Studio portrait of
Ba-keitz-ogie (Yellow Coyote), U.S. Army Scout
a Native American (Chiricahua Apache) man. He holds a rifle and wears moccasin boots, a breechcloth, ammunition belt, and a kerchief on his head. Title and “one of the most notorious of the Chiricahuas; accused of numerous murders of white people. Negative made 1884-1885” hand-written on back of print.
A pair of before and after photos from the infamous Carlisle Indian boarding school. This group shot shows the children of Apache leaders who were imprisoned in Florida after surrendering to General Miles in 1886. These didactic photos were meant to show the “positive” outcomes of the US policies of Indian removal and forced assimilation.
Biographical notes on some of these children can be found in the book “From Fort Marion to Fort Sill: A Documentary History of the Chiricahua Apache Prisoners of War, 1886-1913”. A not insignificant number of the Apache children taken to Carlisle at this time–about 100 from Fort Marion–died of TB and other diseases; a few children in this photo never returned home and were buried at Carlisle. Hugh Chee, on the other hand, was among those pictured here who lived a long life.
“Chiricahua Apaches as they arrived at Carlisle from Fort Marion, Florida, November 4th., 1886”, Carlisle Indian School, Pennsylvania Photographer: J.H. Choate Date: 1886 Negative Number 002113
“Chiricahua Apaches Four Months After Arriving at Carlisle”, Carlisle Indian School, Pennsylvania Photographer: J.H. Choate Date: 1886 Negative Number 002112
I am part Chiricahua Apache from southern New Mexico- We were raised with Nothng but respect for our Native Primos who didn’t abandon they’re culture- Family history tells us that when the US took the land from Mexico, the Spanish, Mexicans, Natives and even whites that lived there from before the war, all spoke Spanish as it was the Lingua Franca of the region - When the Soldiers and Census people came in and started classifying people by race, many bilingual Natives, Mexicans and Mestizos all chose to identify as Mexican instead of Native as the war continued long after for the Native Rebellious and they were the most prejudiced against. Another reason they chose not to identify as Native is you would be confined to the Concentration Camps they called Reservations in those days and we’re more likely to starve to Death or be Murdered. Unfortunately for the rest of us mixed and full bloods who were fluent in Spanish and a Native language, we swapped the Native for English and have been calling ourselves Chicanos ever since to distinguish us from being either being deported to Mexico or to a Reservation-
Chiricahua Apaches as they arrived at the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania :
Hugh Chee, Bishop Eatennah, Ernest Hogee, Humphrey Escharzay, Samson Noran, Basil Ekarden, Clement Seanilzay, Beatrice Kiahtel, Janette Pahgostatum, Margaret Y. Nadasthilah, Fred'k Eskelsejah, Native American (Chiricahua Apache) boys and girls pose outdoors at the Carlisle Indian School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania after their arrival from Fort Marion, Florida. 1886
Native American and the leader of the Chiricahua Apache tribe who fought against the American colonization in the 1800s. He was also known as Goyathlay or Goyahkla, which means ‘one who yawns’ to his people.
According to members of his tribe, Geronimo had mystical powers that let him see any event, even ones from the future.
He had a disdain towards Mexicans due to a surprise raid from a militia unit that ended the lives of his mother, wife and three children. A voice came to him and blessed him against bullets, and with 200 men, he hunted down those who had slain his loved ones.
With a small band of followers, Geronimo fought against the American armies, his most devoted believing he was the greatest defender of their way of life. Some, including members of his own tribe, believed he was a stubborn fool who was driven by revenge.
He was the last member of his tribe to surrender in 1886, where he was put under heavy guard. During this time, Geronimo’s celebrity status skyrocketed, allowing him even an audience with President Roosevelt, who still refused to let his people back home.
He died in 1909, after falling from his horse and surviving the bitter cold of night, until a friend found him and took him to his nephew, where he passed away six days later, in regret of ever surrendering.