cattle production

🌿✨ Finnish Midsummer Juhannus spells ✨🌿

Juhannus was originally a celebration for Ukko the supreme god of weather and harvest. It was also a time for making magic since the spirit world was more active at the time of the white nights. A loud feasting and drinking brought luck in love as well as a good harvest and kept the evil spirits at bay.

1. Roll in dew

If you roll around naked in a field, your future spouse will appear in your life within a year. Dew was believed to have a healing effect and rolling in it was supposed to make you beautiful and healthy. Earlier, dew was even collected in cloths and pressed into bottles for the year to come.

2. Put a spell on a field

Find a four-leafed clover from the yard in the evening. Hide the clover under your shirt, next to your bosom. When the clock strikes midnight, let your hair loose and run to the field. Go around the field three times. When the person of your fancy will eat bread made out of the wheat from that specific field, they will fall in love with you.

3. Collect seven flowers

Collect seven different types of flowers from as many meadows. When going to bed, put the bouquet underneath your pillow. You will see “the one” in your dream. Flowers and plants have an important role in Midsummer celebrations. Previously, it was common to scatter tree leaves on the floors and build tree houses in the yards. Even cows were decorated with garlands, so as to secure a good year for the cattle and milk production.

4. Sweep naked

Sweep your bedroom floor naked, just a red thread tied around your waist, and the ghost of your love will greet you.

5. Tie a sauna whisk, vihta

Vihtas are always made for the Midsummer sauna. They are usually made out of birch as its fresh leaves are soft and have a lovely fragrance. For your magic spell, the Midsummer bath whisk should be made out of eight different tree and flower types. After the sauna, throw the whisk on the roof of the sauna. Climb up after it and see whereto the stem of the whisk points. That is the direction from which your future spouse will come.

6. Make a bonfire

The smoke of the bonfire will turn to the person who will find their spouse next. When the flames start to go out, jump over the bonfire to bring luck in love.

7. Look into a mirror

When you put two mirrors opposite each other on a midsummer night, you can see your future spouse in the reflection of the other.

8. Listen to the first sound

In the wee hours of the night, climb up somewhere high – on a hill, on top of a fell or a big rock. To a place where it is easy to hear surrounding sounds. Your future spouse will come from the same direction as the first sound of the morning. If you hear music, it means an approaching wedding. If you hear a child crying, it is a sign of birth. The number of cuckoo sounds tells how many years you have to wait until you find love.

anonymous asked:

The trump administration is considering euthanizing a bunch of wild horses, I think I'm going to be sick ;-;

The culling of wild horses is not a new occurrence, and has been maintained at levels within the Bureau of Land Management long before Trump stepped into office, and frankly, there are more horrific aspects to the regular culling of horses as it has been institutionalized far before the current administration. 

The Bureau of Land Management calls this regular culling and birth control in groups of wild horses “Herd Management,” and they even discuss it openly on their public page. There are claims that this must be done to make sure that the wild horse population does not grow out of control on public lands, or that sick and aging horses don’t have to suffer to death at the mercy of the elements. 

The Bureau of Land Management and the Department of the Interior have been doing this under their own jurisdiction for quite some time, and more so than just flat out killing horses in their ‘herd management’ programs, they are known to round up wild horses, keep them in terrible conditions, and auction them off. A quote from the linked article has a man stating that the health of one horse at auction was so poor “she just needed to be put in a can of dog food.” 

This article speaks of the controversy of not just culling wild horses, but of horses being slaughtered for meat, and how it has been problematic since early American history, and haunts us even in current times. 

Of course, it should be noted that the root cause of the problems with culling horses and sending such wild horses to slaughter does not come from bureaucrats itching for controversy; it comes from the fact that wild horses are considered a danger to the profit of the cattle industry. There are millions of cattle currently residing in the Midwestern United States, with only a few hundred thousand wild horses, yet the profit that comes from selling beef still takes precedence over the lives of wild animals that have roamed the plains since the very first American explorers. The linked article provides a concise description of why cattle production leads to the death and ‘disappearance’ of thousands of wild horses, and I definitely recommend giving it a read. 

The bottom line is that it is once again animal agriculture, not some skewed personal political agenda, that drives people to slaughter wild horses and steal them from their native lands out of nothing but human greed. 

Animal agriculture has its grip so tightly around every aspect of our lives- who could have imagined that beef production could be directly linked to the elimination of animals loved even among meat eaters? Remember, going vegan is not the best we can do, it’s the least we can do, for the animals, and for our earth. 

-Admin Samantha

Large Animal Terminology

I’m really big on education, and I’m sure many of you followed me because you wanted to learn more vet stuff. Therefore, I want to make more of an effort to relay some of the interesting and relevant information I’ve learned both in undergrad and vet school. I think it’ll help me remember things too! 

I think it will be helpful to start off with some basic terminology, specifically for large animals (my undergrad degree is in Animal Science so I’m a little biased) just because a lot of people don’t have a background here. These are the common large animal species that you will encounter. I’ll make a part 2 with goats, camelids, poultry, and donkeys. It’s really important to know these terms! Why? Well first of all, you will lose a lot of credibility if you don’t know the proper term for each animal. Second, there are distinct management differences depending on what category an animal falls into, even if they’re the same species.

Swine (Pigs):

  • Intact male: Boar
  • Castrated male: Barrow
  • Female that has given birth: Sow
  • Female that has not given birth: Gilt
  • Neonate (baby): Piglet
  • Act of giving birth: Farrowing
  • Meat product: Pork

Bovine (Cattle):

  • Intact male: Bull
  • Castrated male: Steer
  • Female that has given birth: Cow (referring to all cattle as “cows” is a sure way to irritate a farmer)
  • Female that has not given birth: Heifer
  • Neonate: Calf
  • Act of giving birth: Calving
  • Meat product: Beef
  • Dairy Product: Milk

Ovine (Sheep):

  • Intact male: Ram
  • Castrated male: Wether
  • Female that has given birth: Ewe
  • Female that has not given birth: Ewe lamb
  • Neonate: Lamb
  • Act of giving birth: Lambing
  • Meat product: Lamb (juvenile) or mutton (adult)
  • Fiber product: Wool

Equine (Horse):

  • Intact male: Stallion
  • Castrated male: Gelding
  • Female that has given birth: Mare
  • Female that has not given birth: Maiden mare (Some people use, some don’t. Also generally only used for animals in a breeding program. An owner of a mature female that has not given birth that keeps her for pleasure riding is very likely just gonna call her a mare)
  • Female neonate: Filly
  • Male neonate: Colt
  • Neonate: Foal
  • Act of giving birth: Foaling
  • Hands: Four inches–unit of measurement of a horse’s height.
  • Pony: Horse under 14.2 hands (NOT a baby horse!)


  • Parturition: The act of giving birth
  • Dystocia: Difficult birth
  • AI: Artificial insemination
  • Heat: Estrus–when a female animal will stand to be bred and potentially result in a pregnancy
  • Colostrum: The first milk a neonate consumes. In our farm animals it contains immunoglobulins that are very important for passive transfer of immunity between mother and offspring. Failure to consume colostrum can result in sick, weak, or even dead neonates. More specifics later.

The Price of Meat.

Illustration based on an editorial I read about the effects of unsustainable meat farming in the New Scientist. For the production of cattle we sacrifice the Jaguars environment. So if you guys want to do a little bit of good then please eat locally sourced meat if you budget allows it :)

anonymous asked:

People have been eating animals since they were created??? Why should we stop now??? Cause they're are a lot dying everyday? That's not a farm problem that's an over production problem

Created? By who? Are you suggesting that independent, intelligent, sentient beings were created by some deity purely so that we could pack them in factory farms and slit their throats? If your argument rests on that assumption then you’re not going to convince very many people; certainly not me. That something has been practised a long time is not morally relevant to whether or not we should continue to do it today, that’s a fallacy. It’s not an “overproduction problem” either, we breed so many animals into existence because people create demand by buying animal products; people like you. 

I’d hope that the fact that animals are suffering horrifically purely for purposes of taste, convenience and tradition would be enough of a reason to stop eating them, but if you really need more reasons to stop eating animals, then here, have a whole bunch:

Considering the only honest reason most meat eaters can give in favour of eating animals is “because they taste good,” that should be plenty.


Nebraska, home of the famous Sandhills, ranks second among the states in beef cattle production…second in cattle feeding…third in cattle numbers. Since its origin in 1888, NEBRASKA STOCK GROWERS ASSOCIATION members have shared the responsibility to promote, foster and protect NEBRASKA’S BEEF CATTLE INDUSTRY.

Commonly referred to in Mexico as la tortuga grande, the Bolson Tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus) is the largest terrestrial reptile in North America. Previously impacted by domestic pet trade, but more by hunting for local consumption, this species is now mainly threatened by habitat conversion into agricultural land for biofuel production and cattle ranching. The Turtle Conservancy is in the process of securing a large tract of land in the Chihuahuan in order to ensure the survival of this vulnerable species.

anonymous asked:

Why are you vegan?

why aren’t you?

  • the use of animal products contributes to the slaughter (a.k.a murder), cruelty, mistreatment and pain of animals - how would you like to be boiled alive and conscious and feel it? Yeah me neither. 
  • slaughter houses and the production of animal products produces an enormous amount of greenhouse gases - switching to a diet free of animal products saves more carbon emissions than driving a Prius, 50% more
  • raising animals for food (including land used for grazing and growing feed crops) now uses a staggering 30% of the Earth’s land mass - this produces far less food than if this land were used for plant based foods
  • a huge amount of the plant based foods we grow are fed to to farmed animals, this food could be used to feed many others - In the United States, 70% of the grain grown is fed to farmed animals. Imagine how many people we could feed with that food.
  • nearly 80% of land deforested in the Amazon is now used as cattle pasture
  • producing animal products uses a much higher amount of our needed natural resources compared to plant based products - to produce one pound of animal protein vs. one pound of soy protein, it takes about 12 times as much land, 13 times as much fossil fuel, and 15 times as much water
  • vegan food is cholesterol free, which contributes to the lower risk vegans have of developing heart disease (32% lower risk)
  • plant based diets are also far lower in saturated fats
  • it makes you feel al hell of a lot better in yourself

just to put it in brief x