chordata

Purple-faced Langur (Semnopithecus vetulus)

Also known as the purple-faced leaf monkey, the purple-faced langur is a species of Old World Monkey (Cercopithecidae) that is endemic to Sri Lanka. Purple-faced langur typically occur in close canopy forests in Sri Lanka’s mountains and the southwestern part of the country known as the “wet zone”. Purple-faced langur are mainly folivorous  (leaf eating) but are also known to feed on fruits, flower and seeds as well. 

Currently Semnopithecus ventulus is listed as Endangered by the IUCN, as rapid urbanization has led to a significant decrease in their population level. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Primates-Cercopithecidae-Semnopithecus-S. vetulus

Image: Jeroen84

Name: Sarcastic fringehead (Neoclinus blanchardi)

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes
 
Family: Chaenopsidae
 
Region: They are found in the Pacific, off the coast of North America, from San Francisco, California, to central Baja California and their depth range is from 3 to 73 metres (9.8 to 240 ft).

Risk of Extinction: No info.

More Info: is a ferocious fish which has a large mouth and aggressive territorial behaviour from which it has been given its common name. They tend to hide inside shells or crevices.

(photo taken from http://www.realmonstrosities.com/2012/05/sarcastic-fringehead.html)

  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Actinopterygii 

The Phycodurus eques, or more commonly known as the leafy seadragon, is a marine fish that is found in the waters of Southern Australia. It is known for its long leaf-like protrusions that serve solely as camouflage. As with seahorses, the male is in charge of caring for the eggs, which are usually numbered at around 250.

Wire-crested Thorntail (Discosura popelairii)

…a  rare and striking species of hummingbird which occurs in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Where it inhabits solely inhabits lowland forests, and is not tolerant of secondary habitats. Like most striking plumaged birds wire-crested thorntails are sexually dimorphic with lacking the long “wire” crests and “thorn” tails of males. In typical humming bird fashion wire-crested thorntails feed on nectar from flowers, but will occasionally take insects as well. 

Currently Discosura popelairii is listed as near threatened by the IUCN, as it faces accelerating threats from deforestation in the Amazon Basin. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Apodiformes-Trochilidae-Discosura-D. popelairii

Image: Bill Bouton

Blue Club Tunicate - Rhopalaea crassa

Rhopalaea crassa (Enterogona - Diazonidae) is a species of solitary tunicate found in the Central Indo-Pacific Ocean, which inhabits hard substrates in shallow water subject to good water movement.

This sea squirt exhibits an extraordinary ability: its thorax degenerates from time to time and is replaced by a new one. It has been hypothesized that this regeneration process is the intermediate condition between simple ascidians and the formation of colonies.

References: [1] - [2

Photo credit: ©Ray Ellersick (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) | Locality: Yap Islands, Micronesia (2008)

Woodpecker Tongues
The woodpecker’s tongue can extend 2/3 its body length. Its tongue is covered in sticky saliva and barbs all over with an ear (a hearing mechanism) at the end of it. So it can listen to its prey. It detects sound. The tongue is so long that it fits its tongue in its head by wrapping around its brain and around its eye sockets. It can move its head/beak up to 15-16 times per second as it strikes a tree. This is incredibly fast. It creates immense forces, 250 more times than astronauts are subjected to. It is 1,000 G’s. The woodpecker has cartilage around the brain that keeps it from shattering.
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Fangtooth Moray

(Enchelycore anatina)

also known as the Tiger Moray, the fangtooth is a species of moray eel that can be found throughout the eastern Atlantic and some islands like the Canary Islands. The name tiger or fangtooth comes from the animals bright almost tiger like yellow coloration, but it’s most remarkable feature is it’s elongated jaw which is armed with a number of long teeth that are as clear as glass. they can also grow up to four feet long!

Phylogeny

Animalia-Chordata-Actinopterygii-Anguilliformes-Muraenidae-Enchelycore-anatina

Source,Source

  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Actinopterygii

Mola Mola, more commonly known as the ocean sunfish, is the heaviest known bony fish in the world with an average adult weight of 2,200 pounds. Their diet consists mainly of jellyfish. The females produce more eggs than any other known vertebrate and can produce up to 300,000,000 at one time.