catherine flon

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Haitian Flag Day! | May 18 🌴🇭🇹

Catherine Flon is regarded as one of the symbols of the Haitian Revolution and independence. She is celebrated for sewing the first Haitian flag in 1803 and maintains an important place in Haitian memory of the Revolution to this day.

According to Haitian revolutionary tradition, Flon created the country’s first flag on the last day of the Congress of Archaye, on May 18, 1803. There, the leader of the Revolution, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Flon’s godfather, cut apart a French tricolor with his sabre, demonstrating his desire to break away from France. He gave the pieces to Flon, who stitched them back together, while leaving out the central white strip. In Haitian lore, the colors of the new flag took on a racialized meaning: the blue and red stripes represented a union between the black and mulatto citizens of Haiti.

Catherine Flon is known for sewing the first Haitian flag in 1803. According to tradition, she created the country’s first flag on the last day of the Congress of Archaye on May 18, 1803. Jean-Jacques Dessaline who is Flon’s godfather cut apart a French tricolor with his sabre, which demonstrated his desire to break away from France. The pieces were given to Flon who stitched them back together, while leaving out the center white strip. The blue and red stripes on the flag represent a union between the black and mulatto citizens of Haiti. 

instagram

Mon drapeau po po || My flag
Mon joli petit drapeau || My beautiful little flag || C’est Dessalines qui l’a créé || Dessalines created it
Mon joli petit drapeau || My beautiful little flag || C’est Catherine Flon qui l’a cousu || Catherine Flor sewed it
Mon joli petit drapeau! || My beautiful little flag!
📹 @rivanyri
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🇭🇹❤️🇭🇹💙❤️🇭🇹💙🇭🇹❤️🇭🇹💙🇭🇹❤️🇭🇹💙
#Lunionsuite #HaitianFlagDay #Dessalines #1803 #haitian #FirstBlackRepublic #AyitiCheri #haitianheritagemonth

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On May 18, 1803, on the last day of the Congress of Arcahaie, Dessalines ripped the tricolor French flag, removing the white band. This symbolized Haiti’s break from France. The remaining bands were sewn together by Catherine Flon, thus creating the Haitian flag. 

Happy Haitian Flag Day brethren! And never forget, WE are the ones charged with Haiti’s future. 

Haiti’s Women Warriors

We take this time to honor women who fought in the Haitian Revolution - soldiers, spies, informants, wise women. A few have been listed here. Feel free to add to the list. #HHM #HaitianHeritage #dayiti

Sanité Belair (Pictured above)

Henriette St-Marc

Marie Claire Heureuse-Dessalines

Catherine Flon

Dédé Bazile (Crazy “Défilée”)

Marie Jeanne Lamartiniere 

Victoria {Toya} Mantou

Manbo Cécile Fatima

Suzanne Louverture

Marie Louise

We thankfully remember…

Never forget it all begun with Haiti defeating the French to gain independence in 1804. That inspired slave revolts and independence movements all over the Black world. They want you to believe Haiti has nothing to offer so you forget its significance. But remember, Haiti is still paying the price for being the first Black nation to topple a European colonial power. Between 1825 and 1947 Haiti was forced to pay almost 90 Million gold francs (24 Billion) to France as restitution for the financial loss Haiti’s independence cost them. All this just to be left alone but we all know that never happened . Happy Haitian Flag Day. #RememberToRemember
Flag designed by Catherine Flon.
#BlackMagic
D I A S P O R A D I C A L

lim8  asked:

Have you found any research on women who played major roles in haiti's fight for independence? I know catherin flon name gets mention plenty of times but it seems influential women in Haiti's history is either absent or hard to read. If you guys have any readings or findings I would love to know.

Hello. Thank you for your question.

In all honestly, the overwhelming majority of the (serious) historiography on the Haitian Revolution focuses on men (and often the “Big Men,” not even the marron leaders who were key in the earlier years of the Revolution), for various reasons, some that I touched on in a reply.

I know Philippe Girard wrote about this in an article (“Rebelles with a Cause: Women in the Haitian War of Independence, 1802–04”). As the abstract and title suggest, this article studies the place of women in the Civil War during the last two years of the Revolution.

There is an article on Dedee Bazile by Jana Evans Braziel “Re-membering Defilee: Dedee Bazile as Revolutionary Lieu de Memoire“ (but given that I haven’t read this piece and most of Dedee Bazile life seems to be mixed with legend and fact, you should read this article with much interest but caution (as you always should anyhow, perhaps an extra bit this time)). * That being said, if the text is true to the title, the author seems to favours Pierre Nora’s concept of a “Lieu de Memoire,” — the blending of “truth” and legend may actually not be so problematic after all. You’ll see. 

There’s one more article or book chapter that I can think of by an American scholar that escapee me at the moment. (if I remember it, I’ll update this reply).

You should also see the work of Jasmine Narcisse (although you are in for a period that is much larger than the Haitian Revolution). If you review her collaborative project “Mémoire de Femmes“ I am sure you’ll find a great deal (though they don’t provide a bibliography for most pages, which is very unfortunate).

Finally, check the English “classics” on the Revolution, like C.L.R. James and Carolyn Fick. They all more or less give some details about the role of women during the Revolution.

I included here what I consider to be serious scholarship and what I could think off the top of my head (given that I mostly study diplomatic history in which women are almost completely absent and admin B immigration, so, I suggest you check the bibliography of those works to give you a broder idea).

Also, if you are really ambitious about this, aside from asking some help to your librarian, you may wish to contact the CIDIHCA (Centre International de Documentation et d’Information Haïtienne, Caribéenne et Afro-canadienne) in Canada. They will most likely be able to help you if you are making a project and need help locating rare books and primary documents. 

I think one of us at the blog will try to make a post on this question in the upcoming weeks and deal with the overall (but not insurmountable) limitations of working with women in history, since it seems to really interest people. 

Hope this helps get you started.

Have a nice day. :)