🌙100 days of languages - Mandarin

🍒2017年11月17日🍒

Day 8: Name everything in the room and write down new words ~

🌟 起居室 (qi3 ju1 shi4) - Living room

🌟 青柠树 (qing1 ning2 shu4) - Lime tree

🌟 植物 (zhi2 wu4) - Plant

🌟 南瓜 (nan2 gua1) - Pumpkin

🌟 猫树 (mao1 shu4) - Cat tree

🌟 游戏机 (you2 xi4 ji1) - Game console

🌟 沙发 (sha1 fa1) - Sofa

🌟 芦荟植物 (lu2 hui4 zhi2 wu4) - Aloe Vera plant

🌟 仙人掌 (xian1 ren2 zhang3) - Cactus

🌟 壁炉 (bi4 lu2) - Fireplace

🌟 地毯 (di4 tan3) - Carpet

you’re working in a field you genuinely enjoy. you have supportive, loving friends. you follow your passions, you’re fluent in your target languages. the 12 new books you ordered will arrive soon. your flat is cozy, decorated with plants and fairy lights. you’re happy. this might seem like some fantasty, but i know this will happen. i believe in you, and you should as well.

Planets as Mandarin vocab: 

Mercury - 水星 (shuǐ xīng) lit. water star
Venus - 金星 (jīn xīng) lit. gold star
Mars - 火星 (huǒ xīng) lit. fire star
Jupiter - 木星(mù xīng) lit. wood star
Saturn - 土星 (tǔ xīng) lit. earth star
Earth - 地球 (dì qiú) lit. ground sphere
Uranus - 天王星 (tiān wáng xīng) lit. sky king star
Neptune - 海王星 (hǎi wáng xīng) lit. sea king star

冥王星对不起 (Míngwángxīng duìbùqǐ) - I’m sorry Pluto

40 Important Mandarin Chinese Verbs!

1. 是 [shì] ~ (to) be

2. 有 [yǒu] ~ (to) have

3. 做 [zuò] ~ (to) do; (to) make

4. 可以 [kě yǐ] ~ can; (to) give permission

5. 认识 [rèn shí] ~ (to) be acquainted qith

6. 知道 [zhī dào] (怎样) (zěn yàng) ~ (to) know (be aware)

7. 理解 [lǐ jiě] ~ (to) understand

8. 讲 [jiǎng] ~ (to) speak; (to) talk

9. 听 [tīng] ~ (to) listen to

10. 听到 [tīng dào] ~ (to) hear

11. 看 [kàn] ~ (to) see

12. 觉得 [jué de] ~ (to) feel

13. 活着 [huó zhe] ~ (to) live

14. 要 [yào] ~ (to) want

15. 需要 [xū yào] ~ (to) need

16. 喜欢 [xǐ huān] ~ (to) like

17. 爱 [ài] ~ (to) love

18. 给 [gěi] ~ (to) give

19. 拿 [ná] ~ (to) take

20. 玩 [wán] ~ (to) play

21. 笑 [xiào] ~ (to) laugh

22. 来 [lái] ~ (to) come

23. 去 [qù] ~ (to) go

24. 坐 [zuò] (…) 去 [qù] ~ (to) go by (…) (e.g. by car)

25. 写 [xiě] ~ (to) write

26. 读 [dú] ~ (to) read

27. 计数 [jì shù] ~ (to) count

28. 发音 [fā yīn] ~ (to) pronounce

29. 拼 [pīn] ~ (to) spell

30. 共轭 [gòng è] ~ (to) conjugate

31. 记住 [jì zhù] ~ (to) remember

32. 忘记 [wàng jì] ~ (to) forget

33. 吃 [chī] ~ (to) eat

34. 试 [shì] ~ (to) try

35. 用 [yòng] ~ (to) use

36. 打开 [dǎ kāi] ~ (to) open

37. 关闭 [guān bì] ~ (to) close

38. 欢迎 [huān yíng] ~ (to) greet; (to) welcome

39. 开始 [kāi shǐ] ~ (to) begin

40. 结束 [jié shù] ~ (to) end

15 Common and Useful Chinese Idioms (Chengyu) ✨

🌷 脚踏实地 (jiǎo tà shí dì)
脚踏实地 literally means “to step on solid ground.” It means that you work hard, focus on the fundamentals, and proceed in a steady and stable fashion. It’s an extremely positive chengyu. Here’s an example : “现在我们要继续脚踏实地”   “xiànzài wǒmen yào jìxù jiǎotàshídì”   “Right now we need to continue staying grounded and pushing ahead”   

🌷 九牛一毛 (jiǔ niú yì máo)
九牛一毛 literally means “9 cows and 1 strand of cow hair.” It indicates something that’s so small that it’s like one strand of cow hair among 9 cows. Here’s an example: “电子商务的盈利在中国整体商业环境中简直是九牛一毛.”   “diànzǐ shāngwù de yínglì zài zhōngguó zhěngtǐ shāngyè huánjìng zhōng jiǎnzhí shì jiǔniúyìmáo.”   “In the entire Chinese commercial environment, the profits from E-commerce are simply just a drop in the bucket.”  

🌷 一无所有 (yìwúsuǒyǒu)
一无所有 means to have absolutely nothing at all. It’s basically being penniless. Here’s an example: “他无家可归,一无所有”   “tā wújiākěguī, yìwúsuǒyǒu”   “He was homeless, and didn’t have a penny to his name.”  

🌷 一见钟情(yí jiàn zhōng qíng)
一见钟情 means “love at first sight.” It’s generally used for people, but you can also use it for other physical objects. Here’s an example: “她就是我的一见钟情 “   “tā jiùshì wǒ de yíjiànzhōngqíng“   “She is my love at first sight.”  

🌷 自由自在 (zì yóu zì zài)
自由自在 means that something is free and easy. It can be used to describe someone’s personality, how someone behaves, or how a place makes people feel. For example: “这是一个自由自在的地方。”   “zhè shì yī gè zì yóu zì zai de dì fāng”   “This is a free and easy place”  

🌷 莫名其妙 (mò míng qí miào) 
莫名其妙 literally means that it’s hard to articulate the profoundness or mystery or something. It basically means that something is baffling. For example: “他说了几句莫名其妙的话。”   “tā shuì le jī gōu mò míng qí miào de huà”   “He said some mysterious words. ”  

🌷 半途而废 (bàn tú ér fèi)
半途而废 means to start doing something, only to give up halfway. Literally, it means to walk half the road and give up. Here’s an example: “我不是半途而废的人”   “wǒ búshì bàntúérfèi de rén”   “I’m not someone who gives up halfway”

🌷 抛砖引玉 (pāo zhuān yǐn yù)
抛砖引玉 (pāo zhuān yǐn yù) basically means you’re “just tossing an idea out there.” It literally means “to cast a brick to attract jade.” You’re basically saying, “this idea I’m tossing out there is garbage, but perhaps it will lead one of you to make a better contribution.” It’s a humble way to contribute to a conversation. Here’s an example: “我的建议还不够成熟,算是抛砖引玉吧 “   “wǒ de jiàn yì hái bú gòu chéng shú, suàn shì pāo zhuān yǐn yù ba “   “My suggestion is still half-baked — you could see it as just me tossing an idea out there“  

🌷 豁然开朗 (huò rán kāi lǎng)
豁然开朗 (huò rán kāi lǎng) has two meanings which are linked. The first meaning is the refreshing and liberating feeling you get when you see a beautiful, open area. Typically, immediately before this moment, the beautiful area is not visible and you might be feeling a little stuffy. Second, it’s also used for the feeling you get when you achieve an “aha” or “eureka!” moment. Here’s an example: “大学时期,乔尼开始有机会用Mac做设计,那是一种豁然开朗的体验“   “dàxué shíqí, qiáoní kāishǐ yǒujīhuì yòng Mac zuò shèjì, nàshì yīzhǒng huòránkāilǎng de tǐyàn”   “During college, Jony began to have opportunities to use a Mac to design, and that was a refreshing, eye-opening experience”  

🌷  津津有味 (jīn jīn yǒu wèi)
津津有味 means to eat something deliciously. Also, it can be used for activities beyond just eating, as long as the person doing the activity finds it engaging. It’s not something that people typically use to describe themselves, but you can liberally use it on your friends as it has a positive tone. Here’s an expressive example: “津津有味地看报”   “jīnjīnyǒuwèi de kànbào”   “to devour the newspaper”  

🌷  理所当然 (lǐ suǒ dāng rán)
理所当然 sounds like “to go without saying” or “as a matter of course,” but literally means that “according to reason, it should be the case.” Here’s an example: “Some things which are obvious or natural in the course of a marriage…”   “。。。在婚姻中的一些~的事。。。”   “。。。zài hūnyīn zhōng de yīxiē ~de shì 。。。”  

🌷  全力以赴 (quán lì yǐ fù)
全力以赴 basically means to give it your all (literally “exert all your strength”) for a goal. It has a positive tone, and is somewhat formal but can still be used in everyday speech. It’s important to note that 全力以赴 is typically used for actions that haven’t finished yet, rather than actions that have already been completed. Here’s an example: “无论考生的笔试成绩如何,都要全力以赴准备面试”   “wúlùn kǎoshēng de bǐshì chéngjì rúhé ,dōuyào quánlìyǐfù zhǔnbèi miànshì”   “No matter how the student’s written test score is, he/she needs to give 100% to prepare for the interview”  

🌷  心血来潮 (xīn xuè lái cháo)
心血来潮 basically means “spur of the moment” or “on a whim.” Literally, it evokes the image of blood rushing to your heart (of course in English we’d say head). It’s a perfect chengyu for when you’re telling a story a friend. For example: “某日他们心血来潮,决定比拼一下各自的脚法“   “mǒu rì tāmen xīnxuèláicháo,juédìng bǐpīn yíxià gèzì de jiǎofǎ”   “One day, on a spur of the moment, they decided to compare and compete to see whose footwork was best”  

🌷  乱七八糟 (luàn qī bā zāo)
乱七八糟 means that something is a total mess. You can use it to describe tangible things like messy rooms, or more abstract things, like a messed up life. For example: 是谁弄得乱七八糟的?   “shì shéi nòng de luàn qī bā zāo de?”   “who made this mess?”  

🌷  不可思议 (bù kě sī yì)
不可思议 means that something is noteworthy or amazing in an unexpected way. It can be used for things which are really amazing (eg. magic or larger phenomena) but also for unexpected, everyday occurrences. For example: “真是不可思议,我的名字跟你一样!”   “zhēn shi bù kĕ sī yì wŏ de míng zi gēn nĭ yī yàng”   “It’s incredible, I have the same name as you!”  

Chinese Internet Slang

Numbers


  • 1314: “For ever”, usually preceded by a phrase such as “I love you” or whatever. 1314 (pinyin: yīsānyīsì) represents 一生一世 “one life, one world” (pinyin: yīshēng yīshì).
  • 233“laughter" 233 (pinyin:èr sān sān) represents 哈哈哈 (pinyin: hā hā hā).
  • 4242: “Yes” or “It is”, 4242 (pinyin: sìshí'èr sìshí'èr) represents 是啊是啊 (pinyin: shìa shìa).
  • 520: “I love you”. 520 (pinyin: wǔ'èrlíng) represents 我爱你 (pinyin: wǒ ài nǐ).
  • 555: “(crying)”. 555 (pinyin: wǔwǔwǔ) represents 呜呜呜 (pinyin: wūwūwū) the sound of tearful crying.
  • 666: “doing something really well” 666 (pinyin: liùliùliù) represents 溜溜溜 (pinyin:liùliùliù ).
  • 7451 or 7456: “I’m angry”. 7451 (pinyin: qīsìwǔyī) or 7456 (pinyin: qīsìwǔliù) represents 气死我了 (pinyin: qìsǐ wǒle)
  • 748: “Go and die!”, 748 (pinyin: qīsìbā):represents 去死吧 (pinyin: qùsǐba), the equivalent of “Get lost!”, or “Go to hell!”
  • 88: “Bye bye” (goodbye). 88 (pinyin: bābā) represents “bye bye" 
  • 995: "Help”, “Save me!” 995 (pinyin: jiǔjiǔwǔ) represents 救救我 (pinyin: jiùjiù wǒ).

Sweet emojis as Mandarin vocab

🍬candy - 糖果 (tángguǒ)
🍦ice cream - 冰淇淋 (bīngqílín)
🍰cake - 蛋糕 (dàngāo)
🍭lollipop - 棒糖 (bàngtáng) /  棒棒糖 (bàngbàngtáng) 
🍪cookie - 曲奇 (qūqí)
🍮pudding - 布丁 (bùdīng)
🍩doughnut - 甜甜圈 (tiántiánquān) /  多拿滋 (duōnázī)
🍫chocolate - 巧克力 (qiǎokèlì)
🍼 milk -  牛奶 (niúnǎi)
🥞 pancakes - 松饼 (sōngbǐng)
🍡 dango - 团子 (tuánzi)

In Chinese we don’t say “movie” we say “电影 (diànyǐng)” which translates to “electric shadow” which sounds cool as heck.

Submitted by @bendwithpride

Hey guys, apologies for the long hiatus, college apps have got me in a bind.  Here are some terms related to our busy class schedules and lives as students!  I incorporated a lot of vocab and tried to include example sentences not provided by the infographic, so I hope you can enjoy and learn something!~

Class Subjects
数学 [shù xué] Math
生物 [shēng wù] Biology
化学 [huà xué] Chemistry
物理 [wù lí] Physics
地理 [dì lí] Geography
历史 [lì shí] History
英文 [yīng wén] English
中文 [zhōng wén] Chinese
外语 [waì yǔ] Foreign Language
音乐 [yīn yuè] Music
艺术 [yì shù] Art(s)

*To denote a class, simply add 课 (kè) to the end
For example:

数学 + 课 = 数学课 (Mathematics class)

*Since many of us take multiple classes a day, here’s a useful sentence to try!

我每天上(insert #classes here)门课。
I take (insert #classes here) classes every day.

Education Levels
学校 [xué xiào] school
小学 [xiǎo xué] elementary school
中学 [zhōng xué] middle school
高中 [gāo zhōng] high school
大学 [dà xué] university/college
学生 [xué shēng] student

大学 + 学生 = 大学生(college/university student)

Example sentence:
我是一个大学生。
I am a college/university student.

College/University related vocab
学位 [xué wèi] degree
专业 [zhuān yè] major
副学士 [fù xué shì] Associates
学士 [xué shì] Bachelors
硕士 [shuò shì] Masters
博士 [bó shì] Doctorate/PhD

*to denote degree for the associate, bachelor, masters, and PhD, simply as 学位 to the end

Some Basic School Utensils
笔 [bǐ] pen
铅笔 [qiān bǐ] pencil
自动铅笔 [zì dòng qiān bí] mechanical pencil
毛笔 [mǎo bí] brush
纸 [zhǐ] paper
笔记本 [bǐ jì bén] notebook
橡皮 [xiàng pí] eraser

好好学习 天天进步!~

甜蜜蜜
鹿晗
甜蜜蜜

Luhan – Tian Mi Mi (Hanzi/Pinyin/English)

Note: This song is very sweet, and the lyrics are slow and repetitive which makes the song easy to memorize. 

甜蜜蜜你笑得甜蜜蜜
tiánmì mì nǐ xiào dé tiánmì mì
as sweet as honey, your smile is as sweet as honey

好像花儿开在春风里
hǎoxiàng huā er kāi zài chūnfēng lǐ
just like the way flowers bloom in the spring breeze

开在春风里
kāi zài chūnfēng lǐ
in the spring breeze

在哪里在哪里见过你
zài nǎlǐ zài nǎlǐ jiànguò nǐ
i wonder where on earth, where on earth have i seen you

你的笑容这样熟悉
nǐ de xiàoróng zhèyàng shúxī
your smile is so familiar to me

我一时想不起
wǒ yīshí xiǎng bù qǐ
but i still cannot remember where

啊~ 在梦里
a ~ zài mèng lǐ
ah… in my dreams 

梦里梦里见过你
mèng lǐ mèng lǐ jiànguò nǐ
in my dreams, in my dreams i’ve met you

甜蜜笑得多甜蜜
tiánmì xiào dé duō tiánmì
with your smile that is so sweet, as sweet as honey

是你 是你 梦见的就是你
shì nǐ shì nǐ mèng jiàn de jiùshì nǐ
it is you, it is you, the one i saw in my dreams

在哪里在哪里见过你
zài nǎlǐ zài nǎlǐ jiànguò nǐ
i wonder where on earth, where on earth have i seen you

你的笑容这样熟悉
nǐ de xiàoróng zhèyàng shúxī
your smile is so familiar to me

我一时想不起
wǒ yīshí xiǎng bù qǐ
but i still cannot remember where 

啊~ 在梦里
a ~ zài mèng lǐ
ah… in my dreams 

梦里梦里见过你
mèng lǐ mèng lǐ jiànguò nǐ
in my dreams, in my dreams i’ve met you

甜蜜笑得多甜蜜
tiánmì xiào dé duō tiánmì
with your smile that is so sweet, as sweet as honey

是你 是你 梦见的就是你
shì nǐ shì nǐ mèng jiàn de jiùshì nǐ
it is you, it is you, the one i saw in my dreams 

在哪里在哪里见过你
zài nǎlǐ zài nǎlǐ jiànguò nǐ
i wonder where on earth, where on earth have i seen you

你的笑容这样熟悉
nǐ de xiàoróng zhèyàng shúxī
your smile is so familiar to me

我一时想不起
wǒ yīshí xiǎng bù qǐ
but i still cannot remember where

啊~ 在梦里
a ~ zài mèng lǐ
ah… in my dreams 

啊~ 在梦里
a ~ zài mèng lǐ
ah… in my dreams

啊~ 在梦里
a ~ zài mèng lǐ
ah… in my dreams

  • Me: should I learn another language....?
  • IRL friends: NO NO NO HELLLL NO. THINK ABOUT WHAT YOU'RE DOING. THINK ABOUT YOUR FAMILY, YOUR RELATIONSHIPS, YOUR HEALTH, YOUR GRADES. JUST DON'T OKAY?
  • Langblr friends: OMG YASSSSSSSSS WHAT ARE YOU GONNA STUDY? NO WAIT LET ME HELP YOU CHOOSE HOW ABOUT GREENLANDIC? OR MAYBE JAPANESE? THE POSSIBILITIES ARE ENDLESS. IN FACT, YOU COULD LEARN SEVERAL MORE. THE MORE THE MERRIER AHAHAHAHA
Adjectives
  • 顽固 (wángù)-stubborn
  • 用功 (yònggōng)-diligent;studious
  • 胖 (pàng)-fat
  • 漂亮 (piàoliang)-pretty
  • 聪明 (cōngming)-smart
  • 笨 (bèn)-stupid
  • 帅 (shuài)-handsome
  • 矮 (ǎi)-short
  • 高 (gāo)-tall
  • 懒 (lǎn)-lazy
  • 丑 (chǒu)-ugly
  • 开通 (kāitong)-open minded; liberal
  • 大 (dà)-big
  • 小 (xiǎo)-small; young
  • 老 (lǎo)-old(used w/ people)
  • 新 (xīn)-new
  • 旧 (jiù)-old(used w/ objects)