The Top-Secret Cold War Plan to Keep Soviet Hands Off Middle Eastern Oil
Fearing a Russian invasion, the U.S. and Britain were prepared to ravage the region’s oil industry—and even considered going nuclear.

This article discusses how, following the Second World War and advent of the Cold War, the United States and British governments worked with oil companies to plan ‘denial’ operations should the USSR invade the Middle East. Core to the plan was for combined CIA and military, along with corporate employees, efforts to strategically blow up parts of the refineries such that the Soviets would be unable to take advantage of the oil reserves and thus empower the West to invade and ideally retake the strategic resource.

The efforts were developed and iterated on for almost a decade, though towards the end the focus shifted from the USSR and towards nationalist governments in the region. Moreover, what started as a denial approach transformed into one where oil production would be maintained: the thirst for oil on the part of the United States and Britain meant that turning off the taps could be a serious blow to their economic and military efforts.

These were contingency operations but they were taken seriously. Explosives were moved and put in place and the British even established plans for nuclear assaults to prevent the fields from falling into non-Western hands. It raises the question of whether similar kinds of activities are planned, today, or whether cooler heads now are responsible for establishing contingency plans when it comes to core resources that contemporary Western economies rely upon. And would nuclear or other explosives be used, now, or is this where we would see a first and genuinely far-reaching aspect of hard ‘cyber’ power?

How many democratic governments has the U.S. government overthrown?
—  Here is a list of 57 U.S. attempts to overthrow foreign governments just since 1949, thirty-six of them successful. Most of those governments had been put in place by election and were arguably as “democratic” as the United States if not more so. Without a doubt, in most cases, the governments overthrown were replaced by less democratic regimes. The author of that list, William Blum, notes in his book, America’s Deadliest Export, that just since World War II, the United States has also interfered in at least 30 foreign elections, attempted to assassinate over 50 foreign leaders, and dropped bombs on people in over 30 countries. On August 5, 2015, President Barack Obama bragged that he had himself ordered the bombing of seven countries. – David Swanson

Happy birthday to Bangtan’s genius producer Min Suga! You’re the most talented, hardworking and dedicated person I’ve ever known. You’re really a great inspiration to me and all ARMYs, and we feel really blessed to be able to know you. Please don’t push yourself too hard, stay well rested and drink lots of water. We ARMYs will always have your back and support you! Let’s see each other for a long time ! ❤︎❤︎❤︎

Happy Suga Day !

cr. kimidilois & cianary
do not edit or repost

Geez, if there’s one thing I have no restraint for, it’s detail. XD
After spending almost a week and a half, here’s the Dark Sorceress Cia! ;U; heart emoticon
I hope you all like it! I put a lot of work into those detailsssss ;x;

Other Hyrule Warriors!

Link | Zelda | Impa | Hilda | Lana | Lady Ganondorf | Midna | Cia


Photo set of my Cia cosplay from Hyrule Warriors

Cia was one of my most challenging costumes up to date and because of that, obviously my favorite. Then again, due to not being able to sit, it’s also a costume I despise as well. Mixed feelings much? Yep.
I’m just very proud of myself to achieve this results and that it looks exactly like I wanted. I’m not really a sewing type of person (I don’t really like it xD) so that was the most challenging part of the whole costume. I’m more fond of just crafting stuff and building props :P

Other pictures of my Cia cosplay on my Facebook Page.

Enjoy this photo set~!