Most American school children learn that Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, leading us to join World War II. This week marks the 75th anniversary of Japanese-Americans being subsequently rounded up and interned as suspected enemies of the state. But there’s another tragic and untold story of American citizens who were also interned during the war. I’m a member of the Ahtna tribe of Alaska and I’ve spent the better part of 30 years uncovering and putting together fragments of a story that deserves to be told.
In June 1942, Japan invaded and occupied Kiska and Attu, the westernmost islands of Alaska’s Aleutian Chain, an archipelago of 69 islands stretching some 1,200 miles across the North Pacific Ocean toward Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula. From a strategic perspective, Japan wanted to close what they perceived as America’s back door to the Far East. For thousands of years, the islands have been inhabited by a resourceful indigenous people called Aleuts. During the Russian-American Period (1733 to 1867), when Alaska was a colonial possession of Russia, Russian fur-seekers decimated Aleut populations through warfare, disease, and slavery.
Shortly after Japan’s invasion, American naval personnel arrived with orders to round up and evacuate Aleuts from the Aleutian Chain and the Pribilof Islands to internment camps almost 2,000 miles away near Juneau. Stewardship of the internment camps would fall under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services (USF&WS). Furthermore, orders included the burning of the villages to the ground, including their beloved churches, as part of a “scorched earth” policy. The Army’s stated purpose was to protect the Aleuts, who were American citizens, from the dangers of war. But one officer told astonished Aleuts that it was, as he put it, “Because ya’ll look like Japs and we wouldn’t want to shoot you.” That exchange is part of a documentary video called Aleut Evacuation.
Aries: Strong, fierce aliens with skin in various shades of red. They live on a desert planet in large adobe castles with their extended family clan. Known to be very protective, these aliens often battle other clans who threaten the safety of their families and are skilled warriors. However, they are very generous and family oriented during times of peace
Taurus: Small, entrancing aliens with flowing green hair and camouflaged bodies to blend into their thickly forested planet. Animal life is abundant and diverse, with many strange species that these aliens have tamed and live alongside as equals. These aliens are gifted with the ability to communicate with all types of life on their planet, flora and fauna
Gemini: Clever, winged aliens with small bodies that adapt easily to the many climates of their planet. Instead of four seasons, these aliens are accustomed to twelve and live in treetops or on mountainsides. Visitors find this species of alien to be tricky but kind-spirited, often telling riddles and playing pranks on any other species of extraterrestrials passing through their planet
Cancer: Kind, quiet aliens who live in large communities scattered across their planet, which is covered in pink vines and blue clouds that rain a sweet smelling substance similar to water but does not make the surface of the planet wet almost constantly. Small and delicate in stature, these aliens are tougher than they look and often go on dangerous missions throughout the galaxy to deliver care packages to planets in need
Leo: Regal aliens with banded gold and pale pink skin and wide, bright green eyes. They live on a warm, sunny planet covered in white sand, palm trees, and cool, crystal-clear streams. Proud and sophisticated, these aliens live in jewel-studded palaces and welcome visitors to their planet. But be warned - enemies of these aliens face certain death at the jaws of vicious, huge feline creatures that roam the planet and only obey the command of native aliens
Virgo: These aliens have deep purplish skin and dark, shimmering hair. They live on a planet with a mild climate and a permanent state of nighttime, which has led them to become gifted astronomers. Not only do they map stars and constellations visible from their home planet, these aliens also send search parties to other planets to investigate and map every area they can possibly explore. They are also known for their great architectural feats. Quiet and private, these aliens only communicate telepathically
Libra: Elegant aliens with lavender skin and silver hair laced with pearls. Though small, their planet is covered in blue grass and beautiful, roofless marble structures so the sky, which remains clear and starry even in the daytime, is always visible. Known for making a pink beverage similar to wine, these aliens are accepting of most extraterrestrial visitors and very sociable
Scorpio: Reptilian aliens with iridescent red, dark blue, or black scales. They live mostly underwater on a planet that is entirely ocean except for chains of lava rock islands created by active volcanoes. Known to be very mysterious, these aliens rarely make contact with extraterrestrials from other planets and seem to communicate in a way that is impossible for any other alien species to decode
Sagittarius: Daring and adventurous, these aliens come in all shapes, colors, and sizes and rarely stay on one planet for long and instead prefer to venture in groups from one planet to another. They are usually welcomed by other alien species, but sometimes find that trouble has a way of following them wherever they go and end up banished. Because of their fearless nature, banishment does not stop these aliens from returning to some planets which gives them a reputation as outlaws
Capricorn: Tall, steely gray aliens with stunning dark eyes. They live on a completely frozen planet that is always covered in snow, but beneath the snowy surface they built a warm network of bright tunnels and grand rooms with high, decorated ceilings. Although private by nature, these aliens have close relationships with family and friends within their underground community. With their sharp intellect, they have formed one of the most technologically advanced alien societies in the universe
Aquarius: Pale blue or green aliens who wander tirelessly across their planet covered in tall orange grass and stormy lakes filled with strange aquatic creatures. Generally loners, they are never spotted in groups larger than three or four but are very devoted to their companions if they have any. These aliens are skilled magicians and most species of extraterrestrials are wary of venturing to their planet because of their strange powers
Pisces: Silver and sky blue aliens with sleek, shimmering bodies. They live on a planet that is entirely covered with a steaming liquid similar to water, but the steam condenses into a layer of purplish, cloud-like fluff that only this species of alien can live on. They speak in a musical tongue and are known to be extraordinary fortune tellers and clairvoyants
There seems to be a lot of misinformation about Othard, geographically, among RPers right now, so a little PSA: Othard has a lot of different areas, and most pointedly, Kugane and Doma are different places!
A wonderful lore person (Sounsyy) put together a translated map at some point on the RPC, and I think more people need to see it. The full version can be seen here, but I’m going to ENHANCE and zoom in on the Othard part:
You’ll notice a few things here, or if you didn’t, let me colorfy to illustrate!
There in the right-hand box in red is a big ol’ island. It’s labeled Koshu, which might be the region name (and therefore technically not Othard at all!), but we also know that at least part of this same area is called Hingashi, which is the name we’ve seen used in promotional material. Think of it as the same way that Aldenard is also called Eorzea.
Anyway! Hingashi is an island chain is to the east of Othard’s mainland to the left, separated by the Ruby Sea. Hingashi is an isolationist area, and its only port open to outsiders is Kugane. Kugane is NOT in Doma. The new housing area is actually there in Hingashi, presumably tied to Kugane the way the other housing areas are adjacent to their city-states.
There’s apparently another major city on the other side of Hingashi called Bukyo. I don’t know anything about it, sorry! But it’s on the map.
Now, moving on to the blue area in the middle, which is…
This here, this is the Othard mainland, and where you’ll find the city-state of Doma, or whatever’s left of it since the Garleans put down the most recent uprising. It’s in a region called Yanxia.
And, if you were wondering where the Xaela are at…
That’s them, in the green region. Interestingly, there’s two areas, one called the Azim Steppe and the other the Nhaama. We don’t yet know what the significance is of having the regions named for the two gods of the Auri, and why they’re separated by a river, or if SE just thought it’d be cute or whatever.
There’s more of Othard, or even just the eastern half of this gigantic landmass, than is revealed on this map. We know that the city-states of Rabinastre and Dalmasca, also Garlean-controlled, are SOMEWHERE out here in the unrevealed cloudy areas, though it doesn’t appear we’re going there this expansion.
It’s also worth noting this map does reveal a lot of other places that we just don’t have lore on yet, but we will soon.
I hope this post helped you if you are trying to work on backstories of characters that hail from this area of the world, and didn’t just confuse you instead.
Disclaimer: I am not a lore expert or nothin, and I don’t know anything that hasn’t been pretty widely distributed. Sounsyy did the good work on making this map or else I wouldn’t have known where to begin on this post.
20 Disney’s Atlantis Facts (You may or may not know)
After Hunchback of Notre Dame was released, Disney decided they didn’t want to do another musical. Instead, they chose to do an Action-Adventure film inspired by the works of Jules Verne.
The weaponry used is correct to the time period of early 20th century. The film features the Lee Enflied, the Lewis Gun, the Broomhandle Mauser and a variant of the Luger.
The creation of the Atlantean language was done by the same man who developed the Klingon language for the Star Trek films.
The filmmakers became interested in the readings of Edgar Cayce and decided to incorporate some of his ideas. (Edgar Cayce is an American psychic who allegedly possessed the ability to answer questions on subjects as varied as healing, reincarnation, wars, Atlantis and future events while in a trance.)
Vinnie’s last name “Santorini” is actually the name of an ancient chain of volcanic islands in the Mediterranean (probably explains his obsession with explosives).
They utilized all three Disney Animation studies, employing 250 animators, artist and technicians.
The Crew actually traveled 800 feet underground in New Mexico’s Carlsbad Cavern to view subterranean trails, which they used as the base model for the movie.
A Japanese anime film “Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water” and “Atlantis: The Lost Empire” were both inspired by the novel “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea”.
American comic book artist Mike Mignola creator of the series Hellboy worked on the film.
Joss Whedon was the first writer involved with the film. Whedon is bet known as the creator of the television series “Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, Firefly and Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. and also directed Marvel’s The Avengers.
Because the movie was planned as an Action-Adventure, the production crew made up t-shirts that read, “ATLANTIS” - fewer songs, more explosions.
The final scene was created by combining many 24 inch (61cm) pieces of paper. Each piece was carefully drawn and combined with animated vehicles flying across the scene. The entire piece reaches an equivalent of an 18,000 inch (457.2 m) piece of paper that the camera slowly pulled away from.
Bernard “Bernie" Wrightson (1948 – 2017) was an American comic book artist, best known as the co-creating the DC character Swamp Thing as well as for his lavishly illustrated adaptation of Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein. Wrightson was largely self-taught with the exception of a correspondence course from the Famous Artists School. In 1966, Wrightson took his first job as an illustrator for The Baltimore Sun newspaper. A chance encounter with legendary fantasy painter Frank Frazetta encouraged him to pursue a career in comics and in 1986 he showed copies of his art to DC Comics editor Dick Giordano and became a freelancer for the publisher working primarily on horror titles like House of Mystery and Weird Mystery Tales. Being a freelancer Wrightson also accepted jobs from Marvel as well and worked on their books Chamber of Darkness and Tower of Shadows.
In 1975, Wrightson accepted a full-time job at Warren Publishing to work on their horror comic anthology magazines Creepy, Eerie and Vampirella were he produced some of his absolute best work.
In the 1980s, Wrightson collaborated with such writers as Stephen King, George R. R. Martin, Harlan Ellison, and Edward Bryant as an illustrator for their novels and short stories. He was also hired as a concept artist for GHOSTBUSTERS (1984, Dir. Ivan Reitman) and later THE MIST (2007, Dir. Frank Darabont).
During his time Wrightson drew a fair number of dinosaurs, most notably this series of five prints for Lands of Enchantment in 1977. Being a horror artist Wrightson’s dinosaurs are naturally horrific. His Allosaurus and Plesiosaurus (which is, of course, not actually a dino) are particularly terrifying with their slathering jaws encased in ghoulish grins. However even Wrightson’s Diplodocus carries a certain degree of Lovecraftian malevolence appearing so impossibly big that one might think it was an island chain come to life.
Wrightson passed away earlier this year on March 18, 2017 after a long battle with brain cancer. Several artists, notably fellow Swamp Thing illustrator Stephen Bissett, have been auctioning off original artwork and other pieces of memorabilia to help Wrightson’s family with various expenses related to his passing. Interested individuals can find out more on Bissett’s Facebook page.
In Global Studies class, a question on a test was “What do you call a chain of islands?”
I knew the correct answer was “archipelago”
But my dumbass wrote
Well my teacher counted it as correct so
But yeah really I watch way too much Riverdale and Brooklyn Nine Nine
A year before World War II the US Army withdrew all regular and reserve forces from Alaska, believing that the territory was too remote for an enemy attack. Thus when America entered the war, there were no military forces available if a defense of the territory was needed. In the first year of the war Japanese patrols were constantly sighted along the Alaskan coast, Japanese forces occupied islands in the Aleutian Island chain, Dutch Harbor was bombed, and a Japanese submarine attempted to shell Vancouver. As a result, fear of Japanese attacks or perhaps an all out invasion spread across the Pacific Northwest.
In response to the lack of Alaskan defenses during the war, the Alaska Territorial Guard was organized. Created in June of 1942, the Alaskan Territorial Guard was a militia or reserve force created to patrol and protect Alaska against any Axis aggression. Incredibly, most of those who volunteered for the Guard were Alaskan Natives, drawn from various tribes including the Aleut, Inuit, Athabascan, White, Haida, Tlingit, Inupiac, and various other tribes. Called “Eskimo Solders”, the men of the Alaska Territorial Guard were perfectly suited to military duty in Alaska. Most lived in some of the wild and remote areas of Alaska, and thus were self reliant men who were adapted to the extreme cold of arctic winters while well accustomed to surviving in the rugged wilderness. While they never saw combat, the Alaska Guardsmen were often called upon to conduct scouting, exploration, and rescue operations as they had unique knowledge of the terrain and how best to traverse it.
The men who volunteered for the Alaska Territorial Guard were volunteers in the strictest sense; they received no pay. At first, due to a shortage of weapons, many Guardsmen had to make due with their own personal hunting rifles. Later, the US Army issued the Guard surplus World War I vintage M1917 Enfield and M1903 Springfield bolt action rifles as well as some WWI leftover machine guns. Later, when it was apparent that the US was winning the war, and American industry was in full gear, the Alaska Guards were issued modern M1 Garand semi automatic rifles.
During the war 6,389 men and 27 women served in the Alaska Territory Guard. Tens of thousands more served as support personnel. The Alaska Territorial Guard was disbanded in 1947.
uhhhh steampunk sailing adventures built on a post-apocalypse world where most of previous civilization has been flooded by seawater; technology scraped together from old waterlogged remains of the previous generations; clustered tips of skyscrapers forming small chain of islands, diving deep into the rusted remants of old cities and towns that have become giant underwater forests
Thank you all for being here today. This was one of Stan’s favorite spots. He spent many an afternoon doing cannonballs off of the side of this boat. He destroyed an entire ecosystem, and created that small chain of islands.
I kind of wish Alolan Zubats had a ton of terrifying variants like this, the inhabitants of Batavia from Dougal Dixon’s After Man: A Zoology of the Future. Batavia is an island chain, in a distant, post-human future, that saw bats as the primary migrant colonizers rather than birds. And shit went full nightmare.