civil liberties act

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In news coverage of the GOP health care bill, outlets should be asking how in the hell they justify premium hikes for survivors of rape, sexual assault, and domestic violence – all considered pre-existing conditions under the AHCA.

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August 10th 1988: Reparations for Japanese-Americans

On this day in 1988, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 into law, apologising and providing reparations to Japanese-Americans who were interned in camps during the Second World War. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, which prompted the United States to join World War Two on the Allied side, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order allowing the military to relocate Japanese-Americans to internment camps. The order withstood a Supreme Court challenge, and ultimately nearly 120,000 people were held in such camps. Those imprisoned suffered great material and personal losses, with most losing property and some losing their lives to illness or the violence of sentries. There were frequent calls for reparations for this crime against people of Japanese descent, and in 1988 the government officially apologised and provided for $20,000 in compensation for each survivor, with payments beginning in 1990. The 1988 Civil Liberties Act bill received primarily Democratic votes, with many Republican members of Congress voting against it.

“The Congress recognizes that…a grave injustice was done to both citizens and permanent residents of Japanese ancestry by the evacuation, relocation, and internment of civilians during World War II”

the-doughboy1917  asked:

You know, the more I study World War 2 the more I question whether or not the Ailles were just the Axis with a "Good Guy" label slapped on them. What do you think? Should we really consider the Allies good guys? Or were they nothing more than the opposition to the Axis?

Hi there! That’s a really interesting question, one I’ve given some thought to myself while maintaining this blog and reading up on the war. There’s definitely some truth to that old adage: history is written by the victors, and if there’s anything the current political climate around the world has taught us, facts are relative. Additionally, as I’ve tried to share via this blog, the Allies were flawed states themselves, and as time has worn on more and more attention has been given, rightfully, to the oftentimes unjust societies and governments of the Allied nations. 

Take the United States, for instance – the U.S. was still a segregated nation at the time, to the point of maintaining segregated units in the Army (like, for instance, the 92nd Infantry Division, of which 2 soldiers were posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor in 1997, when it was determined that they had previously been denied the award due to their race, and the celebrated Tuskegee Airmen). The racism and ongoing imperialism of the U.S., particularly the ongoing American presence in the Philippines (officially a protectorate of the U.S. at the outbreak of WWII) was often skewered by the Nazis in propaganda and leaflets

(Of course, there is a certain amount of irony here, as the Germans were equally happy to internally celebrate the resources provided by their own colonies in Africa.)

The internment of Japanese-Americans, too, has long been recognized as a shameful and clearly racist and discriminatory act by the U.S., to the point of reparations paid and Pres. Reagan apologizing on the behalf of the nation through the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.

Other Allies had their own issues as well; Great Britain was still a major colonizer at the time of the war, with the racism that inevitably comes with that, and heavily relied on the material wealth of those colonies (particularly India, a fact Japan attempted to exploit through political leaflets) to fund their war effort; the USSR, under the rule of Josef Stalin, imprisoned, exiled, and executed millions of so-called “enemies of the working class,” political enemies of the government, during the Great Purge of the 1930s. 

And these are just a few examples (went more into detail with the U.S., since, as an American, it’s what I’m most familiar with). I could wax ad infinitum about the sins of these nations. So there are really no black-and-white answers. And yet…

The fact remains that it was the definitive actions of Nazi Germany and Adolf Hitler that triggered the war. The invasion of Poland, the annexation of the Sudetenland, these were actions taken directly by the Third Reich, and sparked the war. (The failure of British appeasement notwithstanding.) And it is my view that the horrific actions of Nazi Germany, chiefly the Holocaust, cause it to cede any moral high ground. Any actor that partakes in literal genocide gives up any claim to the title of “the good guy.” Any state that directly causes the horrific death of approx. 11 million innocent civilians, 1.5 million of those children, on the basis of religion, race, sexual orientation, and political belief – and all to serve as a scapegoat so that the nation does not have to confront its actual problems – is morally bankrupt. 

The sins of the Allies should be recognized, taught, and discussed, in an objective and critical manner. This is how we learn from our history and progress as a society. But we should be very careful of, in that process, inadvertently engaging in apologetics for the Axis powers, by reducing the Allies to just their “opposition.” By and large, the assorted nations of the Axis engaged in numerous atrocities, through policy and through military action, and are justly condemned by history. The Allies, in fighting the Axis (and thus these atrocities), then, have as much claim to that label of “Good Guy” – inasmuch as any complex state can be called “good.”

There is so much to learn from World War II: chiefly, in my view, what a nation can do when headed by a fascist propelled to power by demagoguery and populism, and the time to learn from it has never been more important than it is now.

It’s Asian and Pacific Islander Heritage month as well as being Women’s HIstory Month, so today I thought I wold profile Yuri Kochiyama

Today’s woman of the day is Yuri Kochiyama. Kochiyama was a Japanese American human rights activist.

Mary Yuriko Nakahara was born on May 19, 1921 in San Pedro, California to Japanese immigrants. Her family was relatively affluent and she grew up in a predominantly white neighborhood. In her youth she attended church and taught Sunday school. Kochiyama attended San Pedro High School. She attended Compton Junior College, where she studied English, journalism, and art. Yuri Kochiyama was a school teacher at the Presbyterian church close to where she resided.

Her life changed on December 7, 1941, when the Japanese Empire bombed Pearl Harbor. After the bombings, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, which consisted of three tall white men,barged through looking for her father. Within a matter of minutes, the three white men took her father away as he was considered a “suspect” who could threaten national security. Her father was sick to begin with and he was just released from the hospital when the FBI arrested him. Her father died the day after his release.

The U.S. government ordered Yuri, her mother and brother to leave their home in San Pedro. They were forced to move to the War Relocation Authority concentration camp at Jerome, Arkansas, where they lived for the next three years. While interned, she met her husband, Bill Kochiyama. The couple moved to New York in 1948 and lived in public housing for the next twelve years.

In 1960, Kochiyama and her husband Bill moved to Harlem in New York City and became acquainted with Malcolm X and was a member of his Organization of Afro-American Unity. She was present at his assassination on February 21, 1965, at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, and held him in her arms as he lay dying. She was able to form with a bond with Malcolm X because she saw that African Americans were being oppressed as well. She was sitting in the front of the Ballroom when assassins came in and killed him.

In 1977, Kochiyama joined the group of Puerto Ricans that took over the Statue of Liberty to draw attention to the struggle for Puerto Rican independence. Kochiyama and other activists demanded the release of five Puerto Rican nationalists who were jailed in the United States for more than 20 years. According to Kochiyama, despite a strong movement enabling them to occupy the statue for nine hours, they intended to “give up peacefully when the police came.” The five Puerto Ricans were eventually released.

Kochiyama also became a mentor during the Asian American movement that grew during and after the Vietnam War protests. Yuri and her husband could secure reparations and government apologies for injustices toward Asian Americans such as the Japanese American internment. President Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act in 1988 which, among other things, awarded $20,000 to each Japanese American internment survivor.

In 2005, Kochiyama was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize through the “1,000 Women for the Nobel Peace Prize 2005” project

“Remember that consciousness is power. Consciousness is education and knowledge. Consciousness is becoming aware. It is the perfect vehicle for students. Consciousness-raising is pertinent for power, and be sure that power will not be abusively used, but used for building trust and goodwill domestically and internationally. Tomorrow’s world is yours to build”.

Yuri Kochiyama
1921-2014

The Bill of Rights isn’t for the prom queen. The Bill of Rights isn’t for the high school quarterback. The Bill of Rights is for the least among us. The Bill of Rights is for minorities. The Bill of Rights is for those who have minority opinions. The Bill of Rights is for those who are oddballs. Those who aren’t accepted. Those who have unconventional thinking.
—  Rand Paul
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In 1963, Yuri Kochiyama became friends with radical Nation of Islam activist Malcolm X, who inspired her work on black nationalism. She was famously with Malcolm X at the very end of his life. He was shot by assassins during a speech in New York City on 21 February 1965. Kochiyama rushed towards X’s wounded body and held his head in her lap – a moment famously immortalised in black-and-white photograph (seen in the image above).

In the 1970s, she staged several demonstrations – including the takeover of the Statue of Liberty, to highlight the plight of Puerto Rican independence. She was part of a group who successfully demanded the release of five Puerto Rican nationalists who had been held for over 20 years.
She was also a prominent figure in the Asian American movement that gathered pace after the Vietnam War protests, and mentored scores of young activists in the art of protest.
In the 1980s, together with her husband, she pushed for a formal government apology to the Japanese-American internees and reparations through the Civil Liberties Act. In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed it into law and $20,000 was awarded to each Japanese American internment survivor.
She also dedicated time to fighting for the rights of political prisoners and campaigning against nuclear disarmament.

Kochiyama was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize during the “1,000 Women for the Nobel Peace Prize 2005”. She passed on June 1, 2014 at the age of 93. RIPOWER.

With 18mr:

Yuri Kochiyama is a prominent Japanese American human rights activists and a huge proponent of Afro-Asian solidarity and solidarity amongst movements. In 1960, Kochiyama moved to Harlem in New York City and joined the Harlem Parents Committee. She became acquainted with Malcolm X and was a member of his Organization of Afro-American Unity, following his departure from the Nation of Islam. Yuri was present at his assassination on February 21, 1965, at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, and held him in her arms as he lay dying.  Kochiyama was also a member of the Young Lords, the group of Puerto Ricans who fought for Puerto Rican independence and at one point took over the Statue of Liberty to draw attention to the struggle.  She is revered for her six decades of intensive social justice commitments.


FOR MORE INFO Search: “Organization of Afro-American Unity”, “Young Lords”, “Civil Liberties Act of 1988”, “Mumia Abu-Jamal”, “MALCOLM X"

anonymous asked:

what is your biggest concern about said topic (xenophobia) for the Trump administration?

Our concern at the Japanese American National Museum is that tragic and unlawful events from American history will be repeated, or at the very least, there will be efforts to repeat them. Specifically, we are concerned that the type of registry that was created in 1942 by Presidential Proclamation 2537 will be repeated. This registry required individuals of German, Italian, and Japanese ancestry in the United States to register with the US Department of Justice. These people were not accused of any specific act or crime; there were targeted solely because the countries they or their relatives hailed from were now the nation’s World War II enemies. In recent months, there has been talk of a registry for Muslim Americans and we consider this unacceptable. Law-abiding people would to be subjected to government action for no other reason than their religion.

In 1942, the actions against Japanese Americans didn’t stop with the registry. Presidential Proclamation 2537 was followed by Executive Order 9066, signed by President Franklin Roosevelt on February 19, 1942. This led to the incarceration of 120,000 individuals of Japanese ancestry for the duration of World War II. History ultimately proved that there was no military necessity for this action and in fact, the American government apologized for the incarceration and paid reparations to the survivors. These were results of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, signed into law by Republican President Ronald Reagan.   

These historical actions were rooted in fear and stoked by xenophobia. We do not want this history to be repeated. The first step in preventing this is to speak out, as the museum and others have, to both raise awareness of this shameful chapter in our nation’s history and to work against the “normalization” of xenophobic rhetoric by our powerful leaders who we think should know better.

anonymous asked:

Black veteran was killed in jail by police. Said he couldnt breathe multiple times and they ignored it. His name was james brown and he fought in iraq.

Sgt. James Brown was an active-duty soldier who had served two tours of duty in Iraq.

But he didn’t survive a two-day DWI sentence in 2012.

Brown, 26, an Army combat veteran stationed at Fort Bliss, Texas, surrendered for a two-day sentence at the county jail in July 2012, KFOR reports. After one night behind bars, Brown reportedly called his mother to pay his fine so he wouldn’t have to serve any more time in jail. His mother paid the fine before morning. But by then, Brown was dead.

**Trigger Warning: Graphic video**

Brown, who reportedly suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder, can be seen thrashing in his cell as officers in riot gear subdue him. About 35 minutes later, he repeatedly tells officers he can’t breathe and loses consciousness.

Brown had no criminal record, and toxicology tests showed no illegal drugs in his body.

The autopsy results cited natural causes by sickle cell crisis.

The El Paso County Sheriff Richard Wiles issues a statement, released to KFOX14, agreeing with the autopsy.

“Mr. Brown’s death was an unfortunate tragedy. The sheriff’s office has conducted a thorough review of the facts surrounding Mr. Brown’s death and, based upon all the evidence obtained, determined that his death was caused by a pre-existing medical condition. The specific evidence cannot be discussed because of pending litigation.”

Medical studies show sickle crisis lies dormant until it is triggered by dehydration and stress.

Brown’s attorney said apparently more stress than can be triggered by coming under fire in combat twice, which Brown did.

His family said Brown showed no history of ever having a sickle cell crisis incident in his life and is convinced the medical episode was triggered by his treatment at the jail.

“He was bleeding out the ears, the nose, the mouth, his kidney’s shut down, his blood pressure dropped to a very dangerous level, and his liver shut down,” said Crow.

Brown’s story is a federal civil trial that is expected to go to court in October.

His family is suing for damages, claiming violation of the American with Civil Liberties Act because of Brown’s PTSD, excessive force, and lack of proper medical attention.

Islamist Anti-Semitism Is Not A False Flag

Imagine, if you will, that an FBI agent, embedded in a KKK organization. He speaks to a Klansmen who is deeply committed to White Nationalist ideology and expresses a desire to shoot up a historically Black church. He says that he thinks killing Black people is his “calling” and that it will convert other white Americans to the White Nationalist cause. The FBI agent, still undercover, says he’ll help the Klansman fulfill his destiny. He sets up a sting in which the Klansman enters a church, prepared to shoot, and is arrested.

Who would mourn the arrest of the Klansman? Who would say he was “innocent”? Who would consider him an unproblematic, absolute victim? Would the Left? Absolutely not! There might be a few conversations about civil liberties and how we could truly know if this man intended to act on his desire to kill Black people, but we certainly would not hear conscionable members of the political left saying that the man was undeserving of his fate, that he was not really a racist, and that his racism had been “invented,” staged, or forced upon him by the FBI agent.

Yet this is exactly what we see at the news that an FBI sting captured an ISIS sympathizer who intended to shoot up a synagogue:

Good faith discussions about civil liberties and what speech acts constitute a credible threat are necessary and important. However, I think it’s clear that, for many who see Jews and Israel as the central evil in the world, that is not what’s going on. Let’s return to my thought experiment.

Let’s imagine that the day after the Klansman is arrested, conservative media is aflame with outrage and accusations. This man was innocent, conservatives say. His desire to murder Black people was “fake,” “staged,” and “implanted.” Furthermore, there is not a clear link between his being a White Nationalist and having violent desires towards Black people. Of course, we’re not White Nationalists, they would say, but why is the government always trying to pretend that White Nationalism is such a problem? It kind of seems like they have something invested in it, don’t they? Doesn’t it seem like a secret plot? We have a Black president, after all, and it’s only natural that he would promote the interests of Black people over the rest of us. Yes, this cabal of powerful people is exploiting white, working-class men so that they can push a myth of Black victimhood and Black people can continue to receive unfair benefits like public housing and food stamps. We’re not saying that anti-Black racism is fake, the conservatives would conclude, but should we be suspicious of it since Black people seem to be the main beneficiaries of events like this?

Yikes. Anyone can see how that’s racist apologism and not a true discussion about civil liberties. Yet that’s the discourse that’s tolerated when it comes to Jews and anti-semitism. The FBI did not force this guy to become an anti-semitic ISIS sympathizer. They exploited it in a way that may or may not have been fair but violent anti-semitism is inherently constitutive of Islamist ideology. Jews are not the beneficiaries of this plot or its executors. This is not proof that Jews run the world or that anti-Semitism is fake or staged. The only thing it proves about the Jews is that they’re the target of obsessive hate from Islamists, which we already knew. 

Here’s another thing. People need to be careful about how they talk about all this. If you would be outraged if a White Nationalist blew up a synagogue but shrug your shoulders when an ISIS devotee does it, you’re implicitly supporting an ideology that says there are acceptable and unacceptable reasons to blow up a synagogue. Finally, it does not make you a good anti-imperalist to shrug your shoulders about ISIS. Here in the West, we may feel the effects of ISIS to a far lesser degree but I assure their crimes and the genocides they are committing are absolutely real to their victims. 

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Yuri Kochiyama (born May 19, 1921) is a Japanese American human rights activist. Raised in San Pedro, California, in a small working-class neighborhood.  When Pearl Harbor was bombed, the life of Yuri’s family took a turn for the worse.  Her father, a first-generation Japanese immigrant, was arrested by the FBI. When President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066 ordering the removal of persons of Japanese descent from “strategic areas,” Yuri and her family were sent to an internment camp in Jerome, Arkansas.  Due to these events, Yuri started seeing the parallels between the treatment of African Americans in Jim Crow South and the incarceration of Japanese Americans in remote internment camps during World War II. Subsequently she decided to devote her life to struggles against racial injustice.  

In 1960, Kochiyama and her husband Bill moved to Harlem in New York City and joined the Harlem Parents Committee. She became acquainted with Malcolm X and was a member of his Organization of Afro-American Unity, following his departure from the Nation of Islam. She was present at his assassination on February 21, 1965, at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, and held him in her arms as he lay dying.

In 1977, Kochiyama joined the group of Puerto Ricans that took over the Statue of Liberty to draw attention to the struggle for Puerto Rican independence. Kochiyama and other activists demanded the release of five Puerto Rican nationalists who were jailed in the United States for more than 20 years. According to Kochiyama, despite a strong movement enabling them to occupy the statue for nine hours, they intended to “give up peacefully when the police came.” The five Puerto Ricans were eventually released.

Kochiyama also became a mentor during the Asian American movement that grew during and after the Vietnam War protests. Many young activists came to her for help for several of the Asian American protests. Due to her experience and her ability to interrelate African American and Asian American activist issues, Yuri and her husband could secure reparations and government apologies for injustices toward Asian Americans such as the Japanese American internment. President Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act in 1988 which, among other things, awarded $20,000 to each Japanese American internment survivor. The process of issuing reparation checks is ongoing.

Over the years, Kochiyama has dedicated herself to various causes, such as the rights of political prisoners, working on behalf of Mumia Abu-Jamalnuclear disarmament, and reparations for Japanese American internment.

In 2005, Kochiyama was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize through the “1,000 Women for the Nobel Peace Prize 2005” project.

External image

For more on Yuri : http://www.amazon.com/Heartbeat-Struggle-Revolutionary-Kochiyama-Critical/dp/0816645930

themeyouneverwanttobe  asked:

So my question is what's the deal with hating Donald Trump? I actually support Trump, I voted for Trump. To me the left are the one that are truly making a big deal about this. Everyone is attacking the "deplorables" or the people that actually voted for him. America is yes, supposed to be about freedom. I can't even go on this site and feel comfortable anymore because people are constantly attacking Trump and attacking me for voting for him. He's not the best but at least it's not Clinton.

You’re right – there is a lot of “attacking” taking place. At the Japanese American National Museum, we don’t condone or support the attacking of anyone. We respect that President Trump was elected and we do not contest the outcome of the election. 

What we are concerned about, and speaking out about, are actions that the President and those close to him have proposed that we believe unfairly target specific groups in this country who are deserving of equality and freedom. We are speaking out about these proposed actions because we feel an obligation to so and we feel that a democracy demands that we do so. 

Here’s why: After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. This led to the unlawful incarceration of 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry—two-thirds of them American citizens—for the duration of World War II. No other group stood up for Japanese Americans or spoke out against this tragic action. But in 1982, the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians found that the policy of exclusion, removal, and detention was systematically conducted by the United States government despite the fact that no documented evidence of espionage or sabotage was shown, and there was no direct military necessity for detention. Further, the broad historical causes were found to be “race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership.” These findings ultimately contributed to the United States government issuing a formal apology and paying reparations to the Japanese Americans it had forcibly removed to concentration camps—the tangible results of the bipartisan passage of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. 

We are committed to not allowing this history to repeat itself. It was an attack on Japanese Americans and no other group should ever again be subjected to such treatment.

youtube

“If someone wants to know why their own government has gone on a fishing expedition through every personal record or private document — through the library books that you read, the phone calls that you’ve made, the emails that you’ve sent — this legislation gives the people no right to appeal such a search in a court of law….This is just plain wrong.” — Senator Barack Obama, 2005

I haven’t said anything about the ‘Women are obligated to vote for Hillary’ narrative yet because it’s mostly been an unspoken assumption, but if it’s going to be brought to the forefront and become a topic in its own right, I guess I can comment on it.

Not that anyone really cares what a random dude has to say about it, but I do want to throw one thing out there:

I expect the whole 'Women have to support women’ argument would be thrown out the window as soon as I or someone else mentioned Carly Fiorina. I mean, she’s a woman, right? Logically Gloria Steinem and Madeline Albright and every other self-proclaimed feminist needs to be rooting for her, right?

It’s easy to predict that the response to that would be “But she’s a Republican.”

And I’d say “Oh! So suddenly the policies of the candidate matter once it’s double-X chromosome versus double-x chromosome. Not from the beginning.” And I’d be really snarky about it, and the other person would get defensive and angry, and I’d be a jerk and push harder, implying that the other person doesn’t even care about any policies, they just want a woman as president. Doesn’t matter if said woman would continue business as usual, toadying up to Wall Street and the oligarchs, making a mockery of civil liberties, and generally just acting like a mere politician saying one thing and then doing another.

“Who cares if Jackie Robinson can hit the damn ball,” I’d say. “We just need to put a black guy out there for appearances.”

And the other person would get really pissed off, calling me sexist or a Berniebro (which at this point is supposed to just mean 'sexist,’ I guess), and I’d say if Elisabeth Warren were running I’d damn well support her, but Hillary Clinton isn’t even someone wearing an Elisabeth Warren mask, she’s Ralph Wiggum with a piece of paper stapled to her shirt that reads 'Elisabeth Warren’ and saying 'I’m Elisabeth Warren.’

And there’d be more back and forth, each of us getting more heated, maybe the other person trying to deflect by bringing up some issue with Bernie Sanders, and then when we parted ways we’d still be pissed off for the rest of the day, seething and/or going up to a friend and saying “You wouldn’t believe the shit I heard this morning.”

That’s exactly how it would happen.