cause... corn

anonymous asked:

can plants hear

short answer: we think so, yes! just not in the same way we can.

long answer: this is an emerging botany subfield called Plant Bioacoustics, pioneered by the amazing Monica Gagliano at the University of Western Australia (the same botanist who’s research on plant cognitive abilities has introduced fascinating questions about if plants are intelligent!) as well as others like Heidi M. Appel, a professor at the University of Toledo! here’s some of the major points in what we know so far:

-pea plants are able to locate running water by “hearing” the vibrations of it, and use this information to orient their roots. 

-corn plants (maize) are able to detect vibrations in the soil (theoretically caused by other corn plants crackling their roots for communication), and use this information to orient their roots among other things. 

-Arabidopsis thaliana (the model organism plant commonly known as the Thale Cress) can tell the difference between getting chewed on by an insect and being rustled by the wind. It’s capable of this to the point where when researchers played an audio recording of a plant being chewed on, individuals reacted by secreting chemicals to ward off the bug!

so we know they can “hear’ (i.e., detect vibrations) to a certain point, but we don’t know the mechanisms they use to do this yet, or to what extent they use this to survive. the current suspicion is that at least some plants have some sort of membrane capable of detecting vibrations, although we haven’t found it yet!

sadinasaphrite  asked:

I understand you have a long list of these questions, but figured I'd get in line. I want to adopt a retired greyhound racer. What health problems do you see with them? I've also heard they are especially sensitive to anesthesia due to their low body fat. Do you have a protocol you find is particularly safe for them? The rescues have too many conflicting answers. One even claims they never should be put under anesthesia ever, even for dentals, because they "just die!" Which is ridiculous.

Anonymous said: Is it ok to request another breed? If so, greyhounds? Possibly rescue racing hounds if that specification has any problems that pet raised greyhounds dont


Anonymous said: Hello! I was wondering if you could (or have already done) a post about greyhounds? Specifically racing-quality ones? I read something earlier that claimed they were a lot healthier than most dogs and I’m wondering if that’s true. Thanks!


Anonymous said: Hey there! I noticed you said recently you’d like to see more ex-racing greyhounds as pets - I’m seriously considering adopting one in the future and I was wondering what health issues you see in them? I’ve heard that they can get painful corns on their feet and that you need to be careful about their temperature, but is there anything else you see that a future adopter should be watching for? Question tax: came for the the vet stories, stayed for the refreshingly sensible advice :)

Oh vetlings, I have a lot to say about Greyhounds.

I adore these dogs, and am glad to work with them, but don’t specifically condone organised greyhound racing. Most of these dogs like to run, I would have no problem with them running around a track casually for fun, but once prize-money is involved it becomes too tempting to push limits, to cheat, to cut corners, to overbreed, and this leads to poor welfare outcomes for too many dogs.

Please note the disclaimer that these posts are about the breed from a veterinary viewpoint as seen in clinical practice, i.e. the problems we are faced with. It’s not the be-all and end-all of the breed and is not to make a judgement about whether the breed is right for you. If you are asking for an opinion about these animals in a veterinary setting, that is what you will get. It’s not going to be all sunshine and cupcakes, and is not intended as a personal insult against your favorite breed. This is general advice for what is common, often with a scientific consensus but sometimes based on personal experiences, and is not a guarantee of what your dog is going to encounter in their life.

Also please note that this will be a Long Post.

Originally posted by thegypsycob

General conditions of Greyhounds

Whatever their history all greyhounds have a few things in common. Most of them struggle to sit, they tend to either stand or lie down. Their pain tolerance is interesting, walking in with a broken bone but screaming at a tiny needle prick. They like to feel someone touching their head. There are also a few conditions common to them, regardless of their lifestyle or upbringing. They are one of the very few breeds that I think it’s not an exaggeration to say you benefit from seeing a vet with experience in this breed. We have a lot to get through, so I’ll try to keep the basics fairly short.

Bloat, (Gastric Dilatation Volvulus) is more common in the big males, but can occur in any greyhound due to their deep chest. Delicate, picky eaters seem less at risk.

Greyhounds are generally very athletic, but they can and do develop Dilated Cardiomyopathy. While they have generally reached a reasonable age before developing this condition,

Pannus can affect any greyhound, and this chronic eye condition is generally made worse by UV light exposure. Once diagnosed it’s not too hard to control with medication but it is a long term condition. This is the most likely reason you would see a greyhound wearing doggy sunglasses or ‘Doggles’.

Greyhounds can also get Progressive Retinal Atrophy, which may manifest as ‘night blindness’ first, though this seems to be less common lately.

Greyhounds, perhaps surprisingly for all the raw food they seem to get when racing, have generally poor Dental Health. Despite being big dogs that are generally pretty tolerant, most of them don’t like to chew. They’re delicate chewers and won’t necessarily gnaw a bone.

Speaking of bones, these dogs get Osteosarcoma (Bone cancer) fairly readily. This cancer has a biphasic age pattern. Basically it usually occurs in dogs around 2 years of age, and dogs around 8-10 years of age. It’s all kinds of bad, every time and there’s not much else to say about it, other than the life expectancy is short. I’ve talked about it previously.

Of purely cosmetic concern, greyhounds also commonly develop pattern baldness. Typically the affected areas are the thighs and ventral neck, and there are a few possible reasons for this. It might be genetic, it might be nutritional or stress related, or it might be due to blood vessel compression under due to large muscle groups underneath the skin. This generally bothers the owners more than the dog.

Greyhounds often have thin skin, and while this doesn’t necessarily bother the dogs most of the time it certainly bothers me as the surgeon! Some of these poor dogs will seem to tear themselves open with any little scrape, so be careful of the suture materials you choose. They are prone to pressure sores with poor bandage care too.

And associated with their thin skin, some of these dogs develop “Happy Tail,” which is basically a chronic injury on the tail tip which wont heal because the blessed dog insists on wagging it against solid objects all the time, despite the pain and injury. They can’t help it. They’re too happy, hence the name of the wound. This takes creative bandaging or the occasional partial amputation to fix.

Originally posted by emiliotheexplorer

Conditions associated with Racing

Most greyhounds are reared for the race track and it’s not until later that they’re identified as being 'unsuitable’ for the track. Some greyhounds will be 'retired’ early, before they ever get to run, but many will be retired either with injuries or because they just don’t win. Greyhounds that have been retired due to injury are not necessarily lame, they may have healed well enough to do normal dog activities, just not enough to win races.

Track leg is probably the most common 'racetrack injury’ we see. It’s basically a swelling on the inside of the tibia below the knee, caused by the greyhound continually hitting its hind leg with a front leg as it runs around the track in the same direction all the time. They’re usually not painful, and generally go away when the greyhound is not restricted to always running in a very large circle.

Corns are hard thickenings in the bottom on a footpad, either secondary to trauma, foreign objects (grit) or papilomas. They start out small but grow with time, and are painful. It’s like having a stone in your shoe all the time and many greyhounds will become footsore because of it. Affected greyhounds are often reluctant to walk on harder surfaces, and anti-inflammatories doesn’t seem to make much difference. We treat them by paring them out and waiting patiently.

Grit in foot pads can cause corns, and can cause similar lameness to corns, but will show up on Xrays if you use high enough detail. These are fragments of sand or other foreign objects that have become embedded in the foot pads while running. Greyhounds are particularly lame with this injury and often don’t respond fully to anti-inflammatories. They need surgery to remove these pieces of grit, and the surgery can result in corns.

A Fractured hock, carpus or metacarpal/metatarsal might be a racing career ending injury, but not necessarily a life ending one. Depending on the extent of the fracture the greyhound may have no lameness with a walk or light run, or may end up with a completely fused joint. Generally these dogs are only retired to pet homes if they can still get themselves around pain free.

A Split Webbing is an injury to the web of skin between toes. When this skin tears it’s nearly impossible to get it to heal if both layers are torn, so the recommended technique is to split it all the way to the base of the toes and remove the webbing. This doesn’t seem to bother the dogs at all, and prevents it from re-tearing over and over again as it heals.

Maxillary Fractures are a rare injury of long-nosed dogs who are also klutzes and trip over, slamming their nose into a fence or the ground. This upwards force can fracture the upper jaw, just in front of the canine teeth. These fractures may be non displaced, causing little more than a blood nose and needing pain relief and soft food for a few weeks, or they may be loose and need wiring. They are fairly uncommon overall, but it seems to be greyhounds that get them most.

Associated with racing greyhound husbandry, Neospora infection from raw, infected beef consumption (and similar Toxoplasma from kangaroo or sheep) is more common in greyhounds due to their high prevalence of raw meat being fed. It may present as anything from back pain to blindness, and you can lose whole litters to these parasites.

There are a number of odd Assorted Sports therapy things that greyhounds might be subjected to, from particular lineaments being used, ultrasound therapy, chiropractic treatment or 'seeing the muscle men’, some of the 'treatments’ racing greyhounds are exposed to seem more like hope and witchcraft than medicine. These dogs may also have been supplemented with all sorts of things during their racing days, including iron and B12 as the most common supplements. You don’t necessarily know what a dog has or hasn’t been given in its racing days, but most will be little consequence, if any, after a few months.

Racing greyhounds are also known for a few particular metabolic weirdnesses. Exercise associated heart conditions, exercise associated epilepsy, water diabetes (like a temporary diabetes insipidus), rhabdomyolysis and acidosis are the most well known.


Now, this is an interesting difference. Greyhounds are a bit different when it comes to anaesthetics. Most vet students will easily recall that barbituate anaesthetics aren’t recommended in sighthounds due to their proportionally low body fat (and very young or very fat dogs for the same reasons), but greyhounds also seem to have a different liver metabolism that makes handling this class of drugs more difficult. Fortunately there are many other options these days.

The whole 'they die under anaesthesia’ thing is…sort of true. If you put them under anaesthetic when they’re under 24 hours off the race track then they tend to…well… die. But when these dog’s have been at rest for at least 24 hours there doesn’t seem to be a particular increase risk of death specifically.

These dogs are prone to both hypothermia and hyperthermia under anaesthetic, and in life in general.

They are prone to rapid wake ups from anaesthesia, which is not fun when you have a 30kg dog thrashing about and freaking out. For this reason higher premed doses seem to help if you’re using an alfaxalone protocol, medetomedine/butorphanol works well for sedation and we usually use xylazine/ketamine/atropine for orthopaedics. I will not be posting dose rates on this blog, but rest assured greyhounds are perfectly able to have an anaesthetic. They’ve got to get their dental disease treated somehow!

Compared to other breeds

Generally greyhounds are considered pretty healthy. They’re not free of problems, but their common problems are different to common problems in other breeds. Greyhounds have one of the lowest incidences of hip dysplasia in purebred dogs,  and rarely develop the same common structural issues we see in other breeds.

Their blood results are often a little different. A greyhound in racing condition will have a higher PCV, and a pet greyhound may keep this in their retired life. They often have a lower platelet count,  by around 20-25% or so, and may have a relatively low T4. A low T4 can be normal for a greyhound, and hypothyroidism shouldn’t be diagnosed without a TSH level.

They are, in general a little more prone to being clingy or developing separation anxiety. This is generally because most of these dogs are raised in big groups in a kennel situation, and may not get to be truly 'alone’ until they’re in a pet home. Some dogs just need a few weeks of being spoiled with TLC to adjust, some dogs need some pharmaceutical assistance for a while. Some dogs only really relax if they have a companion, but it depends on the individual.

So that is the greyhound breed from a veterinary viewpoint in a nutshell. Some of these points are brief because I only want to give you an overview, but I do recommend vet students spend some time in a greyhound practice, even if you don’t want to work with them or the racing industry, because the musculoskeletal exam of a greyhound is so much more thorough and I understood hocks and carpi much better in greyhounds than I ever did in horses.

Phew, that took a while to write. If you would like to support Dr Ferox’s writing time you can via Patreon for as little as $1 a month!

Hope - Wolverine x Reader

Because I haven’t written anything with Logan in a while, and because his return back to life inspired me (no offense to “Old Man Logan”, Laura, Daken, Jimmy and all those people but…I missed the original Logan so damn much <3, I’m just so fucking happy he’s back, only good news lately. Anyway, I’ll shut up or I’ll ramble about his resurrection and the fact that the has an infinity stone and all that shit for HOURS…OK I SHUT UP NOW). Here’s a story with my first favorite superhero ever (still my favorite, with Bruce right on his ass), because I just needed to write about him in those tough fucking time I’m going through. Boom. Hope you’ll like it :

My masterlist blog :



-Oh my God…Logan ? Is it really you ?

Ororo Munroe just couldn’t trust her eyes.

Logan…But was it really him ? He has been gone for so long, almost three years now, that all hope for him to come back was no more ! It happened before, in the X-Men, that one of them would “miraculously” come back from the dead, but it usually wouldn’t take that long !

But…Was it him ? She couldn’t be sure, she saw too many things in her life not to be suspicious !

Was it Mystique playing a mean trick on her ? Or maybe another shapeshifter or something/someone of the like, that just thought it was funny to bring back that damn “hope” to the Wolverine’s friends ?

-Yes ‘Ro. It’s me.

His voice, his smell, the way he was standing, his half-smile…a shapeshifter could copy all of that to perfection ! Especially one that knew him well, like Mystique for example.

Oh but his next words ? His next question ? The first thing that came through his mind as he just supposedly came back from the dead, and made his way back to the X-Mansion…Convinced Ororo Munroe that it was really one of her best friend. That it was really Logan…

He just had to ask :

-Where is she ? Where is (Y/N) ?

And Ororo knew it was the real Wolverine.

Keep reading

If Leo and Corrin win, I’m sure they’ll be happy to see each other at the top. ^_^


This was originally suppose to be a funny lil comic strip, but after fighting with my laptop for a couple hours, I think I’ll just leave it at this for now. >_>

Every time I read/watch something thats in medieval period /is in a fictional medieval setting I always look out for whether they make people have potatoes or tomatoes or corn cause that’s the only historical inaccuracy I’m actually able to point out

Signs as scooby doo movies
  • Aries: scooby doo, Pirates ahoy!
  • Taurus: scooby doo! Wrestlemania mystery
  • Gemini: scooby doo! And the witches ghost.
  • Cancer: scooby doo and the ghoul school
  • Leo: chill out, scooby doo!
  • Virgo: scooby doo! And the cyber chase.
  • Libra: aloha, scooby doo
  • Scorpio: scooby doo! And the legend of the vampire
  • Sagittarius: scooby doo! The mystery begins
  • Capricorn: scooby doo! And the Loch Ness monster
  • Aquarius: scooby doo! And the reluctant werewolf
  • Pisces: scooby doo! In Arabian nights

Myla: So you’ve been ignoring Corn cause you losers have just been sitting here getting high….

Tyler: No we have been getting high and hanging out like we use to before he got a girlfriend

Rooney: ….And I am writing her a song and I needed help and I’m really bad with secrets so I’ve been avoiding her…. :( 

Myla: Well she really needs you right now seeing as her grandpa just died 

Wayne: wow guys you’re bringing down my high ….

YESTERDAY, I experienced sexism & classism at the dr.

I am 50 yrs old, on disability for rape trauma, and the govt put me on Medicare.

  I allowed drs & phrama the first 20 yrs of my recovery and suffered financially, jobs, health, relationships, lock-down following their advice, so for the last 10 yrs I have refused all psy meds and just THC.  

The medical industry is not on your side.

The honest truth, 

America has no choice but to become a single payer system and Medicare does work good.  

But Medicare, is not stupid and sets prices and that is what is pissing off doctors and pharma.  They want their huge incomes. $200k is not enough they want endless capitalism.

I recommend that all your drs; steer away from white males as much as you can.  White male drs tend to be frat boys, that went into medicine to be RICH> 

Yesterday, I went for a procedure where my dr. rents time in a surgery center.  I love my Gastro Dr. Sunil is West Indian (extremely dark skinned) and my Primary is a 65 yr old white woman Nurse Practitioner who has some perspective of rape trauma. 

It happened really fast.  This white male anesthesiologist appeared out of no where angry that “I don’t understand why young people (I’m 50 when Medicare is 62 )like you are on Medicare.” interpretation,  you got on the Obama Medicare expansion so I’m politically pissed at what you represent. 

Another problem with being a rape trauma victim, it doesn’t show up physically on your body until obesity, migraines, ulcers, fiber myglaga, all these stress related diseases.  

You are going to have illness, stress related illnesses, that they are never going to find anything deformed causing it.

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Distance (or lack thereof) Part 5

Originally posted by lovdziubasek

Originally posted by acklesjpeg

Part 1  Part 2  Part 3  Part 4 

Summary: You have just moved to Santa Cruz to help take care of your parents after their recent car accident. While applying for jobs using your literature degree around the city, you decide to make some extra money at Beach City Grill. You end up with a massive crush on Priestly, but unluckily for you, your parents are strict and hate tattoos and piercings. So how on earth are you supposed to deal with all his flirting? (Plus-sized, comic nerd!Reader)

You leave work with Priestly at the end of the day. In the car on the way to his apartment, you chat about all kinds of things. Even though it’s a date, the ease with which you normally talk to each other is still there.

“So when it comes to pizza, pineapple, or no pineapple?” Priestly asks.

“Pineapple.” you reply decisively. He looks relieved.

“I’m glad you said that, because whether or not this whole thing will work was riding on your answer to that question.” He teases.

You laugh, hitting him lightly on the arm.

“Then you might like to know that I don’t like candy corn.” This causes him to throw his hands up in exasperation.

Keep reading

You & I (For Boner’s 1K Writing Challenge!)

Characters: Simon X Reader

Warnings: Cursing, Fluff, Light Smut

Summary: You want out of the Sanctuary but accidentally fall in love with Simon.

Notes: Thank you so much for letting me participate in this challenge! I had a great time not only coming up with this story but also listening to some really great songs. Also, when I listened to this song for the first time all I could picture was running through the woods so I just kinda went with it. Asterisks denote song lyrics. Italics are flashbacks and tbh this story is mostly flashbacks.

Keep reading

  • Women: the lunch meat is 5 for $5
  • Me: okay let me check (calls the department)
  • Women: they are 5 for 5. I don't know why you can take my word for it.
  • Me: (ignores her as a I speak with the department)
  • Women: sighs
  • Me: okay so they said you have to buy 5 of the same kind but we are gonna give it you you anyways.
  • Women: don't I get it for free if the system screws up.
  • Me: no,we are giving you the deal cause you got corn beef,turkey and ham. You have to buy 5 of the same kind.