chief justice warren

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#LovingDay: 50 Years After The Loving Verdict, A Photo Essay Looks Back On Their Love
Remembering the couple who brought down anti-miscegenation laws in 16 U.S. states.

Monday, June 12, marks the 50th anniversary of the landmark United States Supreme Court decision Loving v. Virginia, which quashed anti-miscegenation laws in 16 states around the nation, ushering restrictions against interracial marriage to the wrong side of history.

The date is now remembered as Loving Day in honor of Richard and Mildred Loving, the couple who defied the state’s ability to dictate the terms of their love based on their skin color. Mildred, who was of African American and Native American descent, and Richard, who was white, wed in 1958 in Washington D.C., because interracial marriage was illegal in their native rural Virginia, as well as 15 other Southern U.S. states.

When the Lovings returned to Virginia, however, local police raided their home one early morning after being tipped off by another resident. They declared the Lovings’ marriage license invalid within the scope of the state, placing the couple under arrest.

The Lovings pled guilty to “cohabiting as man and wife, against the peace and dignity of the Commonwealth,” and were sentenced to one year in prison. A judge later agreed to suspend the sentence if Mildred and Richard left Virginia and did not return for 25 years.

The couple relocated to Washington, D.C., but they did not end their story there. In 1964, attorneys from the ACLU filed a motion on behalf of the Lovings, requesting the charges and sentences against the Lovings be dropped. The Lovings appealed the local ruling all the way to the Supreme Court, where their sentence was unanimously overturned in 1967.

“Under our Constitution,” Chief Justice Earl Warren said in his decision, “the freedom to marry, or not marry, a person of another race resides with the individual and cannot be infringed by the State.”

Two years before this verdict, in the spring of 1965, Life magazine photojournalist Grey Villet spent time with the Lovings, as well as their family and friends, documenting the lives of a couple whose love had transcended the everyday to become the stuff of legends.

Villet’s photo essay, titled “The Lovings: An Intimate Portrait,” captures Mildred and Richard when word of their civil rights battle was spreading throughout the country and the fate of their relationship remained unknown. Through black-and-white images, the photographer captures the subtle glances, spurts of laughter and moments of quiet determination that, together, comprise a love story whose power echoes today.

We commemorate the Lovings’ bravery and tenacity in the face of prejudice and the systems of white supremacy. Villet’s photos help us remember the Lovings not just for what they represented, but who they were. The simple moments of connection, support and companionship that provided the strength to change the world.

The Lovings: An Intimate Portrait is available on Amazon.

Linda Greenhouse says the Supreme Court under chief justice Warren Burger, from 1969-86, played a crucial role in establishing the conservative legal foundation for the even more conservative courts that followed.  Assuming President Obama’s nomination of Merrick Garland continues to be blocked by Congress, the next president will have at least one justice to appoint to a court that is now sometimes stalemated 4 to 4. Greenhouse tells Fresh Air’s Terry Gross: 

“It’s hard [not] to think of a single subject area, whether it’s race, crime, women’s rights, abortion rights, the rights of businesses, the future of campaign finance…where the change of a justice or two could make a major change in the outcome.”

Tracing The ‘Rise Of The Judicial Right’ To Warren Burger’s Supreme Court 

Photo of United States Chief Justice Warren Burger and Associate Justices William O. Douglas, William Brennan, Potter Stewart, Byron White, Thurgood Marshall, Harry Blackmun, Lewis Powell, William Rehnquist and Tom Clark pose for a portrait on the steps of the U.S. Supreme Court building July 1974 in Washington, DC. (Photo by David Hume Kennerly/Getty Images)

50th anniversary of the Supreme Court’s decision in Miranda v. Arizona

“You have the right to remain silent…” became a standard line in TV cop shows beginning in the 1960s and 1970s The Supreme Court decision Miranda v. Arizona (1966) affirmed that persons under arrest must be told that they have a Fifth Amendment right to have a lawyer present when talking to police. These words became known as the Miranda Warning. 

The Miranda Warning is now mandatory for police to say while arresting someone. If a person doesn’t receive the Miranda Warning, anything that the person said cannot be used in a court of law. 

Today marks the 50th anniversary of the historic Miranda v. Arizona Supreme Court decision. This is a very important case because it explicitly protects our right to an attorney in the 5th Amendment. 

Opinion of the Court by Chief Justice Earl Warren in the Case of Miranda v. Arizona

Learn more about the “Amending America” exhibit  

#OTD 7/3/1971 President Nixon, Chief Justice Warren E. Burger, and Speaker of the House Carl Albert addressed a worldwide television audience from the Rotunda of the National Archives in ceremonies marking the opening of a five-year Bicentennial Era. The fourth man is Daniel Mahoney, Chairman of the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission. (Image: WHPO-6748-13)

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May 17th 1954: Brown v. Board of Education

On this day in 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its unanimous decision in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. The decision declared racial segregation in schools unconstitutional, striking down the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ segregation which had been enshrined in the 1896 decision Plessy v. Ferguson. The Brown case had been bought by African-American parents, including Oliver L. Brown, against Topeka’s educational segregation. It was argued before the Court by the chief legal counsel of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Thurgood Marshall, who went on to become the first African-American Supreme Court justice in 1967. The Court, led by Chief Justice Earl Warren, declared that segregation violates the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. The landmark decision is often considered the start of the Civil Rights Movement, which fought for racial integration and full equality for African-Americans. The movement transformed American society, leading to the end of legal segregation and landmark legislation such as the Civil Rights Act (1964) and Voting Rights Act (1965). However, the mission of the movement, so eloquently expressed by Dr. King, to achieve full equality, is far from over.

“We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal
- Warren’s opinion for the Court

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On this day January 20, 1961 – John Fitzgerald Kennedy of Massachusetts was sworn-in as the 35th President of the United States.

On January 20, 1961, on the newly renovated east front of the United States Capitol, John Fitzgerald Kennedy is inaugurated as the 35th president of the United States. It was a cold and clear day, and the nation’s capital was covered with a snowfall from the previous night. The ceremony began with a religious invocation and prayers, and then African-American opera singer Marian Anderson sang “The Star-Spangled Banner,” and Robert Frost recited his poem “The Gift Outright.” Kennedy was administered the oath of office by Chief Justice Earl Warren. During his famous inauguration address, Kennedy, the youngest candidate ever elected to the presidency and the country’s first Catholic president, declared that “the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans” and appealed to Americans to “ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.”

The Signs as U.S. Political Figures of the 1960s
  • Aries: William Westmoreland (Commander of U.S. Troops in Vietnam)
  • Taurus: Malcolm X (Civil Rights Activist)
  • Gemini: John F. Kennedy (U.S. President 1961-1963)
  • Cancer: John Glenn (First American to Orbit the Earth, 1962)
  • Leo: Neil Armstrong (First Man on the Moon, 1969)
  • Virgo: Lyndon B. Johnson (U.S. Vice President 1961-1963, U.S. President 1963-1969)
  • Libra: Dwight Eisenhower (U.S. President, 1953-1961)
  • Scorpio: Robert F. Kennedy (U.S. Attorney General 1961-1964, U.S. Senator from New York 1965-1968)
  • Sagittarius: Shirley Chisholm (First African-American Congresswoman,1969-1983)
  • Capricorn: Martin Luther King, Jr. (Civil Rights Activist)
  • Aquarius: Betty Friedan (Women's Rights Activist and Author of the Feminine Mystique)
  • Pisces: Earl Warren (Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1953-1969, Investigated JFK Assassination 1963-1964)
Everything I did in my life that was worthwhile I caught hell for
—  Mr. Chief Justice Earl Warren (Of “Warren Court”, which saw the revolutionary cases of Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, Engel v. Vitale, and Mapp v. Ohio)

42-alj  asked:

He obviously was a fantastic Chief Justice, but could Earl Warren have been a good President?

Absolutely. There were two generations of political leaders thanked were eternally grateful that Earl Warren was content with his seat on the Supreme Court because they kept them from having to face him for the Presidency. 

As you said, Warren was a great Chief Justice of the United States, but he also proved that he was an excellent chief executive during his decade as Governor of California. Governor Warren was so popular after his first term in office that he won the Republican AND Democratic nominations for Governor in 1946, and then won re-election with 92% of the vote. That’s right: NINETY-TWO PERCENT. Had Thomas Dewey won the 1948 Presidential election like he was expected to do, Earl Warren would have been Vice President instead of ending up on the Supreme Court. In fact, if the primary system in effect today was used in 1948, Warren almost certainly would have beaten Dewey and been the Republican nominee himself that year. As it was, Warren was the leading vote-getter in the limited series of primaries leading up to the 1948 Republican National Convention, but the nominations were decided at the Conventions at the time. 

Earl Warren would have been an Electoral juggernaut. President Eisenhower was a very clever politician and his appointment of Warren as Chief Justice was undoubtedly influenced by political concerns about Warren’s capability as a potential progressive challenger.

Nelson Rockefeller was sworn in as the 41st Vice President of the United States on December 19, 1974, becoming only the second person ever to be appointed Vice President under the 25th Amendment.

Following his nomination Rockefeller underwent an extensive FBI background investigation as Gerald Ford had before him. His confirmation process took much longer than that of Ford, who was well liked by both conservatives and liberals. Rockefeller, on the other hand, was not deemed conservative enough by conservatives while some liberals thought his personal fortune would create a conflict of interest.

Four months later after extended hearings the Senate confirmed Rockefeller as Vice President on December 6. followed by the House of Representatives on December 19. He then took the oath of office, administered  by Chief Justice Warren Burger, in the Senate Chamber at the U.S. Capitol.