cell transplantation

A Season 11 First-sentence prompt drabble

Note: Send a first sentence to my inbox and I’ll write a little one shot drabble

Thank you to @xfile-cabinetx for the first sentence.

A season 11 drabble to wet your pallets. One shot. No beta. Enjoy! ❤️⭕️


“Now why did you go and do that, Scully?” his voice rasps, and he lifts his chin to swallow thickly, licking his dry lips.

“Because,” she whispers with heavy emotion and a child-like shrug, toying needlessly with his IV line. Her eyes expertly hold back the tears brimming her lids and she shudders a shaky sigh, unable to meet his eyes.

“It was dangerous. What if–”

“It saved your life, Mulder,” she cuts in with a sharp finality to her tone, unwilling to hear his reproach. Unwilling to second-guess her decision. She knows it was dangerous. Stupid even. But it saved his life. “I couldn’t lose you,” she pleads softly with a shake of her head. Doesn’t he know this by now? She can’t live with him, a fact he reminds her of often. But she can’t live without him either. She’s tried that, and the chest at the foot of the bed still bears the flag that was draped over his coffin.

He sees the years against her pale skin, defined and prominent under the harsh unyielding lights of the ICU. He watches her drop her chin, averting her eyes as she pulls her bottom lip between her teeth, worrying it with the gentle sweepings of her teeth against her skin. He’s mesmerized by the way the light shines from the remnants of her lip gloss, and it’s only when her lower lip quivers does he lift his hand to cover the two still playing with the tubing in his arm.

“Scully, tell me why you did it?” he pleads softly, narrowing his eyes.

“Are you mad I saved your life?” She pulls her hands away with a huff as her chest constricts with a thousand tiny emotions. Maybe he was supposed to die in that bridge.


“I’m just confused is all…” His tone softens and he relaxes into his pillows with a sigh, holding his palm up in offering.

She never could deny him.

“A stem cell transplant was the only thing that was going to save you, Mulder,” she begins shakily, her voice growing steadier with each word. “The vaccine worked to keep you alive – It gave me time, a few days–”

“To find William,” he finishes for her and she answers him with a nod, licking her lips.

He closes his eyes with a sigh, before starting again. “I thought we’d promised…”

“I had to,” she adds after a beat.

“No, you didn’t Scully. It’s not worth it.”

Her jaw drops with indignation. “Are you saying your life wasn’t worth saving?”

“By putting him in danger, no.” His eyes match the indignant ferocity of her own.

“I can’t believe…” she starts indignantly but stops with a resigned shake of her head.

They’d agreed to never look for him - the dangers and emotional implications far outweighing any benefit of curiosity for his wellbeing. But they never discussed this when they made the decision - life or death hadn’t factored in. She knows this. So does he.

“I did what I had to do, Mulder.”

His mouth opens in reply but the words die on his mouth when a single finger is placed on his lips, hushing his response.

“Don’t tell me you wouldn’t have done the same for me.”


Supporting the damaged brain

A new study shows that embryonic nerve cells can functionally integrate into local neural networks when transplanted into damaged areas of the visual cortex of adult mice.

(Image caption: Neuronal transplants (blue) connect with host neurons (yellow) in the adult mouse brain in a highly specific manner, rebuilding neural networks lost upon injury. Credit: Sofia Grade, LMU/Helmholtz Zentrum München)

When it comes to recovering from insult, the adult human brain has very little ability to compensate for nerve-cell loss. Biomedical researchers and clinicians are therefore exploring the possibility of using transplanted nerve cells to replace neurons that have been irreparably damaged as a result of trauma or disease. Previous studies have suggested there is potential to remedy at least some of the clinical symptoms resulting from acquired brain disease through the transplantation of fetal nerve cells into damaged neuronal networks. However, it is not clear whether transplanted intact neurons can be sufficiently integrated to result in restored function of the lesioned network. Now researchers based at LMU Munich, the Max Planck Institute for Neurobiology in Martinsried and the Helmholtz Zentrum München have demonstrated that, in mice, transplanted embryonic nerve cells can indeed be incorporated into an existing network in such a way that they correctly carry out the tasks performed by the damaged cells originally found in that position. Such work is of importance in the potential treatment of all acquired brain disease including neurodegenerative illnesses such as Alzheimer‘s or Parkinson’s disease, as well as strokes and trauma, given each disease state leads to the large-scale, irreversible loss of nerve cells and the acquisition of a what is usually a lifelong neurological deficit for the affected person.

In the study published in Nature, researchers of the Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, and the Helmholtz Zentrum München have specifically asked whether transplanted embryonic nerve cells can functionally integrate into the visual cortex of adult mice. “This region of the brain is ideal for such experiments,” says Magdalena Götz, joint leader of the study together with Mark Hübener. Hübener is a specialist in the structure and function of the mouse visual cortex in Professor Tobias Bonhoeffer’s Department (Synapses – Circuits – Plasticity) at the MPI for Neurobiology. As Hübener explains, “we know so much about the functions of the nerve cells in this region and the connections between them that we can readily assess whether the implanted nerve cells actually perform the tasks normally carried out by the network.” In their experiments, the team transplanted embryonic nerve cells from the cerebral cortex into lesioned areas of the visual cortex of adult mice. Over the course of the following weeks and months, they monitored the behavior of the implanted, immature neurons by means of two-photon microscopy to ascertain whether they differentiated into so-called pyramidal cells, a cell type normally found in the area of interest. “The very fact that the cells survived and continued to develop was very encouraging,” Hübener remarks. “But things got really exciting when we took a closer look at the electrical activity of the transplanted cells.” In their joint study, PhD student Susanne Falkner and Postdoc Sofia Grade were able to show that the new cells formed the synaptic connections that neurons in their position in the network would normally make, and that they responded to visual stimuli.

The team then went on to characterize, for the first time, the broader pattern of connections made by the transplanted neurons. Astonishingly, they found that pyramidal cells derived from the transplanted immature neurons formed functional connections with the appropriate nerve cells all over the brain. In other words, they received precisely the same inputs as their predecessors in the network. In addition, they were able to process that information and pass it on to the downstream neurons which had also differentiated in the correct manner. “These findings demonstrate that the implanted nerve cells have integrated with high precision into a neuronal network into which, under normal conditions, new nerve cells would never have been incorporated,” explains Götz, whose work at the Helmholtz Zentrum and at LMU focuses on finding ways to replace lost neurons in the central nervous system. The new study reveals that immature neurons are capable of correctly responding to differentiation signals in the adult mammalian brain and can close functional gaps in an existing neural network.

2016 in science - Wikipedia

A few samples:

7 January: Mathematicians, as part of the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search, report the discovery of a new prime number: 274,207,281 − 1.

14 January:  Astronomers report that ASASSN-15lh, first observed in June 2015, is likely the brightest supernova ever detected. Twice as luminous as the previous record holder, at peak detonation it was as bright as 570 billion Suns

18 January: Light-activated nanoparticles able to kill over 90% of antibiotic-resistant bacteria are demonstrated at the University of Colorado Boulder.

20 January: Astronomers at the California Institute of Technology present the strongest evidence yet that a ninth planet is present in the Solar System, orbiting the Sun every 15,000 years.

26 January: Researchers at the University of Washington announce a new handheld, pen-sized microscope that could identify cancer cells in doctor’s offices and operating rooms.

27 January: Google announces a breakthrough in artificial intelligence with a program able to beat the European champion of the board game Go.

28 January: Research into the nature of time by Griffith University’s Centre for Quantum Dynamics shows how an asymmetry for time reversal might be responsible for making the universe move forward in time.

11 February: Scientists at the LIGO, Virgo and GEO600 announce the first direct detection of a gravitational wave predicted by the general relativity theory of Albert Einstein.

13 April: A quadriplegic man, Ian Burkhart from Ohio, is able to perform complex functional movements with his fingers after a chip was implanted in his brain.

20 June:  China introduces the Sunway TaihuLight, the world’s fastest supercomputer, capable of 93 petaflops and a peak performance of 125 petaflops.

30 June:The first known death caused by a self-driving car is disclosed by Tesla Motors.

4 July: NASA scientists announce the arrival of the Juno spacecraft at the planet Jupiter.

5 July: China completes construction on the world’s largest radio telescope.

2 May:  A study in PNAS concludes that Earth may be home to 1 trillion species, with 99.999 percent remaining undiscovered.

10 May: NASA’s Kepler mission verifies 1,284 new exoplanets – the single largest finding of planets to date.

18 May: At the I/O developer conference, Google reveals it has been working on a new chip, known as the Tensor Processing Unit (TPU), which delivers “an order of magnitude higher performance per watt than all commercially available GPUs and FPGA.

3 June June: NASA and ESA jointly announce that the Universe is expanding 5% to 9% faster than previously thought, after using the Hubble Space Telescope to measure the distance to stars in 19 galaxies beyond the Milky Way.

27 July:  Neonicotinoids, the world’s most widely used insecticide, are found to reduce bee sperm counts by almost 40%, as well as cutting the lifespan of bee drones by a third.

29 July:The seafloor in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone – an area in the Pacific Ocean being targeted for deep-sea mining – is found to contain an abundance and diversity of life, with more than half of the species collected being new to science.

4 August: A team at the University of Oxford achieves a quantum logic gate with record-breaking 99.9% precision, reaching the benchmark required to build a quantum computer.

5 August: Research by Imperial College London suggests that a new form of light can be created by binding it to a single electron, combining the properties of both.

11 August: The Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) is found to be the longest-lived vertebrate, able to reach a lifespan of nearly 400 years.

10 September:The second largest meteorite ever found is exhumed near Gancedo, Argentina. It weighs 30 tonnes and fell to Earth around 2000 BC.

16 September: The development of 1 terabit-per-second transmission rates over optical fiber is announced by Nokia Bell Labs, Deutsche Telekom T-Labs and the Technical University of Munich.

21 September: Scientists report that, based on human DNA genetic studies, all non-African humans in the world today can be traced to a single population that exited Africa between 50,000 and 80,000 years ago.

11 October: Scientists identify the maximum human lifespan at an average age of 115, with an absolute upper limit of 125 years old.

4 November: Researchers in the UK announce a genetically modified "superwheat” that increases the efficiency of photosynthesis to boost yields by 20 to 40 percent. Field trials are expected in 2017.

8 November: Lab-grown mini lungs, developed from stem cells, are successfully transplanted into mice by researchers at the University of Michigan Health System.

13 November: The University of East Anglia reports that global emissions of CO2 did not grow in 2015 and are projected to rise only slightly in 2016, marking three years of almost no growth.

28 November: Scientists at the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry officially recognizes names for four new chemical elements: Nihonium, Nh, 113; Moscovium, Mc, 115; Tennessine, Ts, 117 and Oganesson, Og, 118.

15 December: Scientists use a new form of gene therapy to partially reverse aging in mice. After six weeks of treatment, the animals looked younger, had straighter spines and better cardiovascular health, healed quicker when injured, and lived 30% longer.

22 December: A study finds the VSV-EBOV vaccine against the Ebola virus between 70–100% effective, and thus making it the first proven vaccine against the disease. 

and a lot more…


People ask me all the time. “Adam, what’s your favorite organ?” And I answer, without hesitation, “The kidney!”

Now scientists have grown primitive kidneys in a laboratory dish. They take ordinary adult cells and infect them with a virus to “reprogram” them back to a embryonic state. These induced pluripotent stem cells can develop into any type of cell with the right coaxing. Scientists have already created heart, liver, even neural tissue from iPSCs. But making the cells develop into a kidney has proven difficult.

Now, scientists at Murdoch Children’s Research Institute in Australia have figured out the right recipe to create very simple kidneys. The top image is the full “organoid”, the bottom GIFs show series of cross sections. In all the images, the colors label different proteins that indicate specialized structures.

These organoids don’t have all the functionality of a real kidney, but they represent a step in the right direction. The ultimate goal? Grow fully functional kidneys for people who need transplants. Because the grown kidneys would be derived from the patient’s own cells, rejection of the transplant by the host immune system wouldn’t be a problem.

Images: Minoru Takasato/Nature

Day 2


  • Pot up ‘Happy Rich’ broccolini seedlings (planted 3/11) from mama trays into larger cells
  • Transplant ‘Red Russian’ kale into high tunnel
  • Put up 2 hoop houses in the New Field 
    1. Rebar spaced at 4 feet
    2. PVC (pre-bent from previous years) inserted over rebar
    3. 6″ deep trenches dug on each outer side
    4. Plastic pulled over and secured with PVC hoop house clips
    5. Trenches back filled with soil over the plastic
    6. Plastic folded over
    7. More back filling to prevent wind from picking up the hoop houses
    8. Plastic “doors” secured with clips and one half trench-buried 
    9. Sand bags placed at doors to secure 
  • Rodent problem mitigation: “Metal Flashing” project
    1. Removed weed cloth from all high tunnel edges (interior and exterior) because voles were making nests and burrowing underneath the barrier cloth and eating all the newly seeded crops
    2. Kill voles scurrying out (dogs were helpful with this)
    3. Dug 8″ deep trenches around exterior of high tunnels
    4. Cut 8″ wide metal pieces (repurposed from old building) 
    5. Inserted and screwed metal pieces to boards of high tunnel 
    6. Back filled to bury them and create a rodent-proof barrier
    7. Replaced weed barrier cloth and landscape staples

Learning Experiences:

  • Sole Proprietor: you are the exclusive owner of the farm, but held liable for all losses, financial or otherwise
  • LLC: a limited liability company status allows farmers to minimize risk of personal legal or financial repercussions from business-related issues (ex: if someone sues the farm for E. coli found in produce, they cannot sue for your personal assets)
  • Food truck (Farmer and Chef) as main outlet for lower grade produce 
  • Switch to all-metal shovels to prevent shovel handles from breaking. They are heavier, but worth the investment.
Seeking SciNote, Biology: CRISPR


What do geneticists think will be possible when the the new gene-splicing CRISPR is fully operational on patients?


For those of us unfamiliar, CRISPR is a revolutionary new genetic splicing technology. Gene splicing refers to modifications to a gene transcript that can result in different proteins being made from a single gene. Interestingly, CRISPR’s inception began when dairy scientists discovered that bacteria used to create yogurt (by transforming lactose into lactic acid) had incorporated snippets of benign viruses into its genome. To their surprise, the incorporated DNA would create toxic agents to thwart infective viruses. In 2007, dairy scientists realized that they could effectively fortify bacteria by adding spacer DNA, which does not code for any protein sequence, from a virus. Then, five years later, as Time Magazine writer Alice Park skilfully describes, professors Jennifer Doudna and Emanuelle Charpentier noticed “up to 40% of bacteria developed a particular genetic pattern in their genomes. What they found were sequences of genes immediately followed by the same sequence in reverse, known as palindromic sequences. Further, bits of random DNA bases cropped up after each such pairing and right before the next one. After the dairy bacteria transcribed its spacer DNA and palindromic sequence into RNA, it self-spliced those segments into shorter fragments, with an enzyme called CAS9”. As you may be wondering, CRISPR stands for “clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats”.

It is important for us to emphasize the versatility of this method. In the 2007 article, Doudna and Charpentier go into depth regarding the many benefits of the new genetic technology. These include the potential to “systematically analyze gene functions in mammalian cells, study genomic rearrangements and the progression of cancers or other diseases, and potentially correct genetic mutations responsible for inherited disorders”. As you might imagine, this opens up possibilities that were previously science fiction. Currently, painful blood transfusions are commonplace in the treatment of many diseases such as sickle cell anemia. Sickle cell affects red blood cells, which are made by stem cells in bone marrow. Soon, Massachusetts Institute of Technology synthetic biologist Feng Zhang envisions that this will soon no longer be necessary. She predicts that after doctors extract some of the marrow, scientists will splice out the defective fragment of DNA using CRISPR from the removed stem cells, then bathe the cells in a solution containing the non-sickle-cell sequence. As the DNA repairs itself naturally, it picks up the correct sequence and incorporates it into the stem cell genomes. After this one-time procedure, the stem cells would give rise to more red blood cells with the healthy gene. Eventually, the blood system would be repopulated with normal cells.

The treatment of HIV using CRISPR would be very similar. In this potential treatment, “patients would provide a sample of blood stem cells from their bone marrow, which would be treated with CRISPR to remove the CCR5 gene, and these cells would be transplanted back to the patient. Since the bone marrow stem cells populate the entire blood and immune system, the patient would eventually have blood cells that were protected, or “immunized,” against HIV”.

Despite this extraordinary potential, no biological technology comes without serious ethical concerns. As Jennifer Douda says herself, CRISPR “really requires us to careful thought to how we employ such a tool: What are we trying to do with it, what are the appropriate applications, how can we use it safely?”

Check out her book The Stem Cell Hope for learning about the future of stem cell technology.

Park, Alice. “A New Gene-Splicing Technique.” 100 New Scientific Discoveries: Fascinating, Unbelievable and Mind-expanding Stories. New York, NY: TIME, 2014. 92-95. Print.

Park, Alice. “It May Be Possible To Prevent HIV Even Without a Vaccine.” Time. Time, 6 Nov. 2014. Web.

Doudna, Jennifer A., and Charpentier, Emmanuelle (2014). The new frontier of genome engineering with CRISPR-Cas9. Science, 346(6213), 1258096–1258096. doi:10.1126/science.1258096

Answered by: Teodora S., Expert Leader and Expert John M.

Edited by: Carrie K.

*continued from <4>*


+act. Magazine

Sato Takeru – Long Interview<5>

-We can’t help but thank you.  But I remember reading some article in which your very best friend TAKA (ONE OK ROCK) said, ‘Takeru always has an answer’. I now see he is right: you always have a properly verbalized answer.

Perhaps, I rather like working on verbalization. I’m not bothered by that process. I like ‘words’. Probably TAKA is also a man who likes words and we share the same sense. So when I say, ‘Don’t you think this is so?’ he replies, ‘That’s what it is!’ or something like that happens … I sometimes verbalize some feelings in TAKA, I suppose.

-If I assume that you can verbalize your thoughts, it means your whole thoughts in your mind is not messy, right?

No, it’s messy, but I’m trying hard to put it in order when I talk like this.

-Just like untangling a string?

Um, such kind of work … doesn’t bother me.

-Doesn’t it happen that you finish untangling a string, only to find nothing?

Well, but if it is untangled after all, it will be enough, right?

-I have an interesting story. A research showed that when they transplanted intestinal cells to someone else, the characteristics of the donor – such as positive attitude or negativity – were also taken over by the recipient. I heard that it is still in the experimental stage in mice, but if so, what is so-called ‘character’ or ‘personality’, I wonder. When an actor plays someone else, personality is an important factor, I suppose. Considering that it is actually difficult to find out the character you play, I’m curious to know how you do it.

There are many different ways. One way is that you make it from the heart, thinking about his character, and then it appears. In another way, you can do this in the following order; as I told you a little while ago, you make choices cut by cut, and then those who see it decide, in this case, Tokuzo-san’s character. I tend to be doing it now in the latter way; the viewers make the character of the role, accumulating how he/she appears in one cut, I think.

-The character of your role is not always easy to understand. The other day, I was shocked when a certain actor said, ‘Recently, I’d like to play a role as a tree’. Takeru-kun plays a tree … Such a thing is unlikely to happen, but if you give it a try, you will start from getting a heart of a tree … won’t you?

(lol) I think so. But in the beginning, I’ll think why I should play a tree. I’ll think why they don’t use a real tree and make me play it. Perhaps that actor said so to illustrate his thought clearly, I suppose, and I understand what he said as an extreme idea. But ‘a tree’ really exists. In spite of that, why do I have to play it? I would be curious to know it.

-Your approach has already started from there?

Yes. There is no point in playing a tree if I don’t understand the reason properly. If I do it without understanding that properly, how should I defeat a real tree? (lol)

-Even if you find a way to make you look like a real tree, you are probably doing something wrong.

In that case, why don’t they use a real tree, I should say? But if they have a good reason and I’m happy to accept it, I will start from there. It may be impossible to play a tree, but I’d like to do something like that. I want to play a non-human … or something that doesn’t exist in this world. But a tree or a chair does exist, so there is no necessity for me to do it.

-Then a talking tree would be OK?

Right. That’s perfectly OK.

-How about a space alien?

It’s OK, too.

-You’ll start from thinking about what kind of alien it is, right?

Well, I’ll let go of the idea of ‘alien’ first. Probably it doesn’t think of itself as an alien.

-As a result of pursuing something new, one day you may start to say, ‘I want to play a tree’ at a certain age.

It is possible. (lol)

*to be continued*

@ jkr what are the limits to magical medicine? we see that bones can be regrown with no problem, but what about organs? can organs be grown without the use of stem cells? are magical transplants and grafts less prone to rejection than muggle transplants and grafts? surgery seems to be something limited to muggle doctors, so does that mean healers can perform surgeries such as mitral valve replacement without ever breaking skin?

like what is up with magical medicine??? 

“Her tumor was the size of a grapefruit. I don’t even know how it fit in her body. There’s no protocol for neuroblastoma. Everything is experimental. Different doctors have different opinions, so I have to make choices that you couldn’t imagine. Horrible choices. She’s had several rounds of chemo, antibody therapy, a stem cell transplant, and a twelve-hour surgery. The surgery was risky. One doctor tried to talk me out of it. I don’t understand this stuff but I still have to make these decisions. I think I’ve made all the right choices so far but the next one could be the wrong one. It’s so stressful. You know that feeling you have when you’re waiting for a call back from a job interview? That’s all the time for me. Except it’s not a job. It’s my kid’s life. I push all the emotional stuff to the back burner. I feel like the only way to keep moving is to stay numb. My only therapy is talking to the other moms here. We’re all going through the same thing. So that helps. But then again we lose a lot of our friends here. Her best friend’s cancer just spread to the brain. So that’s scary as shit.”

Just a few days left in our fundraiser to help Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center fight pediatric cancer. Nearly 28,000 people have donated so far and we’ve raised over $1,000,000. This money will be used to help develop innovative treatments for the rare childhood cancers that MSK helps fight. If you’ve been inspired by the stories of these patients, doctors, and nurses, please consider being counted in our effort to support them: http://bit.ly/1TpFcdy

My dad is in remission!!!

On Wednesday is will be 100 days since his stem cell transplant, and his most recent PET scan said that there is no cancer activity! He’s officially in remission!

Unfortunately, mantle-cell lymphoma is not curable, so it will be back in a few years, but he won the first war! He soldiered on and showed such tremendous strength and faith in God, and he made it through! 

He’s already getting his hair back–he has eyebrows and hair on the back of his head again! Just really, really good news all around. I just had to share! <3

the son you always had (v)

(four lives William Scully didn’t have, and one that he did)

guys I’m sure I got some of the details wrong from “My Struggle II” but there was no way I could watch it again and I couldn’t find a transcript so…yep. anyway. I’m going back to sleep now :) all of these drugs are giving me super weird dreams

part I, part II, part III, part IV

V. 2016

When she shows up on his front porch in the middle of the night, it’s like he’s always known. Through the peephole her eyes are wild, the shadows beneath her eyes deep, and he just opens the door and says, “It’s you.”

For a minute she clearly doesn’t know how to respond. Finally: “You know who I am?”

Will looks her up and down, his mouth dry. “Yeah. Pretty sure I do.”

“There isn’t much time to explain,” she says, but he finds that she doesn’t need to, at least not out loud. He’s getting images off her like crazy; her mind reflects the chaos she’s seen in the last few days and he can watch it like a movie. The bodies, the honking cars, the smell of rotting flesh and fear. And one body in particular: a tall man with dark hair and a too-familiar nose. Will looks past the woman, out to her car. That same man is sitting in the passenger seat, and even from here, even with the headlights glaring, Will knows that the man would collapse if he weren’t strapped in.

Will’s own parents - his real parents, the parents who’d wanted him and kept him - are upstairs in their bed where he left them three hours ago. He’d closed their eyelids like he’d seen in movies and then thrown up in their bathroom sink. There was not even a moment when Will worried that he might catch the disease, too. Something deep in him knew that it was impossible.

“This is it,” Will says quietly. Hasn’t he dreamed this a thousand times? The end of the world. He’s been fixated on it for a year at least; the apocalypse dogging his footsteps. Pastor Jacob reading from Revelation every Sunday, stories on NPR about the heat death of the universe, that T.S. Eliot poem at school. Not with a bang but a whimper.

He didn’t hear his parents die. It happened in silence. If a man dies and no one hears him, is he really dead?

The woman reaches up and touches his cheek, and he jerks back. Her voice is quiet but firm. “Yes, it is,” she says. “And we need your help.”

Keep reading

In case you were wondering abou the “research” that is happening with aborted babies…

70,000 patients a year are being successfully treated with adult stem cell transplants. An estimated 1 million people have been successfully treated. Meanwhile, there is yet to be one patient successfully treated with fetal stem cells.

‘So far I’ve never had that call to say I’m a match for someone, but if I did, I’d consider it to be the greatest privilege of my life. One of my closest childhood friends, Millie, was diagnosed with leukaemia when she was 19. At the time, Millie campaigned to get more people onto the Anthony Nolan register and I remember feeling so humbled by her bravery and selflessness. She had a stem cell transplant using the best possible match on the register at the time, but it wasn’t the ‘perfect’ match and she sadly relapsed and died a few months later. If there were more young people on the Anthony Nolan register ten years ago, my friend might have found a closer match and might still be here today. So, even if just one person signs up because of the #IGiveASpit campaign, they could be the difference between life and death for someone like Millie.’ - Rose Leslie for Anthony Nolan’s #IGiveASpit campaign (x) (x)

TAYLOR PLEASE WATCH: On April 7, 2011, Emily Beazley’s life was forever changed when she was diagnosed with Stage III T-Cell Lymphoblastic Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma, the most aggressive form of Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma. After 2.5 years of chemotherapy in her port, legs, and spine, Emily finished treatment on July 18, 2013.

Just when life was getting back to “normal” Emily relapsed . Intense chemotherapy started again on March 24, 2014. Emily was responding well on the chemotherapy, but one cancerous lymph node became chemo resistant and continued to grow. She began radiation at Northwestern Hospital on that lymph node on July 10, 2014, and the cancer responded perfectly to it. Full body radiation and high dose chemotherapy was administered as part of her pre-transplant conditioning on August 12, 2014, and the stem cell transplant took place on August 20, 2014 at Lurie’s Children’s Hospital. We are fortunate her sister Olivia was a perfect match.

Emily is courageously fighting her battle, and is determined to beat this once and for all. With the support of family, friends, and the entire community, Emily will win this fight!

Emily has had the wish to go to Disney World since she finished cancer treatment the first time. That was going to be reward. Just days before booking the trip, she relapsed in March of 2014. She finished her treatment for the relapse, which included the stem cell transplant, and Disney talks began again. On January 12, 2015, during a routine PET scan, three new spots were discovered. After receiving this terrible news, the Beazley family wants to take Emily on her dream trip ASAP. Your donation will help them create amazing memories that will be cherished forever. Thank you.

It’s her dream to meet you Taylor!! The link to her website is in my bio!

This is a message I just got...

“I’m Jonno and I’m a 28-yo bro from Boston and I live in LA. I’m about to have a stem cell transplant, so I need to be as positive as f***! I’m flying home to Boston for mother’s day and just saw someone with the Stay Positive Bro sticker on her laptop. Had to buy it right then and there. Stay positive! Thank you!”

-I just want to say thank you to you guys, these stickers are doing exactly what our dream for them has always been. It’s hard to realize just how much of an impact one sticker can have on some random person. this is just so far beyond me. so awesome, thank you to whoever it was that had this sticker on their laptop. let’s also be sending our prayers and thoughts to Jonno, he starts chemo on Tuesday. Let’s rally behind him you guys. Let’s show that it is possible to be positive through the worst situations. -Jordan

Cool story to share on Easter… After my workout I’m driving in my pick up and notice these kids in the rearview mirror screaming and running after my truck. Thought to myself, “Should I stop or keep driving?”. I stopped. I hop out of my truck and this kid runs up to me, hugs the hell outta me and says its been his life’s dream to meet me and tell me how much Ive inspired him to fight cancer (Hodgkin’s lymphoma) and hard core chemo and stem cell transplant treatments. He was a little teary eyed and said for months and months all he’s wanted to do was find me and say this face to face. I told him what it meant to me to hear this story. I thanked him, hugged him (and his friends), took a few pics, got back in my truck and drove away. As I’m driving I start shaking my head (and tearing up) at how fragile life is and how amazing and cool the universe was to make this meeting between myself and this special kid Nick Miller come true. Let’s always take a moment to count our blessings… cause there’s always something to be grateful for. Happy Easter y'all - DJ

2014 in science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

8 January - A detailed survey of lion populations has revealed that in West Africa, their numbers have collapsed with less than 250 adults remaining

27 January – Genetic analysis of a European male from 7,000 years ago has revealed he had dark skin, dark hair and blue eyes – suggesting that lighter skin colour evolved much later than was previously assumed

11 April – A new statistical analysis of temperature data since the year 1500 concludes “with confidence levels greater than 99%, and most likely greater than 99.9%” that recent global warming is not caused by natural factors and is man-made

29 May – Scientists have transferred data by quantum teleportation over a distance of 10 feet with a zero percent error rate

14 August: A self-organising robot swarm consisting of 1,000 individual machines has been demonstrated by Harvard University.

12 September: A robot with dexterous arms capable of loading a dishwasher has been unveiled at the British Science Festival.

13 October - A new battery has been developed capable of being recharged up to 70 per cent in only two minutes. The battery also has a longer lifespan of over 20 years

21 October – A paralyzed man becomes the first in the world to walk again following a pioneering therapy which involved transplanting cells from his nose into his severed spinal cord

27 October - An international group of scientists has announced the most significant breakthrough in a decade toward developing DNA-based electrical circuits.

31 October - Arachnophobia is cured by removing part of a man’s brain.

12 November - The Philae probe from the Rosetta spacecraft lands successfully on the surface (at a site named Agilkia) of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

6 December - New research, using ultrasound, has developed a 3D haptic shape that can be seen and felt in mid-air.

26 December – Moscow State University has announced the creation of a DNA bank to store genetic samples from every living thing on Earth. The facility, funded by the country’s largest ever scientific grant, will be opened in 2018

and a lot more…