citizenship certificate

I’m not the kind of person who asks for help like this but I am in a terribly difficult situation and I need to reach out in some way. 

My extremely conservative Muslim parents are keeping me under strict lockdown (I’m not allowed to leave the house aside from attending class, they have a printout of my uni schedule, they drop me off/pick me up immediately, I’m not allowed a copy of the housekeys, they’re forcing me to quit both of my jobs, I’m not allowed to wear makeup in public ‘because it makes me look beautiful’, they’re withholding my citizenship/birth certificate/passport/other documents from me…. their demands/orders go on). 

They are also forcing me into an arranged marriage once I finish my undegrad. I’m 21 years old and from the Toronto area and am legally able to leave but because I’m still enrolled in university for another semester, I’m too afraid to leave now in fear that they’ll be able to find me when I leave (I have family that attend the same university as me.) The day that I leave, I don’t want them to be able to have any way of finding me. 

I have plans to live with my partner when I leave in April but any donations to help support us would be so appreciated. Neither of us are in the greatest financial situations. I want to legally change my identity so that they won’t be able to track me down and I need money for that; I also don’t know if I can work until I can have my identity legally changed - there’s a lot about this situation that I have no clue out about and would appreciate any sort of support. I also have a history of mental illness (depression/anxiety/borderline personality disorder) and my mental stability has been deteriorating as a result of my current state. 

A link to my paypal is here: | alternatively,

If you’re unable to donate, I’d like to ask that you A) circulate this around and B) please contact me if you know/if you are a survivor of forced marriage. This is the scariest thing I’ve ever had to do in my life.

band10hut  asked:

Hey, do you know anything about Chinese immigration to America, especially paper sons and illegal immigration, before 1910, when Angel Island facility opened? I'm writing a story on a character who is Chinese and has to illegally emigrate from China to America by pretending to be a rich, legal man's deceased son to join his father in the late 1880s. Also, how much did the average Chinese farmer make in terms of wen and money? Thanks

Roughly speaking, you’re talking about 28 years between the Chinese Exclusion Act and the opening of Angel Island. This ask will be reblogged to @ushistoryminuswhiteguys, because it’s slightly better suited there, but I’ll answer here anyways.

That said: the larger influx of “Paper Sons” spikes after 1906. This is because in 1906, a fire sweeps San Francisco after the great Earthquake, and it’s the fire that destroys public birth records at the City Hall of Records. Because of this, Chinese men already living in the United States start to claim that they are born American citizens whose birth certificates were lost in the fire. 

 Chinese men already living in the SF area obtained U.S. birth certificates, claimed citizenship, and then claimed sons that were still in China. Because those men now had American citizenship, their paper “sons” could therefore also be eligible for American citizenship. 

Earlier “paper son” arrangements relied on testimonies and documentation that could be sold:

While trying to enforce the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the courts and U.S. Immigration documented the identities of existing Chinese in America.  Much of the documentation was based on oral evidence given by existing Chinese residents during court challenges.  Included in these documents were details of family history and village life.  This set of documentation became the first set of “paper son” certificates sold to people in China.

- My Father was a Paper Son

Those declared sons on paper would be sold as “slots” 

Prior to 1882, you don’t really need a paper son certificate, and prior to 1906, it’s not quite as easy to fake a paper son unless you’re referring to someone who was definitely born in the US. 

The first immigrants from China to California were in 1848, so you’re talking about someone who is an American born Chinese man who can’t be much older than 33ish in 1882, (so about 39-40 in 1888-1889)***, has the money/means with which to sponsor a paper son, and managed to meet all the requirements of the Exclusion Act, plus the 1888 Scott Act (prohibiting Chinese residents from being able to leave and then return to the U.S.). This rich man wouldn’t be able to leave to get his “son,” and the son wouldn’t be able to arrive without certification from the Chinese Government. 

***Naturalization would have been impossible due to the Naturalization Act of 1790, prohibiting Naturalization for non-white peoples in the U.S.  

The Exclusion Act outlined that the Chinese government would provide documentation stating that an immigrant was not a “laborer”:

That in order to the faithful execution of articles one and two of the treaty in this act before mentioned, every Chinese person other than a laborer who may be entitled by said treaty and this act to come within the United States, and who shall be about to come to the United States, shall be identified as so entitled by the Chinese Government in each case, such identity to be evidenced by a certificate issued under the authority of said government, which certificate shall be in the English language or (if not in the English language) accompanied by a translation into English, stating such right to come, and which certifi- cate shall state the name, title or official rank, if any, the age, height, and all physical peculiarities, former and present occupation or profession, and place of residence in China of the person to whom the certificate is issued and that such person is entitled, conformably to the treaty in this act mentioned to come within the United States. Such certificate shall be prima-facie evidence of the fact set forth therein, and shall be produced to the collector of customs, or his deputy, of the port in the district in the United States at which the person named therein shall arrive.

Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. [See also: US Nat’l Archives]

So in sum, it’s not really terribly likely from 1882-1906. Perhaps if this man was a merchant with documentation from the Chinese government who collaborated that the son was indeed his - pretty much only merchants had been able to bring both their wife and children to the U.S. 

The only exception I can think of would be this:

SEC.13. That this act shall not apply to diplomatic and other officers of the Chinese Government traveling upon the business of that government, whose credentials shall be taken as equivalent to the certificate in this act mentioned, and shall exempt them and their body and house- hold servants from the provisions of this act as to other Chinese persons.

Otherwise I’m not sure it’s very believable - just because it was so difficult outside of very specific circumstances like being in the employ of a government official, or pretending to be the son of a documented Chinese merchant. 

If you can push it back or forwards a few years (either pre-1882, or post-1906), then you have more wiggle room. I don’t have the average Chinese farmer’s salary of the time, except to say that Southern China (and the Qing dynasty as a whole) was suffering from the aftermath of two Opium Wars, the Nian Rebellion, the Taiping Rebellion, etc. 

Feel like that helped? Tips appreciated for Asian History - Keep History Diverse!

anonymous asked:

i saw a post about how when youre living in abusive situations you should keep a backpack full of necessities and soothing things so that if you need to leave bc ur in danger or upset youre prepared!! do you have any suggestions for putting that together if this makes sense?

sure, you can check this post (link), this tag, and here’s a list of some important things to bring (not everything will apply to everyone);

There are a few approaches to this. In my opinion, it’s a good idea to have a bag packed with everything you need ready to go and to store it somewhere accessible; if there’s a shed outside for example, that’s often easier to get to in an emergency. If you use a backpack or handbag every day, you can also put a lot of these things in it and make a point to return them after you use them, so it’s ready to go if and when you need to make a quit escape, and this can also help you avoid suspicion from your abuser/s. 

This list is huge because I’m trying to make sure I don’t leave off anything that may be important, but you likely won’t need everything here. Needs vary from person to person.

Money: Cash is ideal, and hold onto as much as you can. If you can open a secret bank account and move some money into it, that can help too especially if your abuser has access to your usual account. If you open another account with your current bank, the process is often easier and some banks have a system where they can link your accounts which makes it easier to transfer money between them (and the transfers are often instant). You can also keep gift cards for grocery stores (if you want to store food stamp vouchers, look into how long you can hold them before they expire, I’m outside the US so I can’t advise). 

Mobile phone: ideally, a fully charged phone (and pack the charger too) on an active plan in your own name or with credit on it, but even a phone without money on it can be used to call emergency services. If money permits, you can also pack a phone, SIM card, and recharge voucher, though both SIM cards and recharge vouchers do expire. Familiarise yourself with how to set up the SIM or set it up beforehand (but again, some expire after 30 days so how you approach that will depend). You may also want to find out whether your country publishes numbers in their directory - sometimes you can request that your number be kept silent.  

Keys: even if you’re not planning on returning. Whatever you usually take when you leave the house (e.g. wallet, keys and phone) should come with you. Getting copies of your keys to keep in your bag is a good idea. 

Contacts: support services for survivors of abuse often have fold-out papers that look like business cards and have phone numbers of support agencies you can call in a crisis. It’s also a good idea to have hard copies of the phone numbers of friends, family, caseworkers etc in case you can’t access your phone for any reason. 

Documents: ID documents (such as your birth certificate, citizenship papers, passport, drivers license, social security cards, proof of age card etc), bank and credit cards, medical insurance proof/medicare cards, restraining orders, adoption papers, custody arrangement papers, rental agreements, and copies of any statements made to police. It’s also a good idea to get copies; you can get verified true copies by getting a Justice of the Peace to sign them, and scanning or photographing your paperwork is a good idea. You can also do this with ID cards; photocopy front and back and get these witnessed by a JoP. 

Clothes: This depends on season and weather but always bring changes of undergarments including socks, and wear closed shoes. Focus on utility rather than fashion when you pack, and try to bring something for all weather in your area. Layering to stay warm is a good approach as you can add or remove layers as the weather requires.

Weather gear: raincoat, umbrella, sleeping bag, sun hat, sunscreen, insect repellant, sunglasses, thermal undergarments, a thick jumper/jacket and the like. 

Miscellaneous: A lighter, torch, batteries, a notebook or paper and pen, and any other tools you tend to use.

Hygeine and personal care: Medications and prescriptions, toothbrush and paste, menstrual pads or tampons, baby wipes/wet wipes (even if you don’t usually use them, they’re really handy), tissues, soap, banaids and antiseptic (or a small first aid kit if possible) and anything else you use regularly. 

Keepsakes: anything you don’t want to lose that you can carry, so things like jewelery (which can also potentially be sold or borrowed against), small electronics like tablets, diaries, photographs, mementos, etc. Things like stimtoys are a good idea too, and books if you like to read. 

Items for kids: a pacifier, nappies, wet wipes, clean bottles, onesies, blankets, toys, teething gel, any papers about their custody/guardianship and birth certificates.  

Bedding: A small pillow such as a travel pillow or an inflatable one, and a sleeping bag can be helpful (even with accommodation, sometimes the beds provided are less than stellar). 

If you need to pack light: focus on ‘wallet, keys phone’, medication and hygeine, and try to bring a couple changes of undergarments and socks. Anything you’d take for a night away from home should come with you. 

Other advice: Change your digital passwords, clear your internet history and cache, and delete anything your abuser/s could use against you. If you feel comfortable, tell a neighbour what’s going on and make a plan that you can go to them for help if needed. Look into the various safety apps available and try some out with a friend. Scope out your local area and find any phone booths, stores open 24/7, police stations (and other emergency services buildings), and anywhere you could go to for help in a crisis. 

Hopefully I’ve covered everything but feel free to add!




Protect and defend yourselves. Be prepared.



NEVER SIGN FORM 1-407. It is literally a form used to abandon your permanent legal resident status in the United States.

DO NOT LEAVE THE UNITED STATES. As you saw, these executive orders, bars, and detentions can happen in second with a stroke of a pen.



Regardless if you just arrived or if you have been here a while, REMEMBER


NEVER SURRENDER ANY LEGAL OR PAPERWORK THAT PROVE YOUR LEGAL REFUGEE STATUS (I’m unfamiliar with any exact form names, so use discretion and do research).

GET AN IMMIGRATION LAWYER AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.  As you saw, these executive orders, bars, and detentions can happen in second with a stroke of a pen.


You are not in any imminent threat as refugees or legal residents are BUT




All these forms take time and money, so please do them ASAP. Certificates of naturalization and citizenship may take up to a year to be received SO RENEW YOUR PASSPORT AS IT’S THE FASTEST WAY TO PROVE CITIZENSHIP (about a 3 week wait to be received).

Good luck to everyone. He will not divide us. We will resist.

*PLEASE NOTE: I am not a lawyer or immigration professional. I am only a university student majoring in political science. My word is not the law. Please seek LEGAL AND PROFESSIONAL help.


Gazing on Identity / Menewarang Identitas by FX Harsono (胡丰文). 2016.

A founding member of of Indonesia’s Gerakan Seni Rupa Baru (New Art Movement), Javanese-Chinese contemporary artist FX Harsono is widely recognized for his performance and installation art as a response to the former dictatorial Suharto regime and subsequent violence against Indonesia’s Chinese minority. Into the 21st century, Harsono’s primary focus has shifted from critique of politics to exploration of identity within the Chinese-Indonesian community.

Gazing on Identity is Harsono’s most recent solo exhibition that examines the controversy of Chinese identity documents and the suspicion that surrounds them. The exhibit’s components range from installations of wooden blocks, digital prints, and LED lights to traditional drawings and oil on canvas. These varying mediums are unified under the theme of juxtaposing documented identity with cultural identity.

“For the Chinese, although they were born in Indonesia, they are still considered as migrant. Apart from Indonesian Citizenship certificate, they must also have other documents, where this regulation is not applied to ‘real’ Indonesians. The dichotomy of real-migrant, free-bonded, is presented in this work.” -FX Harsono.

Follow sinθ magazine for more daily posts about Sino arts and culture.

This article made me so sad. My parents got married right before the civil war in El Salvador. My dad came here in 1979, right before my brother was born. He looked for a job for six months in San Diego, before his sister found him something in New York. He found an apartment and worked for 3 years. My mother would write him and tell him about the bodies that littered the porch and yard almost every night. He saved enough money to go back to El Salvador, hire a couple of coyotes and bring my mother and brother home.

My mom had no idea he was coming. She was hanging laundry and my brother was playing with his toys when my father showed up. “It’s time to go,” he said. My mother looked at him and the two men with him. She nodded. This was real. She scooped up my brother and barely had time to say goodbye to her family before they were on their way.

They made it to Guadalajara by bus, the most luxurious leg of their trip. They made the rest of their way by foot. My mom, my dad, the coyotes, and my brother who was only 3 at the time.

They made their way through desert and jungle, mostly at night. There’s one part of the story my mom tells over and over, recalling every detail like it was yesterday. They had reached a cliff that dropped about 20 feet. The only way around it was to jump it. My mom, having carried my brother most of the way put him down as she watched one of the coyotes and my dad jump. “Jump,” the other one said to her. “No. No. I’ll go back. This is too much. I’d rather go back,” she was frightened but she did not cry. “This is your only choice,” the man told her. “I am not jumping that with my son. Leave. I’ll go back.” The man stared at her. She was serious. In one swift motion, he picked my brother up, jumped the cliff and took off, past my father and the other man. My mom did not hesitate. Next thing she knew, she was tackling the coyote and taking her son back. “It was the only way to get you to jump,” the man said.

Crossing the actual border was easy. There was a hole underneath the fence that they all crawled through. From there, they ran for what my mother says felt like forever. Through people’s yards, past their barking dogs, until they came to a truck. They piled in, along with others who were also being smuggled in. The drive was long. I’m not sure how long they stayed in the house where they were being hidden, or how they were able to get on a plane, but they made it to San Diego airport. My dad bought my brother a little toy car before they got on the plane to New York. My brother says this is the first thing he remembers.

I think a lot about this story and what my parents went through to get here. I think a lot about what life must have been like back in El Salvador. My mother tells me about a little girl who went missing, only to be found buried upside down in the ground, her legs sticking out, and a pole jammed between them. It was a real life nightmare, and even though the war is over, gangs have taken over. Not much has really changed.

The people who come to this country, especially from Central America, see the US as their only hope. If they stay where they are, they die. They can come here, and they might die on the way, but there is hope that they won’t. That’s it. Their choices are die or maybe die. And IF they actually get here, it’s only to find that they’re not actually wanted here. No one wants to help them, they can’t find work, they are literally illegal. Imagine someone telling you your entire life and presence is illegal. You are not worth anything, not even your life. You left a life of fear for a life of new fears. Fear of being caught, fear of being found, accompanied by the still too familiar fear of dying. Their idea of The American Dream was a lie.

My parents and my brother are all United States citizens now. They are hard-working, tax-paying American citizens. My mother probably knows more about American History than anybody reading this. But she still doesn’t speak English too well, and since she doesn’t wear her certificate of citizenship around her neck, people will still think that she should go back to where she came from.

“Go back to where you came from. Go back to your life of fear, of hopelessness and nothing. Go back to probably die.”

Fuck you.

Me: *sees a lot of usernames like karaluthor karaluthr karaluthors, etc*

Me: awww that’s cute Kara took Lena’s last name

Also me: Yes, that’s cute but, while Lena is a Luthor heart and soul, she’s spent her entire life trying to shake off her family’s legacy, and at least half her family has tried to have her killed at some point by now. Meanwhile, Kara is a Zor-El, the last of an illustrious family from a planet that was destroyed, taking all its history with it. Her citizenship certificate might say “Danvers” on it, but she refers to herself as Zor-El whenever the situation allows for it. Kara is a Zor-El at heart and you bet your ass if these two ever get together and get married, Lena’s gonna be referring to herself as Mrs. Lena Zor-El, and if/when they adopt lil alien babies, there’s gonna be lil baby Alura and Astra running around, and Kara is finally going to get to preserve a tiny part of her family’s legacy and Lena finally gets a family that she chose and made all of her own.

Also also me: *tears visibly running down my face* but it isn’t that deep tho i’m FINE

Autistic Simon headcanon moments, first of three!

Links to the next two posts: part two (episodes three and four) and part three (episodes five and six).

I just thought it’d be fun to do a whizz-through of series two and see what Simon moments add further credence to the theory. Please note I’m not saying that everything I mention here is some sort of autism-exclusive trait - just that when these moments are all added up together, they cover enough parts of the spectrum to form a picture.

And as this post is already longer than intended, and I’d like to get some sleep, these are just snippets from episodes one and two. I’ll try and cover the other episodes later and do one batch per two episodes so that none of them get too lengthy <3.

  • The fact he’s quite happy sitting on someone’s gravestone and it apparently doesn’t occur to him that it might come across as a bit disrespectful.
  • Simon’s very first words to Kieren are a genuine apology mixed with an unintentional insult. “Oh, I’m sorry. Didn’t realise you were one of us, all that… [makeup] on your face.”
  • He speaks his mind literally from the off. There doesn’t seem to be much by way of a brain to mouth filter, and it’s not so much that he has to have Kieren agree with him, but he does seem to need Kieren to see his point of view. There isn’t any insistence that Kieren believes what he believes, but there is an insistence that Kieren listens.
  • His overly casual relationship with touch, and invasion of other’s personal space. When talking to other people to get their stories out of them, he’ll sometimes just give them a quick squeeze on the leg/arm/shoulder, and doesn’t seem to think anything of it; he leans right forward until he’s almost breathing on Freddie’s shoulder at the PDS launch meeting (just a quick aside, some British cliches are true, and one of them is personal space being a Very Important Thing - if you watch that scene, you’ll see that everyone else sits up straight or leans back).

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  • He takes Amy at her word when she says she’s fine after having a fit. Despite the fact she visibly isn’t okay, he leaves her to take care of herself, as if he trusts her word more than his eyes.
  • The way he drags his fingers along the fence while walking over to Kieren. I know it might seem an odd trait to call out, but it’s not the only time in the series Simon drags his fingers along things out of habit; some autistic people, myself included, find it grounding to make contact with the world around us with our fingertips and feet, and I think it’s a side-effect of not having the best sense of where we physically are in a room. If you can touch a wall or a surface, it reassures you of where that object is relative to you.
  • Several times, especially in the second episode, Simon will have entire conversations where he barely looks in the other person’s direction. When there’s the talk about re-citizenship certificates, and the later talk about his trip to the U.S., Simon spends the major parts of both conversations facing away from Kieren even when Kieren’s facing him.

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Personal addition before I head off to bed; I think Simon’s genuine love for both Amy and Kieren might stem not just from how they’re fabulous people in the first place, but also from their both having very expressive faces with large eyes. If Simon were to have the trait of struggling to interpret emotions on people’s faces, then expressive people like Kieren and Amy would be a blessing to him.

Citizenship Questioned

In 1931, Kaoru Shiibashi, a 23 year old Hawaiian-born man who had been taken to Japan as a toddler,  sailed to San Francisco “to see my native land” and to work on a farm near San Jose, California. When he arrived, immigration inspectors detained him on Angel Island and launched an investigation into his U.S. citizenship. Kaoru provided them with a  family photograph of himself as an infant that was taken in Hawaii and with a copy of his Hawaiian birth certificate. 

However, the inspectors became suspicious when interviews with him and his family differed and no one in Hawaii could identify him in the photograph.

Kaoru was initially denied entry, but he was eventually admitted on appeal, and worked as a farm laborer in the strawberry fields for the next 10 years. During World War II, he was among 120,000 Japanese Americans detained under Executive Order 9066. After his release from the Heart Mountain internment camp in Wyoming, he returned to farm in California.

Certificate of Birth of Kaoru Shiibashi, 6/23/1908

Immigration Arrival Investigation Case File for Kaoru Shiibashi (30309/27-5)Immigration Arrival Investigation Case Files, 1884 - 1944. Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787 - 2004

via DocsTeach

In need of legal help/any other help

Ok so now that I got myself calmer than I was earlier I’ll put this up again. I’m not putting this under a read more because this is sort of an update as well as possibly a call for advice.

I will not be as active as I was before, at least not within a stable timeframe. Currently I am in a basement with internet access I have to limit usage of so if I am online on here or any other known site I won’t be doing as much because I’m saving the internet access to let people know what’s going on as well as research.

Physically I am not in danger as of now. However, I am essentially being held here against my will because I can’t leave for one very important reason: any papers I have that can be use to identify me, including SSN and passport, are being held by my mother, who is refusing to give them back and has also claimed to have destroyed everything. While I can technically leave my current location, I won’t be able to get very far without my papers.

Yes I have called the police in regards to this but they did not do anything. I am currently trying to look into further legal action to getting my papers back or replaced but its proving difficult because I have absolutely nothing to work with except for a copy of my citizenship certificate. If anyone has any knowledge of Georgia law that may help in this situation or anything I can possibly do please let me know.

If anyone has been following me long enough, this is essentially the same situation where I asked for emergency commissions/donations except much much worse. I literally cannot escape without hell being raised against me unless I have my papers. I am actually trapped in a basement and living with my mother, the same person I sought to escape from, for reasons I won’t disclose here due to the length of it.

I’m not going to ask for money again. What I will ask is if you guys can signal boost this in hopes of possibly attracting the legal side of Tumblr or anyone else that might be able to help.

Please note that I will NOT be posting this on deviantArt. Do NOT message me on there or make any comments on the page regarding this ordeal. If the wrong people find out that I have made this notice or have internet access in general I WILL have my laptop taken from me. I’m taking a huge risk just making this post now but I need help in order to be able to get out of this situation.

anonymous asked:

Why is it wrong for Canada to want a person to show their face during a citizenship ceremony? I'm not suggesting that immigrants shouldn't be allowed to practice their religion in Canada but if you're choosing to emigrate to Canada why not put in a little effort to adhere to our rules and adapt to our culture? Why should the rules and traditions of another culture supersede our own? Why can there be no reasonable discussion of this issue instead of demonizing anyone who disagrees with the niqab?

Unfortunately you’re ill informed and your tone comes off as xenophobic. Canada’s values? Come on. We have a charter of rights and freedoms for a reason. 

But I will address your points.

I also should you remind you that Harper’s ban was illegal. It goes against the federal acts and laws governing immigration.

Your point is a regular conservative talking point:

“I think for the citizenship ceremony, someone needs to identify themselves. We need to know who they are.”

— Conservative MP Costas Menegakis, parliamentary secretary to the minister of citizenship and immigration.

Lets break it down:

Spoiler Alert: The Canadian Press Baloney Meter project is a dispassionate examination of political statements culminating in a ranking of accuracy on a scale of “no baloney” to “full of baloney” (complete methodology below).

This one earns a rating of “full of baloney.”

Given all other proofs of identity required in the citizenship process, compelling people to show their faces while reciting the oath does appear — in the words of the Federal Court judge who struck down the niqab ban — to be “superfluous.”

The facts:

The current controversy was triggered by a Feb. 6 ruling — which the government has vowed to appeal — by Justice Keith Boswell in the case of Zunera Ishaq.

Ishaq challenged Kenney’s policy directive that she must remove her niqab while reciting the oath of citizenship at a public ceremony.

Until that point, she had willingly complied with all the other requirements of the citizenship process.

Among other things, citizenship candidates are required to provide pertinent immigration documents; proof of language proficiency; education records; copies of the biographical pages (which include name, photo, address, date of birth) of all passports and travel documents; two official photos in which “full facial features” are visible; and two pieces of personal identification, at least one of which must have a photo.

The experts:

In the court case, federal government lawyers made a number of arguments — none of which related to the need to verify one’s identity.

For that matter, none echoed Harper’s insistence that the niqab should be banned during citizenship ceremonies because it is contrary to Canadian values and “rooted in a culture that is anti-women.”

They argued that Kenney’s policy directive is not mandatory but just a non-binding guideline that citizenship judges are free to ignore.

And they maintained the policy was created due to concerns that some citizenship candidates were not actually reciting the oath and, therefore, that their mouths needed to be visible during the ceremony.

Justice Boswell concluded, however, that the wording of the directive in the citizenship ceremony policy manual left no discretion to citizenship judges, stipulating that candidates are “required” to remove face coverings and that the citizenship certificate “is NOT to be presented” if a candidate refuses.
He also found that the directive conflicted with regulations which require citizenship judges to administer the oath “with dignity and solemnity, allowing the greatest possible freedom in the religious solemnization or solemn affirmation thereof.”

Boswell noted that the regulations require oath takers to subsequently sign a certificate certifying that the oath has been taken, counter-signed by the official who administered the oath.

Given that, he concluded that requiring a person to be seen to be taking the verbal oath “does appear to be superfluous.”

Furthermore, he said it “would make it impossible not just for a niqab-wearing woman to obtain citizenship but also for a mute person or a silent monk.”

“I agree with the applicant (Ishaq) that it is the candidate’s signature beneath this written oath or affirmation of citizenship, rather than visual confirmation of the candidate saying the oath, that is the only proof needed that a candidate has sworn or affirmed the oath of citizenship,” Boswell concluded.

Source (x)

anonymous asked:

Did you here about the voter Id laws taking place in Texas and libs are saying it's used to prevent women from voting. Care too smash this into bits?

Totally voter suppression…

That’s why they have a step by step guide website on how to get a free voter ID, when you need it by, what you need to get it, and the benefits of a voter ID.

These are acceptable forms of ID:

  • Texas driver license issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS)
  • Texas Election Identification Certificate issued by DPS
  • Texas personal identification card issued by DPS
  • Texas concealed handgun license issued by DPS
  • United States military identification card containing the person’s photograph
  • United States citizenship certificate containing the person’s photograph
  • United States passport

The only thing you need to worry about is if you moved, or if your name changed. You can even receive a permanent exemption if your religion forbid you be photographed. 

The ID process is easier than getting a drivers license. I needed 6 points of ID to get my drivers license, this only requires one.