i. Aphrodite has given up on love. She listens to boys yelling obscene things at innocent girls. She can be found serving drinks at the local bar to broken women and spitting poisonous words at the filthy gentlemen next to them.
ii. Apollo dreads the moment the sun rises. Because when the sun goes up, his local late night show ends and his hour of fame comes to a close. He can be found spending his days, sitting on a park bench asking for loose change and wishing his poetry was good enough.
iii. Ares doesn’t understand war anymore. All he sees is needless bloodshed and brutal homicide based upon abhorrent racial cleansing and childish disagreements. He can be found weeping over the destruction of schools and the murder of innocent children.
iv. Artemis doesn’t hunt game anymore. She carries a switchblade and mace, prepared to fight off any boy harassing a girl with intoxicated footsteps. She can be found holding back girl’s hair as they vomit up their insecurities while sobs wrack their body into the next morning.
v. Athena has stopped believing in reason. When there’s international conflict concerning who marries who and a nationwide crisis about the newest fashion, reason just doesn’t seem applicable anymore. She can be found protesting with college students about real problems.
vi. Dionysus can’t help the madness. When the frequency of mental illness - in children nonetheless, has become so high? What’s the point? He can be found at the same pub and same seat as always; drinking the same dry whisky wishing everything would be the same as it used to be.
vii. Hades can’t stand jewels anymore. Emeralds reflect the envy and greed of humanity while rubies reflect their sexual and blood lust. He can be found rolling his eyes at people begging for their lives in the allies while human demons hunt them down for materialistic ends.
viii. Hephaestus has developed a hatred of fire. It does nothing but steal. It steal oxygen from the air and steal people from their families. Fire does not give it takes. He can be found saving everything he can from fire’s wrath, but will later choke on the smoke of his cigarette.
ix. Hermes can’t stand traveling. His legs are weak and his eyes are strained. He’s carried too many messages to people about the death of loved ones and the love letters are scarce. He can be found stealing, not money, but of their hope and strength because he’s hasn’t any left.
The gods are among us and they can’t survive. Why should I?
“I’ll sign up for morning class because I tookclasses in the morning in high school.” NO DON’T DO THAT YOU’RE GOING TO WANTTO KILL YOURSELF
If you can,try to spread your schedule so it’s 9-5. It’ll get you used to functioning atthose hours.
Go to seminars.
Pick up on some random shit. Impress people with random shit. But don’t be
literally no popularity so you really don’t have to fucking deal with cliques
or anything just find your group and branch out and go from there.
If you’re drinking:
OWN DRINK I CANNOT EMPHASIZE THIS ENOUGH
Have a cup
of water (or a bit of Gatorade) between every drink. You’ll never get a
fucking loud. Everyone hates the loud drunk and you’ll get the cops called on
you and that’s bad shit.
your liquor with other liquor and oh my God don’t mix it with anything else
like drugs that’s just asking for a crisis.
buddy is in a really bad place call 911. Don’t be that douchebag who thinks
that someone can sleep it off.
CREDIT FOR THE LOVE OF FUCKING GOD NOT EVERY PROFESSOR OFFERS EXTRA CREDIT DO
THE FUCKING EXTRA CREDIT.
for expanding your mind. Talk to friends about their majors. Attend their
events or art shows. Talk to someone you met about their religion. Take an
English class on Lord of the Rings. Learn things you wouldn’t normally learn in
come. It might not. Don’t worry about it and it won’t be a problem. You’re
Don’t be the
douchebag who plays acoustic guitar in the lounge.
because you’re spending a fuckton of money to be there but do your homework.
There’s a general rule of college that if you were sitting in
that seat for over two weeks, that is your seat. Not many if any professors
have seating arrangements but switching seats will fuck everyone up.
Get there early and stay late. As soon as you get home you
will not want to do shit. Stay on campus and do some homework while you’re in
SIT UP FRONT. The best way to start understanding something
is to listen to someone talk about it and you can’t do that from the back of
the class trying to listen over everyone whispering to each other. LISTENING
WILL MAKE HOMEWORK SO MUCH EASIER.
Be childish, but be respectful. Have a massive snowball fight
across campus, but don’t aim for anyone not taking part.
SHUT THE FUCK UP IN THE LIBRARY. Some people work there, some
people sleep there. It is a quiet space.
Don’t be afraid to talk to professors. They are not there to
flunk you. They would rather you pass than not.
IF YOU NEED TUTORING GET TUTORING DON’T WAIT UNTIL YOU’VE DUG
YOURSELF INTO YOUR GRAVE.
Get involved. It will help you make friends, give you new
skills to learn, and even help you get a leg up in the work place if you know
the right people.
Take time for yourself—buy a planner, figure out when your
best study hours are, figure out WHERE you study best, and figure out how much
time you need to complete an assignment—AND THEN make sure to pencil in an hour
for video games, some time to watch a TV show, or time to just lay on your
floor and blow bubbles. Whatever you like. Don’t forget about YOU.
DRINK WATER. Don’t die. Caffeine =/= sleep. I cannot emphasize that this much.
COMMUNICATE WITH YOUR INSTRUCTORS! If you’re sick, shoot an
e-mail and say “Hey, I’m sick today. Can I set up a time to talk to you about
what I missed?” If you’ve got a good opportunity (scholarships, to go to
another country, to check out a cool lecture, etc.) let your prof know ahead of
time. If you just need time to work on projects, all it takes is an e-mail. We
understand. I gave a student a free skip day because he e-mailed me and said
“Hey, look, I have two massive tests and a project due and I need the time to
study.” And THAT IS OKAY
Before signing up for classes, look on “ratemyprofessor.com" and see if
the teachers at your campus are included. There may be two or more teachers for
the same course, and you want to try and pick the good/easy one. Who your
professor is can have a great affect on what grade you make, even for the
Look for a facebook
group for your “graduating
class” set up, which is a good way to make friends and find people
with similar interests (particularly for introverts).
Look for a facebook
group for your “graduating
class” set up, which is a good way to make friends and find people
with similar interests (particularly for introverts).
If no one else does it, make a google doc of the exam reviews
and post it on the class facebook page. That way everyone contributes to the
review. 200 brains are most definitely better than 1.
During lectures, unless Internet is required, TURN IT
OFF. If it’s on, you WILL end up on tumblr or some other site, and you
will miss important shit.
For the love of God, pay attention to your syllabus.
Sometimes assignments are listed there, and that’s the only place it’ll be
mentioned. Also, if it says to do a reading by a specific date, DO THE READING BY THAT DATE.
Otherwise you will get behind, and you will have 200+ pages of textbooks to
read in one night before the test, and you will cry.
Yes you actually need to do the readings. Yes it is a lot.
Yes it will suck. Do it anyways.
If you are used to getting all A’s, do not cry when you get a
B. Take it from someone who killed herself for two years to maintain a 4.0, it
feels like the end of the world when your GPA drops, but it’s not. You’ll be
okay. Just breathe and do your best.
Your best is good enough.
Try to make sure you leave an open hour around midday so that
you have time to get food in you. A lot of people forget to do this. If you
have to have back to back classes, check your syllabus or with your
teacher—some midday classes allow you to bring in a drink and a snack. Some
will even allow you a full meal.
If you can get an online/pdf copy of the book without busting
the bank, DO IT. Sometimes there are even annotated versions online. This can
make notetaking a shitton easier, because you can highlight printed-out
versions of the book and they won’t dock you on the money back. Sometimes
professors move through their lecture too fast for you to write stuff down.
Shrugging off that old ‘don’t ruin your books’ rule you had in high school may
be your only hope.
UNLESS YOU NEED THEM OR REALLY WANT TO KEEP THEM TRY TO SELL
BACK YOUR BOOKS—maybe even offer them online to incoming students. You won’t
get nearly the worth of them but someone after you will thank you a million
times over for providing a used copy. If you take good notes, you can sometimes
buy/sell those as well. A lot of professors teach literally the same class
IF YOUR PROFESSOR PUTS NOTES ONLINE GET THEM. GET THEM NOW.
TRUST ME. YOU WANT THOSE NOTES. Bring them in with you if it’s possible to get
them before class.
Keep change on hand. Always.
The Best Way To Make Friends:
Bring a printer with you to college and offer to print
people’s stuff for half of what the school does or for free if you can afford
Carry around small candies with you and offer them to people
while waiting outside of class. If you are the ‘candy person’ this gives you an
in for starting conversations.
Buy a jumbo pack of chalk and find an open sidewalk on a free
day. Write the words ‘Come draw with me?’ and begin doodling.
Have a pack of cards.
If you go onto campus and you can’t find what you’re looking
for, and you are afraid to go up to someone and ask, find an open,
well-populated area, hold your schedule/map in hand, and walk in circles for a
few minutes, looking up and around in obvious confusion. Other students know
this body language well. Someone will stop and point you in the right
direction. (if you are worried that the person’s directions are a joke or
faulty, wait for them to leave and take up the stance again; if the directions
match-up the second time, they’re legit; do not allow a person to ‘show you the
way’ unless EVERY STEP is along an obvious walkway, just in case)
For those of you who fear assault, most
campuses aren’t much for small blades or mace. Carry a pocket air horn or a
hand bag of those little pop-rock fireworks unless you can get a concealed
with transfer kids. Chances are, they won’t be able to
live in the dorms and it’ll be ten times harder for them to meet people since
they have to drive to and from campus. It’s also fun hearing about their
experiences before the college you both go to.
with an older student. I’m talking about students who have
families and full-time jobs. You can learn a lot from them, and they honestly
have the best stories. They’re often the smartest and the most dedicated, so
they make great study buddies.
Your teachers are people! Joke around
with them, talk to them a bit during break. Make sure they at least recognize
you as “that dude with the god-awful puns during break”. In my experience,
professors are even more willing to bend over backwards to help the students
they know. (But also, in general? They want you to learn! If there’s a way they
can easily help, there’s a really good possibility they’ll do it!
Warnings: Angst, dark ass fic, kidnapping, reader held hostage, Demon Dean being a stalker and gross, sadness, just…it’s weird and dark…
Word count: 971
Summary: You’re the only thing on his mind and he’s determined to make you love him, whether you like it or not.
A/N: Ok, so…requested fic by anon - Could you write a Demon!Dean fic based on Make You Love Me by Gavin Creel where he becomes kinda obsessed with the reader? Ok, so took me forever to find the song, and this is where I went with it. Dark as hell, but this is where my mind decided to go. . Also, sorry this took sooo long!! Hope u like it!!
I can assure you all of them would react badly except Cultseph
Joseph: Joseph would let his church know that he will be closing church indefinitely. He doesn’t take his children out to the park until they’re caught. He would probably ask them to meet him somewhere, and set them up to get caught by the police.
Brian: He would be freaked out by them. He would make sure that they stay far away from him and his daughter. He carries mace around and stays home often. He makes sure to drive Daisy home and back from school. He will spray mace at them if they break into his house, and he will call the cops.
Mat: Mat would close his coffee shop for a while and lock himself home. He would take Carmensita out of school as long as they’re roaming. He would call the cops if he saw them outside of his window, and pray that they’re caught
Hugo: Hugo would report them to the authorities prematurely. They would find out, and would get mad. Hugo would probably have to call for a substitute in school, and he could just teach Ernest at home. He wouldn’t go back to teaching until the authorities catch the love-sick killer.
Damien: Damien would think it’s just an Otaku thing at first, but when he sees first sign of blood lust from them he’ll book it. He would grab Lucien and hide with him in a safe room until the police arrive and take them away.
Robert: Robert would cut contact from them. Even if it was a joke or not, killing people isn’t cool. He would avoid them as much as possible, and he might get confronted by them. He might get stabbed if he tries to run. Basically he’s just kinda fucked.
Craig: Craig would call the police as soon as he found out, lock all the doors and windows in his house, and he would hide in a room with the twins and River, waiting for them to be caught. Once the yandere is caught they all take a day of relaxation from the overwhelming and scary incident.
Hey what part of co are you from I just moved to western slope area, my roommate says it's bear and cougar country so I'm a bit nervous about nighttime lol
I’m living in Durango right now! And yes, you are in bear/cougar country. So this essay’s going to sound real scary but consider: I’ve lived in CO for… 13 years now, and have seen exactly One(1) bear and evidence of a Cougar Once. I’ve also never been attacked or even severely harassed by an animal, so this is mostly In Case of Emergency Advice.
THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS:
1. ALWAYS BE AWARE OF YOUR SURROUNDINGS. Really, traffic is going to be more dangerous, but being as aware as possible will help you more than anything else. You know that thing you’re supposed to do when driving where you check all your mirrors every so often? Do that while walking. Look up, to either side, down and behind you every so often. Keep your ears open and if you think you hear something, stop and listen for a bit. Take some deep breaths, and smell the air around you.
This is good for both your safety AND for enjoying the lovely country we have out here. Once you get used to looking around, its really nice all the cool things you can discover!
2. DON’T PANIC. Douglas Addams was spot-on with is advice. if you do encounter something Dangerous, remain calm. Odds are that if you hold still and just watch, it’ll keep going about its business and leave you alone.
*** OK, now for bears and cougars:
1. Cougars are really shy and almost never confront humans (the last fatal cougar attack was in 1997, so literally 20 years ago), but if you’re hiking in the back country and suddenly smell cat pee, TURN RIGHT THE FUCK AROUND and walk back the way you came. Fresh piss means it’s in the area, and running makes you look like food.
2. Bears also, tend to stay away from people, EXCEPT: in March and September-October, bears get stupid hungry and go looking for food in all kinds of places. Never leave pet food outside, and if you compost, stop during those months. The bear that broke into my house did so under extenuating circumstances- there had just been a large wildfire that summer so he got pushed out of his usual foraging area.
3. In general, you’re MOST likely to encounter bear and cougar in the far back country. If you plan on doing back country hiking, wear LOTS of bug spray and bear-bells. as long as you stink and make noise, they’ll sense you coming and leave you alone. You can also sing!
4. if you DO encounter one either 1. Go back inside and call the Department of Wildlife, or if you’re not near a building, 2. Scream, make yourself look as big as possible and throw rocks or sticks at it. 99.99% of the time, that will scare it shitless and it will run off.
OK, now for the animals you ACTUALLY are likely to encounter:
COYOTES: Urbanized, come out at night and from January-late March, they’re all hyped up on sex hormones and can get super-aggressive, triple especially if you have a dog with you. Carry mace, and if you see them, follow the Screaming-Shit-Throwing Maniac Model stated above.
TICKS: we have brown dog ticks here that carry Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, and Deer ticks that carry Lyme disease. if you’re in urban/suburban areas, they’re less of an issue, but if you go into the back country, do not skimp on the DEET (follow instructions carefully tho!) , tuck your pants into your socks and have a friend check you when you get home. if you find one, make sure you remove the whole thing, keep the body sealed in some tape and get tested ASAP.
MOOSE, ELK AND DEER: I’m not sure how far north you are, but the most dangerous wild animal in CO is Moose. Really. Stay on designated trails and out of the back country from October-November to avoid rut, and exercise caution in spring when calving happens. Do not approach, and if they put their heads down while Facing you, they are going to charge your best bet is to book it sideways and climb up a rock or large tree.
Deer and Elk tend to be less moody, but are still unpredictable, especially if they’ve become acclimated to humans, and during rut October-November. Keep your distance, and if they’re on the move, give them the right-of-way. DO NOT attempt to feed or pet.
RATTLESNAKES: Mostly an issue in the southern half of the state. They mostly want to be left alone and come with their own alarm system! Though they sound less like maraccas and more like a vibrator set on high. Stay ON the trail and OUT of tall grass from March-October, and you will very probably never see one. If you DO see one, wait for it to leave or walk a good six feet around it. they can only strike in a distance of 3-4 feet, so stay away and you’ll be fine!
If you do get bit, stay calm, sit down, call 911 and take off any rings, jewelry etc. that may get stuck if your extremities start to swell. Let the wound bleed freely for a minute before cleaning. About 8000 people get bit every year in the US, but only 8 die of it, mostly from not calling for help.
LIGHTNING: not an animal, but the Most Dangerous Thing in CO after humans and cars. If you can hear thunder, you are within striking distance and need to take cover. Get inside a building or car if you can. If you can’t, squat down to keep your head low, and touch the ground as little as possible, and wait for it to pass. DO NOT try to hide under trees, which tend to explode when struck.
*** So that probably sounded awful, but I promise that your chances of actually getting in a dangerous situation are very low as long as you stay alert and calm.
i'm in love with your writing it actually gives me life lmao but i was wondering if you could do a RFA+V+Saeran where they're in the zombie apocalypse?? if you don't want to that's perfectly fine, but i'm also obsessed with the walking dead and i think it'd be pretty cool-thank uu !! ~~
at this point targeted communities [read: black, muslim spaces] should invest in protecting themselves by introducing self-defense and carrying options for their people. these reported cases of violence against them are being downplayed as to seem as unalarming as possible in order to hold off on prioritizing the victims.
look up your state’s/region’s requirements to carry knives, tasers, mace; call your local police department for further specifications; save up for licenses and classes; rally for donations in your area to fund security measures or organize a group willing to volunteer. it’s clear we can no longer rely on those who refuse to properly acknowledge our deaths and killings to prevent them. so look out for each other. please.
The Jinn dynasty of China was a northern
state that rested east of the Yellow River in an area encompassing modern
Manchuria, it was founded by boreal forest-dwelling semi-agriculturalists of
southeastern Siberia known as the Jurchen (Tungusic people, ancestors of the
Manchurians) who overcame the Liao dynasty of the Khitans and supplanted the
Northern Song back in 1127 CE. Initially they were shamanists but
learned Taoism, revived Confucianism and made Buddhism the state religion. The
Jinn were especially skilled in horsemanship but, like the Khitan before them
and the Mongols after them, the Jinn grew more Sinicized (though they ardently
struggled against this) and attained more of a sedentary lifestyle which
weakened the tough warlike nomadic influence they had previously – which resulted
in better horsemen. In exchange for this loss the Jinn had walled cities,
artillery and the use of gunpowder (they are believed to be the first to use it
as a weapon). The Jinn also added over 1,200 miles to the Great Wall as a
defense against the Mongols (the Western Xia built 62 miles of wall also).
^ China, 1141 CE.
As I mentioned earlier, the eastern Jinn dynasty of
China was responsible for much of the conflict between the nomads of the north as
they pitted them against each other in an attempt to keep them distracted and
weakened. If one confederacy gained too much power, the Jinn were right their
undermining them by bribing other nomads into rallying against them. A thorn in
the side of the Mongols was placed there long ago when the Jinn conspired with
the Turkish Tatars against their growing Mongol confederacy under the rule of
Khabul (Genghis Khan’s great grandfather) and his successor Ambaghai, the
latter of which was taken captive by the Tatars and given to the Jinn who had
him nailed to a wooden horse (crucified).
Ambaghai pled for someone to avenge him and this remained in
the minds of the Mongols, when Genghis Khan united the Turco-Mongol hordes he
intended to be the man to do just that. These affronts were not solely set in
the past as the Jinn continued to periodically invade the steppe where they
would capture and enslave Mongol boys and girls. Added to this inherited
dislike of the Jinn, he was receiving intel that the Jinn, who had long
neglected their northern fortifications, had begun repairing and rebuilding
fortresses and walls which indicated that they were preparing to launch an
assault on the growing Mongol threat.
Another steppe faction that had an ax to grind with the Jinn
were the nomadic Khitans (Mongolian) to their south and east who in the past
ruled the lands that the Jinn now resided in, the. The Khitan Liao dynasty
(907–1125 CE) of northern China was invaded by the Jurchens (Tungusic peoples)
to their northeast in Siberia who eventually conquered and subjugated them. Throughout
Jurchen rule the Khitans were known to rebel from time to time and the Great
Khan was aware of this. Genghis Khan claimed that he launched this campaign
against the Jinn not only to avenge his ancestors but to avenge the Khitans as
well as they were both Mongolian.
In 1208 CE, while the Great Khan was warring with Xi Xia,
four high court officials defected to the Mongols and asked him to invade the
Jinn. Fearing that this was a trap, Genghis refused. During Genghis’ campaigns
against the Jinn he made constant strides to attract the Khitans to his cause
by sending commanders like Jebe (’the arrow’) to the northeastern portion of
the Jinn Empire where they captured or overthrew Jinn settlements all the while
announcing themselves as liberators and promising to restore the Khitans to
power. In 1212 CE the Mongols did just that, the Khitans were made Mongol
^ Osprey – ‘Men-at-Arms’ series, issue 295 –
Imperial Chinese Armies (2): 590–1260 ADby CJ Peers and Michael Perry
(Illustrator). Plate H: A Liao Council of War. H1: Khitan ordo
cavalryman – “The famous Wen Ch’i scroll depicts a party of these
‘barbarians’ in the act of looting a Chinese house. It is thought that the
scroll is based on an original of the Sung period, and that the models for
figures were Khitan warriors. This man has removed his helmet, showing the soft
cap worn underneath. He carries a mace as prescribed in the Liao Shih and
illustrated in tomb paintings. Also carried were bows, spears and halberds.
Jurchen, and even Mongol heavy cavalry, would have looked very similar. This
source shows coats in various shades of brown, and trousers as brown or blue.
The Jurchen favored bright colours such as red, yellow and white, and made much
use of animal skins and furs. They arranged their hair in a pigtail and, like
the later Manchus, imposed this style on their Chinese subjects as a sign of
submission. Guards at the Kin (Jinn) court are said to have worn red or blue
cuirasses, probably of lacquered leather.” H2: General – “This
man is wearing a spectacular suit of gilded armour as depicted in the Wen Ch’i
scroll, is obviously as high-ranking officer. On the scroll there are
unarmoured figures shown in attendance, carrying pieces of his armour. They may
therefore represent the ‘orderlies’ or ‘foragers’ who fought as lightly
equipped cavalry in the Liao armies.” H3: Mongolian auxiliary –
“A 10th-century painting shows this figure in the entourage of a Mongolian
prince. He may be typical of the Mongolian tribesmen who fought for the Liao, or
even of some of the Khitan themselves. He is shown as armed only with a sword,
but would probably have fought in battle as a mounted archer.”
If these northern threats weren’t enough the Jinn also
suffered from floods, locust infestations, droughts and famine which
strained their massive population. As the Jinn just began recovering from their
wars against the Chinese Song dynasty to the south yet another great famine hit
them in 1210 or 1211 CE. When the Mongols invaded Jinn territory they
continuously looted and pillaged the already starved rural population of their
herds and crops. This caused many to flood towards nearby cities. All of the
above mentioned chaotic situations, and the fact that the Mongols purposely
herded the Jinn like cattle towards fortified settlements, led to overpopulation
(a million refugees), disease outbreaks, food shortages, and in extreme
situations like sieges, cannibalism. In turn ineffective leadership and
loss of hope within the Jinn Empire led to mass desertion and rebellions while
pirates and bandits took advantage of the disorder.
The Mongols were greatly outnumbered by the Jinn as they
marched with an army of about 50,000-65,000 Mongols
against the Jinn dynasty which had about 53 million people. From this 53
million, about 4 million were Jurchens ruling over a Han Chinese
population of over ten times that size. Unhappy with Jurchen rule, many
Chinese and Khitans defected to the Mongols, conspired with them and fed them
Muslim merchants were no different, the Chinese
were known to hike up the prices of their goods but the Mongols confiscated
them if they did. Muslim merchants flocked to the Great Khan, presenting him
with gifts in the hopes of having gifts rewarded to them in appreciation. Muslim
merchants from China to central and southwest Asia prospered under Genghis
Khan, and as the Mongols too were in need of goods they could not readily
attain or produce, it was a mutually beneficial relationship. The merchants
also had in depth information on the geography of the lands that they
traversed, the settlements they entered as well as the strengths and weaknesses
of their foes.
Back in 1206 CE the Jinn prince attended the
kurultai which granted Temujin the title Genghis Khan; here the prince gave off
the impression of a dull, solemn, and ineffective man. In 1208 CE,
while the Mongols were leading exploratory raids against the Western Xia, Genghis
announced that he would no longer pay tribute to the Jinn. The Jinn prince
again visited the Mongols and insisted that the Great Khan was
obligated to pay it since the Mongols had conquered their previous subjects,
the Kerayits under Genghis’ oath father To’oril Ong Qan. In the eyes of the
Jinn, the Mongols inherited the debt of tribute but Genghis Khan dismissed
their requests. On the prince’s journey back he learned of his father’s
(Emperor Zhangzong, reign: 1189–1208 CE) death, he would now inherit the Mongol
Learning of this succession, the Great Khan sent the Jinn a
message, “I thought that the emperor of Peking was appointed by Heaven. How
can the Jin choose a man like the Prince of Wei as their ruler? He is an
imbecile.” In turn the new emperor sent an ambassador asking Genghis
in 1210 CE to kowtow (bow) in servitude but he instead turned
south (the direction of the Jinn), spat on the ground and further insulted the
Jinn prince: “I thought that the ruler of the Middle Kingdom had to come
from Heaven. Can he be a person of such weakness as Prince Wei? Why should I
kowtow to him?” He then jumped onto his horse and rode north to his base
Genghis Khan, now about 49 years old, assembled
another kurultai in the spring of 1211 CE where he explained
his plans and sought the support of his men. The Mongolian Khitans and the
Tungusic Jurchens made the mistake of invading and migrating into northern
China and abandoning the north. These actions created power vacuums which
brought forth more potentially powerful rivals. Genghis Khan, however, planned
on maintaining his hold on the Mongolian steppe while adding the lands of the
Jinn to his realm. Before launching invasions against the eastern Jinn dynasty,
Genghis Khan appointed trusted Mongols to hold the steppe and tasked them with
protecting the Mongol army’s rear flank.
^ Mongol (2007). My snapshot.
The Jinn were overconfident and looked down on the Mongol
threat, mockingly the Jinn emperor said: “Our empire is like the sea; yours
is but a handful of sand, how can we fear you?” To invade Jinn territory he
first needed to cross the great Gobi Desert. Since it held very few places to
rest and replenish, the Mongols chose the early season of spring so the freshly
melted snows could feed their men and horses therefore aiding their
Upon crossing the desert into Jinn territory Mongols
split into two divisions, one was under three of Genghis’ sons which marched
westward as to later launch a flank assault against the Jinn. The second
division (the main force) which was led by the Great Khan led the main
offensive, defeating the Jinn in open combat time and time again. So much so
that the most of the Jinn began taking on a defensive strategy, hiding behind
their walled and fortified cities which were guarded by massive garrisons and
artillery. Despite the Mongol armies being 230 miles apart, these distant
forces remained in close contact with one another by means of a rapid and
effective system of ‘arrow messengers’ who rode on horseback. If necessary
these two Mongol forces could link back together in less than two days’ time.
Genghis Khan’s main force made it before the capital city of
Zhongdu (Peking, Beijing) but was unable to take the city. As winter approached
the Mongol hordes returned to the northern border to rest and recuperate.
Despite making major strides against the Jinn, the greater majority of
settlements and forts were taken back by the Jinn while being rapidly
repopulated by China’s massive population. This would happen repeatedly after
every withdrawal, year after year, making every invasion the Mongols made
redundant as all they achieved would swiftly return to the Jinn by the time
their next invasion was launched.
^ Mongol (2007). My snapshot.
This pressured Genghis Khan into employing large
scale massacres to reduce repopulation and having his three
sons (Jochi, Chagatai and Ogodei), who were nestled on the western flank of
the Jinn domain, launch invasions of their own where they kept the pressure on
the Jinn while their father rested his forces. Another blow was struck when
Yelu Ahai, a Khitan general under Genghis Khan, led a massively successful raid
which resulted in the capture of tens of thousands of horses from the Jinn,
including the emperor’s prized stud. This one operation alone heavily crippled
the Jinn’s cavalry capabilities while arming the Mongols with horses more adept
to the conditions of China than their own. Added to this operation, as I
mentioned above, Jebe (‘the arrow’) was sent toward the northeastern reaches of
Jinn territory (Manchuria) to rally the subjugated Khitans. Jebe led long raids
which weakened the Jinn there, encouraging the Khitans into rebelling and
declaring independence, therefore robing the Jinn of their main cavalry
Fall of Zhongdu, the Jinn capital:
After the eastern Jinn had previously left the Western
Xia to fend for themselves against the Mongols, the Xia were angered and sought
revenge by launching invasions of their own into Jinn territory. Under all of
these harassments and setbacks, Jinn manpower was diminished to such an extent
that in their desperation they pardoned criminals on the condition that they
must join the Jinn army. The Jinn also initiated martial law within the capital
and armed all male citizens. The Jinn capital city of Zhongdu (Peking,
Beijing) had a massive garrison, had a fortified perimeter of thirty miles,
three moats, four exterior fortresses (with granaries which connected to the
capital via underground tunnels), forty foot high walls armed with nine hundred
battle towers, giant siege bows (which fired 9 ft. long arrows a distance of
about 1,100 yards (3,300 ft.), traction trebuchets (could throw 55 lb. boulders
218-328 yards (654-984 ft.)), firelances, muzzleloaders and cannons. The siege
bows could also launch giant fire arrows while the traction trebuchets could
propel large fireballs and ‘Greek Fire’-like naphtha Molotov cocktails.
After Jinn commander Zhi-zhong lost a
battle to the Mongols he was forgiven by the emperor. This would prove to be a
fatal mistake for the Jinn emperor as Zhi-zhong had him assassinated and placed
a puppet on the throne which he could easily manipulate. When the Mongols
besieged the Jinn capital of Zhongdu, the usurper (Zhi-zhong) defeated them in
two battles despite being sick (the first battle he directed the battle while
lying on a bed placed in a cart). After losing a third battle his sickness and
fear that the end was near pushed him to send another commander forward to
repel the Mongols, threatening him with death if he failed. This deputy lost
the battle so in fear he rode back to the city with a small number of troops
and beheaded Zhi-zhong before the news reached him. Still the Jinn capital held
Tired of Zhongdu’s resistance, Genghis sent his forces to
overrun vast territories from Manchuria to the lower Yellow River. Forts,
settlements, crops, cotton fields and vineyards were ravaged: “Everywhere
north of the Yellow River there could be seen dust and smoke, and the sound of
drums rose to heaven. ” Human captives were one of the most
important things taken by the Mongols. The Mongols were known to use
captives in dangerous situations where they’d prefer not to risk their own
people. The Mongols placed them as their front ranks to act as meat-shields;
the settlements they were besieging would either attack and kill their own
brethren or submit to the Mongols.
^ Mongol (2007). My snapshot.
There are stories of besieged inhabitants seeing family
members or friends among the Mongol captives. Many settlements and forts fell
without resistance. The captives were also made to dig tunnels, move siege
engines or towers toward city walls, feed and tend to herds and the Mongols,
collect stone and wood for use as artillery ammunition, and build bridges over
bodies of water. They also filled in moats and, if the besieged killed them,
their bodies would only aid in this endeavor. The number of captives also
followed the decimal system; each Mongol warrior had to have ten
“The worst policy is to attack
cities. Attack cities only when there is no alternative, because to prepare big
shields and wagons and make ready the necessary arms and equipment require at
least three months, and to pile up earthen ramps against the walls requires an
additional three months. The general, unable to control his impatience, will
order his troops to swarm up the wall like ants, with the result that one third
of them will be killed without taking the city. Such is the calamity of
attacking cities.” – Art of War by Sun Tzu.
Knowing that the Jinn had taken a defensive strategy of
remaining behind their walls, they would not interfere with the Mongol raids
and if the Jinn did then their armies would be destroyed. After a yearlong
siege in which both sides suffered from disease outbreaks and hunger, the Jinn
emperor offered to be a Mongol vassal, to give his daughter (princess) in
marriage to Genghis Khan, three thousand camels loaded with loot, three
thousand horses, a hundred thousand gold bars, “30,000 cartloads of
documents and royal possessions”, the freeing of political prisoners
(including over 500 young men, 500 young women and Mongol-allied Khitans) and
overwhelmingly vast amounts of silk.
“If we now set our troops in
order and send them out to fight, should they again be crushed by the Mongols,
they will no doubt scatter and return to their various cities. And, if we rally
them against their will, they will turn against us and will no longer be our
friends. If you, the Altan Qan, grant permission, let us for the present submit
and come to terms with the ruler of the Mongols. If the Mongols agree to
withdraw, after their withdrawal we shall there and then take up another
different counsel. It is said that the men and geldings of the Mongols find our
country unsuitable and fall victim to epidemics. Let us give a princess to
their ruler, and to the men in his army let us send out gold, silver, satin and
goods in abundance. Who knows whether they will or will not agree to our
proposal?’” – The Secret History of the Mongols, 248.
The Jinn emperor took this peaceful break as an opportunity
to flee to the easily defendable southern capital of Kaifeng. Genghis Khan took
this action as a betrayal and a sign that the treaty was broken so the Mongols
again besieged the central capital of Zhongdu. The city faced mass desertions
and was starved to the point of the inhabitants resorting to cannibalism. The
general of Khitan origin, Shimo Mingan, deserted the city and brought many with
him – including some of the greatest minds skilled in the creation of siege
engines. The Jinn within Zhongdu assaulted the Mongols with some of the
earliest mentions of incendiary and gunpowder weaponry which was learned from
the Southern Song dynasty of China whom they had long warred with.
The defense was so desperate that when the Jinn ran out of
shot they began using ammunition made of silver and gold. The defenders knew
that their fall was inevitable so they opened up their gates to the Mongols.
Out of frustration over the great resistance put up and at the Mongol lives
lost during this year long siege, the Mongols began sacking the city for the
length of a month. The city was ravaged and the populace was massacred. Rape
was also prevalent; it is said that sixty thousand virgins killed themselves by
jumping off the walls in order to save themselves from being raped. One of the
Great Khan’s ministers, Chinqai, climbed a great tower and when he reached the
top he fired off arrows in the direction of the four cardinal points (N, E, W,
S). Genghis Khan was amused by this act so he granted him all of the properties
within the area of the four arrows.
^ Mongol (2007).
There are many instances of writers mentioning seeing white
hills which, upon closer examination, were actually piles of human bones. Many
areas are also said to have been coated in the fat of decomposing
corpses but both of these may be exaggerations. The severity of the
slaughter and rapaciousness is blamed on the fact that the capital resisted for
so long, settlements known to have resisted or disrespected the Great Khan
shared similar fates of massacres, rape and enslavement. Throughout the sieges
on Zhongdu (Peking, modern Beijing) the Mongols lost many to starvation,
conflict and disease (possibly cholera, dysentery, equine influenza and/or
bluetongue) so all of the pent up frustration from these losses was taken out
on the defenders. The fall of Zhongdu was a significant symbol of loss to the
Jinn; much of their domains north of the Yellow River lost hope and submitted
to the Mongols.
Now the Mongols held dominion over much of northern China
and had no interest in going westward into Central Asia or the Middle East.
They were, however, drawn there by fate it seems. This same fate would
lead them into the religiously unstable khanate of Kara Khitay (Turco-Mongols),
the militant Khwarezmian Empire (Turco-Persians) of Greater Persia and the very
borders of Europe.
To read up on the early history of the Mongols, check out my post ‘THE
MONGOLS AND THE RISE OF GENGHIS KHAN’. In this post I speak about the
Mongolian transition from seemingly insignificant tribal confederacies into an
empire that was four times the size of Alexander’s and twice the size of the
Roman’s. I cover their military tactics, some of their battle
formations, armaments, their rapid adaptation of foreign technologies, and
their secretive order of bodyguards known as the Keshik. During Genghis
Khan’s early reign the Mongols warred against themselves and their fellow
steppe neighbors as well as Northern China’s Western Xia dynasty (Tanguts:
Tibeto-Burmese) and eastern Jinn dynasty (Tungusic Jurchens
who were Sinicized).
Head over to my post, “GENGHIS
KHAN, THE STALLION WHO MOUNTS THE WORLD”, to read more about how Genghis
Khan was pressured into campaigning out of China toward Central Asia
(Kara Khitai Khanate), to Greater Iran (Khwarezmian Empire), to the frontier of
Eastern Europe (Medieval Russia and Ukraine) and back to China. I also
cover Mongol shamanism and their tolerance of foreign religions,
the famed ‘Yam’ pony express, their tactical use of
captives and their massive deportation policy.
What about an S/O who is all cutesy and pastel on the inside, but badass on the inside? Like, they wear all the pink and purple and pastel and flower crowns, but are literally always ready to kick ass, carrying mace in the pocket of their oversized sweaters and shit. Alternatively, the opposite, someone who looks punk and badass and stuff, but is actually a smol, scared bby on the inside and must be protected at all costs.
Dude I’ve stared at this ask for like stars know how long. I’ve rewritten it 4 times but I can’t fuckin do it without being biased to myself because this is literally my 2 states of being????? I tried man. Can’t do it without projecting.
Yo imagine baes! Anyone wanna pick this up for me?
The United States ranks at 45 for women’s equality. Behind Rwanda, Cuba, Philippines, Jamaica.
You are not
equal. Even if you feel like you are. You still make less than a man for
doing the same work. You make less as a CEO, as an athlete, as an
actress, as a doctor. You make less in government, in the tech industry,
still don’t have full rights over your own body. Men are still debating
over your uterus. Over your prenatal care. Over your choices.
You still have to pay taxes for your basic sanitary needs.
still have to carry mace when walking alone at night. You still have to
prove to the court why you were drunk on the night you were raped. You
still have to justify your behavior when a man forces himself on you.
still don’t have paid (or even unpaid) maternity leave. You still have
to go back to work while your body is broken. While you silently suffer
from postpartum depression.
still have to fight to breastfeed in public. You still have to prove to
other women it’s your right to do so. You still offend others with your
are still objectified. You are still catcalled. You are still
sexualized. You are still told you’re too skinny or you’re too fat.
You’re still told you’re too old or too young. You’re applauded when you
“age gracefully.” You’re still told men age “better.” You’re still told
to dress like a lady. You are still judged on your outfit instead of
what’s in your head. What brand bag you have still matters more than
your college degree.
are still being abused by your husband, by your boyfriend. You’re still
being murdered by your partners. Being beaten by your soulmate.
are still worse off if you are a woman of color, a gay woman, a
transgender woman. You are still harassed, belittled, dehumanized.
Our equality is an illusion. A
feel-good sleight of hand. A trick of the mind. I’m sorry to tell you,
but you are not equal. And neither are your daughters.
if i were you, i’d be having a hard time carrying that name too. the difference is, i knew the first man to carry it… jeff mace. and i think jeff would be proud to have someone as smart and brave as you keeping the name alive.
Please fire me. I was almost fired recently when my boss found out I carried a two inch pocket knife on me at work. Then just yesterday she was gloating and showing off the can of mace she carries with her.
Maybe you just took a job in the city, maybe you’re going away to college without a car, maybe you’re worried about gas prices going back up, or maybe, like me, you live in Chicago and would have to pay $35/hour for parking—whatever your reasons for taking public transport, I am here for you.
“It’s a lie if we tell ourselves that the police can protect us everywhere at all times. Firearm restrictions are bad enough, but now a woman can’t even carry Mace in her purse?” - Timothy McVeigh, who detonated a truck bomb in front of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma in 1995.
I need some advice. I used to carry mace around with me because I had a stalker following me, but it didn't end well (I am clumsy and it went off accidentally, kind of long story). I later bought a taser but I found it too scary for me. Well, stalker is back, and I don't know what to carry to defend myself with. Taser is too scary, mace backfired on me, gun is out of the question. I have knives but I'm afraid I won't be fast enough with one. What should I do? I'm honestly terrified.
I want to be able to help you with this but I am definitely the wrong person, or at least I think so. The only time I have ever carried a weapon of any kind was when I was walking to and from my gym at 4am and had a bad dream that scared me (long story, but I always listen to my dreams). At that point I didn’t think mace was something I could function with and I am with you on the gun thing. I carried a cane with me because I think I can function with a big stick better and that is not something everyone can just carry around. I hate that you are going through that and hope that maybe one of my followers will be able to help you better than I can. My thoughts are with you! Hoping the stalker situation is taken care of quickly!!