chinese minority

9

Minoritized languages moodboard: Manchu

Manchu (ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᡤᡳᠰᡠᠨ manju gisun) is a severily endangered language spoken in Manchuria. It was the language of the Qing dynasty, but over the last centuries has been replaced by Mandarin Chinese.

For anon

anonymous asked:

Sorry if I'm bothering you but can you share why you think avatar is bad?

hoo boy man ur asking for a lot bc that show is a complete and utter M E S S. first, heres the main phrase my tibetan ass wants u to think about: its a show using asian/indigenous ppl and their devastating histories made by ignorant weeaboo white men. I want to write about it in detail bc i’ve always wanted to say something about this but never rly got around to doing it. maybe ill send this in letter format to the writers lol. anyways im going to split this up into parts. I’ll put a readmore bc its kinda long

@bryankonietzko take a nice long look if u still use tumblr lmao

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{Special} College!AU Jackson

{warning: mentions of drinking}

  • major: dance performance & choreography 
  • minor: chinese studies 
  • sports: captain of the fencing team and very very very proud of it
  • clubs: choreographs for the schools modern dance club and hiphop dance club (sometimes he performs with them too), is a on-campus tour guide on the weekends
  • jackson wang is honest to god the most kind and positive person anyone has ever meet and like everyone tells him that. all the time. because it’s like you meet him and in exactly 4.56 seconds after that you want him to be your best friend. it’s his charm. his DNA is structured that way. it’s plain damn science
  • and the best part about it is,jackson wang wants to be your best friend too! esp if you laugh along with his albit corny jokes or you compliment his hair or you tell him he looks like he’s really strong i.e. jackson is a sucker for compliments and not afraid to show it
  • and sure there are some salty, ugly, lonely people who have started to dislike him because of his loud personality - but all those people can’t dare say a word because mark, jacksons best friend and roommate, will come for them along with literally every other student on campus and even the president of the uni
  • because you bet jackson is on a first name basis with even the president. not to mention all other faculty in and out of his major
  • speaking of his major, he does choreography because he really likes to dance and along with his natural leadership he’s always the person in class to ask questions, share his opinions, and basically not be afraid to take risks
  • the freshmen in the dance major basically cling to him for dear life because he’s always sweet and helping. and also if he ever sees anyone try to bully them he’s always the first to stand up against it
  • and the upperclassmen will be like “jackson, it’s fine. all freshman have to clean up the practice studio - it’s a tradition to help learn respect” and jackson, vigorously wiping the practice mirror and scrubbing the floors is like “um no. you learn respect through hard work in class, not chores. now hand me the windex” 
  • he has the same mindset when he’s coaching the fencing team. like even the newest additions or people who just wanna try and see if the sport is for them, jackson is encouraging and helpful and never ever demeaning 
  • and god is he energetic at actual competitions like the team doesn’t have a mascot, because jackson IS THE MASCOT like he’s the leader and everyone is like “you need to come off mature and seri-” jackson standing on the top of the bleachers; “MY TEAM? MY KIDS? BEST IN THE W O R L D”
  • there’s no point in the team even getting embarrassed about it anymore they just cheer along w him like “YES we’RE HIS KIDS!!!!!”
  • mark and jinyoung are jackson’s like. filters 
  • like most of jackson’s classes are based around dance and technique so it’s all very physical but he had to take chinese calligraphy for his minor and mark took it with him JUST so he could make sure jackson didn’t accidentally knock over ink out of excitement or get into a debate w one of the other students about which is better to eat at dim sum: char siu or siu app (bbq pork or roasted duck)
  • his side job as the on-campus tour guide is like the reason people even enroll in this college. like he makes the whole experience fun and it’s more like a trip to the movies than a tour around campus because jackson is so funny like ????
  • but he did once try to imitate the head of the dance departments nasally voice and got caught by ….the head of the dance dept who was standing behind him like “jackson………….”
  • is friends w literally someone from every major so it’s funny he’s always busy hanging out or doing a favor for someone. like he was in one of hyuk’s films, he helped hoshi with some line-reading in theater, was a model for some of hakyeon’s clothes, tried to help wonho with his chinese before he went abroad, even goes to the museum with jaebum sometimes even tho all he does is imitate the old greek sculptures and jaebum is like god why did i bring you again…..
  • tl;dr: jackson is the shining sun on campus like he shows up to class and is like HEEEEY and everyone is like hEEEEEY and he goes around high fiving everyone and idk how he even gets any sleep he always has plans with someone
  • but even with his fluffy and fun personality, when he choreographs and performs he’s super serious. and people expect him to only want to do like hiphop routines, but he’s done work with ballet majors, modern dance majors, even latin dances. 
  • and he’s by no means not academically intelligent, he took a science of movement class and was so good the teacher thought he should go on to study medicine, he doesn’t tell a lot of people but he was even accepted to an ivy in america when applying to colleges but decided not to go 
  • like jackson wang is the whole package: cute as hell, passionate as hell, smart as hell, and …….and just the most considerate angelic presence like
  • but anyway you know jackson because you work the same shifts as him on the campus tour and like. you’re not super close but jackson and you hangout with youngjae and like bambam to go eat and talk about video games or whatever. and like when you guys both punch-in to work he like ruffles your hair to say hello and you guys have some inside jokes
  • but like you don’t ever have deep meaningful talks and it’s not like you’ve known each other for years
  • it’s just casual and light
  • but when you guys host a tour together and you hear someone say something like “that guys so annoying…” “is he older than us? he’s acting like a kid.” “i wish he would shut up i can’t stand his voice already”
  • and it irks you because ,,,ok jackson can be a bit much sometimes but his excitement about sharing his school with new people like ???? that isn’t something to get so damn mean over
  • and you know jackson can hear them too, and you always want to say something to make them stop but jackson somehow beats you to it and just grabs your wrist like “oh!! we should tell them about the art department, right???” and you can only waver a smile and nod
  • but then one day,,,,,,it changes 
  • instead of someone saying something about jackson - this time it’s about you
  • and it’s something gross like an invasive comment on your physical appearance and once you hear it you can only clench your teeth and walk a little faster so you’re not beside the person who said it
  • but once you’re up in front, you hear someone shout and the group stops and you turn to see that jackson’s fell behind and has the person who said the nasty thing about you by the shirt collar and automatically you feel this is bad
  • you run over and you’re like “jackson, it’s not worth it-”
  • but jackson just looks at the guy and is like “apologize.” but ofc the jerk just rolls his eyes and is like “for what?” and jackson’s jaw tightens and you’re like oh no
  • but he just says “apologize” again but the jerk just pushes jackson’s hand off and is like “why would i, you know what i said is true, like you haven’t thought about i-”
  • and that’s when jackson just, snaps
  • and you’re too late to hold him back but he pins the guy to the wall and he doesn’t hit him - jackson isn’t prone to that - but he just brings his face close and he’s like “is that how you talk about people? is that how you talk about other people’s bodies, like you own them? that’s disgraceful, did your parents raise you like this?”
  • and although jackson hasn’t hurt the guy, it is obvious from the way jackson’s jaw is clenched and his hand is tightly grasping the guys collar that there is a  fine line being walked
  • and the guy just cowers because ,,,, jackson can look quite intimidating when he’s not smiling and laughing and he’s just like stuttering and you’re like “jackson, let him go - please you could get in trouble”
  • and you’re tugging on jackson’s shirt, basically begging him and jackson holds the dude for a bit longer before finally letting him go
  • and the jerk like slides to the floor trying to catch his breath but before jackson turns to leave you hear the guy call jackson a slur and you straight up turn around and decide that maybe you should just knock this guy out yourself but jackson puts a hand around your waist and  tugs you back from walking forward and whispers that you’re right you both could get in trouble
  • and with that the tour ends and you apologize to the people for what happened, even though you really shouldn’t have to. jackson tries to apologize too but you stop him because if anything you don’t want them to remember his name or face and report him
  • but…………..the minute you get back to hand in your clipboards and stuff the senior who runs the program is like “jackson, you need to be seen by admissions department head.”
  • and you’re like dreading the worst and you run up to the senior and you’re like “let me go with him and explain-” but he just shakes his head and when you turn back jackson gives you a sad smile and is like it’s fine. ill get going
  • and you panic on your way to your dorm thinking up the worst things that could happen to jackson: probation? suspension? dismissal? 
  • and your head is spinning so much that you decide that you can’t go home you have to wait for jackson and so you call bambam and ask which dorm jackson is in
  • and when you show up, a very surprised mark opens the door and he knows you ofc but he’s like ?????what are you doing here
  • and you’re like “can i come in, jackson isn’t back right??” and you tell mark what happened and he’s like “aish that hot-head….but he didn’t hit him right?” and you’re like no, but he shoved him against a wall…..and marks like “let’s just hope for the best- ok?”
  • but you’re sitting and fumbling with your fingers nervously and you can’t sit still and when the door unlocks and jackson opens it looking sullen 
  • mark gets up and tries to say something along the lines of “what were you thinking” but you run into jackson, almost head-butting him to the damn floor 
  • and you’re on the verge of crying now because you’re like “jackson, jackson, jackson what happened? this is all my fault, i should have stopped you. jackson oh my god are you going to have to drop out? are you going to have to transfer? jackson please i can’t have you leave plea-”
  • and jackson grabs your shoulders and he’s like “hey hey calm down! im not getting kicked out, im just not allowed to be a campus tour guide anymore.” and you’re like sniffling and he’s grinning down at you
  • and you’re like “don’t…..don’t lie, it has to be worse than that?” and jackson just laughs and smooths his hair with one hand and he’s like “nah, everyone knows id never physically hurt the guy and when i told them what he said-”
  • jackson pauses and he looks at you again, sighing he drops his shoulders and he’s like
  • “im sorry he said that to you. i wish i could have covered your ears and protected you.” 
  • and you’re like kafnovier whERE ARE YOu coming from apologizing nothing is your fault it’s mine- and jackson’s like nOOO it’s not your fault either honestly if i could have i would have snapped his neck but-
  • and mark in the back is watching you and jackson argue over apologizing and he’s just like (: to himself because…….this spark between you two………..hmmm…..HMMMM
  • and you and jackson forget mark is even there LMAO you’re just like “since the punishment isn’t too bad, let’s go eat to forget all this happened. maybe drink too.” and jackson is like call let’s go
  • and he throws an arm around you and you guys set off and as you disappear down the hall, mark opens the group chat and he’s like “yall. i think jackson might finally do it.”
  • immediately everyone’s like “oh ask out the other tour guide he likes (you)” and mark’s just like ^_^ emoji
  • you and jackson have this favorite little place down the corner from the campus and it’s open till like 3 am so you guys settle in and order lots of meat and some beer and jackson’s just like telling you about what happened when he was called in and how he tried to make a joke to lighten the mood but it didn’t work
  • and somehow the topic changes into something else and jackson tells you about the upcoming fencing competition and you tell him about stuff going on in your major
  • and jackson does this really funny impersonation of the head of your majors department 
  • and subtly, so much so that you don’t even notice it, jackson keeps filling your plate with food because he wants you to eat 
  • and as you do he’s like “you eat so cutely, i love it” and you blush and jackson’s like fvksldeg and takes a drink of his beer to hide it
  • but also like,,,,,yall are progressively getting more and more tipsy
  • and one of the ladies comes over to give you guys some water and she’s like “young love is so nice these days” and neither you or jackson even protest you both just smile
  • and jackson finally leans over the table and he’s like “im actually kinda upset about losing the campus tour guide job” and you’re like “why it pretty much sucks” and jackson wipes at his mouth with his sleeve and you roll your eyes and lean over to wipe it off with an actual napkin
  • and as you’re close jackson is just like “it sucks because i won’t get to see your face anymore. i really like it. your face.”
  • and jackson’s voice gets low for a bit and you freeze up and he grins, showing his white teeth and he reaches out to run his finger down your cheek and he’s like
  • “i like you. that guy……today……the asshole……what he said was so fucked up……..but because he said it towards you….i just……..i….” and he makes like a motion with his hand and he’s like “i lost it…….”
  • and you swallow a bit because,,,,because is this a confession?? and you’re like
  • “jackson are you just drunk or-” and he’s like shaking his head furiously like “nononono im not just,,saying this i …..just want you to know i like so bad……………”
  • and with that he closes his eyes and smiles and you’re like,,,,well your heart is beating like crazy because jackson wang just told he liked you 
  • but you don’t have time to dwell because jackson is falling asleep fast and you’re like ldcbvljvoermd i can’t carry him back to school jackson wake up pls
  • and finally you end up going back to school with jackson’s arm around you for support and his head keeps falling into the crook of your neck and when you get him back to his dorm safely jackson is like wait a minute
  • and he takes your hand and a pen from his backpocket and scribbles some numbers on your arm and he’s like ‘tomorrow……..text me…..your answer’ and you’re like ????answer and he’s like ‘if…if you like me too…’
  • and with that he stumbles through his door and you awkwardly nod to mark whose like (——: from inside
  • and the next morning you’re like ow because your head hurts a bit when you wake up from drinking but then you’re also like…looking @ your phone like………right. i need to answer jackson
  • and you don’t know what to say like obviously you like him back. of course. probably for as long as you can remember you’d just been surpressing it because like it’s jackson everyone likes him he has so many people to choose from
  • but he chose you!!! and you’d be lying if you said that doesn’t make you feel special but also like,,,,how do you just text someone ‘yes let’s date’
  • which is what you type you write out ‘yes let’s date’ but then you delete it bUT onLY UP UNTIL YES AND theN you ACCIDENTALLY PRESS SEND
  • so you stare down at your phone and you just wrote ‘yes’ and you’re so embarrassed like yes???????? what the hell????? he’s gonna think you’re so du-
  • but then you get a message back in like 3 seconds and it’s REALLY?!??!?!!??!!
  • followed by 905845 heart emojis
  • followed by 9458042 kissing faces emojis
  • followed by ‘you’re not joking right????’
  • followed by ‘of course you’re not!!!!’
  • followed by ‘meet me outside the campus gym today at 4′
  • followed by ‘IM SO HAPPY’
  • followed by another 94558 heart emojis
  • and you can’t help but laugh into your pillow because WOW even over text wang jackson is loud but you love it
  • and at 4 you’re there and you’re looking around for jackson when someone yells surprise! from behind and you turn to see him standing there with a huge bouqet of flowers and he’s still in his fencing uniform and you’re like ??!?? are these for me
  • and jackson’s like “who else??” and then you hear a whole bunch of whistling only to see the entire fencing team sticking their heads out of the gym like “YESSS CAPTAIN GET ITTTTT” ones of them is like “WANG JACKSON? WANG ROMANTIC~~~~~” 
  • and you’re embarrassed, hiding your face behind the flowers and jackson is all smiles wrapping a hand around your waist and he’s like “shall we?”
  • and you’re like “jackson” and he’s like hmmmm staring into your eyes with all the love in the world and you’re like ‘you’re still in your uniform’ and he’s like rIGHT ILL CHANGE AND THEN we shall go
  • your first date is literally to the park where jackson pulls a picnic blanket out of his duffel bag and tells you that he’ll run to go buy some snacks from a nearby convenience store
  • and he returns like 10 minutes later, arms full of sweet things that he all gives to you and you’re like “which candy do you want for yourself???” and he’s like “it’s ok! i bought organic fruit slices!” that he pulls out of his bag as well and you’re like wow. health god
  • jackson flexing and wiggling his eyebrows: ikr
  • and it’s so calming and relaxing jackson asks you a million questions about your family, friends, your dreams, your favorite kind of dog it’s all fun and sweet
  • and it is never boring because jackson puts effort into the conversation and into making you laugh like no one has ever done before
  • and at some point he’s like “wanna ride a couple bike?” and you’re like skdhgfle isn’t that way too cheesy and jackson is like pLEASE cheesy is my middle name let’s go
  • and tbh jackson does all the pedaling, you try but you can’t keep up and he’s like “this is such a good work out!!!” so instead you just enjoy the breeze and his company
  • and when you’re done jackson insists you guys take a photo together on a bench and even though he’s so open with skinship he actually asks before putting his arm around you and when he takes a photo he’s like “im sending this to my mom”
  • and you’re like oH MY GOD NO take another one i need to look good for her and jackson is like “you always look good??”
  • jackson makes you wear his snapback on the walk home because it’s cold and you didn’t bring a hat and he’s worried now
  • walks you to your dorm and kisses your forehead goodbye and you get pouty because you wanted a kiss on the lips
  • but you don’t say anything except you text him like a lil flirty thing like ‘your kiss was cute, but next time ~~ go all in~~’
  • and at breakfast the next day jackson runs into the campus cafe, turns you around in a flurry and kisses you right on the lips in front of e v e r y o n e
  • your friend drops her damn tray of food she’s so shock (hint: im the friend)
  • and jackson is like “love, i want to stay and look at you some more but i have dance practice so ill text you!! miss you already” and he zooms out
  • and you’re like,,,,,,,,,,,,wow and everyone is like yOURE DATING WANG JACKSON and you’re like,,,,,,,,,,,you’re still like wow
  • and tbh jackson’s kisses are nonstop when he’s with you he just cannot keep his hands off you he is so affectionate that he keeps body contact with you at all times. holding your hand, holding your waist, holding the small of your back, playing with your hair, kissing your lips, kissing your neck, kissing the back of your palm, resting his head on your lap, asking you to play with his hair
  • like if he’s near you he needs to touch you and you don’t mind because he’s gentle and he’s never aggressive about anything unless he gets jealous like then a bit of it comes out like the way he kisses you changes to something more needy
  • but he’s never…….scary you know, he’s always safe and open with his emotions. unless someone says something to you - then it’s a whole different aura and he isn’t afraid to speak more harshly and show off his strength to make sure they think twice about ever messing with the love of his life again
  • but other than that, smiley boyfriend who once did aegyo so you’d kiss him and you were like clenching your  fist and he was like “ok ok ok no aegyo i got it ill just do the squirtle smile you love so much hehehe”
  • mark and jinyoung are so thankful that their duties as jackson’s personal safe-keepers is now in your hands except you love it 
  • because you love jackson and sure sometimes you have to hold his face and be like “sweetie, calm down - you know yugyeom didn’t mean to eat your lunch he just didn’t pack his own. shh no you shouldn’t swap his shampoo with glue, just look at me ok we’ll go get you a nice healthy salad”
  • and jackson is actually more calm when you’re around, mostly because his attention is always on you like nothing else matters to him if you’re in front of him jb says you put jackson into a trance
  • when you’re sad, jackson does anything. literally ANYTHING. to cheer you up and it always works because he’s so silly but so so SOOOOO sweet
  • like he goes from doing ugly faces and dances to serenading you quietly against your ear 
  • treats you like royalty as in pampers you in gifts even when you’re like jackson!!! don’t spend money on me!! like he gonna do it anyway he loves you to death
  • like once he got you a ring that had both your names engraved in it and like couple rings cheesy corny whatever but it was so pretty and you and jackson haven’t taken them off since
  • also jackson comes back to the dorm wiped out after practice and he’ll lay down and if you come over to visit you climb into his lap and you’re like “want me to make you feel better?” and jackson’s like sitting up like what do you mean but you just push him back down and wink
  • and the sock on the door tells mark that he should go back to the library because you and jackson are busy
  • but there was that one time he walked in and heard the shower running and he thought it was just jackson but then he heard you???? moan???? and he was like GTG FAST
  • jackson turning of the water and getting up off his knees like ‘did you heard the door shut?’ you, about to wrap your arms around his neck: ‘no, now kiss me’
  • jackson flaunting the marks you left on his neck and pretending he’s not but it’s so obvious he’s just like “these aren’t mosquito bites” to youngjae and youngjae’s like hYUNG PL E A S E
  • you come to jackson’s dance performance and you see him doing stretches and practicing so diligently and you swoon about it like wOW so handsome and you think he doesn’t see you but when jimin goes over to say hi to you jackson like teleports to your side like “ah so you’ve met MY s/o jimin (——:’ 
  • the fencing team loves you because you keep making handmade banners for them when you go to watch them and one of them literally has jackson’s face screenprinted onto it and everyone’s like “hyung look!!!” and jackson sees you waving it and shoots hearts at you from below and everyone there is like CORNY SO CORNY but yall are in your own universe 
  • you call jackson “jiaer” when he does something that makes you upset and he’s like “oh no, you used my real name im in trouble”
  • his mom texts you about jackson’s well being and when jackson found out he was like you TEXT MY MOM WHAT HAS SHE TOLD YOU and you’re just like “let’s just say i know that little jackson liked being called his mama’s lil jiaozi (steamed dumpling)”
  • jackson: don’t tell anyone
  • you: ok. except i already told mark
  • jackson: YOU TOLD YI EN OF ALL PEOPLE
  • you and jackson walking by, mark from somewhere: hey y/n. hey…..dumpling
  • jackson: mark you better RUN 

college!vixx (here) & college!bts (here)

find college!woozi (here),  college!wonwoo (here)college!seunghceol(here), college!seokmin (here) , college!jun (here) college!mingyu (here), college!jeonghan (here), college!hoshi (here), college!joshua (here), college!the8 (here) , college seungkwan (here) & college!vernon (here

find special college!jb (here), college!mark tuan (here) college!youngjae (here), college!jinyoung (here)

find special college!wonho (here) , college!im (here), college!hyungwon (here)

and please look forward to more college!seventeen + special college!aus

7

Who are the Uyghurs?

 Uyghurs are an ethnic group living in central and east Asia. Their main home is Xinjiang which is located in western China. Uyghurs are a Turkic ethnic group, not to be confused with Turkish. Turkish people are a Turkic speaking ethnic group. However the Turkic language family actually originated from areas such as modern day China, Mongolia and Siberia. The most ancient Turkic people are believed to have been of Mongoloid origin with features close to the Yakut/Sakha people.

 The area now known as Xinjiang has been inhabited by many ethnic groups. One ancient group includes the Indo-European speaking Tocharians and Yuezhi who where a Caucasoid group described as white skinned and light haired who inhabited this region. These people cultivated jade and sold to other groups living in China as jade was a highly treasured from an early period.
 The Uyghur people originated from Mongolia but in the 9th century they fled to Xinjiang and Gansu after the collapse of the Uyghur Khagante. During this time the Uyghurs and the Tocharians intermixed. This resulted in their physical features, cultures and linguistics to become blended. However, the Uyghurs who settled in Gansu (now known as Yugur) did not mix with other groups on a mass scale. It is believe that the Yugurs culture is much close to the original culture of the Uyghurs of Mongolia.

 Although Uyghurs have believed in many religions in the past, Uyghurs in Xinjiang and central Asia are mostly Muslims. Unlike their cousins the Yugur in Gansu who are primarily Buddhist.
 
 Modern Uyghurs write using an Arabic writing system. However the original writing system they used was created by themselves, known as Uyghur. The Uyghur writing system was the first writing system used by Mongolians and was also the main writing system for Mongolians until the Russians imposed Russian Cyrillic on them.

 In recent years Xinjiang has seen an up rise in violence and extremism. The ever tightening grip of the Chinese communist government does not allow religious practices for children under the age of 18. Muslim men under 50 are not allowed to wear beards. Women, discouraged to wear hijabs. People across china, especially Uyghurs are not given the freedom to express political unrest without severe consequences. Even people’s personal phones are checked for ‘incriminating’ material. 

 Because of a few religious extremists Uyghurs have earned a reputation of being terrorists or thieves. Due to these ignorant stereotypes there has been a lot of prejudice against Uyghurs. However many Uyghurs just want peace and a normal place in society.

 However, in the last few years there has been a large up rise of Chinese ethnic minorities in media. Notably several Uyghurs making it big. Such as, Gulnazar (古力娜扎) who has starred in several major films and dramas, notably in Police Story alongside Jackie Chan. Merxat (米热) an actor who has starred in several major dramas in China recently. There are also many more models and actors who have been breaking into the Chinese mainland media industry.

I went on a small research binge last month on Fiji Indians + being constitutionally locked out of land ownership, and some about Chinese Indonesians + pogroms last week. I was interested in the pushback that happens when an ethnic minority has a lot of economic power in a society. I had lunch with a friend this week and talked about this, and he mentioned that one of his friends was reading a book on this very thing – Amy Chua, who calls these groups market minorities, has written World On Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability, which I checked out of the library a few hours ago. I’m ~40 pages in and excited about this (I’m unsure how much of her conclusions are correct, I’ll read the critics when I’m done with the book).

Chua’s thesis: introducing free market capitalism and democracy at the same time to a society that has a “market minority” (an economically productive ethnic group) leads to escalating tensions as the market minority gains more economic power & the majority population gains political power, mutually fucking each other up more.

Markets concentrate enormous wealth in the hands of an ‘outsider’ majority, fomenting ethnic envy and hatred among often chronically poor majorities. In absolute terms the majority may or may not be better off, but any sense of improvement is overwhelmed by their continuing poverty and the hated minority’s economic success. More humiliating still, market-dominant minoroties (along with their foreign investor partners) invariably come to control the crown jewels of the economy, often symbolic of the nation’s patrimony and identity: oil in Russia and Venezuela, diamonds in South Africa, silver and tin in Bolivia, teak and rubies in Burma. …

When free market democracy is pursued in the presence of a market-dominant minority, the almost invariable result is backlash, typically taking one of three forms: backlash against markets, targeting the market minority’s wealth; backlash against democracy by the market minority & allies; violence, sometimes genocidal, against the market minority.

The book opens with Chua recounting the murder of her Chinese-Philippine aunt Leona by her chauffeur. I found this part sickening in every way and fascinating as hell:

[One of my uncles] replied tersely that the killer had not been found. His wife explained at the Manila police had essentially closed the case. I could not understand my relatives’ matter of fact attitude. Were they not more shocked that my aunt had been killed in cold blood, by people who worked with her, lived with her, saw her every day? Why were they not outraged that the [complicit] maids had not been released? My uncle was short with me. “That’s the way things are here. This is the Philippines – not America.”

My uncle was not simply being callous. As it turns out, my aunt’s death is part of a common pattern. Hundreds of Chinese in the Philippines are kidnapped every year, almost invariably by ethnic Filipinos. Many victims, often children, are brutally murdered, even after a ransom is paid. Other Chinese, like my aunt, are killed without a kidnapping, usually in connection with a robbery. The policemen in the Philippines, all poor ethnic Filipinos themselves, are notoriously unmotivated in these cases. When asked by a Western journalist why it is so frequently the Chinese who are targeted, one grinning Filipino policeman explained it was because “they have more money”.

My family is part of the Philippines’ tiny but entrepreneurial, economically powerful Chinese minority. Just 1 percent of the population, Chinese Filipinos control as much as 60% of the private economy (!!!!!!!!!!!), including the country’s four major airlines and almost all of the country’s banks, hotels, malls, and major conglomerates. …

Since my aunt’s murder, one childhood memory keeps haunting me. I was eight, staying at my family’s splendid hacienda-style house in Manila. It was dawn, still dark. Wide awake, I decided to get a drink from the kitchen. I must have gone down an extra flight of stairs, because I literally stumbled onto six male bodies. I had found the male servants’ quarters. My family’s houseboys, gardeners, and chauffeurs were sleeping on mats on a dirt floor. The place stank of sweat and urine. I was horrified.

Later that day I mentioned the incident to my Aunt Leona, who laughed affectionately and explained that the servants – there were perhaps twenty living on the premises, all ethnic Filipinos – were fortunate to be working for our family. If not for their positions, they would be living amount rats and open sewers without even a roof over their heads. A Filipino maid then walked in; I remember that she had a bowl of food for my aunt’s Pekingese. My aunt took the bowl but kept talking as if the maid were not there. The Filipinos, she continued – in Chinese, but plainly not caring whether the maid understood or not – were lazy and unintelligent and didn’t really want to do much else. If they didn’t like working for us, they were free to leave any time. After all, my aunt said, they were employees, not slaves.

………gah. I did not grok how it must feel to have a bunch of foreigners come into your country and somehow take up all the resources and good jobs and make a living off the land that used to be yours and you’re barely keeping afloat buying the things you need to survive from them, and you want them gone you want them out – before the first thirty pages of this book. I went from a culture where immigrants aren’t really a thing to a culture where (our less powerful) immigrants are great and we love them! That this book has been so eye-opening so far probably speaks to my failure of imagination/empathy.

I’m currently on the chapter on Myanmar/Burma, where the situation is similar – the Chinese own e v e r y t h i n g, especially since the US has been boycotting Myanmar on human rights grounds. The Sino-Burmese that were already there (plus Chinese immigrants who came down and bought identity papers to work there) have collaborated with the military government to profit from deforestation / drug trade / gem exports. After South Asia, Chua’s book will also cover market minorities in Latin America, Russia, Africa, the Middle East. I’m psyched and will probably post excerpts again.

2

As much as I’m proud of becoming an Indonesian, this is really embarrasing. What happened was really the mirror of how corrupted our country is. The system has been corrupted. A sandal thief can be put in jail for 5 years, while corrupting people are put in jail for 6 months or 1 year. Now, a governor who really wants to fight for corruption, makes his government transparent by uploading the government meeting to YouTube, and works really hard to improve Jakarta and makes the government “clean” is sentenced with 2 years in jail. The right becomes wrong, the wrong becomes right.

The fact that this might happen out of hatred towards him as a minority (a Chinese and a Christian) is really saddening. I literally cried in the middle of work the moment I read about him being sentenced 2 years in jail.

For you who are confused, here is the issue and the start of the riot.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/16/jakarta-christian-governor-to-face-blasphemy-trial-over-islam-insult-claim

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/indonesia-police-name-jakarta-governor-as-blasphemy-suspect/2016/11/15/97024438-abab-11e6-8f19-21a1c65d2043_story.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/16/world/asia/jakarta-governor-ahok-basuki.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&smid=tw-nytimes&smtyp=cur&_r=0

http://time.com/4572734/indonesia-basuki-blasphemy-islam-intolerance-jakarta-governor/?xid=tcoshare

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-37996350

These are only 5 out of many articles about it out there. For you who are confused on what happened in 1998, well, it was a nightmare in Indonesian history. But, in a nutshell, it was when Chinese women were raped and killed, Chinese stores and businesses were burnt, and a lot of Chinese people were killed. Chaos was everywhere. And the fact that riots also happened during his campaign as the candidates for Jakarta governor is really saddening. The reason? Well, it could be because of political reasons, some of it might be because of religion and ethnicity discrimination. The result of the trial makes me ashamed. For God’s sake, I won’t blame the judge though. For you Indonesians, please understand his position. He might be afraid of the radical Islam group. He might be the one to get the short end of the stick if he let Ahok go.

What’s beautiful is…… those who want to fight for him. Those who love him no matter what his ethnicity and his religion is. Those who come and unite for him to show him how sad we are at the result of the trial.

The campaign is literally all over the world and all over Indonesia. I’m crying. I can’t be there as I’m out of town and I work until late at night. This is what I get as an update.

Note: This is only the pictures of “1000 candles for Ahok” in Surabaya (Tugu Pahlawan) And I guess it is similar like this in other cities and countries.

This is the picture from a drone (bird view)

Credit to and photograph by: @singasong17

When people fight for justice, no matter what your race is, no matter what your religion is, no matter where you are, no matter whether you are reach or poor, no matter your gender is, we are united and we demand the same: JUSTICE.

Wish I could be there :(

i… just… saw… a news story about a 14 year old boy who was graduating college with a major in physics…. and he said he owed it all to his mother who “gave him everything”… and i just… even though this kid was African American (and I’m not detracting from that), I still couldn’t help but think of Fitz.

his older classmate: “He’s not just a genius… he’s also really cool!”

anonymous asked:

The problem is not PoC from America trying to claim solidarity with non American PoC, it's non American white people trying to absolve themselves from anti-Blackness and other forms of racism, which they still wield in "their own" countries. The discourse of "Not all racial systems are the same the world isn't the US" is too easily turned into "We're not racist" because us-centrism is harmful, if only because it allows Europeans to ignore their own unique forms of anti-Blackness and racism.

1. It is a problem when POC from America claim solidarity with non-American non-white people in a manner not to provide support, but to oversimplify global oppression as all being from “White supremacy”. Because it leads to blindness about other forms of oppression they may be culpable in (US imperialism, American cultural hegemony, the fact that the US has bases parked all over the world). On a bigger scale, everyone in developed countries or wealthy socio-economic brackets should recognise their privilege and culpability in economic exploitation whether or not they are “white”. I am a diasporic Chinese, and I have seen how diasporic Chinese or wealthy Asians of other ethnicities abuse Indonesian and Filipino domestic workers.

2. Anti-blackness while serious, is not the only form of racism that exists. Plenty of intra-European, intra-Asian and intra-African racism exists, and Americans often obscure this or trivialise these conflicts as “not being about racism, just politics”. We are already being erased- I have been told loads of times Japanese can’t be racist to Chinese because we are both East Asians, when that’s not true. Japanese imperialism during WW2 was very much coloured with Japanese racial supremacy. People think the Bosnian genocide was just “Serbian politics out of control” just because both oppressor and oppressed are European. That “not all racial systems are the same because the USA is not the world” is absolutely essential to debunking this reductionism. In Latin America, people not considered white in the US are absolutely culpable in discrimination against indigenous people, in addition to anti-blackness. In Europe, there is definitely cognisance of a lot of faultlines, and I will say in some ways it is even more complicated than the US because the colorism against non-white people and anti-blackness ON TOP of centuries-old prejudices against various different European peoples, against Jewish people, classism, regional rivalries etc.

3. Also, I dislike how some bloggers go on and on about how much European colonialism damaged us and give so little air time to the most RECENT crimes that need awareness. Yes, European colonialism changed, brutalised and made us who we are today, but decolonisation for the past 70 years happened. So, a lot of very recent atrocities are inflicted by OTHER non-white people with institutional power. The Indonesian massacre of East Timorese, the Rohingya discriminated in Burma, Chinese oppression of Uighur minorities? In the Middle-East, Sunni and Shi’a sectarianism? ISIS? In Africa, inter-communal violence like the Rwandan genocide, separatism between North and South Sudan, the Boko Haram extremists in Nigeria who kidnapped hundreds of school girls? For many ethnic Chinese, the wounds of Japanese war crimes like forced prostitution and the Nanking Massacre (which the Japanese government continues denying) hurt far more than the Opium Wars, and it’d be much appreciated if these things were talked about equally often as how European colonialism oppressed us. And yet a lot of people like to portray us as this happy family, when “POC” solidarity in the US sadly does not quite exist in non-Western contexts.

8

151121 mandarin!english!sehun speech in exo'luxion macau [PART II] 

(●´∀`)ノ♡ LINK FOR PART I 

Pride

I used to cower in the face of racism in the past but I am now glad to say that this blog has now given me the utmost strength to be unapologetically Indian in Singapore. I am proud of my skin colour, my language, and my heritage. I am proud that I can speak clear, concise English, and I’m not going to modify my accent anymore to sound like a typical local never mind the fact that I get slammed by my Chinese ‘friends’ for putting on an ‘angmoh accent’ just because they’re mad as hell that they’re in no way as eloquent as I am. They can’t seem to wrap their minds around the fact that perhaps I speak it well because English is an Indo-European language and shares a lot of commonalities with Indian languages.

I am an equal in this country, and I don’t give a fucking FUCK if some racist asshole wants to take offence. I will wear my damn ethnic clothing when I feel like it, and you will deal. I will even fucking wear an entire fucking saree it on the MRT on non-festival days if I want. You can stew in your bigotry and racism all you want. That’s your problem. I am un-bothered and too fabulous for you.

Whatchu gonna do, huh? Kick me out of my own country? Well, here’s a fun fact: It’s not like you’re native to this place either. Maybe you should go back to China if you want to live in a Chinese-only society. If y'all can talk about how superior you’re all the time (which is nothing but a LIE if you look at history: A highly significant amount of Chinese culture came from India during the spread of Buddhism - Chinese scholars travelled to Nalanda, Taxila, and Bodh Gaya in ancient India (look those places the hell up) and translated documents from Sanskrit to Chinese and then went back). 

The fact that Buddhism is Singapore’s largest religion today is proof enough of Indian dominance. And y'all wanna hate on me for being proud of who I am? You can have your SAP schools where you can indulge in your delusions of grandeur on a massive scale and I can’t even exist here without some racist Chinese people taking offence with my existence on a daily basis? Y'all racists stay trolling yourselves because Buddha was a ‘keling’. LMAO. He was an 'apu neh neh’. You modified his image to look like you but he was literally the embodiment of all the repulsive, rancid, fucked-up slurs you hurl at us (how 'Buddhist’ of you, by the way)

If my great-great grandparents had wanted to live in a Chinese city, they’d have emigrated to Beijing or Shanghai instead. They came to Singapore instead because they wanted to live in a diverse and pluralistic society, and I’m gonna honour them by exercising my rights.

NAMASTE, BITCHES.


Moderator’s note: This is one of the greatest things I’ve ever read. THANK YOU.

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