Mary Frances Thompson (December 3, 1895 – October 25, 1995), best known as ‘Te Ata’, was an actress and citizen of the Chickasaw Nation known for telling Native American stories.
She performed as a representative of Native Americans at state dinners before President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s. She was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1957 and named Oklahoma’s first State Treasure in 1987.

Excuse me for the rant I’m about to do, but I wanted to point out again that these are the REAL founding fathers of America. Not Christofer or whoever else people say is. Europeans came over and took THEIR land and claimed it as their own. They KILLED and FORCED all of them out if their homes and onto reservations. It pisses me off and we almost NEVER learn about the Native Americans in our history classes even though we are sitting in a school built on THEIR territory but people do not even have enough respect to put them in our education curriculum. And I also wanted to bring this up because summer is coming and people looooove to talk shit about my red skin and say “Ew your skin is so red what the fuck.” “You look like a lobster hahahaha.” and “OMG you’re so sunburned.” So excuse me and back the fuck up. I am not sunburned, that is the color of my ethnicity and race. Saying that shit is just as racist as anything else. If you’re allowed to love your white, tan, and black skin I am allowed to love my red skin. And no, I never lived in a tribe or reservation and I don’t speak any of the languages. But most of you never lived in Europe, Mexico, or Africa or speak a native language so you can stop with that there. And yes, I am part white, but the majority of my family starting from my great parents and back are mainly or full either Cherokee, Blackfoot, or Chickasaw. DO NOT try to invalidate me and my race. I have pride in my people and where I come from, thank you very much.


The casquette girl, who had long ago given away her casquette and who was no longer a girl, and the pirate built a small house near a sharp bird-wing bend in the Mississippi River. Occasionally, the pirate worked for a wealthy French smuggler, often for long periods of time at sea or by river and then land to the north in order to guard him as he talked to the Chickasaws a little, impatiently, and without really listening or rather pretending to listen, watching the other person’s forehead or the other person’s mouth, lighting a cigar, being polite, killing time, as they say, sometimes laughing or rather pretending to laugh, which was a type of threat, at least according to the pirate, who listened to most anybody with a story to tell, especially an unconquerable Chickasaw, he might as well have pistols for ears,he might as well start a forsaken war, the pirate once told the casquette girl, his sweet wife, but the following morning he still went and worked for the wealthy French smuggler and she still saw him off and waved as he boarded a flat-bottomed skiff. The pirate, who was slowly becoming something else, another version of himself, a version he would not have known how to justify, waved back. He even saluted in mockery of the French navy when the wealthy French smuggler turned his back. Then the casquette girl stood and chatted with a friend in the lilting heat and saunter of the King’s Louisiana sun and watched the trill of fishing lines and egrets drift over the Mississippi River as if they were comets lost in the creation of things.



This flag was carried by Colonel Stand Watie’s Cherokee Mounted Rifles; the body of the flag is the First National pattern flag of the Confederate States; the canton is blue with eleven white stars in a circle, surrounding five red stars representing the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole); the large red star in the center represents the Cherokee Nation. “Cherokee Braves” is lettered in red in the center of the white stripe.

The 1st Cherokee Mounted Rifles was organized in July 1861, under the command of Colonel John Drew, and consisted of full-blood Cherokees. The 2nd Cherokee Mounted Rifles was organized under the command of Colonel Stand Waite, and consisted of Cherokees of mixed blood. A portion of Drew’s regiment deserted in late 1861; the majority of the remainder deserted following the Confederate defeat at the Battle of Fort Wayne in October 1862.

The remaining members of Drew’s regiment combined with Waite’s and were reorganized as the 1st Regiment Cherokee Mounted Rifles; during the Civil War Waite’s regiment participated in twenty-seven major engagements and numerous skirmishes. Most of his activities utilized guerilla warfare tactics.

The flag was one of two captured by Lieutenant David Whittaker of Company B, 10th Regiment Kansas Volunteer Infantry at Locust Grove, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, on July 3, 1862.

Following the Battle of Locust Grove, Lieutenant Whittaker continued his military career, serving as provost marshal for the 1st Division of the Army of the Frontier and in St. Louis, Missouri. While in St. Louis, he was a member of a Board of Officers that examined and reported upon the qualifications of applicants for appointment as commissioned officers of colored troops. He was mustered out of service on August 19, 1864 at the expiration of his enlistment.

Returning to Doniphan County, Kansas, Whittaker was elected to the Kansas legislature in 1869 and re-elected the following year. In March 1869 he was appointed one of the commissioners to audit civilian claims from the 1864 Price Raid. In 1870 Whittaker was appointed adjutant general of Kansas and confirmed by the Kansas Senate with the rank of colonel. He served in that capacity during Governor James Harvey’s term of office. David Whittaker died on September 6, 1904 at Topeka, Kansas.

Image Courtesy Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield; WICR 30118
info courtesy: Civil War Virtual Museum

dragonifyoudare  asked:

I want to learn more about the diversity of cultures out there in the world so I can do more interesting and varied worldbuilding, but I'm not sure how to go about that kind of research. I've taken only one anthropology course and can't do more ATM, and I'm bad at taking primary sources and extracting cultural information. Any tips?

I love this on multiple levels, even if I don’t have particularly good advice for it.

I’m not sure what kind of reading your anthropology course had you doing or what kind of primary sources you had to read. I know that the articles I read for research that are more academically oriented are absolutely awful for trying to distill down into cultural information. (Most recently, I had to read 15 articles on the relationship between cannibalism and magic before I found anything useful; research on quipus and knots as collective memory led to slightly fewer articles, but they were more obtuse and horrible, so I totally understand where you’re coming from.) There are some other sources that aren’t quite so dry and verbose, and some that are really well-written read much like stories. Those sources I recommend are ethnographies. They’re usually thin books with boring names like “The Bakairi Indians of Brazil,” and “African Merchants of the Indian Ocean.” They can sometimes be a bit biased by the author, but you can often spot those opinions when you read them if you have even a little bit of awareness about it.

For learning about cultures without having to read textbooks, you’re going to have to delve into the internet and do searches with a specific topic in mind. Always start looking with something very specific in mind, like my examples above, or: the function of ghosts in Japanese culture, burial rites in rural China, the role of whale hunting as relates to family in the Pacific Northwest. By already having something specific you’re looking into, you’ll help your search results be a bit more directed to begin with. That’ll make further research easier as you find terms and mentions of traditions that you want to look into further. Expanding your knowledge doesn’t happen quickly, so you have to be willing to take days devoted to searching for information on the topic you’re curious about.

Starting at wikipedia and using the resources sections at the bottoms of articles is a great start, but also look for people of the culture telling stories. Sometimes that’s hard to find, too, so really it comes down to reading a lot of things whether on- or offline and knowing how to spot good resources from bad ones. 

My biggest suggestion, though, is to find books–even fiction–written about an area by authors of the area’s culture. There will always be nuggets of truth and culture embedded in the story. For example, Linda Hogan is a Native American (Chickasaw) writer in the US who writes about Native American peoples in her fiction, and despite that the story itself never happened, the things they deal with and the lives portrayed are peppered with traditions and beliefs that you can learn from. These are the people you can learn from who are writing in an accessible, non-academic way, who are talking about what they know best. Seek them out, read them, take notes, highlight, and then get on the internet and look for stuff. Read. Read in excess. And ask questions. If there are specific things you’re looking for, and you’ve done all you can to find something, I can do my best to find some information for you or at least some resources.

Good luck! -Pear

Chickasaw Bluffs 

“We will lose 5,000 men before we take Vicksburg, and we may as well lose them here as anywhere else.”

-Gen. William T. Sherman

At the opening of the campaign to take Vicksburg, Mississippi, Grant and Sherman were looking for a weak spot in the Confederate defense. Vicksburg stood on a bluff over the Mississippi, strongly fortified and completely controlling the river. Grant and Sherman selected Chickasaw Bluffs on the Yazoo River just north of Vicksburg.

Philip Reilly wrote of the attack:

“Batteries that had hitherto been silent now opened upon us with fearful effect. Solid shot, shell, grape, cannister, rifle balls and musketry poured down upon us from all sides. The effect was terrible. It seemed as if the heavens and earth were coming together far as the eye could reach. You might behold riderless horses with distended nostrils galloping wildly to and fro and quivering with affright while over the plain you might behold headless bodies, legs and arms scattered to and fro. …We advanced steadily into this human slaughter pen until we drove them from their first rifle pits were our brave boys were so badly cut up that they/we, I mean, were forced to retreat.”

A list of 250+ POC face claims in varying ages. 

These are almost all off the top of Lia’s head, or from our roleplay’s potential fc list, so this is by no means thorough. We will be updating this as we go, and publishing various FC lists in the future. This is just a severe head shake at those who claim it’s harder to think of POC FCs (only those that use it as an excuse). Representation isn’t hard.

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The Mound Builders to their descendants The Five Civilized Tribes (Southeast History)

Czarina Conlan (1871-1958)

Art by Creshtar (tumblr)

The daughter of a Chickasaw father and a Choctaw mother, Czarina was an important activist and archivist.  

Czarina founded the first woman’s club in Oklahoma in 1896. In 1932, she was elected Directer of the Oklahoma State Federation of Women’s Clubs, which made her a member of the national board.  As a state director, Czarina advocated for women’s suffrage.  

In 1909, Czarina became the first woman elected to a school board in Oklahoma.  The Attorney General tried to block her appointment, but Czarina defied his orders and completed her two year term.  In 1914, she ran for the position of Commissioner of Charities and Corrections.

In 1913, Czarina created a time capsule for the Ladies Aid Society of the First English Lutheran Church of Oklahoma City.  Six years later she began working as the curator of the Native American collection of the Oklahoma Historical Society Museum.  She held that position until 1942.

In the 1920s, Czarina traveled to Washington with a committee of Oklahoma Native Americans to advocate for land rights.

Czarina died on May 5, 1958.

anonymous asked:

What are your thoughts on Andrew Jackson?

The Indian removal act was disgusting. He made countless Indians march with their hands tied behind their backs and even had some dragged.
He also went against the President when he was a general, got his troops into Florida and hung Indians and threatened to hang Spaniards. Jackson said his only regret was that he didn’t shoot Henry Clay and that he didn’t hang John C. Calhoun (Jackson’s own vice president). Andrew Jackson never deserved to be on the $20 bill. My thoughts? Andrew Jackson’s campaigns to force at least 46,000 Cherokees, Choctaws, Muscogee-Creeks, Chickasaws, and Seminoles off their ancestral lands. Thousands of Native American men, women, and children were forced to march West, sometimes freezing to death or starving because U.S. soldiers wouldn’t let them bring extra food or blankets. Choctaw Nation lost up to a third of its population on the death march. Symbolism matter and the fact that I have to gaze down into my wallet at a mass murder makes my blood boil with rage. Get that fucking bullshit outta here. 

under the cut, you will find a number of underused and common poc faceclaims organized by age. most of this information is from various sources, so if you find anything wrong with the list, please do not hesitate to send me a message!! this list will be updated often, so if you have any suggestions, shoot me a message here!! please like or reblog if you find this helpful!!

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When the only doll.thats choctaw (or.SE woodland.inspire).is full.of sterotypes and if it flops its because she native coded not that she racist and hella misrespection of nativeS (choctaw specific) cultures 😊😊😊😊😊😊😊😊😊😊😊 Oh or how the fact she obs southeastern woodland but completely full of Siouxs*, Objewies, Apcha*, and Navajos* designs 😊😊😊😊😊😊 ***At the non natives who see this, Apache, and Siouxs are many nations.unuited and Navajo.has a couple nations under it i think? So yea @people/mutauls if i fucked up on this part pls tell me so i can.fix it! Also anthor point, im pretty sure isi means tree….her name is tree dawndacer…. like…

Lover’s Leap at Rock City. Legend states that a Chickasaw tribesman named Sautee had a romantic relationship with a Cherokee woman named Nacoochee. Cherokee warriors captured Sautee and tossed him off Yonah Mountain. Nacoochee, in deep despair and grieving for her lost love, leaped over the edge to her own death .
Native Americans in Oklahoma join forces to help monarch butterflies

Seven Native American tribes in Oklahoma will provide habitat and food on their lands for monarch butterflies, whose numbers have plummeted in recent years due to troubles along their lengthy migration route.

Tribal leaders said at a news conference on Tuesday in Shawnee, southeast of Oklahoma City, they will plant crucial vegetation for the butterflies, including milkweed and native nectar-producing plants, on their lands.

“For the last several years, we have been raising bees and pollinators, so when his opportunity came along, it fit with what we were doing,” Thalia Miller, director of the Chickasaw Nation Horticulture Department, told reporters.

The tribes will work with the University of Kansas’ Monarch Watch program and the Euchee Butterfly Farm in Bixby, Oklahoma. The project is supported by a grant of about $250,000 from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.

Monarch butterfly numbers have plummeted over the years from the expansion of farmland, sprawling housing developments and the clear-cutting of natural landscapes along their migration path, experts say.

Monarchs lay eggs only on milkweed plants, which grow wild throughout the United States. But milkweed, on which butterfly larvae feed, can cause stomach problems for cattle that eat it, so ranchers and farmers destroy the plant, researchers say.

The butterflies spend the winter in Mexico and then go through several generations as they fly north, through Oklahoma, on their long migration to Canada.

While an estimated 1 billion monarchs migrated in 1996, only about 35 million made the trip in 2013, according to Marcus Kronforst, a professor of ecology and evolution at the University of Chicago who has studied monarchs.

Their numbers have rebounded in recent years but are still well below what they were two decades ago.

“The tribes are natural leaders on this issue,” said Jane Breckinridge, project co-director and owner of the Euchee Butterfly Farm, which breeds butterflies.