chilaba

Vocabulario - La religión

Overall this vocabulary list attempts to be as inclusive as possible, but it was compiled by me, who is Catholic and knows more about Christianity than other religions. Please let me know of any errors or things you’d like included.


Religions

[Note: many of these religious terms can apply to people or things e.g. la fe católica “the Catholic faith” but also los católicos “Catholics”]

  • el cristianismo, la cristianidad = Christianity
  • cristiano/a = Christian
  • católico/a = Catholic
  • protestante = Protestant
  • baptista = Baptist
  • mormón, mormona = Mormon
  • metodista = Methodist
  • anglicano/a = Anglican
  • episcopal = Episcopalian
  • jesuita = Jesuite
  • el judaísmo = Judaism
  • judío/a = Jewish
  • el ortodoxo = Orthodox
  • hasídico/a = Hassidic
  • el Islam, el islamismo = Islam
  • musulmán, musulmana = Muslim
  • sufí = Sufi
  • chiíta = Shiite
  • suní, sunita = Sunni
  • el budismo = Buddhism
  • el/la budista = Buddhist
  • el taoísmo, el daoísmo = Taoism/Daoism
  • el/la taoísta, el/la daoísta = Taoist/Daoist
  • el hinduismo = Hinduism
  • el/la hindú, el/la hinduista [less common] = Hindu
  • el sijismo = Sikhism
  • el/la sij = Sikh
  • el paganismo = paganism
  • pagano/a = pagan
  • el monoteísmo = monotheism
  • monoteísta = monotheistic
  • el/la monoteísta = monotheist
  • el politeísmo = polytheism
  • politeísta = polytheistic
  • el/la politeísta = polytheist
  • el ateísmo = atheism
  • ateo/a, ateísta = atheistic
  • ateo/a = atheist
  • el agnosticismo = agnosticism
  • agnóstico/a = agnostic

  • Dios = God
  • el dios, la diosa = god, goddess
  • Satanás = Satan
  • Lucifér = Lucifer
  • Alá = Allah
  • María = Mary
  • José = Joseph
  • Jesús = Jesus
  • Mahoma = Mohammad
  • el santo, la santa = saint
  • el/la profeta = prophet
  • el ángel = angel
  • el arcángel = archangel

Places

  • la iglesia = church
  • la Iglesia = Church [institution]
  • el campanario = bell tower, clocktower
  • el cementerio, el santocampo = cemetery, graveyard
  • la aguja, el campanario = steeple [la aguja is “needle” literally]
  • la torre = tower
  • el catedral = cathedral
  • la sacristía = sacristy, place where vestments are kept
  • la rectoría = rectory
  • la parroquia = parish
  • el convento = convent
  • el monasterio = monastery
  • la abadía = abbey
  • el templo = temple
  • la tierra sagrada, la tierra santa = sacred ground, holy ground
  • la sinagoga = synagogue
  • el alminar, el minarete = minaret
  • la hornacina = mihrab, alcove
  • la mezquita = mosque
  • el Vaticano = Vatican
  • Roma = Rome
  • Jerusalén = Jerusalem
  • Belén = Bethlehem
  • (la) Meca = Mecca

People

  • el pecador, la pecadora = sinner
  • el/la hereje = heretic
  • el sacerdote, la sacerdotisa = priest, female priest [also “priestess”]
  • el sumo sacerdote = high priest
  • la suma sacerdotisa = high priestess
  • el cura = priest [often Catholic]
  • el reverendo, la reverenda = reverend
  • el ministro, la ministra = minister
  • el pastor, la pastora = pastor, preacher [also “shepherd”]
  • el predicador, la predicadora = preacher
  • el lego, la lega = layman, laywoman
  • el beato, la beata = lay brother, lay sister
  • el imán = imam
  • el rabino = rabbi
  • el monje = monk
  • la monja = nun
  • el fraile = friar
  • la sor = nun, sister
  • hermano, hermana = brother, sister [way of addressing a monk/nun]
  • la Madre Superiora = Mother Superior
  • el diácono, la diaconisa = deacon, deaconess
  • el sacristán = sexton
  • el monseñor = monsignor
  • el obispo = bishop
  • el arzobispo = archbishop
  • el cardenal = cardinal
  • el Papa = Pope
  • parroquiano/a = parishioner 
  • el / la creyente = believer
  • el / la no creyente = nonbeliever 

Things

  • el pecado = sin
  • el perdón = forgiveness
  • pecaminoso/a = sinful
  • la piedad = piety
  • pío/a = pious
  • piadoso/a = pious
  • impío/a = impious
  • cruel = cruel
  • la moraleja = moral (of a story)
  • los modales = manners
  • educado/a = polite, courteous
  • la buena educación = good manners [lit. “good education”]
  • la mala educación = bad manners [lit. “bad education”]
  • moral = moral
  • inmoral = immoral
  • ético/a = ethical
  • poco ético/a = unethical
  • recto/a = righteous, upstanding, direct, honest
  • diestro/a = skillful / right-handed [antiquated]
  • siniestro/a = sinister / left-handed [antiquated]
  • santurrón, santurrona = sanctimonious, holier-than-thou, morally superior
  • la devoción = devotion
  • devoto/a = devoted
  • la confianza = trust / confidence
  • la fortaleza = fortitude / strength
  • fuerte = strong
  • débil = weak
  • la debilidad = weakness
  • la prudencia = prudence
  • la sabiduría = knowledge
  • sabio/a = wise
  • el sabio, la sabia = wise person, sage
  • sagaz = wise, sage, intelligent
  • el conocimiento = understanding
  • comprensivo/a = understanding, kind, sympathetic
  • la virtud = virtue
  • virtuoso/a = virtuous
  • la justicia = justice
  • justo/a = just, fair
  • la caridad = charity
  • caritativo/a = charitable
  • la castidad = chastity
  • casto/a = chaste
  • la templanza = temperance
  • mesurado/a = temperate, moderate, restrained
  • mortal = deadly, mortal
  • capital = capital, main
  • venial = venial, minor
  • la mentira = lie
  • mentiroso/a = deceitful
  • el mentiroso, la mentirosa = a liar
  • el engaño = deceit
  • engañoso/a = deceitful
  • la verdad = truth
  • verdadero/a = true, for real
  • la fe = faith
  • fiel = faithful, trusting
  • la misericordia = mercy
  • misericordioso/a = merciful
  • compasivo/a = compassionate
  • la clemencia = clemency, forgiveness, understanding
  • clemente = understanding, clement, kind
  • la benevolencia = benevolence
  • benévolo/a = benevolent
  • la malevolencia = malevolence
  • malévolo/a = malevolent
  • el amor = love
  • la generosidad = generosity
  • generoso/a = generosity
  • la bondad = kindness, goodness
  • buen, bueno/a = good
  • bien = well
  • la maldad = wickedness, evilness
  • el mal = evil
  • mal, malo/a = bad
  • mal = badly, wrong
  • el daño = harm
  • dañino/a = harmful
  • el adulterio = adultery
  • la blasfemia = blasphemy
  • la lujuria = lust
  • lujurioso/a = lustful
  • excitado/a = lusty, sexually aroused
  • la ira = wrath
  • el enojo = anger
  • enojado/a, enfadado/a, airado/a = angry / wrathful
  • el orgullo, la soberbia = pride, arrogance
  • orgulloso/a = proud [more benign]
  • soberbio/a = arrogant, proud, haughty [more extreme]
  • soberano/a = sovereign
  • la arrogancia = arrogance
  • arrogante = arrogant
  • la codicia = greed, coveting
  • codicioso/a = greedy
  • ávido/a = avid / greedy
  • deseoso/a = greedy, coveting / desirous
  • la gula = gluttony
  • goloso/a = gluttonous
  • el glotón, la glotona = glutton
  • la avaricia = avarice, greed
  • avaricioso/a = avaricious
  • mezquino/a = miserly, mean, unpleasant
  • la envidia = envy
  • envidioso/a = envious
  • los celos = jealousy
  • celoso/a = jealous
  • la pereza = sloth, laziness
  • perezoso/a = lazy
  • el odio = hatred
  • odioso/a = odious, hateful
  • la herejía = heresy
  • la lealtad = loyalty
  • leal = loyal
  • la fidelidad = fidelity, faithfulness
  • el santuario = sanctuary
  • el refugio = refuge
  • la bendición = blessing, benediction
  • bendito/a = blessed
  • la maldición = curse, damnation
  • maldito/a = cursed, damned
  • eterno/a = eternal
  • el Inframundo = the Underworld
  • el más allá = the afterlife [lit. “the more over there”]
  • la morada eterna = afterlife [lit. “eternal dwelling”]
  • la última morada = final resting place [lit. “last dwelling”]
  • el infierno = hell / inferno
  • el cielo = heaven / sky
  • el paraíso = paradise, heaven
  • la vida = life
  • la muerte = death
  • la alabanza = praise
  • el dolor = pain
  • doloroso/a = painful, in pain
  • el asombro = awe
  • la oración = prayer
  • el rezo = prayer
  • la plegaria = prayer, supplication
  • el bautismo = baptism
  • el matrimonio = matrimony / married couple
  • el funeral = funeral
  • el calvario = “cross to bear”, “crown of thorns”, a trying ordeal [lit. “Calvary”; where Jesus was put to death on Calvary]
  • la chilaba = hijab
  • la convicción = conviction
  • la creencia = belief
  • la duda = doubt
  • la misa = mass, a church service
  • el día festivo, el feriado religioso = feast day, holy day / holiday
  • el sábado = Sabbath / Saturday
  • el domingo = Sunday
  • el mandamiento = commandment
  • la Biblia = Bible
  • la tora, la Torá = Torah
  • el Corán = Quran, Koran 
  • la orden religiosa = religious order

Verbs

  • creer(se) = to believe
  • dudar = to doubt
  • confiar = to trust
  • confiar en algo/alguien = to trust in something/someone
  • recurrir = to turn to, to resort to
  • recurrir a alguien = to turn to someone (for help)
  • encomendar = to entrust, to place trust in
  • encomendarse = to turn oneself over (to something/someone), to give oneself over
  • adorar = to worship / to adore
  • venerar = to venerate
  • consagrar = consecrate 
  • santiguarse = to make the sign of the cross
  • ganar(se) el cielo = to get into heaven
  • bautizar = to baptize, to christen
  • untar, ungir = to anoint (typically with oil)
  • casarse (con alguien) = to get married (to someone)
  • dar a luz = to give birth
  • enterrar = to bury
  • superar = to overcome
  • sufrir = to suffer
  • doler = to feel hurt
  • sentirse = to feel (an emotion)
  • compadecer = to pity
  • vivir = to live
  • morir = to die
  • bendecir = to bless
  • maldecir = to curse
  • rezar = to pray
  • rezar para = to pray (for something to happen)
  • rezar por (alguien) = to pray for (someone)
  • cuidar = to take care of
  • esperar = to hope
  • desesperar = to despair
  • guardar la esperanza = to keep up hope / to hold out hope
  • guardar la fe = to keep faithful
  • agradecer = to give thanks
  • estar agradecido/a = to be grateful
  • asistir = to attend / to go to
  • estar presente = to be present
  • estar ausente = to be absent
  • rescatar = to rescue / to ransom
  • ayudar = to help
  • tener paciencia = to be patient
  • tener cuidado = to be careful
  • sacrificar = to sacrifice
  • alabar = to praise
  • acudir a rezar = to worship / to go to pray