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Jeremy Profit | on Tumblr (France) - felt tip pen on paper

The visual universe of French illustrator Jeremy Profit is located somewhere in a generic suburban environment, where sprawled houses, streets and trees are the only reference points. In every scene the quiet environment has just been hit by a, non always specified, catastrophe (a natural disaster? riots? war? ). The houses reveal their fragile nature, their interiors are left exposed and the construction materials torn apart.

The detailed marker drawings depict a situation which is somehow tragic and resigned at the same time, with a sense of passive acceptance of the catastrophic event by the small passersby inhabiting the scenes: “The way I build my drawings is to put some daily life pictures with violent pictures coming from photo journalism about war, disaster that capitalism bring everywhere in the world, my drawings speak about that and about the mental depression on our society, working class has been destroyed, people are trying to survive individually on a such violent society without real hope of a collective change.” (src. article from SOCKS & Interview with Jeremy Profit on Futuristika)

© All images courtesy of the artist

[more Jeremy Profit | recommended by loic-arnaud]

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Vinegar-Like Acid Rain May Have Fallen During Earth’s Worst Extinction

Vanilla-flavored rocks hint at a planet scoured by intense acid rain during the Great Dying 252 million years ago

by Devin Powell

Roughly a quarter of a billion years ago, an apocalypse struck the Earth. Known as the Great Dying, it claimed more lives than any other mass extinction known to science, including the one that did in the non-avian dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

Over 90 percent of all species on the planet were wiped out, from armor-clad trilobites in the oceans to giant reptiles on land. The host of strange creatures vanished, giving way to the ancestors of modern flora and fauna.

What caused the cataclysm has long been a subject of debate—theories range from an asteroid impact to methane-belching microbes. The most popular scenario starts with volcanoes in present-day Siberia, which erupted at about the right time to have kicked off a cascade of problems, including climate change.

Now a team of researchers has found physical evidence that extremely caustic acid rain created by these massive eruptions could have played a part in the loss of life…

(read more: Smithsonian Magazine)

images: Chip Clark, Hakim Djendi, and Vassil

End-Permian extinction happened in 60,000 years—much faster than earlier estimates, MIT study says

The largest mass extinction in the history of animal life occurred some 252 million years ago, wiping out more than 96 percent of marine species and 70 percent of life on land—including the largest insects known to have inhabited the Earth. Multiple theories have aimed to explain the cause of what’s now known as the end-Permian extinction, including an asteroid impact, massive volcanic eruptions, or a cataclysmic cascade of environmental events. But pinpointing the cause of the extinction requires better measurements of how long the extinction period lasted.

Now researchers at MIT have determined that the end-Permian extinction occurred over 60,000 years, give or take 48,000 years—practically instantaneous, from a geologic perspective. The new timescale is based on more precise dating techniques, and indicates that the most severe extinction in history may have happened more than 10 times faster than scientists had previously thought…

(read more: PhysOrg)

(Image: © John Sibbick / Natural History Museum)

How Birds Survived the Dinosaur Apocalypse

by Michael Balter

When nearly every dinosaur went extinct 66 million years ago, the only ones that survived were those that had shrunk—that is, the birds. Today, there are 10,000 species of these feathered fliers, making them the most diverse of all the four-limbed animals. A new study reveals why this lineage has been so successful: Birds started downsizing well before the rest of the dinosaurs disappeared.

“This is a very impressive piece of work and by far the most comprehensive analysis of dinosaur body size that has been conducted,” says Stephen Brusatte, a paleontologist at the University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom, who was not involved in the research. “The study shows that birds didn’t just become small suddenly, but were the end product of a long-term trend of body size decline that took many tens of millions of years.”

Dinosaurs were small in the beginning. About 230 million years ago, most weighed between 10 and 35 kg and were as big as a medium-sized dog. But many species soon soared to tractor-trailer proportions, reaching 10,000 kg within 30 million years. Later on, dinosaurs like the mighty Argentinosaurus, which stretched some 35 meters from nose to tail, weighed in at a staggering 90,000 kg…

(read more: Science News/AAAS)

illustration courtesy of Julius Csotonyi

Nakba means “Catastrophe” in Arabic. It refers to the destruction of Palestinian society in 1948 when approximately 750,000 Palestinians fled or were forced into exile by Israeli troops. Because the Palestinians were not Jewish, their presence and predominant ownership of the land were obstacles to the creation of a Jewish state. Their exodus, or Nakba, was already nearly half-complete by May 1948, when Israel declared its independence and the Arab states entered the fray. 

Many Zionist leaders in Palestine openly favored “transfer” of the indigenous Palestinian population. Zionist forces used clashes that erupted as the British Mandate of Palestine came to an end in 1947-48 to rid as much of the land of its Palestinian inhabitants as possible. By the end of 1948, approximately 750,000 Palestinians - three-quarters of the Palestinian population - fled in panic or were forcibly expelled. It is estimated that more than 50 percent fled under direct military assault. Others fled in panic as news of massacres - more than 100 civilians in the village of Deir Yassin and 200 in Tantura — spread. 

Zionist forces depopulated more than 450 Palestinian towns and villages, most of which were demolished to prevent the return of the refugees. (Figures of the number of towns and villages destroyed and depopulated vary. The Israeli daily Haaretz reports 530 lost villages.) These comprised three-quarters of the Palestinian villages inside the areas held by Israeli forces after the end of the war. The newly established Israeli government confiscated refugees’ land and properties and turned them over to Jewish immigrants. Although Jews owned only about seven percent of the land in Palestine and constituted about 33 percent of the population, Israel was established on 78 percent of Palestine.

Source: IMEU

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