A Year in Language, Day 294: Old Church Slavonic

Old Church Slavonic is a Slavic literary language used near the end of the first millennium. Later varieties of Church Slavonic are still in use by Eastern Orthodox ministry.

Old Church Slavonic is only a hair removed from the common ancestor to all Slavic languages. For most of the first millennium the Slavs were a fairly homogeneous tribe of Eastern Europe. By the time of Old Church Slavonic most Slavic dialects were still mostly mutually intelligible, making it the best record we have of Proto-Slavic and in essence the Slavic equivalent of Romance’s Latin and Indo-Aryan’s Sanskrit.

The language was standardized by the famed Saints Cyril and Methodius, who were the first to write in their native dialect as a means to bring Christianity to the West Slavic state of Moravia, at the time one of the first major Slavic powers. Though Cyrillic script is named for Saint Cyril, he did not invent it nor was it used for Old Church Slavonic. Cyril and Methodius created the Glagolitic script. Some of its letters were of Greek origin, with many more seeming to come from the Saints own fancy, though were possibly derived from Semitic (Hebrew or Syriac) or Armenian script. This script barely outlived the saints themselves, and the Cyrillic script was presumably a creation of their disciples which was adopted and spread by the Bulgarian Empire.

I’m not Christian but the Church of England putting out guidelines of how to run a service to celebrate gender transition so as to affirm the trans person’s identity and new name to the congregation is pretty fucking cool

Like they explain it’s not a rebaptism but it’s a chance for the trans person to affirm their religion as who they really are


“It details how elements including water and oil can be incorporated into the service and, crucially, makes clear that trans people should be addressed publicly by their chosen name.

As part of the service they could also be presented with gifts, such as a Bible inscribed in their chosen name, or a certificate.

It is important, the guidance adds, that the occasion should have a distinct “celebratory character”.”

Another quote:

“We are absolutely clear that everyone is made in the image of God and that all should find a welcome in their parish Church.”

Pretty fucking cool of you CofE pretty fucking cool (btw this inclusion policy extends to CofE schools that must protect students from homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia)


St Mary’s through the arch. by Alan
Via Flickr:
Nearing sunset. Coming down from West Cliff there is a tunnel cutting through the cliff, this is the view as you exit :-)

anonymous asked:

Can you do headcanons for if Farlan, Isabel, and Levi had an s/o who lived in wall sina?


  • Farlan is the kindest boyfriend, and he wouldn’t look into their differences too much. All because they were born into different lives doesn’t mean they can’t be together.
  • He’d be proud to be with them! He’d show off hardcore to his friends. Hand-in-hand with that, he’d really hope that Levi and Isabel get along with his s/o, and treat them the same way they’d treat a s/o from the underground.
  • At the same time, Farlan wouldn’t just walk around with his s/o from the interior with his arm. He doesn’t want anyone to taunt his s/o or give them weird looks or come off as threatening. 
  • Farlan would be the most open with his s/o. He’d share himself with them, despite their differences. He trusts them enough to be with them after all.


  • Probably high-key disliked them at first just because they lived above ground while she was left fighting for her life underground. Why would they even need to come to the underground? Every time they showed their face, she’d just scowl and mock them when they weren’t looking.
  • So when Isabel started showing signs that she was connecting with them, Farlan and Levi thought it was pretty ironic. Farlan would make fun of her for it plenty. Levi too, though his jokes would go over her head.
  • She’d probably sneak off a lot. Obviously, being without an aboveground citizenship, she can’t go aboveground, but her s/o can come down to visit plenty. So she would probably try and ditch chores whenever she could, much to Levi’s disliking.


  • Farlan and Isabel would probably never find out, unless Levi himself introduces them. Although he probably wouldn’t. It’d be a huge shock.
  • He doesn’t expect his s/o to understand life in the underground, so he’d tend to keep a lot of his baggage to himself, even if they’d been together a while. Assuming this is while Levi is living in the underground, and he is a teenager to young adult, he won’t be as open to sharing details like that with his s/o as he would be in his more current age.
  • Social-class wouldn’t play a huge part in their relationship, so long as his s/o doesn’t make it so. 

You can go church camping in England’s abandoned medieval churches. “Champing” is a new form of tourism that benefits both the church and the traveler: you get a unique experience spending the night inside a historic church in a quiet village, and the proceeds from your stay helps support the upkeep of these ancient buildings. Source Source 2 Source 3


FACADES, an exhibition of photographic works by German artist ©Markus Brunetti.

  • Orvieto, Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta
  • Dresden, Frauenkirche
  • Piazzola sul Brenta Cathedral
  • Angoulême, Cathédrale Saint-Pierre
  • Amiens, Cathédrale Notre-Dame
  • The Church of Santa Marinha
  • Jerez de la Frontera - Cartuja de Santa María de la Defensión
  • Valera Igreja Paroquial
  • Ottobeuren St. Alexander und Theodor
  • Leon Cathedral, in the Picardy region of France

The Salute, Venice
John Singer Sargent (American; 1856–1925)
ca. 1904–7
Watercolor, with graphite underdrawing
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut