charles of austria


Prognathism is well recorded as a trait of several historical individuals. The most famous case is that of the House of Habsburg, among whom mandibular prognathism was a family trait; indeed, the condition is frequently called “Habsburg Jaw” as a result of its centuries-long association with the family. Among the Habsburgs, the most prominent case of mandibular prognathism is that of Charles II of Spain, who had prognathism so pronounced he could neither speak clearly nor chew as a result of generations of politically motivated inbreeding.

Stop and Read this

Please. I meant to say please.

So I realized that not many of my followers must watch the CW series, Reign because the series I’m writing for it has had little to no notes or feedback. I have done my best to make it where you do not have to have seen the show to read it. So, I am asking you guys to at least read the first part. If it’s just not good, please just tell me… nicely. Even if you don’t read the first part, reblog this and hopefully it can at least get a few more likes. I’m tagging the blogs that I tag in my other writing just to see if you guys are interested. I must really sound pathetic. Okay, I’m just gonna leave this here.

Part 1 of Delight, my Reign series

@lupy22 @whenimaunicorn @synnersaint @ivarinleatherpants @odins-missing-eye @tiyetiye @nothingbuthappydays @justacrush @ladymelissastark @dreamingofrenewing @jessialchihomie @sereniti9 @abwrites @readsalot73 @brightlycoloredteacups @vaisabu

im a goblin w no self control so i drew my fave scene from @emilybrontay‘s wip highschool au, aka when constance and d’artagnan are cheerfully gossiping at this house party and anne Realizes that she just Kissed a Known Cad

that’s an exact quote from anne’s internal monolgue;; bye the way;;

“a known cad!”

she puts the exclamation mark at the end of that and everything. i love anne,

Tisza Dismissed as Hungarian PM

Tisza, pictured on the Italian Front later in the year.

May 22 1917, Budapest–István Tisza had been one of the few voices urging caution in the weeks leading up to the war, strongly arguing against war in the days after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.  However, he was eventually brought around, provided the goal of the war was not the outright annexation of Serbia.  Since 1914, Tisza had been a very visible symbol both of the war and of the pre-war system.  Defending Hungary’s interests to a fault, he prevented food exports to Austria (leading to extreme deprivation there), and blocked any peace deal or internal political settlement that would affect Hungary’s borders.

The new Emperor Charles, who had been trying to arrange peace with the Allies, and who fancied himself a reformer, tried to urge Tisza to carry out reforms.  Most pressing was an exchange in the voting franchise, where Hungary now had some of the most restrictive policies in Europe (after the revolution in Russia and very recent reforms in Germany), with only 10% of the population able to vote.  Tisza, however, would only make the smallest of concessions, only expanding it to certain decorated soldiers and poorer landowners.  Protests on May Day and a general work stoppage on May 2 concerned many of the political elites in Hungary, especially after the events in Russia.  Tisza, who was convinced that war made people more conservative, refused to budge, and Emperor Charles dismissed him on May 22.  Tisza, aged 56, left to serve as a colonel on the Italian front, though his allies in Parliament continued to cause problems for reform in Hungary for the remainder of the war.  Tisza’s departure meant, of all the heads of government of the major belligerents from the first year of the war, only Germany’s Chancellor Bethmann remained in office.

Sources include: Jószef Galántai, Hungary in the First World War.

Today in 1916: French Reach Roof of Fort Douaumont
Today in 1915: Rail Disaster at Quintinshill

♕ Family tree of the Catholic Monarchs ♕

Requested by Anonymous

Some clarifications under the cut:

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anonymous asked: Top 10 historical pairings 
Yes, I know, Ulysse and Penelope aren’t really historical, but I’ve so much feelings for them *^*

Károlyi Party Advocates for Peace in Hungary

Míhaly Károlyi (1875-1955), leader of the peace faction in the Hungarian Parliament.

September 19 1917, Budapest–Emperor Charles had been trying to negotiate a separate peace for some time, but had had little success and, by necessity, had had to keep the negotiations completely secret.  Individual politicians were less constrained, however.  Count Míhaly Károlyi, leader of a small left-leaning party in the Hungarian Parliament, announced his intent to lead a new ‘peace campaign,’ agitating for a separate peace with the Allies without annexations, and a disentangling of Austria-Hungary’s foreign affairs from Germany’s.  He announced on September 19 that he would go to Switzerland in October and meet with politicians from the Allied nations.  At home, Károlyi’s party continued to demand universal suffrage; no more than 10% of Hungarian men had the vote at the time.

The timing of Károlyi’s move was appropriate, as people in both Germany and Austria-Hungary were paying close attention to the Pope’s latest peace initiative, which Germany responded to on the 19th and the Austrians two days later.  The Austrians embraced the proposal, sending an enthusiastic reply.  The Germans, however, pointedly ignored the Pope’s request that Belgium and northern France be evacuated (in exchange for German colonies in Africa) and spent most of their reply praising the Kaiser’s peace-loving ways.

Today in 1916: Belgian Offensive Captures Tabora
Today in 1915: Mussolini’s First Battle
Today in 1914: The Deadly Routine on the Aisne

Sources include: József Galántai, Hungary in the First World War.