In protest to murders, lynchings, and other violence directed towards African Americans, the parade was precipitated by the East St. Louis riots in May and July 1917, when between 40 and 250 black people were killed by white mobs.
East St. Louis riots
The ferocious brutality of the attacks by murderous white mobs, and the
refusal by the authorities to protect innocent lives contributed to the
reactionary measures of some African Americans in St. Louis and the
nation. Marcus Garvey
declared in a speech that the riot was “one of the bloodiest outrages
against mankind” and a “wholesale massacre of our people”, insisting
that “This is no time for fine words, but a time to lift one’s voice
against the savagery of a people who claim to be the dispensers of
They hoped to influence Democratic President Woodrow Wilson
to carry through on his election promises to African-American voters to
implement anti-lynching legislation, and promote Black causes. Wilson
did not do so, and repudiated his promises, and federal discrimination
increased during Wilson’s presidency.
The parade was the very first protest of its kind in New York, and the
second instance of African Americans publicly demonstrating for civil
rights so bravely.
100 years of civil-rights demonstrations: Photographs and newspaper coverage of the East St. Louis riots of 1917 and the NAACP’s Silent Protest against lynching and other unlawful treatment, New York City, July 28, 1917.
Summary: The reader – a bounty hunter – knew Ben Solo, and believes him to be dead. Now employed by the First Order, the reader lives in ignorance of Kylo Ren’s true identity. It is not until the two are required to go undercover to find Lor San Tekka that the secrets that Ren has masterfully kept begin to unfold.
Word Count: 4000+
Warning: Mention of dead bodies. (Not graphic. Just gross.) The reader fears death several times. The reader considers murder.
Leave the mask… Kylo Ren instructed himself. He found himself struggling to obey. During his years with the First Order, his mask had become a part of him. It was a tie to his grandfather, an anchor and constant reminder of the power Dark Side. To leave it just to meet with her – a bounty hunter – seemed ridiculous. You’re out of options, he insisted. If you fail to regain her trust, finding Skywalker will become impossible.
Kylo remembered Y/N from his time as Ben Solo. She was impossible to forget. She had been General Organa’s apprentice. From the time she was old enough to fire a blaster, she had been taught politics from. He had been insanely jealous of her at one point, and not just because of the attention that she received from the General. It was the confidence in her stride, the way she seemed to know that she could talk herself out of any situation. The way that she seemed unaffected by anything or anyone was something that had stood out to Ben Solo. He had hated that she could go about her life so unperturbed when he hadn’t been able to look at her in the eyes without his palms becoming sweaty and his heart rate speeding up.
The tables had turned, now. He was Kylo Ren. He was more powerful than anybody stuck in the narrow mindset of the Jedi could imagine. What was she? In comparison to the master of the Knights of Ren, nothing. Yet, the memory of who she had been to him caused him to remove the helmet. Already, the feeling of vulnerability attacked him. It was a pointless feeling, he knew. Y/N had been a master negotiator without any help. He needed her. That’s what she would do, he reasoned. Leave the mask.
Crash course Is an excellent way to prepare for your paper 3 examine, plus a helpful reminded.
IB will cover anything from technology advances from World War 1 to World War 2. With this being said, for example during WW1 it was considered more of a trench warfare unlike during WW2 air crafts and other forms of methods of travel became more available.
Know the difference between Single Party States and Multi Party States
Understanding the difference between foreign intervention, two great Civil Wars that demonstrate this the most is the Chinese Civil War or the Spanish Civil War
During WW1 the Soviet Union (Russia) was not heavily involved unlike during WW2
Gather Historian views such as AJP Taylor who wrote the Origins of the Second World War, even just one historian will show you understand the topics
Gather old IB examines and choose several questions from each topic to work out and gather more information
Choose something you’re passionate about, when I took my examine I studied China a lot so I could write about Mao Zedong’s rise to power, the Chinese Culture Revolution, or even the the Great Four Leap Forward
When Talking about Multi Party or Single Party states, look up how each one for example Germany Vs China treated women, education, etc
Be able to tie in anything including how the person who was head of the state lived, for example Mao grew up on a farm or Juan Peron married Evita who helped bring in social reforms and women’s rights which guaranteed him his presidency.
2017, the North Dakotan and federal government are still working with corporations, some highly militarized, to torment and brutalize peaceful Native American and Indigenous Peoples protesting the Dakota Pipeline.
These “official” groups have no qualms about treating peaceful civil disobedience demonstrations with dehumanized brutal force. Humanities being squashed in America.
International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia
1649: Levellers, Thompson, Perkins and Church shot in Burford, England for mutiny, on Oliver Cromwell’s orders.
1838: First Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women held in Philadelphia.
1917: Thomas Mooney had his execution stayed pending appeal.
1919: Winnipeg General Strike: Strike committee votes to permit resumption of bread and milk shipments.
1919: Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom formally established in Zurich.
1940: Emma Goldman was buried in Waldheim Cemetery in Chicago.
1947: US President Truman ends nationwide railroad strike with threats to take over the railroads and send in the army.
1957: The Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom in Washington, DC is at the time the largest nonviolent demonstration for civil rights.
1961: Nashville students, coordinated by Diane Nash, John Lewis, and James Bevel, take up the Freedom Ride, signaling the increased involvement of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
1968: Among others, Philip and Daniel Berrigan raided a draft board office in Catonsville, Maryland, burning over 600 draft files.
1968: Over 200,000 workers on strike in France as part of a general strike.
1968: Thousands of students march for second day in a row from Sorbonne to Renault works despite trade union leaders’ opposition.
1992: “Black May” events begin in Thailand as 200,000 people protest in Bangkok against the military regime.
2004: Marcia Kadish and Tanya McCloskey become first legally married same-sex partners in the US.
2007: Baristas at an East Grand Rapids, Michigan, Starbucks announce their membership in IWW Starbucks Workers Union.
2012: Quebec Student Strike: Government tables special legislation. It includes severe financial penalties for people blocking schools along with rules about how to protest. Protesters must inform police of their plans eight hours in advance, and police have the right to move a protest location.
2013: An anti-homophobic rally was held in Tbilisi, Georgia. the rally were met by thousands of protestors opposing homosexuality, who were allowed to break through a police cordon and violently pursued them, beating and throwing stones at them. The rally was the first officially sanctioned anti-homophobic demonstration held in Georgia.
“Gotham” is due to return for Season 3b on Monday and fans are buzzing about what’s to come. Star Chris Chalk, who plays Bruce Wayne’s friend and confidant Lucius Fox on the Fox original series, assured the International Business Times that the excitement and fanfare is well deserved.
Jerome’s (Cameron Monaghan) new Jokeresque look has dominated much of the conversation around the “Gotham” winter premiere, but it seems that’s just one of many bombshells creators Bruno Heller and Danny Cannon intend to drop on viewers in the latter portion of Season 3. Chalk revealed that in addition to some shakeups from Jerome, which tie directly into the winter finale cliffhanger, viewers should expect to see Lucius continue to work with the Gotham Police Department while doing his very best to serve Bruce.
“I think what you should expect from Lucius is…because of his failing Thomas Wayne earlier, he will not fail Bruce Wayne,” Chalk told IBT.
He explained that just because Lucius is no longer working for Wayne Enterprises doesn’t mean that he’s cut ties completely: Every move he makes is meant to serve Bruce in some way. Chalk explained that it may not always be obvious, but said that Lucius will “always have Bruce’s back.”
“His path has been altered by Wayne enterprises being corrupt,” he said. “Because of their corruption and him not being able to find the source of that corruption in an efficient manner, he’s moved on to the GCPD to try and help Gotham as much as he can while always keeping an eye on Bruce. When Bruce needs him [Lucius] will be there for Bruce.”
“Gotham” fans can also expect the remainder of Season 3 to feature many twists, turns and “‘oh my goodness’” moments along the way. Chalk revealed to IBT that there were several times during filming that even he couldn’t believe the direction the show had taken. He frequently texted with co-stars to discuss what’s in store.
“There are so many ‘Oh my goodness moments’ that even I would text my castmates and be like, ‘whoa, OK, so we’re doing that now? This is really cool,’” Chalk said. “I think it’s an exciting end of the season coming up.”
In addition to working on “Gotham,” Chalk has held true to his roots — appearing in yet another historically significant role. The actor is slated to appear in the “Untitled Detroit Project,” a film directed by Kathryn Bigelow which tells the tale of the 12th Street Riot of 1967. The initial riot began as a demonstration of civil disobedience in response to the brutality locals were experiencing at the hands of police.
“I think audiences will love it,” Chalk said. “They’ll learn, they’ll be informed. I think Kathryn is great at giving information while still being entertaining — not in an Abbott and Costello way. Gripping is more the word. The ones that know about the situation will maybe learn a little more and ones who don’t will want to go pick up a book afterward.”