I just got certified in CPR yesterday with the American Heart Association. I wanted to share this information with you, because a lot of what we see on TV is not at all accurate as to what you’re supposed to do to actually help someone. I will also post child and infant CPR at sometime!
- Before starting CPR on somebody, look around and make sure that the scene is safe. You’re no help to anybody if you’re also hurt.
- Kneel down on the side of the the person and hit their shoulders hard with both your hands. Shout: “Are you okay?”
- If they’re responsive, call 911. Responsive means blinking, moving, moaning, etc.
- If they’re unresponsive, check to see if they’re breathing. Scan their chest for only 10 seconds to watch for breath.
- If they’re breathing normally and unresponsive, call 911.
- If they’re unresponsive and not breathing or breathing irregularly, you will need to start CPR. Every minute that passes without CPR, the chance of their survival goes down by 7-10%.
- Shout: “Help! I need help!”
- If someone comes to help you, have them call 911 and get an AED device.
- If no one comes to help you, call 911 yourself and put the phone on speaker.
- The person will need to be lying on a flat surface for you to be able to perform CPR on them. If you need to move them do so quickly and don’t worry about hurting them. Time is of the essence.
- Begin performing CPR on the person. Press down in the middle of their chest at a depth of two inches.
- The number one mistake that people make when performing CPR is not pressing hard/deep enough. You’re not strong enough to break bones, and if you do hear a crack you’re breaking their sternum, not bones. It’s better to have broken sternum than to be dead.
- You want to do 30 compression reps, going at the rhythm of the song “Staying Alive” by the Bee Gees. I’m not kidding you, this is what the trained EMS tech actually told me. This is a rate of 110 to 120 compression reps per minute. Count each rep out loud.
- Your hands should not be leaving the person’s chest in between the reps.
- The chest should be rising back to its original form in between reps.
- After 30 compression reps, deliver 2 short breaths to the person.
- Tilt their head back until their neck is hyper extended and open their mouth.
- You should be able to watch the person’s chest rise with your breath. If it isn’t, you’re not breathing hard enough.
- After the 2 breaths, resume the 30 compression reps.
- Continue alternating 30 compressions with 2 breaths until an AED device arrives, or emergency services arrives.
- If someone is there with you who also knows CPR, they can switch with you after the 2 breaths. Compressions are exhausting to do.
- If an AED device (pictured below) does arrive, open the box and turn the power on. The device will literally give you instructions as to how to use it. It essentially is an automated shock device that tries to restart the person’s heart.