Wikipedia Chiaki Mukai 向井 千秋 is a Japanese doctor, and JAXA astronaut. She was the first Japanese woman in space, and was the first Japanese citizen to have two spaceflights. Both were Space Shuttle missions; her first was STS-65 aboard Space Shuttle Columbia in July 1994, which was a Spacelab mission. Her second spaceflight was STS-95 aboard Space Shuttle Discovery in 1998. In total she has spent 23 days in space.
Mukai was selected to be an astronaut by Japanese national space agency NASDA (now called JAXA) in 1985. Prior to this, she was an assistant professor in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery in Keio University, the oldest university in Japan.
In a big number of countries today is mothers day, so don’t forget to thank your mother for all she has done for you.
In the top left Chiaki Mukai is supported by her mother during astronaut training. Top right shows Ellen Ochoa with her son on her arm after returning from space. shows. Anna Fisher (bottom left) was the first mother in space with her husband Bill Fisher and their daughter Kristen Ann. In Bottom right is Paolo Nespoli with his mother, he lost her last year while he was in space.
FYI: Korolyov, the Chief Designer, was of the opinion that female astronauts should not be mothers in order for them to concentrate on the space program. In China on the other hand, future female astronauts must have given birth naturally, according to china this will ensure that they are mentally and physically prepared for space.