The first ever count of India’s transgender population has found nearly 500,000 who were prepared to say they were transgender in filling out census papers – though activists say the real number may be far higher.
Especially notable is that before 1960, Americans didn’t even have the option of picking their own race; it was the census taker’s job to do it for them. Which means that in 1890, for example, census takers were tasked with figuring out whether multiracial families counted as “mulatto,” “quadroon,” or “octoroon.”
It’s another illustration of how our understanding of what race is, and who belongs to which race, keeps shifting over time — even though people of every era are convinced that the racial divisions of their era are just scientific fact.
CUNY’s Center for Urban Research launched a project entitled Welcome to 1940s New York today–a look socioeconomic climate of the city in the 1940s, or more simply, a look at how relatively cheap renting was way back when. […]
If you ever think you’ve had a really terrible idea, just remember that the Australian Bureau of Statistics thought it would be a good idea to have THE ENTIRE POPULATION OF AUSTRALIA complete an ONLINE survey on ONE NIGHT.
Mexico Declares International Decade for People of African Descent
Afro-Mexicans Photo: José Carlo GonzálezLa Jornada
: César Arellano García
Translated by Jillian Droste
The International Decade for People of African Descent, which began January 1st, is an opportunity to bring about social and cultural change through respect for and recognition of the populations in this sector of the Mexican population. This means recognizing their historical, cultural, and hereditary contributions to the country, with the goal of combating discrimination against them, stated the National Council for the Prevention of Discrimination (Conapred).
They pointed out that there are more than 400 Afro-Mexican communities in seven states—principally in Guerrero, Oaxaca and Veracruz, followed by Coahuila, Michoacán, Chiapas (a region of Soconusco) and Tabasco [except for Coahuila which borders Texas, and Veracruz, which runs south to north along the Gulf Coast, these are southern states].
The organization reaffirmed its commitment to promoting recognition of those peoples belonging to the African diaspora and to the opportunity to make Afro-Mexican history known.
“One of these efforts is the inclusion of a question about self-description as an Afro-Mexican for the intercensal survey that the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi) will use in 2015. This question will deal with whether or not those surveyed consider themselves—with respect to their culture, history, and traditions—to be Afro-Mexican/Descendants of Africa. The names used include Negro [
Black], Mazcogo* Mulato [mixed African-Indigenous], Prieto [dark-skinned], Jarocho [from Veracruz], Costeño [from the coast], etc.
This,” said Conapred, “is one of the efforts Mexico will make to fulfill the goal of the Decade. Upon recognizing people of African descent as a specific group, it will enable them to be brought to light, and to rely upon the statistics that will help them to exercise their human rights.”
“There were 2,621,514 goats in the United States as of 2012, the year of the most recent USDA Agricultural Census. If America’s goats were their own state, its population would be larger than that of Wyoming, Vermont, D.C. and North Dakota – combined. This is what all those goats look like on a map.”
Laverne Cox has joined members of Congress in calling upon the US government to include questions about sexual orientation and gender identity on the US Census. The actress joined several Democratic politicians yesterday at Capitol Hill in Washington DC at a press conference on the LGBT Data Inclusion Act, which was proposed last month by Arizona Rep. Raúl Grijalva.
The act – which faces a great challenge in being passed through the current, Republican-controlled Congress – would make federal questionnaires include voluntary questions about sexual orientation and gender identity alongside those about race, age and income.
‘If you’re not on paper, you’re invisible when it comes to the federal government,’ said California Democratic Rep. Xavier Becerra, ‘and it’s time that we allowed all Americans to come out of the shadows, to live a life the way so many of us take for granted.’
After years of speculation, estimates and projections, the Census Bureau has made it official: White births are no longer a majority in the United States.
Non-Hispanic whites accounted for 49.6 percent of all births in the 12-month period that ended last July, according to Census Bureau data made public on Thursday, while minorities — including Hispanics, blacks, Asians and those of mixed race — reached 50.4 percent, representing a majority for the first time in the country’s history.
Such a turn has been long expected, but no one was certain when the moment would arrive — signaling a milestone for a nation whose government was founded by white Europeans and has wrestled mightily with issues of race, from the days of slavery, through a civil war, bitter civil rights battles and, most recently, highly charged debates over efforts to restrict immigration.
While over all, whites will remain a majority for some time, the fact that a younger generation is being born in which minorities are the majority has broad implications for the country’s economy, its political life and its identity. “This is an important tipping point,” said William H. Frey, the senior demographer at the Brookings Institution, describing the shift as a “transformation from a mostly white baby boomer culture to the more globalized multiethnic country that we are becoming.”
Signs that the country is evolving this way start with the Oval Office, and have swept hundreds of counties in recent years, with 348 in which whites are no longer in the majority. That number doubles when it comes to the toddler population, Mr. Frey said. Whites are no longer the majority in four states and the District of Columbia, and have slipped below half in many major metro areas, including New York, Las Vegas and Memphis.