Citizens’ Council of Greater New Orleans broadside calling “all White citizens” to boycott Ford Motor Co. because of Ford’s support of the Civil Rights movement. New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. Circa 1963
this day in 1963, the March on Washington for Jobs
and Freedom took place. The march was a key moment of the Civil Rights
Movement, and a triumph for the nonviolence philosophy which underpinned
the movement. The march is best remembered for Martin Luther King Jr.’s
famous ‘I Have a Dream’ speech, given in front of the Lincoln Memorial, which extolled King’s vision of an America free of racial discrimination. Other speakers included chairman of the
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee John Lewis and veteran civil
rights leader A. Philip Randolph. When politicians in Washington heard
about the march many, including President John F. Kennedy, feared that
there would be violence and rioting. The peaceful gathering of over
250,000 supporters of civil rights, with many whites in attendance as
well as African-Americans, highlighted issues of racial discrimination and unequal housing and employment. The demonstration in the nation’s capital, and King’s speech in particular, spurred America into action and paved the way for the landmark 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act, vital tools in the fight for racial equality.
“I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live
out the true meaning of its creed. ‘We hold these truths to be
self-evident, that all men are created equal’… I have a
dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where
they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of
A Klan-planted bomb went off in the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. Fourteen-year-old Carolyn Maull was just a few feet away when the bomb exploded, killing four of her friends [Addie Mae Collins (age 14), Carol Denise McNair (age 11), Carole Robertson (age 14), and Cynthia Wesley (age 14)] in the girl’s restroom she had just exited. It was one of the seminal moments in the Civil Rights movement, a sad day in American history … and the turning point in a young girl’s life.
While the World Watched is a poignant and gripping eyewitness account of life in the Jim Crow South: from the bombings, riots, and assassinations to the historic marches and triumphs that characterized the Civil Rights movement.
In 1963 Governor George Wallace stood in the schoolhouse door at the University of Alabama in an effort to stop African-American students from entering. In the face of this, Bobby sent his Deputy Attorney General Nick Katzenbach down to Alabama to persuade the Governor to let the students in. – Ethel (2012)
On this day in 1963, segregationist Alabama Governor George
Wallace stood at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of
Alabama to prevent two black students (Vivian Malone and James Hood)
from attending. Around the United States, following the Supreme Court
declaring school segregation unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education
(1954), schools were being desegregated. Wallace became well-known
nationwide for his opposition to desegregation, famously declaring in his
inaugural speech “segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever”.
As Wallace stood in the door, he was confronted by Deputy Attorney
General Nicholas Katzenbach who, when Wallace refused to move, called
President John F. Kennedy who federalised the Alabama National Guard.
General Henry Graham of the National Guard then asked him to step aside
on the President’s orders, which Wallace reluctantly did, thus allowing
Malone and Hood to register.
this motherfucking white asshole right in his face after hearing that names given to black people were done as a way of marking them as property and as an act of cruel slavery calls said name a “gift?!” smfh.
shit like this is why i never get on a black person for hating white people. smfh.