celtic iberia

Cernunnos by Milek Jakubiec.

Cernunnos is the conventional name given in Celtic studies to depictions of the “horned god” of Celtic polytheism. Cernunnos was a Celtic god of fertility, life, animals, wealth, and the underworld. The name itself is only attested once, on the 1st-century Pillar of the Boatmen, but he appears all over Gaul, and among the Celtiberians. Cernunnos is depicted with the antlers of a stag, sometimes carries a purse filled with coin, often seated cross-legged and often associated with animals and holding or wearing torcs, are known from over 50 examples in the Gallo-Roman period, mostly in north-eastern Gaul.

10

Magical Spain (via Pinterest).

Definitely, Spain is different

Mine is a country of contrasts, full of legends and history, with a cultural heritage of centuries, and I love it.

(Credits of the photographies in the description).

2

Gallaecia

This cultural region known as Gallaecia is home to the Celtic culture of the Gallaecians. It has been proposed many times over the modern years that Gallaecia should be accepted as the 7th Celtic Nation.

The region of Gallaecia is made up of the Portuguese region Norte, and the Spanish provinces Galicia, and Austurias. (All of which is shown in red above.) The Spanish provinces Cantabria, and León are most often included as part of Gallaecia, however not all Gallaecians agree with this. (Cantabria, and León are shown above in pink.)

Despite Gallaecia’s rich history of Celtic cultures, and genetic ties to the Gaels of the British Isles, Gallaecia is not accepted by the Celtic League as being an official Celtic Nation. This is due to the fact that Gallaeic, the native language of the Gallaecians, has been extinct for over 1000 years with no current plans of revival.

Some word origin things and history. 

A long, long time ago a group of people called Iberians moved into the Iberian peninsula (present day Spain and Portugal) from what we believe to be Ancient Libya. Their language was not Indo-European; Spanish and Portuguese did not pick up anything “structural” from the Iberian language but the Iberian language has influenced some vocabulary. Some examples below:

  • Arroyo - small stream
  • Balsa - pond
  • Bruja (Sp.) / Bruxa (Port.) - witch
  • Cachorro - puppy, cub / dog (Port.) 
  • Mantega (Sp.) / Manteiga (Port.) - fat, lard / butter
  • Sapo - toad
  • Sarna - itch 
  • Izquierdo (Sp.) / Esquerdo (Port.) - left
  • Nata - cream

After that, some Celts moved into the Iberian Peninsula at around 1000 BC and then a larger group of them at 600 BC. Their language was Celtic which was Indo-European but Celtic has only influenced Spanish and Portuguese vocabulary. Examples below: 

  • Abedul - birch (tree)
  • Bragas - breeches 
  • Camisa - shirt
  • Carro - cart
  • Cerveza (Sp). / Cerveja (Port.) - beer 

Side note ^^^ I guess that’s why Spanish and Portuguese is cerveza and cerveja and French is bière and Italian is birra. They have different influences.