central iran

Singing in the Shah Mosque in Isfahan, Iran

The acoustics  in the 400 year old mosque are amazing & notes hang in the air with crystal clarity. The singer is a student from northern Iran visiting Isfahan & had always wanted to sing in the mosque because of its unique acoustic resonance qualities. You have to stand on the tiled square for perfect effect.

Shout out to all my North Asians. 💘 This is to all of my Siberians; Turkic, Uralic, Mongolic or Tungusic, doesn’t matter. Big love to every single one of yall.

Shout out to all my West Asians. 💘 One love to all my Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Bahrainis, Cypriots, Georgians, Iranians, Iraqis, Israelis, Jordanians, Kuwaitis, Lebanese people, Omanis, Palestinians, Qataris, Saudi Arabians, Syrians, Turkish people, Emirati people and Yemenis. Shout out to all my Arabs, Turkics, Persians and Kurds from West Asia. 

Shout out to all my Central Asians from the former CCCP. 💘 Shout out to my Kazakhs, Tajiks, Turkmens, Kyrgyz people and Uzbeks. Shout out to all my Uyghurs and shout out to all my Afghans and Mongolians as well. 💘 Yall may only be considered part of Central Asia in a wider view but that doesn’t change the fact that you’re still one of us. 

All of us continue to get overlooked and ignored and erased from people’s definition of “Asian”. Not even positivity posts that were supposed to be directed at “all Asians” manage to mention us, and when we get included it’s always in a lacking way that makes it very obvious that we were nothing but an afterthought. So this is to all of us “forgotten Asians.” Big love to all of you and may the Lord grant every single one of you a peaceful and prosperous day. 💘🌷


Scenes from the 2016 World Nomad Games hosted in Cholpon-Ata, Kyrgyzstan. The World Nomad Games brings athletes from various countries, primarily from the Central Asian region and Russia, to participate in sports native to the Eurasian Steppe. The Eurasian Steppe was home to various nomadic peoples particularly the Iranic-speaking Scythians and Sarmatians, who were a source of fear for the ancient Greeks due to their warriorlike nature and great horse-riding skills; including their mastery of horseback archery. Both groups are believed to have originated in the Eurasian Steppes, but their settlements ranged from China to Poland, and because of this they greatly impacted the genetic pool and cultures of a number of different groups in Eastern Europe and Central Asia such as the people of the Caucasus, Slavs, Turkic people, and other modern Iranic people. The Sarmatians in particular were famed by Greek historians for their female warriors and rulers that inspired the stories of the Amazons. 


Zagrosian Lizard

Timon princeps (called the Siirt lizard or Zagrosian lizard) is a species of Timon which belongs to the family of Lacertidae, the wall lizards. This species occurs in northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, southwestern Iran (the central Zagros Mountains), and possibly northern Iraq. The species may not be present in northeastern Iraq, resulting in two disjunct populations.

This species is found in rocky areas in open oak woodland and shrubland, and sometimes in open grassland. The female lays between five and ten eggs. It is not present in modified habitats or close to human habitations. This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

🇮🇷Countries in Farsi and Tajik🇹🇯

Originally posted by mistakeoftheconstellation

کشور  (keshvar) | кишвар (kishvar) =  country
کشورها  (keshvarhâ) | кишварҳо (kishvarho) = countries
جهان (jahân) | ҷаҳон (jahon) = the World
ایران (îrân)Эрон (eron) = Iran
تاجیکستان (tâjîkestân) Тоҷикистон (tojikiston) = Tajikistan

اروپا (orupâ) | Аврупо (avrupo) = Europe
ارمنستان (armanestân) | Арманистон (armaniston) = Armenia
اتریش (otrîsh) | Австрия (avstriya) = Austria
بلژیک (belzhîk) | Белгия (belgiya) = Belgium
فرانسه  (farânse) | Фаронса (faronsa) = France
آلمان (âlmân) | Олмон (olmon) = Germany
یونان (yunân) | Юнон (yunon) = Greece
مجارستان (majârestân) | Маҷористон (majoriston) = Hungary
ایتالیا (îtâliyâ) |  Итолиё (itoliyo) = Italy
هلند (holand) | Нидерланд (niderland) = the Netherlands
لهستان (lehestân) | Лаҳистон (lahiston) = Poland
روسیه (rûsiye) | Русия (rusiya) = Russia
اسپانیا (espâniyâ) | Испониё (isponiyo)  = Spain 
سوئد (su’ed) | Шветсия (shvetsiya) = Sweden
سوئیس (su’îs) | Швейтсария (shveytsariya) = Switzerland
پادشاهی متحد (pâdeshâhî-ye mottahed) | Подшоҳии Муттаҳида (podshohii muttahida)  = UK

آسیا (âsiyâ) | Осиё (osiyo) = Asia
افغانستان (afghânestân)Афғонистон (afghoniston) = Afghanistan
آذربایجان (âzarbâyjân) | Озарбойҷон (ozarboyjon) = Azerbaijan
چین (chîn) | Чин (chin) = China
هند (hend) | Ҳиндустон (hinduston) = India
عراق (‘erâq) | Ироқ  (iroq) = Iraq
ژاپن (zhâpon) | Жопун (zhopun) = Japan
قزاقستان (qazâqstân) | Қазоқистон (qazoqiston) = Kazakhstan
قرقیزستان (qerqîzestân)Қирғизистон (qirghizston) = Kyrgyzstan
مغولستان (mogholestân)Муғулистон (mughuliston) = Mongolia
پاکستان (pâkestân) | Покистон (pokiston) = Pakistan
سنگاپور (sangâpûr) | Сингапур (singapur) = Singapore
کرهٔ جنوبی (kore-ye janûbî) | Кореяи Ҷанубӣ (Koreyai Janubî) = South Korea
سوریه (sûriye) | Сурия (suriya) = Syria
ترکیه (torkiye) | Туркия (turkiya) = Turkey
ترکمنستان (torkamanestân)Туркманистон (turkamaniston) = Turkmenistan
ازبکستان (ozbakeston)Ӯзбекистон (özbekiston) = Uzbekistan

اقیانوسیه (oqyânûsiye) | Уқёнусия (uqkyonusiya) = Oceania
استرالیا (ostorâliyâ) | Австралия (avstraliya) = Australia
زلاند نو (zelând-e nou) | = Зеландияи Нав (zelandiyai nav) = New Zealand

آفریقا (âfrîqâ) | Африқо (afriqo) = Africa
مصر (mesr) | Миср (misr) = Egypt
اتیوپی (etyûpî) | Эфиопия (efiopiya) = Ethiopia
غنا (ghanâ) | Гана (gana) = Ghana
مراکش (marâkesh) | Марокаш (marokash) = Morocco
نیجریه  (nîjeriye) | Ниҷерия (nijeriya) = Nigeria
آفریقای جنوبی (âfrîqâ-ye janûbî)Африқои Ҷанубӣ (afriqoi janubî) = RSA

آمریکای شمالی (âmrîkâ-ye shomâlî) | Амрикои Шимолӣ (amrikoi shimolî) = North America
کانادا (kânâdâ) | Канада (kanada) = Canada
مکزیک (mekzîk) | Мексика (meksika) = Mexico
 ایالات متحدۀ آمریکا (eyâlât-e mottahede-ye âmrîkâ) | Иёлоти Муттаҳидаи Амрико (iyoloti muttahidai amriko) = USA

آمریکای جنوبی (âmrîkâ-ye janûbî) | Амрикои Ҷанубӣ  (amrikoi janubî) = South America
آرژانتین (ârzhântîn) | Аргентина (argentina) = Argentina
برزیل (berezîl) | Бразилия (braziliya) = Brazil
شیلی (shîlî) | Чили (chili) = Chile
کلمبیا (kolombiyâ) | Колумбия (kolumbiya) = Colombia

Extremely Rare Bactrian Ceremonial “Lock” Idol with Inlaid Bulls, Late 3rd ML BC

A carved stone tent weight with bull images and inlay; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Ancient Alabaster “Weight” 29cm, high 25cm diameter. This is roughly oval with a hollowed out hole near the top, creating a handle. The edges are rounded and on each side a bull in deep relief with inlay of turquoise and brown stone appears. Much detail is used in the depiction of the bulls. The bull on one side is shown with head facing forwards, while on the other side it faces backwards. In details also the two bulls are quite different. The object is generally in good condition, though some of the inlay is lost on one side. This is an extremely rare object, though certainly from West Central Asia. It dates to c.2000-1700 BC. Its purpose is not certain, but most probably it was carried in some religious rites.’

Among the most iconic Intercultural Style objects are the so-called “lock weights”. These were probably not weights at all, but were likely badges of high office, carried to indicate authority. Fragments of similar objects have been found throughout Mesopotamia, the islands of the Persian Gulf, on the Iranian steppe, as well as the Indus Valley. The production of them seems to be concentrated in two areas, the Gulf island of Tarut, as well as Tepe Yahya in south central Iran, that has produced the only known mine for the stone. The artistic styles on these chlorite objects represent a fusion of art and religious themes from the diverse regions that they are found in, representing both Mesopotamian and Indus culture. The bull was a popular, and sacred animal in both Mesopotamia and the Indus civilisation. In Mesopotamia it was often associated with storm gods, such as Ball. In the Indus region it appears on seals and is often associated with a horned deity that has been identified as a proto-Shiva type figure.

Elite Iraqi security forces have captured the Kurdish government headquarters buildings in the centre of Kirkuk with the Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi ordering the Iraqi flag to be raised over Kirkuk and other disputed territories. An Iraqi Oil Ministry official said that it would be “a very short time” before the Iraqi military seized all the oilfields in Kirkuk province.

The century-old movement for Kurdish independence has suffered  a calamitous defeat as Iraqi military forces retake the Kirkuk oil province, facing little resistance so far from the Peshmerga fighters. Kurdish officials accuse part of the forces belonging to the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), one of the two main Kurdish parties, of “treason” in not resisting the Iraqi assault.

Iraqi Kurdish dreams of achieving real independence depended on controlling the oil wealth of Kirkuk which is now lost to them, probably forever. Such autonomy as they did have will be curtailed, with Turkey announcing that it will hand over control of the border gate between Turkey and Iraqi Kurdistan to the central government in Baghdad.

The Iraqi government operation began early on Monday morning as troops swiftly seized two major oilfields and the headquarters of the North Oil Company. A convoy of armoured vehicles from Baghdad’s highly-trained and experienced Counter-Terrorism Force, which led the attack in the battle for Mosul, drove unopposed to the quarter of Kirkuk occupied by the governor’s office and other administration buildings.

Iraqi oil officials in Baghdad say that the Kurdish authorities of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) had tried to close down oil production by evacuating oil workers  but that output would soon be resumed. The Kurds seized Kirkuk city in 2003 at the time of the US invasion and expanded their area of control in 2014 when the Iraqi army in northern was defeated by Isis.

The streets in Kirkuk city were deserted in the morning as people stayed in their houses or fled to KRG territory further north. So far there has been little shooting as the Peshmerga abandoned their positions in what appears to have been a prearranged withdrawal. The city has a population of one million made up of Kurds, Arabs and Turkmen, the latter two communities hostile to Kurdish rule. A resident of Kirkuk said today that ethnic Turkmen were firing guns into the air in celebration of the takeover by government forces.  

Mr Abadi told his security forces in a statement read on state television “to impose security in Kirkuk in cooperation with the population of the city and the Peshmerga”. He called on the Peshmerga to serve under federal authority as part of the Iraqi armed forces. Coming after the recapture of Mosul from Isis in July after a nine-month siege, Mr Abadi will be politically strengthened by his victory over the Kurds whose commanders had promised to defend Kirkuk to the end.

The speed and success of the Iraqi military advance against negligible resistance so far is a blow to President Masoud Barzani who ignited the present crisis. He did so by holding a referendum on Kurdish independence on 25 September that was greeted with enthusiasm by Iraqi Kurds. But it was adamantly opposed by the Iraqi central government, Iran, Turkey as well as traditional Kurdish allies such as the US and Europeans, leaving Mr Barzani isolated in the face of superior forces.

The referendum is seen, even by many of those who originally supported it, as a disastrous miscalculation by Mr Barzani. Kamran Kardaghi, a Kurdish commentator and former chief of staff to Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, who died last week says that “the Kurdish leadership never expected that there would be such consequences to the referendum.” Omar Sheikhmous, a veteran Kurdish leader, warned before the referendum that it might turn out to be one of the classic misjudgements in Iraqi history, comparing it to Saddam Hussein’s decision to invade Iran in 1980 and Kuwait in 1990. He feared the referendum, guaranteed to alienate all the Kurds’allies, would turn out to a political error with similar calamitous consequences.

The withdrawal of part of the Kurdish forces is ultimately a reflection of deep divisions between the Kurdish leaders and their parties, whose rivalry has always been intense. The two main political parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) led by Masoud Barzani and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), founded and led for decades by Jalal Talabani, have always had separate armed forces, intelligence and political management. The KDP, strongest in west Kurdistan, fought a savage civil war with the PUK, based in the east, in the 1990s. Kirkuk was always considered PUK territory, though its PUK governor, Najmaldin Karim, has recently inclined towards support for Mr Barzani’s policies.

Part of the PUK, much divided since its leader Jalal Talabani suffered a stroke and sank into a coma, opposed the independence referendum as a manoeuvre by Mr Barzani to present himself as the great Kurdish nationalist leader. Ala Talabani, leader of the PUK parliamentary delegation in Baghdad, was shocked at the funeral of her uncle,  former Iraq president Jalal Talabani last Friday, to find that the Iraqi flag had been removed from the coffin and there was only a Kurdish flag.

The US has been closely allied to the Kurds in Iraq and Syria, but strongly opposed the independence referendum which it saw as provocative and divisive. Washington has called for “all parties to immediately cease military action and restore calm,” adding that Isis remained the true enemy of all parties in Iraq and they should focus on its elimination.  

President Trump’s denunciation of Iran when he decertified the deal over its nuclear programme last Friday could have energised Iran, traditionally a supporter of the PUK, to back an Iraqi government offensive in Kirkuk. The Iranians have always been worried about Iraqi Kurdistan becoming a base for US forces that could be used against us.

A simpler explanation for what happened is that the Kurdish leadership was more divided than expected and the Iraqi armed forces stronger, while Mr Barzani had alienated his traditional allies. A meeting of Kurdish leaders attended by Kurdish leaders on Sunday called for mediation and a non-military solution to the crisis, but by then it was too late.




The urial (Ovis orientalis vignei), also known as the arkars or shapo, is a subspecies group of the wild sheep Ovis orientalis. Noticeable features are the reddish-brown long fur that fades during winter. Urial males have large horns, curling outwards from the top of the head turning in to end somewhere behind the head; females have shorter, compressed horns. The horns of the males may be up to 39 inches long. 

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The longer I studied the Turkic peoples, the harder it was to account for the fact that they had been overlooked for so long. Together, they constitute one of the world’s ten largest linguistic families, numbering more than 140 million people  scattered through more than 20 modern states in a great crescent across the Eurasian continets, starting at the Great Wall of China, through Central Asia, the Caucasus, Iran, Turkey, the Balkans,  Europe, and even a fledgling community in the United States.
—  Hugh Pope,  Sons of the Conquerors: The Rise of the Turkic World

Cinema Radio City in Tehran by Heydar Ghiaï-Chamlou [1967]. The façade exhibits the introduction of Googie design into Iran through its outlandish neon geometry. The entire of the project follows modernist principles through the exploration of balance between straight and curved forms. Unfortunately, the cinema suffered a fire and was shut down with its neon facade removed, remaining in abandoned central Tehran.

Cloth of Gold, Winged Lions and Griffins, c. 1240 - 1260    

Central Asia, Il-khanid (Mongol) period

silk, gold thread; lampas weave, Overall: 124.00 x 48.80 cm (48 13/16 x 19 3/16 inches)

Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund 1989.50, The Cleveland Museum of Art

Artemis: Il-khanid - Mongol dynasty ruled in Iran from 1256 to 1335. “Il-khan is Persian for “subordinate khan”