see in Stargate, entire episodes can be built around failures.
Failures make for interesting storylines, and sometimes successes that turn
into failures can turn into even more interesting storylines. You defeat the
Big Bad only to have a Bigger Bad rise up because of it? That’s a great
storyline, and shows what was ultimately a failure by the characters. You stop
someone for personal reasons at the expense of stopping someone for strategic
reasons? Great storyline, because it not only prolongs and changes the
conflict, it also adds an opportunity for personal growth and/or conflict into
With that, failures can also cause really interesting
interpersonal interactions. Let’s so all of the characters are counting on Bob
to pull off one part of the plan, and despite trying his best, Bob fails. Now
everyone blames Bob (or maybe some subset of them blame Bob, depending on their
personalities) and it causes tension in the group. Maybe this tension
ultimately leads to Bob leaving because he can’t take the blame anymore. Now
you have a splintered group all from Bob’s one failure.
What types of growth
and failure can you have?
(I’m glad you asked, me.)
Here are some examples (primarily for militaristic/adventure
type stories, but there’s a mix)**:
Building an army (or a group of people)
Not be able to convince people to
Have traitors in the midst
Have large numbers die/be killed
Have people defect
differences with allies
Building a new form a transportation
Not have it ready in time
Have it not go far enough
Have it not go fast enough
Have it fail mid-journey
Have it explode mid-journey
Building a weapon
Not have it ready in time
Have it not work
Have it explode in testing
Have it fail during use
Learning to fight
Not be ready in time
Hurt self while training
Not have the strength
Not have the endurance
Not have the magical capacity
Not understand the theory
Not perform key rituals
Perform key rituals wrong
Not have key materials
Learning a language
Not understand grammar
Be unable to pronounce words
Be unable to understand spoken
Know the wrong dialect
Have the wrong key
Looking for something
Follow misleading clues
Have someone else find it first
Not have sufficient forces
Not have sufficient ability to
Lose too many forces
Be unable to hold territory
Getting a romantic partner
Make bad decisions while
Forget significant dates/events
Say inappropriate or mean things
Misunderstand what is being said
Getting a degree
Not having enough money
Not studying enough
Not getting good enough grades
Not having the time
Having other life issues that
distract from it
Forming a government
Have ideological splits
Have political splits
Have factions form
Have coup attempts
Be unable to govern
Be unable to create a working
Be unable to create adequate civil
service (police, roads, etc.)
*Of course, Stargate has some of its own issues with this,
like the fact that Daniel has been brought back to life more than once, so the viewers stop believing that Daniel is ever
**When I use the term failure, I don’t mean that it is the fault of the character or organization (necessarily, though in some cases it might be). I just mean that it is not-success.
“Primitive Christianity abolishes the state: it forbids oaths, war service, courts of justice, self-defense and the defense of any kind of community, the distinction between fellow countrymen and foreigners, and also the differentiation of classes.”
—F. Nietzsche, The Will to Power, §207 (edited excerpt).
I already said stuff but I want to go into it further. The way the fans acted in Shawn’s recent charity event was not okay at all
I was just standing there waiting for shawn to walk by and take pictures, since he was. THEN BOOM! I was pushed against shawn, someone broke my shoe and the fans were screaming and not listening to shawn. I was so worried about him because he had little to none security and the fans were acting barbaric. I have bruises on my legs and I feel so bad for being pushed into shawn, I said sorry like 100 times then I pushed my way out of the crowd before I was trampled. Throughout the video I’m calm but in the inside at one point I was like “wtf is shawn, Geoff and I going to make it out of here alive??”
RESPECT SHAWN WHY IS THAT SO HARD TO DO?
PEOPLE WERE INJURED AND SHAWN LOOKED LOWKEY TERRIFIED. AMERICA NEEDS TO SHAPE UP! RESPECT! BE CIVILIZED!! Wtf why does this conversation need to happen. Shawn is an amazing kid and all those fans take advantage of him, if you were one of those fans who pushed their way I hope you’re disappointed and ashamed of yourselves
President-elect Donald Trump is accusing President Obama of
putting up “roadblocks” to a smooth transition.
In reality, I think
President Obama has been too cooperative with Trump.
In the waning days of his
administration, I’d recommend Obama take the following last stands:
1. Name Merrick Garland to
the Supreme Court. Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution gives the President power to fill any vacancy during the recess of the Senate. The Supreme Court is no exception: Justice William Brennan began his Court tenure with a recess appointment in
1956. Any appointments made this way expire at the end of the next Senate
session. So if Obama appointed Garland on January 3, the appointment would last until December 2017,
the end of the first session of the 115th Congress.
2. Use his pardoning authority to forgive “Dreamers.” With a flick of his pen, Obama could forgive the past and future civil immigration offenses of the
nearly 750,000 young people granted legal status under the Deferred Action for
Childhood Arrivals program. Without an immigration offense on their
records, they could more easily apply for legal status.
3. Impose economic
sanctions on Russia for interfering in the 2016 presidential election – including blocking all loans or investments by Russian nationals in all
real estate ventures in the United States.
4. Protect the civil service from the Trump transition. Instruct all cabinet
departments and agencies not to respond to any Trump transition team inquiry
that might intimidate any individual members of the civil service.
5. Issue an executive
order protecting the independence of all government fact-finding agencies: Included would be the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Bureau of
Justice Statistics, National Center for Education Statistics, National Center
for Health Statistics, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics,
U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Energy Information. (Trump could repeal the order, but
that would be politically costly.)
6. Issue an executive
order protecting the independence of all Inspectors General in every cabinet
department and agency. (Ditto.)
7. Issue a report on the outcomes of Trump’s and Republican’s proposed tax cuts and benefit cuts, showing which state’s citizens will most benefit from tax cuts
going to the richest Americans and largest corporations (overwhelmingly the citizens of blue states),
and which will lose the most from cuts in Medicaid and repeal of
Obamacare (overwhelmingly red states), along with estimates of such gains.
Heading in for week two of jury duty this morning. Myself and an elderly gent were the last two on my bus. He asks, “Where are you off to sweetheart?” I answer, "High Court.“ He giggles, "What did you do?” And I laugh, getting ready to leave the bus. He continues. “What are you in for? Stealing the hearts of men?”. I smile modestly. “Manslaughter.”